Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1385
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Fontana P - - 2007
Antiplatelet agents (APA) are used to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in various settings. When used for secondary prevention, antiplatelet monotherapy is associated with a relative risk reduction of such ischemic events of 25% compared to a placebo. New strategies are based on dual APA therapy. Aspirin-clopidogrel combination ...
Hansen Mark S - - 2007
Acute aortic syndrome (AAS) comprises acute aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating ulcer of the aorta. The importance of accurate, rapid diagnosis and intervention for AAS is underscored by its clinical and epidemiologic overlap with acute coronary syndrome and by the risks of inappropriate treatment with antithrombotic agents. To explore ...
Walsh Stewart R - - 2007
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a well-recognized complication of radiographic contrast administration and is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired renal insufficiency. The use of contrast media is increasing, particularly in the area of endovascular therapy. Vascular interventionists need to be aware of strategies to reduce the risk of CIN. Numerous ...
Romagnoli Enrico - - 2007
The present review aims to describe the pharmacological aspects as well as the available clinical data supporting the choice of intracoronary route of administration for abciximab, an antiplatelet drug used in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Abciximab is a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist which ...
Rahme E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with COX-2 inhibitors may offset their gastrointestinal (GI) benefit compared with non-selective (NS) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We aimed to compare the risks of hospitalization for AMI and GI bleeding among elderly patients using COX-2 inhibitors, NS-NSAIDs and acetaminophen. METHODS: We conducted ...
Collins J Stewart - - 2007
Despite many recent advancements in the treatment of coronary heart disease, it continues to be an important source of patient morbidity and mortality as well as a significant source of healthcare-related expenditures. Clopidogrel has become an integral part of the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and, consequently, has become ...
Plosker Greg L - - 2007
Clopidogrel (Plavix), Iscover) selectively and irreversibly inhibits adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. Long-term administration of clopidogrel was associated with a modest but statistically significant advantage over aspirin in reducing adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with established cardiovascular disease in the CAPRIE trial. In other large well designed multicentre trials, such ...
Cannon Christopher P - - 2007
Clopidogrel has demonstrated improved outcomes for patients with acute coronary syndromes in several large randomized controlled trials. However, some questions exist about the use of clopidogrel in practice. Who benefits from clopidogrel? When should clopidogrel treatment be initiated? How much clopidogrel should be administered and for how long? Reviewing the ...
Lepor Norman E - - 2007
The anticoagulant properties of heparin were discovered in 1916, and by the 1930s researchers were evaluating its therapeutic use in clinical trials. Treatment of unstable angina with unfractionated heparin (UFH), in addition to aspirin, was introduced into clinical practice in the early 1980s. UFH was combined with aspirin to suppress ...
Ghaffarinejad Mohammad Hassan - - 2007
Background: We tried to evaluate the clinical outcomes (mortality, postoperative bleeding and perioperative myocardial infarction) of patients who underwent first elective coronary artery bypass grafting and received aspirin during the preoperative period. Methods: The study was a prospective, randomized and single-blinded clinical trial. Two hundred patients were included and divided ...
Dieker Hendrik-Jan - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: In patients after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), antiplatelet therapy reduces subsequent cardiac events, which are often attributed to recurrent thrombosis with (sub)total occlusion in the infarct-related artery. Whether antiplatelet therapy influences the often subclinical process of coronary disease progression in noninfarct arteries has not been reported. METHODS: Quantitative coronary ...
Diener Hans-Christoph - - 2007
Patients who have transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke are at a high risk of having a first or recurrent stroke. The annual risk is between 5% and 15%; the risk is highest in the first 48 hours following a TIA and highest in the first 7 days following ...
Schmidt-Lucke Caroline - - 2007
Non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) refers to a cardiovascular disorder characterized by intracoronary thrombus formation on a disrupted atherosclerotic plaque with partial or transient occlusion. Generation of thrombin resulting from exposure of collagen leads to activation of platelets and conversion offibrinogen to fibrin, thus forming a platelet-rich thrombus. The ...
Wong Cheuk-Kit - - 2007
Direct thrombin inhibitors have several potential advantages over indirect thrombin inhibitors such as heparin. Bivalirudin, a bivalent direct thrombin inhibitor, is most commonly used in clinical practice and has a proven role in contemporary interventional medicine with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as well as in patients with non-ST-elevation acute ...
Helton Thomas J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the impact of clopidogrel plus aspirin on the individual outcomes of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke in patients with established cardiovascular disease, or in patients with multiple risk factors for vascular disease. BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have demonstrated a reduction in composite outcomes when clopidogrel is added to ...
Gore Joel M - - 2007
PURPOSE: We describe the use of antithrombotic therapy in the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: Patients from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events, a multinational coronary disease registry, were characterized according to the early and continued use of low-molecular-weight heparin, unfractionated heparin, any crossover of heparin ...
