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Gujja Karthik - - 2010
Atropine is commonly a used pre anesthetic medication. A 22-year-old female with history of unexplained recurrent syncope during electrophysiology developed inducible ventricular arrhythmias when 0.5 mg of atropine was injected intravenously to improve this Wenckebach. There is a significant change in the autonomic influence on the heart prior to idiopathic ...
Schreiber Doreen - - 2010
Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias occur in patients without structural heart disease. They can arise from a variety of specific areas within both ventricles and in the supravalvular regions of the great arteries. Two main groups need to be differentiated: arrhythmias from the outflow tract (OT) region and idiopathic left ventricular, so-called ...
Nair Krishnakumar - - 2010
A narrow QRS tachycardia with eccentric atrial activation is presented with features favoring an orthodromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia including an extranodal paraHisian response, and a short corrected post-pacing interval to tachycardia cycle length difference following right ventricular entrainment. However, during entrainment, the H-H interval was entrained by the pacing train ...
Masihi Kocharian Arman - - 2010
Left ventricle non-compaction (LVNC) or persistence of spongy myocardium is a rare form of congenital cardiomyopathy which presents with cardiac failure, thromboembolic events, arrhythmia and sudden death. We report a family with two deceased children and two alive offspring diagnosed with left ventricular (LV) non-compaction. A 9-year-old boy and a ...
Gualis Javier - - 2010
Cardiac fibromas are rare benign tumors predominantly diagnosed in children and teenagers. We report a 57-year-old male patient with class II dyspnea and angina. During electrocardiographic assessment, recurrent ventricular tachycardia was present and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a giant (12.5 × 5 × 4 cm) intramural left ventricular tumor compatible ...
Glover Benedict M - - 2012
A young female with isolated ventricular noncompaction and acute myocarditis presented with incessant dual epicardial ventricular tachycardia consisting of a manifest reentrant circuit and a shorter cycle length concealed circuit. A single radiofrequency terminated both tachycardias. (PACE 2012; 35:e1-e5).
Gorenek Bulent - - 2010
Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) can occur during acute myocardial infarction (MI). In the past, studies investigated the initiation pattern of ventricular tachycardias in different patient populations; however, the mode of onset of PVT in acute MI patients has not been investigated previously. To retrospectively investigate the electrophysiological features of PVT ...
Pastor-Pérez Francisco J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic sensitivity of 1-day Holter monitoring versus 7-day Holter monitoring (7DH) to detect atrial and ventricular arrhythmias in a population of stable patients with chronic heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction. Sixty-three consecutive stable patients with chronic heart failure with left ...
Chen S - - 2010
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a rare malignant arrhythmia, usually diagnosed in the adolescent years. The diagnosis can typically be made by one or more of the following: a positive family history, exercise electrocardiography, ambulatory ECG monitoring and/or an intra-cardiac, electrophysiological examination. This is a case report of a ...
Fine Deborah M - - 2010
Two dogs were diagnosed with iatrogenic thyrotoxicosis (1 definitive, 1 presumptive). Both showed physical examination findings of agitation, tachypnea, and tachycardia. Sinus tachycardia with supraventricular ectopy was diagnosed in one case, and syncope and atrial flutter was present in the other. Both dogs had concurrent cardiac disease that might have ...
Seethala Srikanth - - 2011
We report a patient with ventricular and atrial tachycardias reproducibly induced during exercise testing. Atrial tachycardia, but no sustained ventricular tachycardia, was induced during electrophysiological study. Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was considered because of normal echocardiogram, family history of sudden death, and polymorphic appearance of some of the nonsustained ventricular ...
Hibbert Benjamin - - 2010
Arrhythmias provoked by tube thoracotomy are a rare complication. We report a ventricular tachycardia after chest tube insertion for a device-related pneumothorax. Sinus rhythm was restored only by removal of the chest tube and insertion of a pliable pleural drain. Identification of the chest tube as an arrhythmic trigger following ...
