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Results 201 - 250 of 1874
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Iturralde-Torres Pedro - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Rhythm disturbances in children with structurally normal hearts are usually associated with abnormalities in cardiac ion channels. The phenotypic expression of these abnormalities ("channelopathies") includes: long and short QT syndromes, Brugada syndrome, congenital sick sinus syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Lènegre-Lev disease, and/or different degrees of cardiac conduction disease. ...
Riley Michael P - - 2008
Three mechanisms underlie the initiation and maintenance of ventricular tachycardia: automaticity, triggered activity, and reentry. As straightforward as these mechanisms are, assessing which mechanism is operative in a particular patient's ventricular tachycardia can be difficult. The optimal treatment strategy for ventricular tachycardia in a given patient can be influenced by ...
Lujan Heidi L - - 2007
We recently documented that paraplegia (T(5) spinal cord transection) alters cardiac electrophysiology and increases the susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmias induced by programmed electrical stimulation. However, coronary artery occlusion is the leading cause of death in industrially developed countries and will be the major cause of death in the world by ...
Morin Daniel P - - 2007
Ventricular tachycardia most often arises from the ventricular outflow tracts in patients with apparently structurally normal hearts, and is often termed idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. These tachycardias are characterized by a left bundle branch block, inferior axis QRS morphology, and a unique electropharmacologic profile. The choice of treatment is dictated by ...
Varshney J P - - 2007
Homeopathic Digitalis 6c was evaluated in two clinical cases of atrial paroxysmal tachycardia in dogs. Tachycardias are common cardiac problems in dogs, and atrial paroxysmal tachycardia is a serious cardiac arrhythmia that may lead to syncope. Both adult dogs (Labrador and German Shepherd) were treated with Digitalis 6c, 4 drops ...
Kim Chol - - 2007
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and safe treatment for a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. Premedication with atropine has been recommended in order to avoid bradycardia and transient asystole induced by ECT. In contrast, some other arrhythmias can happen such as atrial flutter and fibrillation. But ventricular tachycardia is rare. ...
Stratemann Stacy - - 2008
Cardiac tumors in children are rare. Although most are histologically benign, they can be associated with life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden death. We report a 7-year-old boy, with a first episode of symptomatic tachycardia, who was found to have a left ventricular (LV) fibroma. He had a normal echocardiogram prior to ...
Sartipy Ulrik - - 2007
This article presents a review on the efficacy of surgical ventricular restoration and direct surgery for ventricular tachycardia in patients with left ventricular aneurysm or dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy. The procedure includes a non-electrophysiologically guided subtotal endocardiectomy and cryoablation in addition to endoventricular patch plasty of the left ventricle. Coronary artery ...
Kriatselis Charalampos - - 2007
We present the case of a 45-year-old female with a normal heart, who exhibited an episode of a broad QRS tachycardia that was initially suggested to be sustained ventricular tachycardia. Coronary angiography showed the left main stem originating from the right aortic sinus with an interarterial course between aorta and ...
Atkins Dianne L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Electrocardiographic (ECG) rhythm analysis algorithms for cardiac rhythm analysis in automated external defibrillators (AEDs) have been tested against pediatric patient rhythms (patients < or = 8 years old) using adult ECG algorithm criteria. However these adult algorithms may fail to detect non-shockable pediatric tachycardias because they do not account ...
Maruyama Mitsunori - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent advances in clinical electrophysiology, diagnosis of atrial tachycardia (AT) originating near Koch's triangle remains challenging. We sought a novel technique for rapid and accurate diagnosis of AT in the electrophysiologic laboratory. METHODS: Sixty-two supraventricular tachycardias including 18 ATs (10 ATs arising from near Koch's triangle), 32 atrioventricular ...
Tsoutsinos Alexander J - - 2007
Junctional ectopic tachycardia is usually a limited but potentially life-threatening postoperative arrhythmia. We describe a case of malignant postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia in a 13-month-old child who had undergone transatrial and transpulmonary repair of tetralogy of Fallot resistant to all conventional therapeutic measures and complicated by recurrent ventricular tachycardia. The ...
