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Results 301 - 350 of 1870
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Bae Eun-Jung - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The coexistence of two distinct atrioventricular (AV) nodes has been described in congenital heart disease requiring Fontan type palliation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of twin AV node according to anatomical subgroups, and to determine its relation to tachycardia. METHODS: From 2001 to 2003, ...
Almas Aysha - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the etiology and outcome in patients with ventricular tachycardia in our patient population. DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital from November 2002 to October 2003. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 58 patients who presented ...
Farzaneh-Far A - - 2005
Although the pathogenesis of ventricular outflow tract tachycardia has not been fully elucidated, recent findings suggest that defects in cAMP signalling may be involved.
Bernhard Strohmer
Determination of tachycardia mechanism by electrophysiological techniques is essential for a definite diagnosis of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and a prerequisite for a safe and efficacious ablation. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether simultaneous atrial and ventricular (AV) extrastimulation is useful for differentiating atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) ...
Stevenson William G - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with ventricular tachycardia are subject to frequent recurrences and antiarrhythmic drug therapy has been disappointing. Catheter ablation offers an alternative means of controlling ventricular tachycardia. RECENT FINDINGS: The origin and pathophysiology of ventricular tachycardia are being defined for newly recognized types of ventricular tachycardia as well ...
Roy Sunil - - 2005
Several strategies for mapping ventricular outflow tract tachycardia have been reported as useful indices for differentiating between those originating from the right and the left side. Recently, tissue tracking imaging (TTI) has been demonstrated as a novel non-invasive modality for identifying the origin of outflow tract tachycardias. Tissue tracking imaging ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2005
Double tachycardia is a relatively rare condition. We describe a 21 year old woman with history of frequent palpitations. In one of these episodes, she had wide complex tachycardia with right bundle branch and inferior axis morphology. A typical atrioventricular nodal tachycardia was induced during electrophysiologic study, aimed at induction ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2005
Electrophysiologic study in a patient with supraventricular tachycardia revealed an unusual activation pattern in the coronary sinus (CS) electrodes. Pacing maneuvers confirmed the tachycardia was a slow-slow AV nodal reentrant tachycardia with double potentials in the distal CS electrodes due to an earlier left atrial signal (50 ms) and later ...
Steinhoff Jeff P - - 2005
Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy occurs as a result of prolonged, excessive heart rates. Ventricular function may improve significantly upon control of the heart rate. We present a case of a patient with atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response who showed a dramatic improvement in left ventricular function following AV nodal ablation and ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2005
Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICDs) were implanted in 378 men and 95 women, mean age 69 +/- 12 years. At 3.6-year follow up, survival was 76% in patients who had an AICD because of cardiac arrest as a result of ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia not resulting from a transient or ...
Fouron Jean-Claude - - 2004
We intend to review our experience with the investigation and management of foetal arrhythmia on the basis of superior vena cava/ascending aorta (SVC/AA) Doppler flow velocity recordings. Irregular rhythms n = 307. Premature atrial and ventricular contractions were easily identified and generally self-limited in time. Sustained bradycardia n = 19. ...
Gillis Anne M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of calcineurin causes cardiac hypertrophy and arrhythmic deaths. During disease development, sinus bradycardia followed by high degree atrioventricular (AV) block finally culminating in ventricular asystole has been observed over time in calcineurin hearts. AV block is associated with the development of pleomorphic ventricular tachycardia in mice and downregulation ...
Schreibman David S - - 2004
Among 58 consecutive patients who underwent electrophysiologic testing for risk assessment and who subsequently received a third-generation implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, 39 had ventricular tachycardia induced in the baseline state and 19 had ventricular tachycardia induced only after administration of intravenous procainamide, increasing the yield of electrophysiologic risk assessment by 49%. At ...
Swank Gary - - 2004
Acute carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common cause of poison-related deaths in the U.S. A 21-year-old white woman was referred to Ruby Memorial Hospital after exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) from a faulty furnace. She developed acute weakness, dyspnea, nausea and vomiting. An electrocardiogram revealed sinus tachycardia, non-specific ST-T ...