Dandamudi Gopi - - 2010
Various diagnostic maneuvers have been proposed to help differentiate orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) from atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) prior to ablation. However, not all criteria are applicable in every situation as each has limitations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the behavior of tachycardia during onset ...
Massumi Rashid - - 2010
In a study of seven cases of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, it was noted that the fast rate was not caused by the mechanism of rapid firing, reentry, or dual atrioventricular nodal conduction but by an abrupt doubling of the rate by interpolation of junctional extrasystoles between adjacent sinus beats while ...
Bhatt Advay G - - 2011
We report a case of a woman with incessant palpitations initially misdiagnosed as inappropriate sinus tachycardia that proved refractory to β-blockers. At the time of electrophysiologic testing, a sustained narrow-complex tachycardia with a 1:2 atrioventricular relationship was repeatedly initiated by a posterior fascicle depolarization induced by means of a timed ...
Williams Conrad S P CS - - 2010
J.V. is a 3(1/2)-year-old patient with left ventricular fascicular ventricular tachycardia that had been well controlled on verapamil for 3 years. He was taken for a transesophageal electrophysiology study prior to discontinuing medication in an attempt to induce his tachycardia. We report the use of transesophageal electrophysiology study as a ...
Ben Ameur Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a primary electrical myocardial disease characterized by exercise- and stress-related ventricular lachycardia manifested as syncope and sudden death usually in child and teenager and was rarely described in adults. The management includes betablockade, with the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators if medical treatment ...
Lishmanov Anton - - 2010
Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy is caused by sustained rapid ventricular rates and is one of the well-known forms of reversible myocardial dysfunction. The diagnosis is usually made retrospectively after marked improvement in systolic function is noted following control of the heart rate. Physicians should be aware that patients with seemingly idiopathic systolic ...
Kurisu Kazuhiro - - 2010
An "electrical storm" is a life-threatening condition defined as a recurrent attack of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation. The current report is a case study of a patient who had electrical storms developing unexpectedly after undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The electrical storms were terminated dramatically by the administration of nifekalant ...
Sofi Khalid - - 2010
Interference of monitored electrocardiogram is common during different surgical procedures using electrical equipment. The electrical devices used induce artifacts in the electrocardiographic tracing, which may resemble serious arrhythmia. We describe a case of electrocardiographic artifact resembling ventricular tachycardia with the use of a Storz unidrive microdebrider during inferior turbinectomy under ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of specific ECG markers in the differentiation of common type atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) via a concealed accessory pathway. METHODS: One hundred and ten ECGs with paroxysmal narrow QRS complex, short RP tachycardia were ...
Trappe Hans-Joachim - - 2010
Cardiac rhythm disturbances such as bradycardia (heart rate < 50/min) and tachycardia (heart rate > 100/min) require rapid therapeutic intervention. The supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) are sinus tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, AV-nodal reentrant tachycardia, and tachycardia due to accessory pathways. All SVTs are characterized by a ventricular heart rate > 100/min and ...
Trappe Hans-Joachim - - 2010
Atrial premature beats are frequently diagnosed during pregnancy (PR); supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) (atrial tachycardia, AV-nodal reentrant tachycardia, circus movement tachycardia) is less frequently diagnosed. For acute therapy, electrical cardioversion with 50-100 J is indicated in all unstable patients (pts). In stable SVT, the initial therapy includes vagal maneuvers to terminate ...
Narwaria Mahendra M Asian Surgicenter, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Bariatric Surgery, Ahmedabad, Gujrat 380009, India. Electronic - - 2010
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is typically an autosomal dominant disorder but a rare variant, autosomal recessive FH (ARH) does also exist. The most serious symptom is sudden death, myocardial infarction, or angina due to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Therefore, treatment of ARH is aimed to alter the course of disease before ...
Castro-Rodriguez José - - 2011
Idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia is an infrequent form of ventricular tachycardia associated with a structurally normal heart. The prognosis is usually benign; however, sustained cases have been reported. In this report, we describe two cases of persistent idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia complicated by tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy. In the first case, the ...