Tsai Feng-Chun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been applied successfully to patients with cardiopulmonary failure in extreme situations. Refractory ventricular tachycardia has high mortality and morbidity rates if not terminated in time. This study describes our preliminary experiences in using ECLS to treat patients with refractory ventricular tachycardia. DESIGN: Retrospective chart ...
Jankowski Stanislaw - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We present the improved method of recognition of sustained ventricular tachycardia (SVT) based on new filtering technique (FIR), extended signal-averaged electrocardiography (SAECG) description by 9 parameters and the application of support vector machine (SVM) classifier. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 376 patients (100 patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia after ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
A 47-year-old man with palpitations underwent electrophysiologic testing (EPS). Burst atrial pacing while infusing isoproterenol induced non-reproducible wide QRS tachycardias with an unusual pattern of an H-A-V activation with the same tachycardia cycle length and two different initiation patterns. The tachycardia had the earliest atrial activation at the His bundle ...
Crawford Thomas C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: No prior studies have systematically investigated the diagnostic value of cycle length (CL) variability in differentiating the mechanism of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 173 consecutive patients with PSVT; 86 typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), 11 atypical AVNRT, 47 orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT), and ...
Ciaccio Edward J - - 2007
Infarct border zone (IBZ) geometry likely affects inducibility and characteristics of postinfarction reentrant ventricular tachycardia, but the connection has not been established. The purpose of this study was to determine characteristics of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia in the IBZ. A geometric model describing the relationship between IBZ geometry and wavefront propagation ...
Jabaudon M - - 2007
A 77-year-old female was admitted in our hospital for uterine prolapse surgery. She developed ventricular tachycardia during induction of general anaesthesia and after initial symptomatic measures, she was transferred to the coronary care unit. Heart failure persisted and electrocardiographic changes mimicking acute myocardial infarction appeared. Coronary angiography was normal and ...
Liu Nian - - 2007
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a highly lethal form of inherited arrhythmogenic disease characterized by adrenergically mediated polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. The mutations in cardiac ryanodine receptor and calsequestrin genes are responsible for the autosomal dominant and recessive variants of CPVT, respectively. The clinical presentation encompasses exercise- or emotion-induced syncopal ...
Nathani P - - 2007
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia is a defined set of tachycardias when structural or pathological cause has been ruled out for the same. This paper tries to define and classify these arrhythmias to organize a logical therapeutic approach to deal with them. 60-80% of the idiopathic tachycardias originate from the right ventricular ...
Liew Reginald - - 2007
We report on the case of an 18-year-old girl with asymptomatic incessant ventricular tachycardia. Initial attempts at endocardial ablation failed and she was monitored until her cardiac function deteriorated. A percutaneous epicardial approach with electroanatomical mapping was then used which successfully terminated the tachycardia. Left ventricular size and function subsequently ...
Vianna Caio Brito - - 2007
A previously asymptomatic 15-year-old boy was treated at our institution after an episode of chest pain, palpitation, and syncope while playing in a high school soccer game. The patient's resting electrocardiogram was normal. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed an anomalous left main coronary artery originating from the right sinus of Valsalva. ...
Agelaki Maria G - - 2007
The effects of dronedarone, a non-iodinated derivative of amiodarone, on ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation post-myocardial infarction are not well established. Fifty-five Wistar rats were randomly allocated to a 2-week oral treatment with either vehicle (n=18), amiodarone (30 mg/kg, n=20), or dronedarone (30 mg/kg, n=17). After acute coronary artery ligation, ...
Amir Offer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Precordial Thump (PT) is commonly used for cardiopulmonary resuscitations both in and out of hospitals. However, the support for its efficiency relies mainly on sporadic cases. In this current prospective large study, we tested the effectiveness and safety of PT in a wide range of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias. ...
MacKenzie Ross - - 2007
The evaluation of a nonsustained wide QRS tachycardia in a life insurance applicant's exercise test presents a special challenge to the medical director because of the unpredictable and potentially lethal nature of these arrhythmias. Ventricular tachycardia accounts for up to 80% of wide QRS tachycardias in unselected populations and more ...