Leung Richard S T - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Previous reports have suggested an association between Cheyne-Stokes respiration with central sleep apnea (CSR-CSA) and ventricular ectopy, but there has been relatively little evidence of a cause-effect relationship. The objective of this study was to determine whether CSR-CSA directly provokes ventricular ectopy and, if so, whether it is ...
Ciaccio Edward J - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: During clinical electrophysiologic study, multiple clinical tachycardia morphologies often can be induced in the infarct border zone, and all morphologies must be targeted for ablation therapy to be successful. Analysis of sinus rhythm electrogram shape for localizing figure-of-eight reentrant circuits in cases of multiple morphologies is proposed. METHODS AND ...
Dulak Sally Beattie - - 2004
Torsades de pointes, a French term that literally means "twisting of the points," is a lethal form of ventricular tachycardia named for its hallmark feature: polymorphic QRS complexes that appear to twist around the isoelectric line. Without treatment, few patients survive Torsades de pointes (TdP) once it develops. The key ...
Rodriguez L-M - - 2004
This study reports on the acute and long-term results of cryoablation in patients with supraventricular and ventricular tachycardia. One hundred fifty nine patients with cardiac arrhythmias (147 with supraventricular and 12 with ventricular tachycardia) were consecutively enrolled in our institution to undergo trnasvenous cryoablation with a new cryotechnology system (CryoCor ...
Furushima Hiroshi - - 2004
A 30-year-old man was admitted for treatment of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy caused by incessant atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). An echocardiogram revealed dilatation of all cardiac chambers with severe globally depressed biventricular systolic function. During an electrophysiologic study, HV interval was prolonged to 118 ms by atrial extrastimulus and 2:1 HV ...
Santucci Peter A - - 2004
A 47-year-old man presented with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia of right ventricular origin. Surface ECG recorded during sinus rhythm showed a bizarre "double QRS" pattern. Biventricular cardiomyopathy was found with predominant right ventricular involvement, due to cardiac sarcoidosis. Electroanatomic mapping was used to characterize the right ventricular substrate abnormalities and ...
Mönnig Gerold - - 2004
A 25-year-old woman with daily episodes of syncope and several related traumatic injuries was referred for electrophysiological study. Structural heart disease was excluded. Electrophysiological study revealed inappropriate sinus tachycardia with heart rates up to 190 beats/min. A sinus node modulation was performed. However, 5 days later the patient again developed ...
Berruezo Antonio - - 2004
Pacemaker-mediated tachycardia is a well-known complication of dual-chamber devices. In this report, we describe for the first time a case of orthodromic pacemaker-mediated tachycardia in a patient in whom a biventricular system without an atrial electrode had been implanted. Retrograde atrial activation was directly produced by the dislodged coronary vein ...
Alkan Y - - 2004
A 15-year-old patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and Fusarium infection was treated with voriconazole. She developed asymptomatic bradycardia, QT interval prolongation, and nonsustained, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, which recurred upon rechallenge with the drug. Voriconazole levels and metabolism were within expected normal values. This non-concentration-dependent, voriconazole-associated ventricular tachycardia mandates cardiac rhythm ...
Scaglione Jorge - - 2004
Supraventricular tachycardia with rapid ventricular response is well recognized as the more frequent cause of single chamber ICD inappropriate therapies. We report here a 18-year-old-woman with surgically corrected transposition of the great arteries who received repetitive inappropriate discharges from an ICD implanted for ventricular tachycardia. Rapid atrial activity during episodes ...
Kobayashi Ayaka - - 2004
A 75-year-old man suffered sustained ventricular tachycardia with syncopal attack. Ventricular tachycardias appeared repeatedly, and an electrical defibrillator was used after an anti-arrhythmic drug, such as lidocaine or mexiletine, proved ineffective. The tachycardias had multiple origins, and the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) showed ventricular late potential before the administration of amiodarone. ...
