Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1408
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Bogavac-Stanojević Natasa - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnostic parameters in a clinical laboratory setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: The effectiveness of apolipoproteins, lipoproteins and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) supplementary to Framingham scoring data within a CAD risk assessment procedure was established ...
Bartus Stanislaw - - 2008
The coexistence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and multilevel atherosclerosis increases death and stroke rates in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). These patients are often treated conservatively without revascularisation of inferior limbs. We included 66 consecutive patients with complex CAD diagnosed by coronary angiography. All patients underwent percutaneous coronary ...
Bates Timothy R - - 2008
Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a common genetic disorder that untreated has an almost one hundredfold risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). In an audit of 334 patients with premature CAD admitted to a Department of Cardiology, only 60% of medical records had sufficient clinical information for identifying FH. Of those ...
Zhao Xue-Qiao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In vivo testing of the lipid depletion hypothesis in human beings during lipid-modifying therapy has not been possible until recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). TRIAL DESIGN: The Carotid Plaque Composition Study is a prospective, randomized study designed to test the lipid depletion hypothesis in vivo. One hundred ...
Akilli Hakan - - 2007
AIM: The objective of this study is to investigate the significance of erectile dysfunction in males with a positive exercise treadmill test (ETT) to predict the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHOD: With no previous marked CAD, and applying to our clinic with chest pain, 105 male ...
Luchtefeld Maren - - 2007
Liver-derived acute phase proteins (APPs) emerged as powerful predictors of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular events, but their functional role in atherosclerosis remains enigmatic. We report that the gp130 receptor, which is a key component of the inflammatory signaling pathway within hepatocytes, influences the risk of atherosclerosis in a hepatocyte-specific gp130 ...
Budoff Matthew J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of significant obstructive disease and non-diagnostic studies using coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in an outpatient environment, to establish if CTA could help avoid unnecessary diagnostic cardiac catheterizations. METHODS: We evaluated all cases consecutively performed in our outpatient CTA laboratory seen over one year with ...
Costa Marco A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of quantitative perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with well-established anatomic and physiologic techniques. BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered by many investigators to be a reliable stenosis-specific method to determine hemodynamically significant CAD. ...
Ramadan Mahmoud M - - 2008
Hereby we report our observations derived from a pilot-study of 39 subjects (30 patients with coronary artery disease [CAD] and 9 non-CAD controls). In this work, we aimed to evaluate MPO-ANCA titer in the human coronary circulation for the first time; and examine its possible association with CAD and some ...
Erne Paul - - 2007
AIMS: To determine the effect of anti-ischaemic drug therapy on long-term outcomes of asymptomatic patients without coronary artery disease (CAD) history but silent exercise ST-depression. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized multicentre trial, 263 of 522 asymptomatic subjects without CAD but at least one CAD risk factor in whom silent ...
Sandhu Rasham - - 2007
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and severity of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in 64 men and 38 women (mean age 71+/-9 years) with previous stroke and in 102 age- and gender-matched patients with similar coronary risk factors without previous stroke who underwent coronary angiography for chest ...
Haghi Dariusch - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is generally considered as an exclusion criterion for the diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). However, this may not be justified in all cases, because TC and CAD may coincide. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 821 consecutive patients who underwent urgent left heart catheterization for suspected ...
Balamuthusamy Saravanan - - 2007
To analyze sensitivity and specificity of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in detecting obstructive coronary artery disease in African American population with renal insufficiency presenting with acute coronary syndrome. Retrospective analysis of 108 patients who underwent coronary angiography over a 3-year period in a single institution. A troponin I level of ...
Badran Hala Mahfouz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) exhibit abnormal septal motion that may limit the interpretation of stress echocardiograms and persuade the results of myocardial scintigraphy. OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze whether the use of tissue velocity imaging during graded dobutamine infusion is useful to identify and predict coronary ...
Nagpal Sangeeta - - 2007
Incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) increases sharply after menopause in women. Rate pressure product (RPP) is a major determinant of cardiac oxygen consumption. It is an important indicator of ventricular function. RPP varies with exercise. The peak rate pressure product (PRPP) which gives an accurate reflection of the myocardial ...
Smolka G - - 2007
The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndromes in patients with haemophilia is much lower than in general population and there is a lack of information regarding safe interventional or surgical treatment of CAD in haemophiliacs. This report presents a case of patient with moderate haemophilia A ...