Swinkels B M - - 2007
Isolated left ventricular noncompaction is a rare cardiomyopathy that is often not recognised. So far, it is not well established how best to manage this abnormality. We describe a patient in whom the diagnosis of isolated left ventricular noncompaction was made after presentation with a subacute myocardial infarction. Because of ...
Reising Scott - - 2007
Symptomatic arrhythmias are frequently observed in the intensive care unit and often lead to significant hemodynamic compromise because of the presence of multisystem disease. In particular, prompt evaluation of patients with tachycardia is critical because treatment depends on the accurate diagnosis of the arrhythmia mechanism. The electrocardiogram remains the most ...
Okuyama Yuji - - 2007
We report a patient with re-entrant atrial tachycardia that originated at the inferolateral tricuspid annulus. Single atrial extra-stimulation reproducibly induced the atrial tachycardia with an inverse relationship between the coupling interval of extra-stimulation and the return cycle of the first tachycardia beat. A real-time three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping showed focal atrial ...
Kao Shih Ling - - 2006
Prompt and correct treatment of broad complex tachycardias in the emergency department can often be life-saving to the patient and satisfying for the emergency physician. They, however, are often a diagnostic challenge. Here, we present a case of posterior fascicular ventricular tachycardia, an idiopathic form of ventricular tachycardia that occurs ...
Jorat Mohammad V - - 2006
Accessory pathways with anterograde decremental conduction properties usually are characterized by presence of antegrade preexcitation during atrial pacing. We report a 38-year-old man with frequent episodes of palpitation. No evidence of ventricular preexcitation was seen during sinus rhythm or atrial pacing. All electrophysiologic maneuvers were compatible with an antidromic tachycardia ...
Alper Ahmet Taha - - 2007
Subacute thyroiditis is a possibly viral, inflammatory thyroid disorder which can cause thyrotoxicosis. Ventricular arrhythmias are uncommon in thyrotoxicosis and usually occur only in those with marked heart failure or associated cardiac disease. In this case, we present a 52-year-old woman having incessant ventricular tachycardia due to subacute thyroiditis without ...
Klein George J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Wide-spread adoption of ICD therapy has focused efforts on improving the quality of life for patients by reducing "inappropriate" shock therapies. To this end, distinguishing supraventricular tachycardia from ventricular tachycardia remains a major challenge for ICDs. More sophisticated discrimination algorithms based on ventricular electrogram morphology have been made practicable ...
Bertomeu-Gonzalez Vicente - - 2006
Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation are the most common arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome, causing syncope or sudden death. Sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardias are rare in this context. We report the case of a 41-year-old man with repetitive syncopal episodes and an ajmaline-induced characteristic Brugada ECG pattern, in whom episodes ...
Berger Annette - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted an investigation of the association between air pollution and arrhythmia. METHODS: A prospective panel study (October 2000-April 2001) was conducted in Erfurt, Germany. Fifty-seven men with coronary heart disease were subjected to six 24-hour electrocardiogram recordings. Runs of supraventricular and ventricular tachycardia were associated with continuous ...
Gutiérrez Oswaldo - - 2007
Management of complex ventricular arrhythmias due to chagasic myocarditis is challenging. We herein present the case of a young male who was presented with incessant well tolerated polymorphic ventricular tachycardia of unknown cause, who was unresponsive to conventional medical management and as a last resort was submitted to a thoracoscopic ...
Perloff Joseph K - - 2006
Signal-averaged electrocardiography is a sensitive and specific technique for detecting the slow conduction electrophysiologic substrates of reentrant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Although well established, the method has not been used for electrophysiologic assessment after right ventriculotomy for the intracardiac repair of congenital heart disease. This 8-year prospective study provided this assessment. ...
Lee Pi-Chang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can usually be induced by atrial stimulation. However, it seldom may be induced with only ventricular stimulation, especially the fast-slow form of AVNRT. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the specific electrophysiological characteristics in patients with the fast-slow form of AVNRT ...
