Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1388
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Mood Girish R - - 2007
Clopidogrel bisulfate is a potent adenosine diphosphate receptor blocker that irreversibly inhibits platelet aggregation by preventing the activation of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa pathway. This helps to prevent thrombus formation and resultant ischemic or thrombotic complications. Clopidogrel was proven to be superior to aspirin in the treatment of atherothrombotic diseases. Clopidogrel ...
Ruff Christian T - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the cause of death, risk of nonfatal complications, and relative outcomes with an enoxaparin versus unfractionated heparin strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction stratified using the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Index (TRI). METHODS: We evaluated 30-day outcomes in 19,941 patients ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Improvement in adjunctive antithrombotic therapy is a key point in pharmacologic reperfusion for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of the current study was to perform an updated meta-analysis of all randomized trials comparing low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) versus unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients with STEMI treated with thrombolysis. ...
Chung Thomas L - - 2007
Recent clinical trials involving patients with acute coronary syndromes have demonstrated significant reduction in the progression of coronary artery thrombosis using a regimen of aspirin, heparin, and the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban. Acute coronary syndromes and free tissue transfer are similar pathophysiologically in that they both involve endothelial injury, thrombosis, ...
Greenbaum Adam B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fibrinolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) results in normal flow in only about half of patients. Adjunctive treatment with potent antiplatelet and antithrombin agents increases arterial patency but is associated with excessive bleeding. Cangrelor (formerly AR-C69931MX) is a rapidly acting, specific antagonist of platelet aggregation via binding to ...
Angkasuwapala Kitiporn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Thai ACS registry is a multi-center prospective registration that describes the epidemiology, management practices and in-hospital outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. OBJECTIVE: Study the registry difference in hospital outcomes about cardiac death and length of stay between low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and un-fractionated heparin (UFH). ...
Ethier Jean - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We investigated aspirin-prescribing patterns and potential benefits on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Data included 28,320 randomly selected hemodialysis patients from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study I and II. PREDICTOR: Aspirin prescription at study baseline. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: ...
Bhatheja Rohit - - 2007
Acute coronary syndrome is a major health problem affecting approximately 1.5 million individuals a year. Early diagnosis and appropriate evidence-based therapies improve clinical outcomes significantly. Current data suggest that an early invasive therapy may improve intermediate-term and long-term outcomes, particularly in high-risk individuals. The last few years also have seen ...
Barnes Geoffrey D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aspirin resistance is a well-documented laboratory finding, but the effects of clinical aspirin (ASA) failure on patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been debated. Likewise, there is recognition of clopidogrel resistance, but the clinical effects of clopidogrel failure are not well understood. We sought to determine the 6-month ...
Jolicoeur E Marc - - 2007
Accomplishing a successful percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with a suspected or diagnosed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) requires the selection of an appropriate alternative anticoagulant and a thorough assessment of bleeding and thrombotic risks. In this review, we suggest an evidence-based management algorithm that takes into account the clinical phase ...
Iqbal R - - 2007
Thrombosis associated with a drop in the platelet count may occur in 33-50% of the patients who develop heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) during treatment with unfractionated heparin. We report the case of a 63-year-old man who was treated with unfractionated heparin following a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). He developed ...
Gabriel Ruvin S - - 2007
Pharmacologic reperfusion remains the most common treatment strategy for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) worldwide. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the established adjunctive antithrombotic agent used with fibrinolytic agents. Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) are a potential alternative to UFH, but have not been evaluated in large cohorts of patients. The Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis ...
De Rosa G - - 2007
Kawasaki syndrome is a potentially life-threatening disease of early childhood that untreated holds a risk of severe coronary involvement. Its diagnosis is made via a list of clinical signs because etiology and pathophysiology are still unknown and no specific laboratory tool is available. Appropriate therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins and aspirin ...
Feldman Dmitriy N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin has been found to be noninferior to heparin plus planned glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa blockade in the prevention of acute ischemic end points and 1-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with bare metal stents. We investigated whether long-term outcomes after bivalirudin use remained comparable ...
Motivala Apurva A - - 2007
Antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents are essential for the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). These pharmacologic agents have the potential for increased risk of bleeding. It is not clear if the increased uptake of these therapies has resulted in a clinically evident increase in bleeding complications over time. ...
Dickerson Lori M - - 2007
Recurrent ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack are common problems in primary care, with stroke survivors averaging 10 outpatient visits per year. Risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia should be evaluated during each office visit. Attention should be given to lifestyle modification including management of obesity, smoking cessation, ...
Fox Keith A A - - 2007
The risk of adverse events in patients with acute coronary syndrome remains substantial despite the use of regular aspirin. The addition of clopidogrel to regular aspirin therapy has been shown to be associated with significantly better outcomes in a variety of clinical settings within the spectrum of acute coronary syndromes. ...