Cervera A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The contribution of genetic factors to aspirin treatment failure (ATF) for secondary prevention is not settled in patients with ischemic stroke. METHODS: We assessed the polymorphisms VNTR (A, B, C, D) of glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha, 807C/T of GP Ia/IIa, and Pl(A1/A2) of GP IIb/IIIa, and the 5-year incidence of ...
Miner Jonathan - - 2007
Aspirin has long been established as a useful analgesic and antipyretic. Even in ancient times, salicylate-containing plants such as the willow were commonly used to relieve pain and fever. In the 20th century, scientists discovered many details of aspirin's anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, including its molecular mechanism of action. In ...
Verheugt Freek W A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fibrinolytic therapy for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is frequently limited by delays in administration and by incomplete reperfusion or reocclusion of the infarct-related artery. Intensified prehospital management of STEMI may shorten time to treatment and improve outcomes. METHODS: We carried out a prospective substudy in 11 ambulance systems ...
Campbell Charles L - - 2006
Complications from atherosclerotic coronary artery disease are the principal cause of death worldwide. Many therapeutic strategies have been developed to reduce the burden of this disease. Systemic antithrombotic therapy, typically with unfractionated heparin, has long been a mainstay in the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) despite several limitations, including ...
Cohen Marc - - 2006
This paper provides a comprehensive up-to-date review of the medical and invasive management of patients with non- ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). The authors have summarized findings from key clinical trials published recent years that contribute to clinicians' understanding of how best to optimize therapy. The goals for the ...
White Harvey D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Enoxaparin reduces ischemic events more effectively than unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients treated conservatively for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. The SYNERGY trial compared these agents in high-risk patients undergoing early invasive treatment. Enoxaparin was noninferior to UFH for the 30-day primary end point of death/myocardial infarction (MI), but ...
Stone Gregg W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for patients with moderate- or high-risk acute coronary syndromes recommend an early invasive approach with concomitant antithrombotic therapy, including aspirin, clopidogrel, unfractionated or low-molecular-weight heparin, and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. We evaluated the role of thrombin-specific anticoagulation with bivalirudin in such patients. METHODS: We assigned 13,819 patients with ...
Harjai Kishore J - - 2007
We evaluated the utility of a routine postprocedure course of unfractionated heparin after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients not receiving glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. In the CADILLAC study, 2,082 patients with AMI who underwent primary PCI were randomized to receive stents versus percutaneous transluminal ...
Cannon Christopher P - - 2006
Significant recent advances have been made in strategies for managing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Based on new findings, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have updated their guidelines for acute myocardial infarction (MI) with newer recommendations for STEMI management. Many of these recommendations ...
Flaker Greg C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is used in combination with anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but evidence of additional efficacy is not available. METHODS: We compared ischemic events and bleeding in the SPORTIF III and IV randomized trials of anticoagulation with warfarin (international normalized ratio 2-3) or fixed-dose ximelagatran. Low-dose ...
Cooke Glen E - - 2006
The use of aspirin and clopidogrel in combination has become part of the standard clinical care of patients with coronary artery disease. The use of this combination provides significant benefits compared with the use of aspirin alone in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and in patients treated with percutaneous coronary ...
Matar Fadi - - 2006
Heparin with adjunctive glycoprotein IIb/IIIa platelet receptor (GP IIb/IIIa) inhibitors has demonstrated its effectiveness in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor, has recently been shown to be an effective alternative for patients undergoing elective PCI. To assess the angiographic and ...
Hernández Adrián V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the beneficial and harmful effects of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blockers in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) depend on age. METHODS: A meta-analysis of six trials of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blockers in patients with NSTE-ACS (PRISM, PRISM-PLUS, PARAGON-A, PURSUIT, PARAGON-B, GUSTO IV-ACS; n = ...
Coli Stefano - - 2007
Two previous reports have reported myocardial infarction during ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, a complication of controlled ovarian stimulation characterized by ascites, pleural effusion, hemoconcentration and an increased thromboembolic risk, but no association with the initial phase (before treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin) of a normal ovarian stimulation protocol for infertility has ...
Herlitz Johan - - 2006
The earlier infarct-limiting therapy is started the better is the outcome among patients suffering from a threatened myocardial infarction. The introduction of a prehospital electrocardiogram has improved triage of patients with acute chest pain. With regard to medication, fibrinolytic agents have the best documentation. Their use when frequently followed by ...
Tricoci Pierluigi - - 2006
Results from clinical trials of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa(GPIIb/IIIa) inhibitors during the past decade have established their current role in the treatment of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and in percutaneous coronary interventions. However, there are still unanswered questions on optimal use of GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors. Moreover, as new concomitant or alternative medications ...
Wiviott Stephen D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is standard for prevention of thrombotic complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prasugrel is a thienopyridine that is more potent, more rapid in onset, and more consistent in inhibition of platelets than clopidogrel. TRITON-TIMI 38 is designed to compare prasugrel with clopidogrel ...