Miszalski-Jamka Tomasz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a new imaging modality for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate feasibility of qualitative myocardial contrast replenishment (RP) assessment during supine bicycle stress MCE and find out cutoff values for such analysis, which could allow accurate ...
Movahed Mohammad-Reza - - 2007
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk for cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, patients with DM have increased risk for ventricular arrhythmia that is thought to be secondary to coronary artery disease (CAD) or congestive heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that DM may cause ventricular arrhythmias independent of CAD or CHF. Using ...
Chaowalit Nithima - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Paracrine effects of epicardial adipose tissue may promote coronary atherosclerosis. Adipose tissue is the main determinant of atrial septum thickness. The association between atrial septum thickness and coronary artery disease (CAD) has never been studied. METHODS: We studied 75 patients who underwent coronary angiography and echocardiography within 1 week ...
Schulz Olaf - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether markers of myocardial injury and ischemia are helpful in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable angina. Venous blood was obtained before and after a bicycle exercise test in 47 outpatients with suspected CAD for measurement of cardiac troponin ...
Celik Turgay - - 2008
Modulation of myocardial free fatty acid metabolism is the key target for metabolic interventions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with diabetes mellitus (DM). Because of its beneficial effects on heart metabolism at rest and on myocardial ischemia and left ventricular function, trimetazidine should be always combined with classical ...
Lekakis John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is considerable research interest about the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor polymorphisms in CAD. METHODS: We investigated differences in the frequency of the polymorphism in the GPIIb subunit of the receptor HPA-3 (a and b allele) between patients with more extensive coronary thrombosis such as patients with ST segment elevation ...
Haapaniemi Susan - - 2007
To evaluate the cardiac demands of hunting deer, continuous ambulatory electrocardiograms were obtained in men with and without coronary artery disease (CAD) and compared with their responses to maximal treadmill testing. A volunteer sample of 25 middle-aged men (mean +/- SD 55 +/- 7 years of age), 17 of whom ...
Greco Tom P - - 2007
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the presence of aPL in patients with chest pain/acute coronary syndromes (ACS) to determine if aPL were associated with the presence and severity of CAD, adverse outcomes, and other coronary risk factors. Patients with ...
Dorenkamp Marc - - 2007
During episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), electrocardiograms frequently show ST-segment depressions, and patients may experience typical chest pain prompting invasive coronary angiography. We evaluated 114 patients presenting with PSVT for concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were classified as to the type of PSVT, symptoms during PSVT, and cardiovascular ...
Elesber Ahmad A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary endothelial dysfunction (CED) and DHF are both associated with myocardial ischemia and CAD risk factors. The objective of the this study was to determine if CED and CAD factors are associated with diastolic dysfunction before the development of occlusive CAD or clinical heart failure. METHODS: Patients with normal ...
Guéant-Rodriguez R-M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma homocysteine is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and thromboembolic disorders that seems also to be associated with chronic heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between homocysteine and left ventricular dysfunction and to assess whether it is independent of CAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A ...
Gapelyuk Andrej - - 2007
We studied the use of cardiac magnetic field mapping to detect patients with CAD without subjecting them to stress. Fifty-nine healthy control subjects and 101 patients with CAD without previous MI were included. The optimal positions for detecting CAD were located in the left superior parasternal and in the inferior ...
Frogoudaki Alexandra - - 2008
AIMS: The severity of thoracic aortic atherosclerosis (TAA) is associated with the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study is to quantitative this relationship by developing a novel atherosclerotic index. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and forty six consecutive patients underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and coronary ...
Girelli Domenico - - 2007
The aim of this study was to explore the role of variants of the gene encoding arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (ALOX5AP) as possible susceptibility factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with or without angiographically proven CAD. A total of 1431 patients with or without angiographically ...
White Anthony J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are plausible candidates for prediction of unstable coronary syndromes. We hypothesised that the MMP-3 polymorphism (- 1171, 5A/6A) would relate to coronary plaque characteristics and unstable clinical presentation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty patients with de novo presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD) were classified into unstable ...
Okui Hideki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that decreased levels of circulating adiponectin correlate with endothelial dysfunction in peripheral arteries. However, the relationship between adiponectin levels and endothelial function in coronary arteries remains unclear. The goal of the present study was to determine whether circulating adiponectin concentrations are a useful predictor of ...