Valencia Rafael - - 2007
Adjunctive glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition decreases ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) but is associated with increased bleeding. We hypothesized that maximal antiplatelet therapy with aspirin, a thienopyridine, and a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor without unfractionated heparin (UFH) would result in fewer bleeding complications and maintain efficacy in elective PCI. A ...
Pamukcu Burak - - 2007
Aspirin resistance could be defined as thrombotic and embolic cardiovascular events despite regular aspirin therapy. The study aimed to determine the profile and prevalence of aspirin resistance in coronary artery disease patients. We evaluated the prevalence of aspirin resistance in a cohort of 505 patients with the diagnosis of coronary ...
Chakrabarti Ranjan - - 2007
Thrombosis is the condition where an imbalance in the homeostatic mechanism results in unwanted intravascular thrombus formation. Imbalances in this highly regulated process of coagulation and anticoagulation can lead to a variety of pathophysiological conditions leading to stroke, pulmonary heart attack and other serious conditions. In the western world, thromboembolic ...
Galla John M - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Platelet inhibition remains a key component in the prevention and treatment of ischemic heart disease. This review documents recent advances in the use of clopidogrel for the management of myocardial ischemia. RECENT FINDINGS: For the prevention of ischemic heart disease, the addition of clopidogrel is not superior ...
Bates Eric R - - 2007
In addition to antiplatelet therapy with aspirin, anticoagulation therapy with unfractionated heparin decreases the risk of myocardial infarction and death in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, unfractionated heparin has pharmacologic limitations that limit efficacy and safety. Enoxaparin, fondaparinux, and bivalirudin are new anticoagulant therapy options with either superior efficacy ...
Paniccia Rita - - 2007
Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) receiving aspirin therapy with a residual platelet reactivity (RPR) may be at increased risk of ischemic vascular events. Point-of-care (POC) methods PFA-100 (Dade-Behring, Marburg, Germany) and VerifyNow (Accumetrics, San Diego, CA) assays have been suggested as rapid tools to evaluate RPR. We compared PFA-100 ...
Parikh Sahil A - - 2007
Antiplatelet agents have long served as the cornerstone of pharmacologic therapy to prevent atherothrombotic events. The thienopyridines have risen to prominence as both an alternative and adjunctive treatment to aspirin monotherapy. These agents prevent platelet aggregation by selectively and irreversibly blocking the platelet ADP P2Y12 receptor. In this article we ...
Murphy Sabina A - - 2007
AIMS: To determine whether the low-molecular weight heparin enoxaparin remains favourable when compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) when incorporating efficacy and safety of these adjunctive therapies using a net clinical endpoint. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized trials of enoxaparin ...
Giraldez Roberto R - - 2007
AIMS: We compared outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients randomized to a strategy of either enoxaparin or unfractionated heparin (UFH) to support fibrinolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis Reperfusion for Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Study 25 (ExTRACT-TIMI 25) trial, 20,479 patients undergoing fibrinolysis ...
Albert Nancy - - 2007
PURPOSE: To increase awareness among nurse practitioners (NPs) of the American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) 2002 guideline update for the diagnosis and treatment of acute coronary syndrome, and for secondary prevention in patients with unstable angina (UA) and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). DATA SOURCES: ACC/AHA ...
Berg Jenny - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several health economic studies have shown that the use of clopidogrel is cost-effective to prevent ischemic events in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the cost-effectiveness of clopidogrel in short- and long-term treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with ...
Chung Woo-Young - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of adjunctive heparin for primary angioplasty in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not well established, so the authors investigated the effect of early heparin administration in the emergency room (ER) on initial patency of the infarct-related artery (IRA) and on the clinical outcome in STEMI ...
Fu Yilong - - 2007
In this study, the cardioprotective effects of nitric oxide (NO)-aspirin, the nitroderivative of aspirin, were compared with those of aspirin in an anesthetized rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Rats were given aspirin or NO-aspirin orally for 7 consecutive days preceding 25 min of myocardial ischemia followed by 48 h of ...
Sabatine Marc S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of enoxaparin (ENOX) versus unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving fibrinolytic therapy with and without clopidogrel. BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of ENOX and clopidogrel given together in STEMI remains to ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2007
Unless there are contraindications to the use of aspirin, aspirin should be used in treating patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and continued indefinitely to reduce vascular death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. Clopidogrel added to aspirin has been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of patients with acute ...
Bates Eric R - - 2007
Thrombus formation on a disrupted atherosclerotic coronary artery plaque is the usual event that precipitates acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Anticoagulation therapy with unfractionated heparin, in addition to antiplatelet therapy with aspirin, decreases the risk of myocardial infarction and death with ACS. However, unfractionated heparin has pharmacological limitations that limit efficacy ...
