Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1441
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Movahed Mohammad-Reza - - 2007
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk for cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, patients with DM have increased risk for ventricular arrhythmia that is thought to be secondary to coronary artery disease (CAD) or congestive heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that DM may cause ventricular arrhythmias independent of CAD or CHF. Using ...
Chaowalit Nithima - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Paracrine effects of epicardial adipose tissue may promote coronary atherosclerosis. Adipose tissue is the main determinant of atrial septum thickness. The association between atrial septum thickness and coronary artery disease (CAD) has never been studied. METHODS: We studied 75 patients who underwent coronary angiography and echocardiography within 1 week ...
Schulz Olaf - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether markers of myocardial injury and ischemia are helpful in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable angina. Venous blood was obtained before and after a bicycle exercise test in 47 outpatients with suspected CAD for measurement of cardiac troponin ...
Celik Turgay - - 2008
Modulation of myocardial free fatty acid metabolism is the key target for metabolic interventions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with diabetes mellitus (DM). Because of its beneficial effects on heart metabolism at rest and on myocardial ischemia and left ventricular function, trimetazidine should be always combined with classical ...
Lekakis John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is considerable research interest about the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor polymorphisms in CAD. METHODS: We investigated differences in the frequency of the polymorphism in the GPIIb subunit of the receptor HPA-3 (a and b allele) between patients with more extensive coronary thrombosis such as patients with ST segment elevation ...
Haapaniemi Susan - - 2007
To evaluate the cardiac demands of hunting deer, continuous ambulatory electrocardiograms were obtained in men with and without coronary artery disease (CAD) and compared with their responses to maximal treadmill testing. A volunteer sample of 25 middle-aged men (mean +/- SD 55 +/- 7 years of age), 17 of whom ...
Greco Tom P - - 2007
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the presence of aPL in patients with chest pain/acute coronary syndromes (ACS) to determine if aPL were associated with the presence and severity of CAD, adverse outcomes, and other coronary risk factors. Patients with ...
Dorenkamp Marc - - 2007
During episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), electrocardiograms frequently show ST-segment depressions, and patients may experience typical chest pain prompting invasive coronary angiography. We evaluated 114 patients presenting with PSVT for concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were classified as to the type of PSVT, symptoms during PSVT, and cardiovascular ...
Elesber Ahmad A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary endothelial dysfunction (CED) and DHF are both associated with myocardial ischemia and CAD risk factors. The objective of the this study was to determine if CED and CAD factors are associated with diastolic dysfunction before the development of occlusive CAD or clinical heart failure. METHODS: Patients with normal ...
Guéant-Rodriguez R-M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma homocysteine is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and thromboembolic disorders that seems also to be associated with chronic heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between homocysteine and left ventricular dysfunction and to assess whether it is independent of CAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A ...
Gapelyuk Andrej - - 2007
We studied the use of cardiac magnetic field mapping to detect patients with CAD without subjecting them to stress. Fifty-nine healthy control subjects and 101 patients with CAD without previous MI were included. The optimal positions for detecting CAD were located in the left superior parasternal and in the inferior ...
Frogoudaki Alexandra - - 2008
AIMS: The severity of thoracic aortic atherosclerosis (TAA) is associated with the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study is to quantitative this relationship by developing a novel atherosclerotic index. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and forty six consecutive patients underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and coronary ...
Girelli Domenico - - 2007
The aim of this study was to explore the role of variants of the gene encoding arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (ALOX5AP) as possible susceptibility factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with or without angiographically proven CAD. A total of 1431 patients with or without angiographically ...
White Anthony J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are plausible candidates for prediction of unstable coronary syndromes. We hypothesised that the MMP-3 polymorphism (- 1171, 5A/6A) would relate to coronary plaque characteristics and unstable clinical presentation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty patients with de novo presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD) were classified into unstable ...
Okui Hideki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that decreased levels of circulating adiponectin correlate with endothelial dysfunction in peripheral arteries. However, the relationship between adiponectin levels and endothelial function in coronary arteries remains unclear. The goal of the present study was to determine whether circulating adiponectin concentrations are a useful predictor of ...
Glauser Jonathan - - 2007
The significance of a history of heart failure (HF) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes and elevated cardiac markers is unclear. The authors performed an analysis of patients enrolled in the Internet Tracking Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes (i*trACS). Cardiac marker measurement and cardiac catheterization were performed in 1174 ...