Glauser Jonathan - - 2007
The significance of a history of heart failure (HF) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes and elevated cardiac markers is unclear. The authors performed an analysis of patients enrolled in the Internet Tracking Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes (i*trACS). Cardiac marker measurement and cardiac catheterization were performed in 1174 ...
Hashemi M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thalassaemia is considered the most common genetic disorder worldwide. An association between the heterozygous beta-thalassaemia trait and myocardial infarction has previously been observed. However, the relationship between heterozygous beta-thalassaemia and atherosclerosis, considering other coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, has remained unclear. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to ...
Abe Makoto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is an intimate relationship between activation of the sympathetic nervous system and myocardial ischemia. This study examined whether plasma levels of dopamine, a precursor of norepinephrine, may provide prognostic information in coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma levels of free dopamine were measured by high-performance liquid ...
Yilmaz N - - 2007
We evaluated 3 new markers for coronary artery disease (CAD) [bilirubin, total homocysteine (t-Hcy) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)] in 319 patients with chest pains divided into 2 groups based on coronary angiography: CAD group (n = 262) and non-CAD group (n = 57). A control group consisted of 50 ...
Di Carli Marcelo F - - 2007
The field of nuclear cardiology is witnessing growing interest in the use of cardiac PET for the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The available evidence suggests that myocardial perfusion PET provides an accurate means for diagnosing obstructive CAD, which appears superior to SPECT especially in the obese ...
Beller George A - - 2007
Coronary artery disease (CAD) accounts for 65% to 80% of deaths in diabetic patients. The merits of screening asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients for either (A) the presence of coronary atherosclerosis by imaging of coronary calcification using cardiac computed tomography or (B) silent ischemia by stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) ...
Ardehali Reza - - 2007
Accurate risk assessment may be helpful in decreasing cardiovascular events through more appropriate targeting of preventive measures. Traditional risk assessment may be refined with the selective use of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) or other methods of subclinical atherosclerosis measurement. This article reviews information pertaining to the clinical use of ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2007
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as a localized or diffuse non-obstructive lesion of the epicardial coronary arteries with a luminal dilation exceeding 1.5-fold the diameter of the normal adjacent arterial segment. The incidence of CAE has been reported to range between 2% and 4%, which might be an overestimation ...
Khorsand Aliasghar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of different approaches of case-based reasoning (CBR) for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) using thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in comparison with coronary angiography. METHODS AND MATERIAL: For each scintigraphic image set, regional myocardial tracer uptake was obtained by polar map analysis. ...
Nemes Attila - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative prognostic value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 347 inhospital patients with chest pain. Coronary angiography was performed in 281 patients (81%). All ...
Gullu Ahmet Umit - - 2007
Both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The degree of contribution of each individual risk factor on CAD is unknown. The extent to which the familial occurrence of coronary heart disease is due to genetic mechanisms can be assessed in twins. In ...
Palmeri Sebastian T - - 2007
We identified 46 patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and 16 patients with minor irregularities (luminal narrowing < or =30%) who had repeat coronary angiograms obtained at our institution during the subsequent 15-year period. On follow-up angiograms, 19 of 46 (41%) in the normal coronary group and 13 of 16 ...
Jeong Jin-Won - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The association between epicardial fat and coronary artery disease has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial fat to the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in a clinical setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and three consecutive ...
Fabbian F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data relating carotid ultrasound (CU) to atherosclerotic damage evaluated by coronary angiography in hemodialysis patients are scarce. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study in 33 uremic subjects (age 55 +/- 12 years, 22 male, 7 diabetic), who have been on dialysis for 41 +/- 48 months (range 2-192). ...
Bielak Lawrence F LF Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-3028, USA. - - 2008
Comparison of atherosclerosis and its risk factors among diverse populations may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the disease. We investigated differences in traditional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors and presence and quantity of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, between two diverse non-Hispanic white ...
Alfakih K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor (-1332 G/A) gene polymorphism with premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate for a further role in both myocardial infarction and predominantly stenotic atherosclerosis requiring revascularisation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 885 families, which consisted of at ...
Venkatesh Prasanna Kumar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and lower mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: We compared the prevalence of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) and risk factors in obese versus non-obese patients with HF. Eighty-four consecutive patients with systolic HF who ...
Charytan David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Long-term dialysis patients have a high incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death, but the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic patients, distribution of coronary obstruction, and relationship between lesion location and mortality are unknown. METHODS: We studied 67 asymptomatic hemodialysis patients who volunteered for coronary angiography. ...
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