Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1441
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sitia Simona - - 2010
Echocardiography is the most common diagnostic method for assessing cardiac function but some limitations affect this technique. Until now, visual assessment of wall motion and thickening has allowed only a subjective evaluation of myocardial function and requires long-term training. Recently, new echocardiographic techniques have been introduced to evaluate myocardial mechanics. ...
Andersson Charlotte - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have high risk of heart failure. Whether some of the risk is directly linked to metabolic derangements in the myocardium or whether the risk is primarily caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension is incompletely understood. Echocardiographic tissue Doppler imaging was therefore performed ...
Crăciunescu Ileana - - 2010
To describe the enzymatic profile of plasma matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-7 and -9) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1 and -2) in different categories of patients (pts.) with coronary artery disease (CAD), and their relationship with clinical status, left ventricular (LV) function and remodelling. Total plasma MMP7, active fraction of MMP9, ...
Ali Bilal - - 2010
Recent technological advances provided clinicians with multiple options for diagnosing and prognosticating patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Myocardial perfusion imaging with single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission tomography is a powerful tool for assessing physiologically significant coronary atherosclerosis, but is unable to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. Coronary computed ...
Nurkic Jasmina - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and high sensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP) in patients with diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The study included 150 patients divided in three groups: patients with significant coronary artery disease (CAD), patients without significant ...
Keeling W Brent - - 2010
Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) provides an alternative method of surgical revascularization by allowing coronary anastomoses to be constructed without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and without manipulation of the aorta. The presence of a calcified aorta is one of the strongest indications for OPCAB because both distal and ...
Teixeira Ana Claudia Soares - - 2010
Bidimensional echocardiography is a non-invasive imaging diagnostic method that effectively assesses global and regional left ventricular diastolic function. Disruption of left ventricular diastolic function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is almost always clinically silent, suggesting a subclinical diastolic dysfunction. We evaluate in the the present study the different echocardiographic techniques ...
Shimoni Sara - - 2010
Myocardial ischemia is difficult to assess by noninvasive methods in patients with a permanent pacemaker. Pacing stress echocardiography (PASE) has been used successfully in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there are no data comparing PASE and other methods. We compared agreement and accuracy of PASE and radionuclide ...
Rehni Ashish Kumar - - 2010
The present study has been designed to investigate the potential role of ubiquitin proteasome system and other proteases in acute as well as delayed aspects of ischemic preconditioning induced reversal of ischemia-reperfusion injury in mouse brain. Bilateral carotid artery occlusion of 17 min followed by reperfusion for 24 h was ...
Kaneko Kazuyoshi - - 2010
The goal of this study was to investigate the utility of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and adenosine triphosphate stress cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (ATP-SPECT) in evaluating coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. We routinely performed echocardiography and exercise stress electrocardiography as preoperative cardiac screening ...
Nucifora Gaetano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and subclinical systolic dysfunction may be markers of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether these markers are useful for prediction of obstructive CAD is unknown. METHODS: A total of 182 consecutive outpatients (54 +/- 10 years, 59% males) without known CAD and overt LV ...
Chih Sharon - - 2010
PURPOSE: First-pass perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is increasingly being utilized in both clinical practice and research. However, the reproducibility of this technique remains incompletely evaluated, particularly in patients with severe coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-study reproducibility of adenosine stress CMR ...
Manka Robert - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to detect stress-inducible myocardial ischemic reactions in the presence of angiographically significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Forty-six patients (34 men; age 65 ± 9 years,) with suspected or known coronary ...
Ramanath Vijay S - - 2010
Management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with nonobstructive epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD) remains poorly understood. Acute coronary syndrome patients with nonobstructive CAD are less likely to receive effective cardiac medications upon discharge from the hospital. We identified patients hospitalized with ACS that underwent coronary angiography and had a ...
Huebner Thomas - - 2010
Electrocardiographic methods still provide the bulk of cardiovascular diagnostics. Cardiac ischemia is associated with typical alterations in cardiac biosignals that have to be measured, analyzed by mathematical algorithms and allegorized for further clinical diagnostics. The fast growing fields of biomedical engineering and applied sciences are intensely focused on generating new ...
Shah Sanjiv J - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). In studies of HFpEF, the reported prevalence of CAD varies widely, which may be the result of inconsistent definitions of CAD, geographic and ethnic differences in CAD burden, varying definitions of HFpEF (including different ...