Tuhta Aylin G - - 2006
Randomized clinical trials of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition during percutaneous coronary intervention have shown significant clinical efficacy and safety in reducing the morbidity and mortality. In Turkey, only tirofiban is available. Tirofiban is a safe and effective agent in combination with heparin and aspirin in the setting of an acute coronary ...
Sheikh Azeem - - 2006
Coronary thrombosis is a pivotal event in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes and ischemic complications resulting from coronary intervention. Activation of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor is the final common pathway leading to platelet aggregation, coronary thrombus formation, and myocardial ischemia. Inhibitors of platelet GP IIb/IIIa are potent ...
Kunadian Babu - - 2006
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether clopidogrel should be given in addition to aspirin in high risk patients after coronary bypass surgery to reduce thrombotic complications. High risk patients would include patients recently post MI or patients ...
Hennekens Charles H - - 2006
In meta-analyses of randomized trials of aspirin among patients with prior occlusive vascular disease events (secondary prevention), doses from 75 mg to more than 1500 mg daily provide similar benefits on myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death. In acute myocardial infarction and during acute occlusive stroke, a loading dose of ...
Kao John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) are associated with worse outcomes compared with those of native coronary PCI. Little is known concerning the use of direct thrombin inhibition during CABG intervention. The objective of this report is to examine the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin ...
Lettieri Corrado - - 2006
While there is clear evidence for administering unfractionated heparin after systemic thrombolysis, there are not randomised trials supporting the usefulness of postprocedural heparin in the setting of primary angioplasty, especially in the era of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, and this issue is still a matter of debate. In this review we ...
Bromberg-Marin Guilherme - - 2006
We investigated whether a combination of clopidogrel and glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors safely decreases hospital mortality, reinfarction, and major bleeding beyond either therapy alone in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors and clopidogrel, separately, have been shown to decrease adverse outcomes in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary ...
Marcucci Rossella - - 2006
Recently, great interest has focused on the phenomenon of aspirin resistance, which may be defined as clinical or laboratory resistance. Monitoring the antiplatelet effect appears to be relevant in the presence of clinical implications, but no data are available on the possible clinical implications of the failure of aspirin to ...
Duvall W L - - 2006
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US and the industrialized world. Ever since DeWood in 1980 demonstrated that a thrombus was the primary event leading to acute myocardial infarction and that they may subsequently lyse, the mainstay of therapy for the past 25 years has ...
Kunadian Babu - - 2006
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether clopidogrel should be stopped prior to urgent cardiac surgery. Altogether 143 papers were identified using the below mentioned search and all major international guidelines were included. Fourteen presented the best evidence ...
Rubboli Andrea - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intravenous unfractionated heparin (UFH) is recommended in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), following thrombolysis with fibrin-specific agents. Subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH), previously proven effective in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes, have been recently investigated in the setting of STEMI. We aimed at evaluating the current level of evidence supporting the ...
Daneschvar H L - - 2007
Heparin induced thrombocytopenia is a serious side effect of a drug that is widely used in clinical practice. All patients exposed to heparin, administered by any route or at any dose, are at varying risk of developing HIT and its potentially devastating thrombotic complications. There are two clinical forms of ...
Fareed Jawed - - 2006
The small molecule, arginomimetic drug argatroban is the first synthetic direct antithrombin to be approved for clinical use. Argatroban reversibly binds to and inhibits both soluble and clot-bound thrombin. In contrast to other direct thrombin inhibitors, argatroban upregulates nitric oxide, enhancing its antithrombotic effect, does not generate antibodies, is not ...
Schaefer W M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In the European Stroke Prevention Study (ESPS 2), oral administration of a fixed combination of 200 mg extended-release dipyridamole and 25 mg aspirin (twice daily) after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, significantly reduced the risk of stroke compared to placebo as well as compared to aspirin or dipyridamole ...
Walker Nicholas E - - 2006
Platelet activation and aggregation play an important role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis in coronary, cerebral and peripheral vascular beds. The antiplatelet agent clopidogrel has become a mainstay of treatment for patients with acute coronary syndromes and stroke, and to reduce ischemic complications after percutaneous coronary and peripheral interventions. ...
Rajagopal Vivek - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The REPLACE-2 trial demonstrated that bivalirudin with provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) inhibition is not inferior to heparin plus GPIIb/IIIa inhibition in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The extent to which this applies to patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is unclear. Therefore, we sought to determine if bivalirudin has ...
Kang Kyusik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A lot of clinicians use heparin in patients with posterior circulation stroke. Frequency and risk factors of symptomatic intracerebral hematoma (ICH) in posterior circulation infarct patients anticoagulated with unfractionated heparin are not known. METHODS: To determine the incidence and the risk factors of the heparin-related ICH in posterior circulation ...
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