Abe Makoto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is an intimate relationship between activation of the sympathetic nervous system and myocardial ischemia. This study examined whether plasma levels of dopamine, a precursor of norepinephrine, may provide prognostic information in coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma levels of free dopamine were measured by high-performance liquid ...
Yilmaz N - - 2007
We evaluated 3 new markers for coronary artery disease (CAD) [bilirubin, total homocysteine (t-Hcy) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)] in 319 patients with chest pains divided into 2 groups based on coronary angiography: CAD group (n = 262) and non-CAD group (n = 57). A control group consisted of 50 ...
Di Carli Marcelo F - - 2007
The field of nuclear cardiology is witnessing growing interest in the use of cardiac PET for the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The available evidence suggests that myocardial perfusion PET provides an accurate means for diagnosing obstructive CAD, which appears superior to SPECT especially in the obese ...
Hashemi M M Noor Hospital, Isfahan, - - 2007
Thalassaemia is considered the most common genetic disorder worldwide. An association between the heterozygous beta-thalassaemia trait and myocardial infarction has previously been observed. However, the relationship between heterozygous beta-thalassaemia and atherosclerosis, considering other coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, has remained unclear. A case-control study was conducted to evaluate the ...
Beller George A - - 2007
Coronary artery disease (CAD) accounts for 65% to 80% of deaths in diabetic patients. The merits of screening asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients for either (A) the presence of coronary atherosclerosis by imaging of coronary calcification using cardiac computed tomography or (B) silent ischemia by stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) ...
Ardehali Reza - - 2007
Accurate risk assessment may be helpful in decreasing cardiovascular events through more appropriate targeting of preventive measures. Traditional risk assessment may be refined with the selective use of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) or other methods of subclinical atherosclerosis measurement. This article reviews information pertaining to the clinical use of ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2007
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as a localized or diffuse non-obstructive lesion of the epicardial coronary arteries with a luminal dilation exceeding 1.5-fold the diameter of the normal adjacent arterial segment. The incidence of CAE has been reported to range between 2% and 4%, which might be an overestimation ...
Khorsand Aliasghar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of different approaches of case-based reasoning (CBR) for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) using thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in comparison with coronary angiography. METHODS AND MATERIAL: For each scintigraphic image set, regional myocardial tracer uptake was obtained by polar map analysis. ...
Nemes Attila - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative prognostic value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 347 inhospital patients with chest pain. Coronary angiography was performed in 281 patients (81%). All ...
Gullu Ahmet Umit - - 2007
Both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The degree of contribution of each individual risk factor on CAD is unknown. The extent to which the familial occurrence of coronary heart disease is due to genetic mechanisms can be assessed in twins. In ...
Palmeri Sebastian T - - 2007
We identified 46 patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and 16 patients with minor irregularities (luminal narrowing < or =30%) who had repeat coronary angiograms obtained at our institution during the subsequent 15-year period. On follow-up angiograms, 19 of 46 (41%) in the normal coronary group and 13 of 16 ...
Jeong Jin-Won - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The association between epicardial fat and coronary artery disease has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial fat to the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in a clinical setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and three consecutive ...
Fabbian F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data relating carotid ultrasound (CU) to atherosclerotic damage evaluated by coronary angiography in hemodialysis patients are scarce. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study in 33 uremic subjects (age 55 +/- 12 years, 22 male, 7 diabetic), who have been on dialysis for 41 +/- 48 months (range 2-192). ...
Bielak Lawrence F LF Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-3028, USA. - - 2008
Comparison of atherosclerosis and its risk factors among diverse populations may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the disease. We investigated differences in traditional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors and presence and quantity of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, between two diverse non-Hispanic white ...
Alfakih K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor (-1332 G/A) gene polymorphism with premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate for a further role in both myocardial infarction and predominantly stenotic atherosclerosis requiring revascularisation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 885 families, which consisted of at ...
Venkatesh Prasanna Kumar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and lower mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: We compared the prevalence of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) and risk factors in obese versus non-obese patients with HF. Eighty-four consecutive patients with systolic HF who ...
Charytan David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Long-term dialysis patients have a high incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death, but the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic patients, distribution of coronary obstruction, and relationship between lesion location and mortality are unknown. METHODS: We studied 67 asymptomatic hemodialysis patients who volunteered for coronary angiography. ...
Speidl Walter Stefan - - 2007
Inflammatory processes play a role in the onset of acute cardiovascular events associated with activation of the coagulation system whereas the fibrinolytic system may prevent local thrombus formation. We compared 25 patients with premature coronary artery disease (CAD) (first ST-elevation myocardial infarction, < 55 years old) with 25 sex-matched patients ...