Waksman Ron R Division of Cardiology, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2010
Respiratory maneuvers can uncover manifestations of myocardial ischemia. Some pulse wave characteristics are strongly associated with significant coronary artery disease (S-CAD). An innovative test using the respiratory stress response (RSR) has been developed for the detection of S-CAD. It is based on spectral analysis of finger pulse wave oscillations measured ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2010
The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine (JSNM) working group has created a myocardial perfusion imaging database applicable to standard acquisition protocol. The aim of this study is to validate the diagnostic accuracy of the common normal database compared with the expert interpretation of each institute. Five institutions participated in this ...
Wang Qi-Ming - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is still conflicting evidence that green tea may protect against coronary atherosclerosis therefore the present study investigated the association between green tea consumption and arteriographically determined coronary atherosclerosis in a Chinese population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 520 consecutive patients (379 men and 141 women) ...
Sedlis Steven P - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for poor outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but it is unknown whether CKD influences the efficacy of alternative CAD treatment strategies. Thus, we compared outcomes in stable CAD patients with and without CKD randomized to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2010
The additive prognostic value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) over regional wall motion has been established, but there is more than a binary (normal-abnormal) response in CFR, which can be continuously titrated. We assessed the prognostic value of quartiles of CFR, evaluated by transthoracic Doppler of the left anterior descending ...
Pajak Andrzej - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both in the European and Polish guidelines, the highest priority for preventive cardiology was given to patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD). The Cracovian Program for Secondary Prevention of Ischaemic Heart Disease was introduced in 1996 to assess and improve the quality of clinical care in secondary prevention. ...
Nagayoshi Yasuhiro - - 2009
Various oxidative stress markers have been measured to evaluate the status of heart failure (HF). However, the relationships between these markers and the aetiology of HF have not been fully investigated. This study compared 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and biopyrrins levels in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic HF. Study subjects were divided ...
Maffei Erica - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between established cardiovascular risk factors, clinical presentation and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), as described with computed tomography coronary angiography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 567 symptomatic individuals without a history of CAD who consecutively underwent 64-slice computed tomography ...
Palaniswamy Chandrasekar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients who had a planar QRS-T angle >90 degrees versus <or=90 degrees. MATERIAL/METHODS: Coronary angiography was performed in 1,229 consecutive patients. Obstructive CAD was diagnosed if there was >50% obstruction of >or=1 major ...
Truong Quynh A QA Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2009
Cardiac computed tomography allows for simultaneous assessment of left ventricular mass (LVM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to determine whether LVM, LVM index (LVMi), and the left ventricular geometric pattern of concentric remodeling are associated with the extent of CAD in patients without left ventricular hypertrophy. In 348 ...
Beer S - - 2010
This study for the first time investigates the association of bone mineral density (BMD) with angiographically determined coronary atherosclerosis in men. Our data show that the prevalence of low BMD is very high in men undergoing coronary angiography. However, neither osteopenia nor osteoporosis is associated with an increased prevalence of ...
Pärkkä Jussi P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is a promising method for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). The first reports of new diagnostic techniques indicated generally unrealistic diagnostic performance relying on retrospectively observed cut-off values of quantitative parameters. Although visual analysis of CMR is the most applicable method for clinical work, ...
Esteves Fabio P - - 2011
We set out to determine whether a coronary artery calcium (CAC) score of zero on computed tomography (CT) would predict a normal myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (PET) in a population mostly at intermediate pretest likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD). We enrolled 206 outpatients (36% men, mean age 60±13years) ...
Aydinalp A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The significant potential for perioperative and late cardiovascular complications makes careful preoperative cardiac risk assessment imperative in liver transplantation candidates. OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of myocardial perfusion scanning for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in liver transplantation candidates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 93 ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2009
Treatment strategy in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) is driven by symptomatology in combination with diagnostic evaluation of the extent and/or severity of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries and ischemia in the myocardium, i.e., the anatomic and functional correlates of CAD. Whereas multislice row computed tomography (MSCT) has ...
Wake Ryotaro - - 2009
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in most developed countries. Gender-related differences have been found in the presentation, prevalence, and clinical outcomes of CAD in many studies. Compared to women, men present with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction more often and have a higher prevalence ...
Bernhardt Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the accuracy of an integrated cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) protocol for the diagnosis of relevant coronary artery or bypass graft stenosis in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) or with previously performed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary bypass graft surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: CMR ...
