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Chandrakala, R
Ondansetron is a serotonin receptor antagonist used widely in the prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy. The common side effects of ondansetron are fever, malaise, diarrhoea, constipation, and allergic reactions. Extra-pyramidal reactions are rare and cardiovascular side effects are even rarer. ...
Nault Isabelle - - 2009
Mechanisms underlying the initiation of ventricular tachycardia have been described as either rapidly firing focus initiated by triggered activity or automaticity, or a reentrant wavefront initiated by a premature ventricular depolarization. Ventricular fibrillation can occur after ventricular tachycardia; however, uncertainty exists concerning its mechanism, whether it is caused by multiple ...
Tournoux François - - 2008
We report the case of a 46-year-old female presented to the emergency room with sustained palpitations. Her ECG showed a narrow QRS regularly irregular tachycardia. This tachycardia was immediately terminated by a single dose of adenosine, and sinus rhythm was restored. Diagnosis of atrial tachycardia, orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia, and atrial ...
Pézard Philippe Georges - - 2008
Fetal tachycardias result in serious prenatal and postnatal morbidity and mortality. Intrauterine treatment can improve prognosis dramatically and the therapeutic protocol is well defined. Currently, amiodarone is used as third-line therapy and is reserved for refractory cases. Our aim was to review the management and outcome of fetal tachycardia, giving ...
Lee Ken W - - 2008
Supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) affect all age groups and are a source of significant morbidity. They are frequently encountered in otherwise healthy individuals without structural heart disease. Advances in the understanding of their mechanisms and anatomical locations have led to highly effective pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment strategies. Recognition, identification, and differentiation ...
Luesink Maaike - - 2009
An 8-year-old girl who was recently diagnosed as having anaplastic large-cell lymphoma presented with atrial tachycardia and dilated cardiomyopathy, which is a contraindication for further treatment with cardio-toxic chemotherapy. After starting digoxin therapy, the dilated cardiomyopathy resolved. Repeated episodes of atrial tachycardia in this case were not caused by any ...
Serwer Gerald - - 2008
With increasing awareness of genetic abnormalities and the aging of patients with structural cardiac disease, particularly those who have had cardiac surgery, primary ventricular tachycardia is being recognized more frequently in children and adolescents and is becoming a larger management issue. The distinction of primary versus secondary is based on ...
Lo Ronald - - 2008
Expansion of indications for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) has led to a significant increase in the number of patients receiving ICDs and the number of lives saved because of ICD therapy. However, appropriate or inappropriate shocks are frequent and may result in a significant decrease in quality of life in patients ...
Halimi Franck - - 2008
Pericicatricial right intra-atrial reentrant tachycardias occur frequently in patients who have undergone surgical correction of an interatrial defect. To characterize the tachycardia circuits using three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping. Twelve tachycardias were analysed in 11 patients who had undergone surgical correction of an interatrial defect. Patients were divided into two groups: atrial ...
Stevens Debra L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of symptomatic tachycardia that was successfully treated with propranolol in a patient receiving duloxetine. CASE SUMMARY: A 26-year-old man presented with episodes of fatigue, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and chest pain approximately 2 months after the initiation of duloxetine 20 mg/day for dysthymic disorder. Cardiac workup including ...
Vanerio Gabriel - - 2008
A 44-year-old white man was referred to our service because of a history of symptomatic rapid palpitations that had begun on January 2007. He had no previous history of syncope or family history of sudden cardiac death. The patient was otherwise well and had not been taking any medications. The ...
Saya Shoaib - - 2008
We report a case of coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) in a patient who underwent coronary angiography due to anginal chest pain and recurrent syncope with complete normalization of flow after intracoronary adenosine. He was noted to have multiple episodes of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia on holter monitor and increased QTc ...
Otomo Kiyoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atypical atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardias (AVNRT) usually exhibit the earliest retrograde atrial activation (ERAA) at the right inferoseptum (Rt-IS) or proximal coronary sinus (PCS). The purpose of this study was to characterize atypical AVNRT with the ERAA at the right superoseptum (Rt-SS). METHODS: Seventy-three atypical AVNRTs induced in ...