Rakovec Peter - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ephedrine or ephedra herbal products have occasionally been used to enhance sports performance and energy or to aid weight loss. The most serious side effects are those on cardiovascular function, including acute myocardial infarction, severe hypertension, myocarditis and lethal cardiac arrhythmias. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old woman was taking ephedrine ...
d'Ivernois Christophe - - 2006
Electrograms stored by pacemakers or implantable defibrillators enable the diagnosis of numerous atrial or ventricular arrhythmia episodes. We present the case of a patient implanted with a DDD pacemaker for sinus node dysfunction who experienced episodes of tachycardia. Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia was diagnosed by real-time analysis of electrograms during ...
Trappe Hans-Joachim - - 2006
Atrial premature beats are frequently diagnosed during pregnancy. Supraventricular tachycardia (atrial tachycardia, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, circus movement tachycardia) is diagnosed less frequently. For acute therapy, electrical cardioversion with 50 to 100 J is indicated in all unstable patients. In stable supraventricular tachycardia, the initial therapy includes vagal maneuvers to ...
Foster S F - - 2006
A 1-year-old male Boxer dog presented with sustained supraventricular tachycardia and tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Conversion to sinus rhythm was achieved initially with intravenous lignocaine and subsequently with oral procainamide. Oral procainamide treatment was relatively successful in maintaining normal sinus rhythm with no side effects apart from a reversible change in coat ...
Alvarez Miguel - - 2006
Double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a congenital anomaly characterized by the division of the ventricular cavity into two chambers separated by an abnormal hypertrophied muscular band or by severe hypertrophy of the muscle wall. Two adult patients with a diagnosis of DCRV presented sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. In both cases, ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2006
Double tachycardia appears to be relatively rare. Our single-center experience of coincident typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant and idiopathic ventricular tachycardia was reviewed. Between September 2003 and February 2005, 40 patients with idiopathic ventricular tachycardia underwent catheter ablation for right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia in 20, left ventricular outflow tract tachycardia ...
Sarkozy Andrea - - 2006
We report the case of a 36-year-old patient with a longstanding history of paroxysmal tachycardia. During the electrophysiological study, the H-V interval was prolonged in sinus rhythm, and a second potential (H'') with distal to proximal activation pattern was recorded in the region of the proximal His-Purkinje system. Two wide ...
Zhong Y M - - 2006
Non-invasive prediction of tachycardia mechanism is becoming clinically important in the era of catheter ablation for curing supraventricular tachycardia. Twelve-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) during sinus rhythm and atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) or atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) with a narrow QRS complex were obtained from 154 consecutive adult patients who had ...
De Rosa G G Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy. - - 2006
Frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), couplets (CPLTs) and episodes of ventricular tachycardia are extremely rare in the neonatal population. Limited information is available with regard to clinical relevance and outcome. To evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a group of newborns with ventricular arrhythmias without heart disease. Between January ...
Jani Sonal - - 2006
In these short historical notes, we describe the early history of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Polymorphous ventricular tachycardia was probably first noted in 1918 by Wilson and Robinson. In a publication describing complete heart block and ventriculophasic arrhythmia, they noted a tachyarrhythmia characterized by multiple extrasystoles of different types at a ...
Samson Ricardo A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia are less common causes of cardiac arrest in children than in adults. These tachyarrhythmias can also begin during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), presumably as reperfusion arrhythmias. We determined whether the outcome is better for initial than for subsequent ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia. METHODS: All cardiac ...
Arias Miguel A - - 2006
Management of patients with incessant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia is challenging. We report on 2 patients who had incessant ventricular tachycardia despite emergency treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs and repeated electrical cardioversions. In both cases, the arrhythmia was acutely terminated with intracoronary administration of radiographic contrast media, allowing hemodynamic stabilization. No tachycardia ...
Snyder Christopher - - 2006
We report on a 6-month-old patient with a right bundle, superior axis tachycardia at 197 beats per minute. The tachycardia was unresponsive to adenosine, propranolol, flecainide, or amiodarone, or synchronized cardioversion. Overdrive atrial pacing terminated the tachycardia and since initiating verapamil, no recurrences of his tachycardia have occurred. If an ...
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