De Sisti Antonio - - 2010
We illustrate a case of persistent inappropriate sinus tachycardia after slow pathway atrio-ventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia cryoablation, and inadvertent fast pathway lesion with residual first-degree AV block in a 72-year-old man with a small Koch's triangle. At the end of the cryoprocedure, the patient presented with sinus tachycardia 100 ...
Prosek Robert - - 2010
CASE DESCRIPTION: 2 spayed female (8 and 9 years old) and 1 sexually intact male (6.5 years old) Boxers were treated because of sustained ventricular tachycardia by electrical cardioversion. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Physical examination of the 8-year-old female Boxer revealed tachycardia (heart rate, 250 beats/min), weak femoral pulses, pale mucous membranes, ...
Welzig C Michael - - 2010
Retrospective studies suggest that statins might exert an antiarrhythmic effect on the heart. The mechanism of this effect is unclear. Parasympathetic stimulation of the heart has been shown to protect against ventricular arrhythmias. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of statins on ventricular arrhythmias and its ...
Kimpinski Kurt - - 2010
Here we describe a 26-year-old woman who developed peripartum cardiomyopathy characterized by fatigue, poor exercise tolerance, and palpitations. Initial echocardiography showed global left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 40%. Subsequently, the patient developed a resting tachycardia associated with symptomatic postural tachycardia. A diagnosis of Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia was ...
Chaldoupi S M - - 2010
In atrioventricular nodal and atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, the relative timing of atrial and ventricular activation may sometimes be very similar, even during electrophysiological studies, and this may lead to an erroneous diagnosis and inappropriate treatment. As examples, we describe two cases that were recently referred to our hospital for a ...
Gregory Michael D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of refractory tachycardia after an excessive dose of inhaled tiotropium. CASE SUMMARY: A 74-year-old male with atrial fibrillation was admitted for increased heart rate and shortness of breath. The patient's heart rate was initially stabilized between 80 and 90 beats/min with metoprolol succinate 50 mg ...
Leite Luiz R - - 2010
Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumor of the adrenal glands, usually with benign manifestations, whose typical clinical presentation includes the triad of headache, palpitations and diaphoresis. However, a wide range of signs and symptoms may be present. In the cardiovascular system, the most common signs are labile hypertension and sinus tachycardia. ...
Yeh Doreen DeFaria - - 2010
We describe a case of an 18-year-old man presenting with syncope found to have short-coupled premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) with subsequent nonsustained polymorphous ventricular tachycardia (PVT). Electrophysiology testing revealed premature PVCs and PVT provoked by calcium but not isoproterenol. It was noted that the earliest triggered event appeared to arise ...
Seethala Srikanth - - 2010
52-year-old patient presented with palpitation and well tolerated monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. He had normal echocardiogram and coronary angiogram 3 months prior to presentation. Surface EKG revealed regular wide-complex tachycardia with right bundle branch block morphology and right inferior axis. In conjunction with recent negative cardiac evaluation, this suggested idiopathic focal ...
Gold Daniel R - - 2010
Studies have shown the predictive value of inducible ventricular tachycardia and clinical arrhythmia in patients who have structural heart disease. We examined the possible predictive value of electrophysiologic study before the placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Our retrospective study group comprised 315 patients who had ventricular tachycardia that was inducible ...
Kotchetkov Rouslan - - 2010
Ventricular tachycardia although not common, can occasionally complicate pregnancy. Its presence may indicate an underlying cardiac structural abnormality, or undiagnosed congenital arrhythmic disease. However, some pregnant patients with ventricular tachycardia have structurally normal hearts. Two cases of ventricular tachycardia in pregnant patients with structurally normal hearts are presented and an ...
Bohora Shomu - - 2010
Mahaim Fiber tachycardia characteristically causes a wide QRS tachycardia with left bundle branch morphology and left axis deviation, especially in young patients, having no structural heart disease. Mahaim fiber automaticity further cements the proposition of Mahaim fiber, due to its Atrioventricular (AV) node like property, being called as an ectopic ...