Cheng Judy W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: When used as an alternative to or in addition to aspirin, clopidogrel has been demonstrated by some but not all randomized controlled trials to be effective in secondary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with (1) coronary artery disease (CAD), (2) acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and (3) coronary ...
Lee Sinjin - - 2007
Enoxaparin is a low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) derivative that exerts its anticoagulant activity through antithrombin III, an endogenous inhibitor of factor Xa and thrombin IIa. Unlike its unfractionated heparin (UFH) counterparts, enoxaparin has a greater bioavailability, lower incidence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and more stable and predictable anticoagulation, allowing fixed dosing without ...
Ziegelstein Roy C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are commonly used to treat anxiety, depression, and other conditions that commonly affect patients with coronary artery disease. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors inhibit platelet activation and may, therefore, affect outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 1254 patients ...
Testa Luca - - 2007
After acute coronary syndromes, the beneficial effect of aspirin plus clopidogrel (A+C) or aspirin plus dose-adjusted warfarin (A+W) compared with aspirin alone is well established. However, these regimens were never compared. To compare the risk-benefit profile of A+C versus A+W after acute coronary syndromes, major medical databases for randomized controlled ...
Gibson C Michael - - 2007
The REPLACE-2 trial of patients who underwent urgent or elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) demonstrated a significantly lower bleeding risk with bivalirudin plus provisional glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor compared with unfractionated heparin with planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor. The goal of this analysis was to evaluate whether a hazard existed when unfractionated ...
Bolognese Leonardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Current practice guidelines recommend administering a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, in conjunction with aspirin and heparin, for patients with non-ST segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS) for whom an early invasive management strategy is planned. However, optimal timing of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor administration - 'upstream' in the coronary ...
Bhatt Deepak L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the possible benefit of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI), ischemic stroke, or symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel plus aspirin has been validated in the settings of acute coronary syndromes and ...
De Carlo Marco - - 2008
Glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors before primary angioplasty in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) are recommended by current guidelines. Thus, an increasing number of patients receive these drugs before coronary angiography, particularly if a between-hospital transfer is needed. However, when coronary anatomy is unsuitable for angioplasty, emergency coronary ...
Stiles Martin K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thienopyridine use, in particular clopidogrel in acute coronary syndromes, has been associated with an improvement in outcome. However, little information is available regarding their bleeding risk when used in combination with other antithrombotic agents and revascularisation. METHODS: In a large, multinational, prospective registry, the Global Registry of Acute Coronary ...
Dager William E - - 2007
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune-mediated adverse effect that typically manifests several days after the start of heparin therapy, although both rapid- and delayed-onset HIT have been described. Its most serious complication is thrombosis. Although not all patients develop thrombosis, it can be life threatening. The risk of developing HIT ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2007
Aspirin should be used to treat patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and continued indefinitely to reduce vascular death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke. Clopidogrel added to aspirin is beneficial in the treatment of patients with acute ST-elevation MI. Patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation MI should be treated with ...
Lewis James D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Health Improvement Network (THIN) is a new medical records database that contains records from general practices some of which have or continue to participate in the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) and others that never participated in GPRD. We sought to replicate in THIN well-established associations from the ...
Lucking Andrew J - - 2007
Stent thrombosis is the major cause of early adverse events during percutaneous coronary intervention. Its incidence has fallen considerably in recent years, principally due to the introduction of effective antithrombotic therapies. The selection of an appropriate antithrombotic regimen is critical in achieving a balance between reducing ischaemic events and minimising ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel is an established alternative to ticlopidine in addition to aspirin after coronary stenting because of its safety, but its optimal initial dosing is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-regression of randomized clinical trials comparing clopidogrel versus ticlopidine, focusing on clopidogrel front-loading. METHODS: PubMed was searched for ...
Aldandashi Samer - - 2007
Antithrombotic therapy has been shown to be effective in preventing secondary strokes. Inhibition of platelet function may reduce formation of thrombi thereby reducing the incidence of stroke. However, stronger inhibition of platelets is correlated with increased risk of bleeding events. The purpose of this study was to test the protective ...
Stone Gregg W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess anticoagulation with the direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin during percutaneous coronary intervention in individuals with moderate and high-risk acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: 13,819 individuals in the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategy (ACUITY) trial were prospectively randomly assigned to receive heparin ...
Adamek Anna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory proteins like inflammatory cytokines are implicated in myocardial depression and left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. High-dose aspirin inhibits cytokine activation. Therefore, we tested the influence of high-dose aspirin treatment on left ventricular remodeling in mice after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice were treated for 4 weeks ...
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