Brembilla-Perrot Béatrice - - 2004
A 48-year old man was referred for frequent paroxysmal narrow QRS tachycardias. Either a rapid orthodromic tachycardia (220 b/min) using a fast-conducting left lateral concealed atrioventricular (AV) accessory pathway (AP) for its retrograde conduction or a slow orthodromic tachycardia (125 b/min) using the same concealed AP which was slow-conducting, were ...
Chun Terrence U H - - 2004
We sought to identify the electrophysiologic basis of life-threatening events associated with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) in young patients with heterozygous KCNJ2 mutations. PVT describes a beat-to-beat alternating QRS axis and morphology during ventricular tachycardia. PVT may be well tolerated and even asymptomatic in young patients without other heart disease, ...
Chiu Christine - - 2004
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia in patients with an anatomically normal heart is a distinct entity whose management and prognosis differs from ventricular tachycardia associated with structural heart disease. The tachycardia's QRS morphology on surface electrocardiogram (ECG) predicts the site of origin and is commonly classified as right ventricular tachycardia or left ...
Kokaji Kiyokazu - - 2004
A 52-year-old male with ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and left ventricular reconstruction (Dor operation). The patient developed acute onset of incessant ventricular tachycardia in the early postoperative period that was refractory to therapy with class I antiarrhythmic agents, and multiple attempts at electrical ...
Nerheim Pamela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy is a reversible cause of heart failure. We hypothesized that although left ventricular ejection fraction measurements normalize after heart rate or rhythm control in patients with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, recurrent tachycardia may have abrupt and deleterious consequences. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy that developed over years ...
Yeung-Lai-Wah John A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia early after cardiac surgery is an uncommon arrhythmic complication but has a negative impact on mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of new-onset sustained postoperative ventricular tachycardia-ventricular fibrillation and to identify risk factors for the dysrhythmia. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, operative, and ...
Ikeguchi Shigeru - - 2004
If the intra-atrial conduction time of a focal tachycardia is prolonged and exceeds the tachycardia cycle length, isochronal electroanatomical maps may be confusing by not showing the classical centrifugal pattern of focal activation. In addressing the hypothesis that by mapping post pacing intervals (PPI), the shortest PPI (ideally identical to ...
Gula Lorne J - - 2004
Despite sophisticated atrial and ventricular pacing techniques used during electrophysiologic study, the exact mechanism of some tachycardias remain elusive. In this situation, eliminating conduction from specific tissue and observing the effect on the tachycardia can be diagnostic. Such a maneuver can be performed using the technique of ice mapping, which ...
Goebel Phillip J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in paramedic rhythm misidentification rates in the use of adenosine for presumed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) over a ten-year period, and to determine variables associated with rhythm misidentification. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of all cases in which paramedics treated presumed PSVT with adenosine ...
Gemici Gokmen - - 2004
A 30-year-old asymptomatic pregnant woman at 38 weeks' gestation was noticed to have repetitive monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. A dilated left ventricle with moderately reduced systolic function was found on echocardiographic examination. To the best of our knowledge, a case of peripartum cardiomyopathy presenting with repetitive monomorphic ventricular tachycardia has not ...
Unnikrishnan Dilip - - 2004
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is approved for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia and is under investigation for other malignancies. We report the cardiac findings in 18 patients with haematologic malignancies treated with ATO and assess the role of cardiac factors in fluid retention syndrome observed during ATO therapy. Based on ...
Wong A R - - 2004
Hydroxyzine is a first generation antihistamine widely used in the paediatric population for a variety of conditions. A nine-year-old girl presented with supraventricular tachycardia while on clinical doses of hydroxyzine for pruritus. On arrival at the hospital, she was diaphoretic, with cool peripheries, poor peripheral pulses and a heart rate ...
Cox James L - - 2004
Cardiac arrhythmia surgery was initiated in 1968 with the first successful division of an accessory AV connection for the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Subsequent surgical procedures included the left atrial isolation procedure and right atrial isolation procedure for automatic atrial tachycardias, discrete cryosurgery of the AV node for AV nodal reentrant tachycardia, ...