Latif Shuaib - - 2008
Ventricular tachycardia in the structurally normal heart accounts for approximately 10% of cases. Although the overall prognosis is relatively good, with a benign course in most patients, these arrhythmias can lead to significant symptoms. Our understanding of these arrhythmias has progressed significantly, leading to effective therapies targeting their underlying mechanism. ...
Chandrakala R - - 2008
Ondansetron is a serotonin receptor antagonist used widely in the prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy. The common side effects of ondansetron are fever, malaise, diarrhoea, constipation, and allergic reactions. Extra-pyramidal reactions are rare and cardiovascular side effects are even rarer. ...
Liu Nian - - 2008
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a highly malignant form of arrhythmogenic disorder characterized by exercise- or emotional-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in the absence of detectable structural heart disease. Because of the typical pattern of arrhythmias (bidirectional ventricular tachycardia and the occurrence and severity of arrhythmia correlated well with exercise ...
Murphy J - - 2008
Parturition is marked by physiological changes that may elicit electrocardiographic anomalies. Sustained right ventricular tachycardia is an uncommon arrhythmia that necessitates cardioversion using physical, pharmaceutical or electrical means. Patients with right ventricular tachycardia must be evaluated for right ventricular dysplasia. Long-term management of right ventricular tachycardia includes beta-adrenergic blockade and/or ...
Wilde Arthur A M - - 2008
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a potentially lethal disease characterized by adrenergically mediated ventricular arrhythmias manifested especially in children and teenagers. Beta-blockers are the cornerstone of therapy, but some patients do not have a complete response to this therapy and receive an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Given the nature of catecholaminergic ...
Ciaccio Edward J - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether sinus rhythm activation maps could be used to detect the origin and characteristics of reentrant ventricular tachycardia in postinfarction patients. In each of 11 post-myocardial infarction patients, unipolar electrograms were acquired at 256 virtual endocardial sites using noncontact mapping. Electrograms were ...
Lau Ernest W - - 2008
Tachycardias are traditionally classified as either ventricular tachycardia (VT) or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). VT can be defined as a tachycardia which requires only ventricular structures for perpetuation. SVT is defined in terms of exclusion of VT and hence is any tachycardia which requires participation of at least one supraventricular structure ...
Kent Kristen - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac dysrhythmias, other than sinus tachycardia, rarely occur with salicylate poisoning. When dysrhythmias do occur, they are typically a terminal event. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman presented an unknown amount of time after an intentional ingestion of aspirin and acetaminophen. On presentation her vital signs were T 39 degrees ...
Gorenek Bulent - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Monomorphic ventricular tachycardias (MVT) frequently occur in the acute phase of myocardial infarction (MI). In the past, some studies aimed to investigate the initiation pattern of ventricular tachycardias, although not in acute MI patients. The aim of the present study was to analyse the initiation pattern of MVT in ...
Aboukhalil Anton - - 2008
Over the past two decades, high false alarm (FA) rates have remained an important yet unresolved concern in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). High FA rates lead to desensitization of the attending staff to such warnings, with associated slowing in response times and detrimental decreases in the quality of care ...
Goldberger Zachary D - - 2008
The initial electrocardiographic evaluation of every tachyarrhythmia should begin by addressing the question of whether the QRS complex is wide or narrow. The most important cause of wide complex tachycardia (WCT) is ventricular tachycardia. However, supraventricular tachycardia can also manifest with a wide QRS complex. The ability to differentiate between ...
Abdelmoneim Sahar S - - 2008
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by the presence of orthostatic tachycardia in the absence of orthostatic hypotension with a heart rate increase of >or=30 bpm. Patients often relate complaints of palpitations, exercise intolerance, fatigue and near-syncope or syncope, other non-specific symptoms such as headache and nausea may be present ...
Balasundaram Ramprakash - - 2008
Bundle branch reentrant ventricular tachycardia (BBR-VT) is a form of macroreentrant tachycardia involving the bundle of His, both bundle branches, and the ventricular myocardium in the circuit. It generally occurs in the background of dilated cardiomyopathy, prior valve surgery, or other cardiac disease with an underlying His-Purkinje system (HPS) disease. ...
