Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1865
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Mischke K - - 2001
Inappropriate sinus tachycardia is a nonparoxysmal tachycardia characterized by high resting heart rates and a disproportionate response to activity. Sinus node modification with radiofrequency current has been used successfully as treatment for this arrhythmia. However, the electrophysiologic mechanisms leading to successful modification are not yet fully elucidated. We report a ...
Shen W K - - 2001
Inappropriate sinus tachycardia and postural orthostatic tachycardia are ill-defined syndromes with overlapping features. Although sinus node modification has been reported to effectively slow the sinus rate, long-term clinical response has not been adequately assessed. Furthermore, whether patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia would benefit from sinus node modification is unknown. The ...
Ma G - - 2001
Toxicity from the digitalis family of cardiac glycoside medications remains common. Successful treatment depends on early recognition; however, the diagnosis of potentially life-threatening toxicity remains difficult because the clinical presentation is often nonspecific and subtle. The hallmark of cardiac toxicity is increased automaticity coupled with concomitant conduction delay. Though no ...
Ahel V - - 2001
A 20-month-old girl with Ebstein's anomaly developed supraventricular paroxysmal tachycardia, which seemed to be a result of the wall tension of the giant right atrium. Right atrial resection reduced the wall tension and overall dimensions of the right atrium and finally resolved the tachycardia and ectopic electrical conduction. Six-year follow-up ...
Talwar K K - - 2001
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias secondary to a variety of underlying cardiovascular problems pose a therapeutic challenge to the clinician. The initial presentation may be as sudden cardiac death, which underlies its public health problem. The underlying conditions predisposing to this arrhythmia include ischemic heart disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmiogenic right ventricle ...
Sra J - - 2000
Idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia with a right bundle, left-axis deviation is thought to originate from posterior fascicles. Recently, there has been considerable interest in the anatomic and mechanistic basis of this arrhythmia. We report our experience with a 26-year-old man in whom new noncontact mapping technology was used to acquire ...
Demir A D - - 2000
Atherosclerotic renal artery disease is common among patients with hypertension over the age 50 years who are resistant to medical treatment. In this case report, the authors present a 55-year-old woman with unilateral renal artery stenosis with a history of cardiac arrest. QT prolongation and evident hypokalemia were the main ...
Fukui E - - 2000
In a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome whose accessory pathway was primarily capable of bidirectional conduction, antegrade conduction over the accessory pathway was transiently inhibited after rapid atrial or ventricular pacing or after spontaneous termination of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia. Pacing rate and duration of tachycardia were related to the duration of ...
Iwai S - - 2000
The majority of patients who present with ventricular tachycardia have underlying structural heart disease. However, there has been increasing appreciation of the existence of multiple forms of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia with distinct features and unique mechanisms. The most common form of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia originates from the right ventricular outflow ...
Pollack M L - - 2000
Aberrant ventricular conduction is a common electrocardiographic (EKG) manifestation that occurs when the supraventricular electrical impulse is conducted abnormally through the ventricular conducting system. This results in a wide QRS complex that may be confused with a ventricular ectopic beat. This differentiation is important because the treatment and prognosis is ...
Lewandowski P - - 2000
A new method for analysis of high-resolution ECG signals using a wavelet transform based on a modified Morlet function is presented. A polynomial filter is used to reduce low-frequency, high-amplitude noise components in the analysed signals. The method is tested on test ECG signals with simulated late potentials and finally ...
Costeas X F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Programmed electrical stimulation (PES) is a time-honored diagnostic tool in patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The response to PES can be used to assess efficacy of pharmacologic or electrical therapy, as well as to obtain prognostic information. Reproducible induction of ventricular tachycardia with invasive electrophysiologic testing, or stimulation ...
Cuneo B F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a management strategy for fetal tachycardia. METHODS: Forty-four fetuses (20-40 weeks' gestation) with nonsinus tachycardia were divided into three groups based on duration of tachycardia and degree of heart failure. Fetuses with intermittent tachycardia were treated expectantly. Fetuses with sustained tachycardia were treated with transplacental antiarrhythmic agents ...
Simantirakis E N - - 2000
During the last few years closed loop recorders are being used increasingly in the investigation of unexplained syncope. Our patient had a 5-year history of pre- and syncopal episodes in which the usual invasive and noninvasive tests were nondiagnostic. Finally, a loop recorder was implanted that revealed the cause of ...
Yu Y H - - 2000
A young man with previously unrecognized Graves' disease presented with atrial fibrillation and severe low-output heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient's cardiomyopathy resolved and cardiac function recovered shortly after hyperthyroidism and tachycardia were treated during hospitalization. The temporal relationship between heart rate and cardiac function during the recovery ...
Yeih D F - - 2000
With the increasing trend of cross mixing of populations, aconitine induced poisoning and its related arrhythmias may be more frequently encountered worldwide. However, the clinical experience is often too limited to draw any conclusion on the optimal treatment for tachycardia induced by aconitine intoxication. The clinical presentation, serial electrocardiographic changes, ...