Dorbala Sharmila - - 2007
Our aim was to determine the value of vasodilator left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reserve (stress ejection fraction - rest ejection fraction) in evaluating the magnitude of myocardium at risk and the anatomic extent of underlying severe coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We studied 510 consecutive patients with suspected CAD ...
Butler Javed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The extent and nature of overall coronary artery disease (CAD), defined as the cumulative stenotic and nonstenotic, calcified and noncalcified atherosclerosis burden, are underestimated by invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and more accurately quantified with intravascular ultrasound. Multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) is inferior to intravascular ultrasound but may constitute ...
Guzik Przemysław - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Typical chest pain and ECG changes suggest the presence of myocardial ischaemia in cardiac syndrome X (SX) patients and resemble the symptoms observed in subjects with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD). AIM: To compare the results of exercise treadmill tests (ETT), 24-hour ECG recordings and echocardiography in SX and ...
Stone Peter H - - 2007
AIM: We performed serial intracoronary studies of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) to investigate the relationships among baseline endothelial shear stress (ESS), CAD progression, and vascular remodelling. Local haemodynamic factors are critical determinants of plaque progression, vascular remodelling, and clinical CAD manifestations. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 3-D anatomy ...
Mieres Jennifer H - - 2007
The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the clinical value of electrocardiographically gated single-photon emission computed tomographic myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) imaging in a cohort of postmenopausal women with symptoms suggestive of ischemic heart disease. Forty-six postmenopausal women with no history of coronary artery disease (CAD), but with ...
Shishehbor Mehdi H - - 2007
We examined the safety and efficacy of nonculprit multivessel compared with culprit-only stenting in patients with multivessel disease presenting with unstable angina or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes [NSTE-ACS]). In patients presenting with NSTE-ACS, multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with adverse outcome. Patients with ...
Wang Hai-Ya - - 2007
We sought to investigate whether numbers and activity of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) correlate with severity of coronary stenosis as well as cardiovascular risk factors in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Number of circulating EPCs was analyzed in 104 consecutive patients with proven or clinically suspected CAD. ...
Onishi Toshinari - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A positive myocardial velocity during isovolumic relaxation phase (V(IR)) detected by spectral tissue Doppler imaging has been shown to indicate ischemic myocardium. We sought to examine the diagnostic value of positive V(IR) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with chest pain and apparently normal left ventricular contraction. ...
Bots Michiel L - - 2007
AIMS: Measurement of change in carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has been proposed as an alternative for the occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) events in the assessment of therapeutic interventions. Nevertheless, criticism has been voiced based on observations indicating a weak relation between CIMT and coronary atherosclerosis as well as on the ...
Futamatsu H - - 2007
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a promising non-invasive technique to assess the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD), which is free of ionizing radiation and iodine contrast. cMRI can detect CAD by angiographic methods or indirectly by perfusion stress techniques. While coronary angiography by cMRI remains limited to research ...
De Winter O - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion and function SPECT imaging in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and poor left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS: We studied 261 patients (231 men, age 66+/-10 years) with CAD and a resting LV ejection fraction ...
Schietinger Brian J BJ Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, University of Virginia Health System, Lee Street, Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2007
New left ventricular systolic dysfunction affects 500,000 Americans and coronary artery disease (CAD) is responsible for two-thirds of cases. Identifying CAD has both prognostic and therapeutic implications. We evaluated the ability of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to detect CAD as the etiology of recent ...
Moir, William Stuart
Contrast echocardiography has an established role for enhancement of the right heart&#13;Doppler signals, the detection of intra-cardiac shunts, and most recently for left&#13;ventricular cavity opacification (LVO). Over the past decade, because of the&#13;simultaneous evolution of micro-bubble engineering and contrast specific imaging&#13;modalities, the use of intravenously administered micro-bubbles to traverse the&#13;myocardial ...
Slomka Piotr J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the diagnostic performance of a recently developed combined supine-prone quantification algorithm for myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in women. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive MPS scans of women without known CAD and coronary angiography within ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2007
Stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) plays an important role in the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients of all age groups who are undergoing assessment prior to non-cardiac surgery. MPI may utilise exercise treadmill or pharmacological stress testing. While MPI has been evaluated in a ...
Miura Shin-ichiro - - 2007
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most important cause of death in the industrialized world. After experimental myocardial infarction, numerous dilated vessels appear in the border zone between the infarct and noninfarct areas. Angiogenic therapy has been widely regarded as an attractive approach for both treating CAD and enhancing arterioprotective ...
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