Yamashiro Satoshi - - 2004
Two patients without any risk factors for coronary artery disease presented with symptomatic, recurrent, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia. They were found to have a postero-lateral left ventricular aneurysm and diverticulum. Coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm with frequent premature ventricular contractions. Their nonsustained ventricular tachycardias ...
Gorenek B - - 2004
We investigated the clinical and electrophysiological features of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (MVT) with different initiation patterns in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator to assess whether there is a relationship between the initiation patterns of sustained MVT and clinical characteristics, and the efficacy of antiarrhythmic and electrical therapy. Fifty-five stored IECGs ...
Strasburger Janette F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Fetal tachycardia complicated by ventricular dysfunction and hydrops fetalis carries a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Transplacental digoxin is effective therapy in a small percentage, but there is no consensus with regard to antiarrhythmic treatment if digoxin fails. This study evaluates the safety, efficacy, and outcome of amiodarone ...
Arya Arash - - 2004
Observation of Coincident arrhythmias is not uncommon but the co-existence of idiopathic verapamil sensitive left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) with other arrhythmias is very rare. We hereby presented a 30 year old male patient with a history of frequent episodes of palpitations and sustained narrow complex tachycardia. During electrophysiologic study two ...
Lin Meng-Hsun - - 2004
Ventricular tachycardia occurring in apparently normal heart is rare in children. A 9-year-old boy presented with recurrent palpitations and syncope was found to have idiopathic ventricular tachycardia with a right bundle branch block morphology and left axis deviation. Pace mapping and activation mapping were used to localize the site of ...
Saba Samir - - 2004
In this study we describe a highly sensitive and specific method for discriminating between ventricular and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias based on the response to simultaneous atrial and ventricular antitachycardia pacing. This new method, which can terminate supraventricular tachycardias in >50% of patients, can be easily implemented in a new generation of ...
Ghiorghiu Ioana - - 2004
Persistent disturbances of rhythm with high heart rate may lead to reversible depression of left ventricular function and biventricular failure. This phenomenon may appear also in children with incessant supraventricular tachycardia. Because in most cases these patients are long time asymptomatic the diagnosis of these arrhythmias is very difficult and ...
Liuba Ioan - - 2004
Incisional atrial tachycardias have been described most frequently in patients with previous corrective surgery for congenital heart defects and mitral valve disease. Less information is available on atrial tachycardias appearing late after isolated aortic valve surgery. We report the case of a patient who developed a left figure-8 tachycardia after ...
Reddy Vivek Y - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Para-Hisian pacing during sinus rhythm can help to identify the presence of an accessory pathway (AP). In this maneuver, the retrograde activation time and pattern are compared during capture and loss-of-capture of the His bundle while pacing from a para-Hisian position. However, identification of a retrograde AP does not ...
Izawa Atsushi - - 2003
A 67-year-old man was transferred to hospital because of acute circulatory failure resulting from sustained left ventricular tachycardia (LVT) and dysfunction. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed severely impaired left ventricular contraction and dyskinesis of the apical wall. Neither anti-arrhythmic agents nor direct current cardioversion was effective; the patient was resuscitated by immediate ...
Reek Sven - - 2003
Treatment of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in the setting of chronic myocardial infarction requires accurate characterization of the arrhythmia substrate. New mapping technologies have been developed that facilitate identification and ablation of critical areas even in rapid, hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia. A noncontact mapping system was used to analyze induced ventricular tachycardia ...
O-uchi Jin - - 2003
We thoroughly examined a 26-year-old Japanese male who experienced perioperative ventricular tachycardia. After inhaling sevoflurane, his nasal cavity was soaked with 1:100,000 epinephrine and he was intubated through the nose. Junctional tachycardia occurred five minutes after intubation, changing to ventricular tachycardia. Six-time cardioversion was required to stop the ventricular tachycardia. ...
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