Dora Santosh Kumar - - 2008
A 42-year-old male had history of recurrent palpitation and was documented to have wide QRS tachycardia. Magnetic resonance imaging angiogram showed evidence of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and severe right ventricular dysfunction. Electrophysiology study showed evidence of bundle branch reentry ventricular tachycardia. It was successfully treated by radiofrequency ablation of ...
Api Olus - - 2008
Fetal cardiac dysrhythmias are potentially life-threatening conditions. However, intermittent extrasystoles, which are frequently encountered in clinical practice, do not require treatment. Sustained forms of brady- and tachyarrhythmias might require fetal intervention. Fetal echocardiography is essential not only to establish the diagnosis but also to monitor fetal response to therapy. In ...
D'Alto Michele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the management of fetal cardiac dysrhythmias based on prior identification of the underlying electrophysiological mechanism. METHODS: We studied 36 consecutive fetuses with cardiac dysrhythmia. Rhythm diagnosis was based on M-mode, pulsed wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Only fetuses with: (i) incessant ...
Sierra Mark - - 2009
Congenital ventricular diverticulum is a rare congenital cardiac defect. Most patients with this abnormality will remain asymptomatic and without complications during long-term follow-up. However a subgroup of these patients may experience life threatening complications such as ventricular arrhythmias, systemic embolism, sudden death, spontaneous rupture, and valvular regurgitation. We present a ...
Mohamed, H A; ;
The term tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy or tachycardiomyopathy refers to impairment in left ventricular function secondary to chronic tachycardia, which is partially or completely reversible once the tachyarrhythmia is controlled. Tachycardia- induced cardiomyopathy has been shown to occur both in experimental models and in patients with incessant tachyarrhythmia. Data from several studies ...
Hernándiz Amparo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tachycardia is a physiological mechanism for adapting cardiac output to modifications in energy consumption in the organism. The repercussions that short-duration tachycardia has on myocardial contractility have not been sufficiently studied.<br /> To study the effects of short-duration tachycardia on regional myocardial function in the anterior face of the ...
Vignati G - - 2008
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common symptomatic arrhythmias in children. Re-entry tachycardias are the most common form, on the contrary automatic tachycardias are relatively rare. There are four types or re-entry: along anomalous pathway with bi-directional (Wolff-Parkinson-White) or unidirectional conduction, intranodal re-entry, intra-atrial re-entry that is common after surgical ...
Zhao Hui - - 2008
The purpose of our work was to define the complex electrophysiological characteristics seen in second- (2 degrees) and third-degree (3 degrees) atrioventricular block (AVB) and to longitudinally follow the development of atrial and ventricular heart rate and rhythm patterns with a goal of identifying heart rate and rhythm patterns associated ...
Uemura Takashi - - 2008
Ventricular tachycardia originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is considered benign, but sometimes it causes polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, resulting in sudden cardiac death. A 58-year-old woman without structural heart disease was admitted for evaluation of recurrent episodes of syncope. Surface ECG showed frequent repetitive premature ...
Das Bibhuti - - 2008
A fetus who was diagnosed at 25 weeks of gestation with isoimmune AV block presented at 34 weeks with a precipitous fall in ventricular rate and periods of tachycardia. Magnetocardiography revealed the tachycardia to be ventricular. After delivery, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia continued. The baby then successfully paced, and at higher ...
Batra Anjan S - - 2008
A young girl with complex congenital heart disease and a Fontan procedure presented with frequent episodes of atrial tachycardias with 1:1 atrioventricular conduction. The patient underwent placement of a dual-chamber AT500 pacemaker with epicardial leads but because of the detection algorithm requiring > or = 2:1 AV relation, she received ...
Baldesberger Sylvette - - 2008
AIMS: Significant brady- and tachyarrhythmias may occur in active endurance athletes. It is controversial whether these arrhythmias do persist after cessation of competitive endurance training. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among all 134 former Swiss professional cyclists [hereafter, former athletes (FAs)] participating at least once in the professional bicycle race Tour de ...