Chemello Diego - - 2010
Major spontaneous variation in cycle length during supraventricular tachycardia is quite an uncommon phenomenon, which sometimes can mislead a correct diagnosis. We describe a patient who developed spontaneous variation in cycle length during electrophysiologic study in whom the coronary sinus cannulation was extremely difficult. In this situation, careful inspection of ...
Poterucha Joseph T - - 2010
The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab is an effective treatment for small lymphocytic lymphoma; however, it has been associated with infusion reactions, including cardiac arrhythmias. Severe cardiac arrhythmia is an adverse reaction that is related to rituximab chemotherapy, and more investigation is warranted into the adverse reactions of rituximab that involve ...
Sheldon Seth H - - 2010
Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) are frequently encountered and a marker of electrocardiomyopathy. In some instances, they increase the risk for sustained ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden cardiac death. While often associated with a primary cardiomyopathy, they have also been known to cause tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy ...
Ter Bekke Rachel M A - - 2011
A case of a 48-year-old male is described with recurrent paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia originating near the region of the posterior fascicle, as an initial presentation of a primary norepinephrine producing pheochromocytoma, including reversible catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy. The ventricular arrhythmia was terminated by procainamide and labetalol. After adrenalectomy no recurrent ventricular arrhythmia ...
Holanda-Miranda Wallace Rodrigues de - - 2012
Background: The differential diagnosis of wide QRS tachycardia is a challenge for the emergency physician. The major tool is the electrocardiogram (ECG), even though the sensitivity and specificity may be variable, depending on presentation. Additional leads could be used to improve the diagnostic accuracy of the ECG. Objective: To document ...
Kursaklioglu Hurkan - - 2009
Coronary-subclavian steal through the left internal mammary graft is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia in patients who have had a coronary bypass surgery. We report a 70-year-old man who presented with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia 5 years after the surgical creation of a left internal mammary to the left ...
Suenari Kazuyoshi - - 2010
A 29-year-old female with a documented ventricular tachycardia exhibiting two different electrocardiogram (ECG) morphologies in the precordial leads was referred for catheter ablation. We describe the mechanism of the dual ECG morphologies in this case.
Chou Chun-Jen - - 2009
Accurate diagnosis of wide QRS complex tachycardia is difficult in emergent situations. According to the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) tachycardia algorithm of the American Heart Association, immediate synchronized cardioversion should be applied to patients with wide QRS tachycardia with any evidence of hemodynamic instability. However, this may not be ...
Gopinathannair Rakesh - - 2009
Tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy is a cause of ventricular dysfunction due to, at least partially, persistent tachycardia leading to cellular and extracellular perturbations. Cardiomyopathy may take years to develop, but pharmacologic management to achieve rate control and reverse remodeling, as well as cardioversion or ablative strategies to stop the tachycardia, can result ...
Hasdemir Can C Department of Cardiology, Ege University School of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, - - 2010
Frequent, monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVC) and/or ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with structurally normal heart usually arise from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). The underlying arrhythmogenic substrate for the genesis of RVOT tachycardias is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the genome-wide transcriptional profiling ...
Yavascan Onder - - 2009
Placement of central venous catheters (CVCs) in patients is associated with several risks including endocardial injury and dysrhythmias. In addition, CVC extending into intracardiac chambers can provoke premature atrial and ventricular complexes, which have been reported to initiate supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). A 15-year-old boy with end-stage renal failure developed SVT ...
Tzeis Stylianos - - 2009
In the present report, we describe the rare coexistence of two different forms of narrow-QRS tachycardia in a patient with surgically repaired coarctation of the aorta and persistent left superior vena cava. We also discuss the diagnostic maneuvers that were implemented in order to validate the tachycardia mechanisms and the ...
Alasady Muayad - - 2009
Noncoronary cusp (NCC) ventricular tachycardia is a rare form of monomorphic outflow tract tachycardia, and its electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics have not been well described previously. The NCC should be considered for catheter ablation if attempts to eliminate ventricular tachyarrhythmia were unsuccessful in the other common anatomical sites of the ...
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