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2011
Left-ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) is very rare. We present the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with recent anterior wall myocardial infarction and detected to have LVNC predominantly involving septum diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography. He also had significant two-vessel coronary artery disease. To the ...
Das Mithilesh Kumar - - 2010
Myocardial scar is a substrate for reentrant ventricular arrhythmias and is associated with poor prognosis. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on 12-lead ECG represents myocardial conduction delays due to myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether fQRS is associated with increased ...
Stanton Tony - - 2009
Myocardial deformation parameters are sensitive markers of global left ventricular (LV) systolic function, but their interaction with LV geometry is unknown. We sought to investigate the effect of LV geometry on myocardial deformation and its interaction with coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 126 patients with normal resting LV ...
Brydon Lena - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that emotional stress can trigger acute coronary syndromes in patients with advanced coronary artery disease (CAD), although the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Hostility is associated with heightened reactivity to stress in healthy individuals, and with an elevated risk of adverse cardiac events in CAD patients. This study ...
Valle-Mu??oz Alfonso - - 2009
AIMS: We evaluated the ability of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to identify acute new-onset heart failure (HF) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), whether or not in relation to underlying coronary artery disease (CAD), in patients with no clinical evidence of associated ischaemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS ...
Cosson E - - 2009
AIMS: To determine whether plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, a marker for cardiac failure and potentially for the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), predicts silent myocardial ischaemia (SMI) and silent CAD in asymptomatic high-risk diabetic patients. METHODS: Five hundred and seventeen asymptomatic diabetic patients with > or ...
Tseng Ping-Huei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy is useful for diagnosis and treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). However, both endoscopy and UGIB may compromise the cardiovascular function. The present study is to investigate the cardiovascular responses of emergency endoscopy for patients with UGIB and stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Consecutive 50 patients with ...
Hay C S M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of coronary multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA) in patients with an intermediate pre-test probability of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients who underwent 64-slice coronary MDCTA and met the selection criteria were identified and assessed for intermediate pre-test probability. Coronary ...
Cho Iksung - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the independent association between early CKD (stages 1-3a) with coronary atherosclerosis and the feasibility of risk stratification of coronary atherosclerosis according to The Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines using non-invasive coronary angiography. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 4297 asymptomatic subjects ...
Kocaman S A - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epidemiological studies have shown that increased serum uric acid (SUA) level is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Leukocytes have been shown to play an important role in the atherosclerotic process. The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is any relationship among SUA, leukocyte ...
Stolzmann Paul - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for the diagnosis of functionally relevant coronary artery disease (CAD) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as a standard of reference. Forty-one consecutive patients (age 64 +/- 10 years) underwent k-space and time ...
Korenfeld Yoel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Latin America is increasing and contributes importantly to the global burden of cardiovascular diseases. Advanced resources for the diagnosis and treatment of CAD are available in most of the region. However, preventive approaches such as cardiovascular rehabilitation programs (CVRP) may not ...
Cohen Mauricio G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The long-term benefits of coronary revascularization are proportional to the severity of underlying coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to identify patients with a greater probability of severe CAD to target those who could receive the greatest benefit from revascularization. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic generalized estimating equations modeling ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2009
This review highlights and compares risk assessment, predictive accuracy, and economic outcomes for 3 commonly applied cardiac imaging procedures: stress myocardial perfusion SPECT or PET and coronary CT angiography (CCTA). This review highlights an expansive evidence base for stress myocardial perfusion imaging and reveals a decided advantage for higher-risk patients, ...
Dijkmans P A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Some studies reported an increased incidence of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) during triggered myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) using high-intensity ultrasound destruction. Whether PVCs are also induced by real time MCE using low emission power, is unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of arrhythmias during ...
Hitsumoto Takashi - - 2009
AIM: 7-Ketocholesterol concentrations can be measured in a blood sample; however, the relationship between blood 7-ketocholesterol concentrations and atherosclerotic disease is not well-known. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical significance of serum 7-ketocholesterol concentrations (s-7KCHO) in the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-nine ...
Gould K Lance - - 2009
Coronary function versus anatomy, flow versus stenosis: which optimizes coronary artery disease (CAD) management? In patients, coronary flow is poorly related to stenosis severity, and revascularization fails to improve mortality over medical treatment in randomized trials. Yet percutaneous intervention (PCI) guided by fractional flow reserve reduces coronary events more than ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >