Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1786
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Vaseghi Marmar - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Thermal damage to coronary arteries during catheter ablation has been previously reported. Coronary artery damage during LV outflow tract ventricular tachycardia is well recognized. However, the relationship of the coronary arteries to the RV outflow tract during catheter ablation has not been delineated. The purpose of this study was ...
Barraza M L - - 2006
Chronic indwelling central vessel catheters provide vascular access for compartmental infusion or sampling. However, complications with catheter patency during the postoperative and/or experimental period often arise. In order to identify physiological occurrences common with such complications, 10 multicatheterized sheep (61.8 +/- 7.8 kg BW), obtained from a previous nutrient flux ...
Bortone Agustín - - 2006
We report the case of a young woman in whom previous ablation of a concealed left-sided accessory pathway (AP) created an iatrogenic mitral block. The mitral block was responsible for a split retrograde atrial activation pattern during orthodromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (AVRT). The differential diagnoses are discussed. The AP was ...
Quarello Francesco - - 2006
Central venous accesses have become an integral component of vascular access procedures for hemodialysis. Although the DOQI guidelines recommend that less than 10% of chronic hemodialysis patients should be maintained on catheters, in some countries higher prevalences are reported, as in the United States and the United Kingdom (18% and ...
Amasyali Basri - - 2006
Permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia due to an accessory pathway characterized by slow and decremental retrograde conduction. The majority of accessory pathways in PJRT are localized in the posteroseptal zone. Despite the high success rate, failure may occur during endocardial ...
Yoerger Danita M - - 2006
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), nonoxidative metabolites of ethanol, have been implicated in ethanol-induced heart injury. To assess the in vivo production of FAEEs by myocardial tissue, we used a modified ethanol ablation procedure in pigs. A controlled 60-minute ethanol infusion was administered into the distal left anterior descending coronary ...
Al-Ammouri Iyad - - 2006
The distance from the endocardial surface of the atrioventricular valve annulus and adventia of the adjacent coronary artery (CA) has not been delineated and may play an important role in the risk for CA damage during catheter ablation procedures. This distance was measured in 10 normal pediatric heart specimens at ...
Earley Mark J - - 2006
AIMS: To compare the utility of non-fluoroscopic mapping systems (Carto and Ensite NavX) with that of conventional mapping in patients referred for catheter ablation of a wide variety of arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients referred for catheter ablation (excluding atrial fibrillation, atypical atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia in structural heart disease, ...
Magnano Anthony R - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Typical and atypical atrial flutters (AFLs) and atrial tachycardias (ATs) have been reported in patients with prior surgical atrial fibrillation ablation. The underlying mechanisms for this group of atrial tachyarrhythmias have not been well characterized and the efficacy of catheter ablation in their treatment is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Mlcochova Hanka - - 2006
Recent studies have demonstrated that premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) originating from the Purkinje system are responsible for initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with and without structural heart disease. Ablation of the PVCs has been shown to be feasible. We report 2 patients with repetitive VF associated with cardiac ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2006
To avoid fatal complications after extensive pulmonary vein (PV) ablation, it has been proved important to comprehend the anatomic relation between the PVs and the esophagus. In 42 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation, PV ostial isolation was performed using a basket catheter. The shortest distance and anatomic relation between the ...
Shanmugam N - - 2006
An interesting development in the field of heart failure has been the link between frequent premature ventricular contractions and cardiomyopathy. We report a patient whose frequent ventricular bigeminy resulted in left ventricular impairment that resolved after the use of non-contact mapping during radiofrequency ablation. A review of the literature regarding ...
Zei Paul C - - 2006
Percutaneous entry into the pericardial space allows epicardial catheter mapping and ablation in the electrophysiology laboratory, opening a perspective on cardiac electrophysiology that previously was limited largely to the operating room. Scar-related reentry after myocardial infarction usually involves the subendocardium but in some patients can only be ablated from the ...
Opie Shaun R - - 2006
Autologous skeletal myoblast (ASM) transplantation is being explored as a possible therapy for patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction. Our initial experience with direct injection during coronary artery bypass grafting demonstrated that this method of delivery was both feasible and safe. In addition, proof of concept of the engraftment ...
Ahmed Jameel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Balloon ablation catheters using various energy sources are being developed to perform pulmonary vein (PV) isolation to treat atrial fibrillation. Prior evaluations of 2D CT/MR images are limited by the frequent elliptical shape of the PV ostia, the nonorthogonal orientation of the PVs to the left atrial (LA) chamber, ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation of typical, isthmus-dependent atrial flutter requires establishment and confirmation of bidirectional conduction block across the cavotricuspid isthmus. Low atrial pacing usually is performed from the bipoles of the 20-pole Halo catheter, septal and lateral to the cavotricuspid isthmus ablation line. However, occasionally this is difficult ...
Lobel Robert M - - 2006
Radiofrequency ablation of complex cardiac arrhythmias has undergone significant evolution in the past decade, with the development of technology enabling better anatomic and electrophysiologic mapping of abnormal cardiac tissue. In this paper, we will discuss the role of pre-procedural and post-procedural multidetector computed tomography, with specific focus on the anatomic ...
Brucculeri Michael - - 2006
Complications associated with central dialysis catheters prove to be an important source of morbidity that challenge patients and clinicians alike. While thrombosis, stenosis, and infection remain the most common threats to functioning central dialysis catheters, malposition of such devices may similarly result in serious consequences. Despite advanced techniques used to ...
Miyazaki Hidekazu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing left from right atrial tachycardia is a critical step for guiding ablation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a simple algorithm predicting the location of macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) circuits from limited entrainment mapping in right atrium (RA) and coronary sinus (CS). METHODS: ...
De Ponti Roberto - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We report the data from the Italian Survey on trans-septal catheterization (TSP-C) for catheter ablation of arrhythmias in the left heart that covered 2003 and previous years. BACKGROUND: Over the last decade the use of TSP-C in the electrophysiology laboratory has greatly increased. Recent data on number of procedures, ...
Daoud Emile G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: After circumferential ablation for atrial fibrillation, new onset left atrial flutter (LA Flr) may occur. This study assessed the relationship between induced and clinical episodes of LA Flr, the rate of spontaneous resolution of LA Flr, and the proarrhythmic effect of circumferential ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total 112 ...
Luik Armin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atresia of the coronary sinus (CS) ostium with retrograde drainage of the cardiac veins via the persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare abnormality and only a few case reports in association with electrophysiological studies have been reported. METHODS: During standard electrophysiological study in three patients with ...
Hall M C S - - 2006
The specialist management of arrhythmias has changed significantly over the past decade. This article outlines current management strategies for atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation, with particular emphasis on curative strategies with catheter ablation and the recent data on rhythm compared with rate control strategies. The expanding role of catheter ablation ...
Risius Tim - - 2006
AIMS: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is predominantly triggered by focal ectopies located within the pulmonary veins (PV). The BITMAP Study (Breakthrough and Isolation Trial: Mapping and Ablation of Pulmonary Veins) investigated prospectively the safety and efficacy of a catheter design with circumferential mapping and ablation electrodes. We report the phenomenon ...
Li Yushu - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT) resulting from any cause can at times lead to diagnostic difficulty mainly when due to AVNRT and AVRT. In this study we used a non-invasive approach using esophageal ECG (ECGe) and ECG derived from the various right parasternal chest leads (RPCL) to correctly diagnose the ...
Aunes-Jansson Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac memory, electrophysiological remodeling induced by periods of altered ventricular activation, has been observed after resumption of normal activation following ablation of overt accessory pathways. We studied the occurrence and temporal characteristics of cardiac memory (inferior T wave inversions) after ablation of overt posteroseptal accessory pathways. METHODS: T wave ...
Ryder Marcia - - 2006
Catheter-related bloodstream infection and catheter occlusion are potential significant complications of parenteral nutrition therapy. The increased incidence and associated morbidity, mortality, increased costs, and quality-of-life issues experienced with these adverse events necessitate specialized management of vascular access devices. The host coagulation response to biomaterials and the associated development of biofilm ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2006
We describe a patient who underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. After left atrial (LA) catheter ablation and pulmonary vein isolation, a macro-reentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) with a critical isthmus at the mitral isthmus was induced by incremental atrial pacing from the coronary sinus. Extensive RF energy ...
Laurent Gabriel - - 2006
AIMS: Cavo-tricuspid isthmus (CTI) radiofrequency (RF) ablation is a curative therapy for common atrial flutter (AFl), but is associated with a recurrence rate of 5-26%. Although complete bidirectional conduction block is usually achieved, the recurrence of AF is due to recovered conducting isthmus tissue through which activation wavefronts pass. We ...
Kovoor Pramesh - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Reentrant circuits causing ventricular tachycardia are closely associated with previously scarred myocardium. The presence of scar has been blamed for the poor success rate of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in that context. This article investigates the in vivo effects of radiofrequency ablation in myocardium scarred from acute myocardial infarction. METHODS ...
Deneke Thomas - - 2006
Ablation of Atrial Tachycardia after Antiatrial Fibrillation Surgery. INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is gaining widespread acceptance. However, therapeutic modalities for secondary regular atrial tachycardia are still empiric. METHODS AND RESULTS: After linear atrial cooled-tip radiofrequency ablation (SICTRA) during cardio-surgical procedures to cure permanent AF, patients with regular ...
Ota Takeyoshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive epicardial atrial ablation to cure atrial fibrillation through the use of a percutaneous subxiphoid approach currently has a lack of dedicated technology for intrapericardial navigation around the beating heart. We have developed a novel articulated robotic medical probe and performed preliminary experiments in a porcine preparation. METHODS: ...
Faust A - - 2006
We describe a partial sensory and motor block of the ipsilateral lower limb after interscalene infusion. After and injection of 20 mL of ropivacaine through the needle, the catheter was advanced 5 cm, and an infusion of ropivacaine 0.2% 5 mL/h commenced. Six hours later, the patient reported a left ...