Ueyama Takeshi - - 2008
The patient was a 50-year-old male in 2002, who was first suspected of having a Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG). A drug challenge test using pilsicainide was performed and unmasked a typical coved type ST elevation followed by ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) manifesting a QRS pattern with a right bundle branch block and ...
Tanner Hildegard - - 2008
We describe the case of a 16-year-old woman with a surgically corrected tetralogy of Fallot presenting with recurrent wide-QRS-complex tachycardia. The tachycardia could be induced and terminated with ventricular stimulation only. QRS morphology during sinus rhythm and tachycardia was identical and variable VA-conduction was observed. Mapping of the tachycardia showed ...
Karavidas Apostolos - - 2007
We describe the case of a 59-year-old-man with acute myocardial infarction and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function who was intubated because of recurrent ventricular fibrillation in the setting of coronary angioplasty. Repeated ventilator weaning attempts and extubation initially failed, as severe tachycardia and hypertension occurred each time the patient ...
de Bakker Jacques M T - - 2007
There are great differences in the type of fibrosis that composes an infarcted area. The type of fibrosis will affect the characteristics of recorded extracellular electrograms. Patchy fibrosis, which is often present in the infarcted zone, gives rise to fractionated electrograms. The amount of fractionation has been shown to increase ...
Emmel Mathias Alexander - - 2007
Ablation therapy is the widely accepted definitive therapy for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia. Noninducibility of the tachycardia is the targeted end point of the procedure. We report on 21 patients with documented narrow QRS tachycardia, in whom the clinical tachycardia could not be induced during the electrophysiologic study. After exclusion of ...
Rehsia Sachdeep S - - 2007
Accelerated ventricular rhythm is similar in rate to the original sinus rhythm. Although 19 cases have been reported in healthy neonates without congenital disease, it is seen with some regularity at tertiary care paediatric cardiac centres. Accelerated ventricular rhythm carries good prognosis, but it is frequently misdiagnosed as ventricular tachycardia ...
Donahue J Kevin - - 2007
Ventricular tachycardia arising from a healed myocardial infarction scar continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Drug therapy has been inadequate to meet this challenge, and implantable devices are limited by expense and technical problems. We have proposed the use of gene therapy for cardiac arrhythmias. In ...
Iturralde-Torres Pedro - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Rhythm disturbances in children with structurally normal hearts are usually associated with abnormalities in cardiac ion channels. The phenotypic expression of these abnormalities ("channelopathies") includes: long and short QT syndromes, Brugada syndrome, congenital sick sinus syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Lènegre-Lev disease, and/or different degrees of cardiac conduction disease. ...
Riley Michael P - - 2008
Three mechanisms underlie the initiation and maintenance of ventricular tachycardia: automaticity, triggered activity, and reentry. As straightforward as these mechanisms are, assessing which mechanism is operative in a particular patient's ventricular tachycardia can be difficult. The optimal treatment strategy for ventricular tachycardia in a given patient can be influenced by ...
Lujan Heidi L - - 2007
We recently documented that paraplegia (T(5) spinal cord transection) alters cardiac electrophysiology and increases the susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmias induced by programmed electrical stimulation. However, coronary artery occlusion is the leading cause of death in industrially developed countries and will be the major cause of death in the world by ...
Morin Daniel P - - 2007
Ventricular tachycardia most often arises from the ventricular outflow tracts in patients with apparently structurally normal hearts, and is often termed idiopathic ventricular tachycardia. These tachycardias are characterized by a left bundle branch block, inferior axis QRS morphology, and a unique electropharmacologic profile. The choice of treatment is dictated by ...
Varshney J P - - 2007
Homeopathic Digitalis 6c was evaluated in two clinical cases of atrial paroxysmal tachycardia in dogs. Tachycardias are common cardiac problems in dogs, and atrial paroxysmal tachycardia is a serious cardiac arrhythmia that may lead to syncope. Both adult dogs (Labrador and German Shepherd) were treated with Digitalis 6c, 4 drops ...
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