Yilmaz Bülent B Biomedical Engineering Department, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2006
Catheter-based epicardial mapping is possible with two access methods: transthoracic access and transvenous access. Transthoracic access requires lengthy sequential mapping procedures and stable arrhythmias. Transvenous access uses the multielectrode (4-to-20 electrodes) catheters placed in the coronary veins, however, leaves most of the epicardium inaccessible to direct measurement. The aim of ...
Barley M E ME Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, - - 2006
Hemodynamically unstable ventricular arrhythmias are frequently untreatable with radio-frequency ablation due to the difficulty of rapidly and accurately localizing the site of origin of an arrhythmia with current technologies. We demonstrate a new catheter guidance method that will direct the tip of an ablation catheter to the site of origin ...
Hirasawa Yasuhiro - - 2005
We report a case of idiopathic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) tachycardia that was eliminated by a radiofrequency application from the anterior interventricular coronary vein (AIV). The ECG exhibited QRS complexes with an inferior axis and atypical left bundle branch block pattern with an early transition of the precordial R ...
Otomo Kiyoshi - - 2005
Duodecapolar catheters (DPCs) have been widely used to diagnose isthmus block after ablation in patients with atrial flutters. The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of DPC to diagnose isthmus block utilizing electroanatomical mapping system (CARTO). METHODS: Sixty-two patients with common atrial flutter underwent isthmus ablation during ...
Emkanjoo Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Following RF ablation of reentrant supraventricular tachycardia, inappropriate sinus tachycardia may occur. Local parasympathetic denervation is a possible mechanism for these rhythm disturbances. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of sinus tachycardia and to determine the relation between endocardial lesions at different ablation sites and ...
Laeseke Paul F - - 2005
A multiple-electrode radiofrequency (RF) system was developed based on switching between electrodes that allows for the simultaneous use of as many as three electrically independent electrodes. The purpose of this study was to determine if each multiple-electrode ablation zone is identical to an ablation zone created with conventional single-electrode mode. ...
McClure Samuel J - - 2005
We wished to test the safety and efficacy of a novel wire control catheter for use during percutaneous coronary intervention. The ability to vary the angulation of the tip of an intravascular guidewire would often be desirable. Previous attempts to produce deflectable-tip guidewire systems have met with limited success. The ...
Gnanalingham Kanna K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Blockage of the ventricular catheter is the most common reason for shunt malfunction and is usually due to ingrowth of choroid plexus into the catheter lumen. The authors describe a simple technique to unblock the ventricular catheter in situ. METHODS: In children with symptoms and radiological evidence of shunt ...
Bunch T Jared - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Perforation during catheter procedures in either the atrium or ventricle is relatively uncommon, but potentially fatal if tamponade ensues. This study analyzes the occurrence and outcomes of cardiac perforation during catheter-based radiofrequency ablation procedures in the left atrium. METHODS: All patients with a periprocedure perforation who have undergone radiofrequency ...
Holmes David R DR - - 2005
Alcohol septal ablation for the treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has been the subject of great interest, and the number of procedures performed is increasing despite an absence of randomized trial data. Although straightforward in concept, alcohol septal ablation may be considerably more difficult in actual practice. To optimize the results ...
Marine Joseph E - - 2005
Since cases were first reported in 1994, catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation has undergone rapid development and expansion. The procedure began as an attempt to recreate the Maze III operation with a catheter technique. Understanding the contribution of the pulmonary veins to the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation led ...
Deneke Thomas - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in remote myocardial infarction (MI) often requires excessive mapping procedures. Documentation of the electrical substrate via electrogram amplitude may help to identify regions of altered myocardium resembling exit areas of reentrant VTs. METHODS AND RESULTS: A patient with multiple symptomatic monomorphic VTs (biventricular ...
Haïssaguerre Michel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is challenging in patients with long-standing persistent AF. The clinical outcome and subsequent arrhythmia recurrence after using an ablation method targeting multiple left atrial sites with the aim of achieving acute AF termination has not been characterized. METHODS: Sixty patients (mean age: 53 ...
Badhwar Nitish - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the electrophysiological features and long-term outcome after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial tachycardia (AT) arising from the coronary sinus (CS) musculature. BACKGROUND: Atrial tachycardia requiring RFCA deep within the CS has been described in isolated case reports. However, the mechanism and exact site of ...
Thiagalingam Aravinda - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that automated electrogram analysis might enable rapid localization of ventricular scar. This would allow the delivery of interventions such as radiofrequency ablation or therapeutic agents to critical areas within the scar and scar periphery. METHODS: Substrate mapping was performed on seven sheep 36.5 +/- 32.9 weeks after ...
Emmel M - - 2005
Two patients, a 5 year old boy with progressive hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and increasing symptoms despite appropriate pharmacologic therapy and an 11 year old girl with symptoms of tiredness and peak instantaneous LVOT gradient of 80 and 90 mmHg respectively were considered for radiofrequency catheter septal ablation, to relieve the ...
Szili-Torok Tamas - - 2005
AIMS: Transcatheter ablation of the atrio-ventricular (AV) node followed by ventricular pacing has been shown to improve symptoms and quality of life (QOL) of patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). In a considerable number of patients, cardiac function deteriorates after AV node ablation. We aimed to determine whether the absence ...
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