Djandjighian L - - 2000
The hemodynamic and antiadrenergic effects of dronedarone, a noniodinated compound structurally related to amiodarone, were compared with those of amiodarone after prolonged oral administration, both at rest and during sympathetic stimulation in conscious dogs with a healed myocardial infarction. All dogs (n = 6) randomly received orally dronedarone (10 and ...
Maglana M P - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Noninvasive determination of the mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is useful in order to decide on the appropriate mode of therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the clinical and electrocardiographic features in diagnosing the type of SVT. METHODS: Design--A retrospective review of case ...
Fukuhara H - - 2000
A 13-year-old boy had recurrent ventricular tachycardia following surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot. Pharmacological management with multiple antiarrhythmic drugs failed, and the patient underwent electrophysiological evaluation. A reentrant tachycardia involving a slowly conducting region in the left ventricular outflow tract was demonstrated. We performed radiofrequency catheter ablation after identifying ...
Mroczka T - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: To improve the diagnostic power of high resolution electrocardiography for discriminating patients at risk of ventricular arrhythmias, new methods based on spectral analysis have been used in recent years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of these methods for predicting the risk of ventricular tachycardia ...
Ott P - - 2000
Results of recent clinical trials allow an evidence-based approach to ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has clearly established its role in the secondary prevention of VA and should be considered first-line therapy in patients surviving episodes of potentially lethal VAs. It has also been clearly shown that in ...
Atarashi H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of landiolol hydrochloride, newer developed ultra-short-acting beta-blocker, in patients with various cardiac tachyarrhythmias. BACKGROUND: The short duration of action and titratability of landiolol hydrochloride make it ideal for use in patients with a clinical need for beta-blockers. METHODS: In a total of 31 examinations ...
Knight B P - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this prospective study was to quantitate the diagnostic value of several tachycardia features and pacing maneuvers in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in the electrophysiology laboratory. BACKGROUND: No study has prospectively compared the value of multiple diagnostic tools in a large group of patients with ...
KuĊ‚akowski P - - 2000
AIMS: Intravenous amiodarone has recently emerged as an important drug for the acute treatment of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. However, electrophysiological actions and the efficacy of the drug in the suppression of ventricular tachycardia inducibility have not yet been fully established. The present study was designed to address these issues. METHODS AND ...
Schleich J M - - 2000
Fetal cardiac arrhythmias are one of the causes of intra-uterine congestive heart failure and non-immune hydrops fetalis leading to fetal death. As ventricular tachycardia (VT) is rarely diagnosed in utero, it leads to emergency deliveries. We report a prenatal diagnosis of fetal tachycardia at 20 weeks of gestation associated with ...
Santilli R A - - 2000
A diagnosis of orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (OAVRT) was made in a 6-year-old male Boxer based on electrocardiographic and Holter-ECG findings. The surface electrocardiogram showed a narrow-complex tachycardia, with a regular ventricular rhythm ranging from 280 to 300 bpm, QRS alternans, and retrograde P waves present in the late part ...
Strasburger JF - - 2000
Fetal arrhythmias may be benign or life-threatening. Benign disturbances in fetal cardiac rhythm are relatively common, and their clinical manifestations are reviewed. Life-threatening fetal arrhythmias include supraventricular tachycardias, atrial flutter, ventricular or junctional tachycardia, chaotic atrial tachycardia, and bradyarrhythmias such as second or third degree AV block. The incidence, diagnostic ...
Hélie F - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Postinfarction monomorphic ventricular tachycardias induced by programmed stimulation may display initial cycle length (CL) variations before stabilizing. METHODS AND RESULTS: To show that tachycardia onset dynamics depend on rate-dependent electrical properties of the reentrant substrate, we extracted activation times and maximum negative slopes of local activation complexes (-dV/dt(max)) from ...
Frey B - - 2000
Idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia is readily amenable to radiofrequency catheter ablation. However, treatment modalities for left ventricular outflow tract tachycardia are not well defined. Out of 37 patients with idiopathic outflow tract tachycardia referred for catheter ablation, in 3 patients tachycardia originated from the left ventricular outflow tract. ...
Buxton A E - - 2000
The patient with nonsustained ventricular tachycardia represents a common management problem for the cardiologist. The challenges posed by this type of arrhythmia differs from those posed by other arrhythmias, because most instances of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia do not cause symptoms. This article reviews common situations in which nonsustained ventricular tachycardia ...
Chang C J - - 2000
We present a case of primary hyperparathyroidism with hypercalcemia in a patient who had spontaneous attacks of ventricular tachycardia. Right ventricular burst pacing reproducibly induced ventricular tachycardia in the electrophysiological laboratory after intravenous administration of calcium-gluconate, and verapamil could terminate the tachycardia. After resection of the parathyroid adenoma, the calcium ...
Chalvidan T - - 2000
We report a case of tachycardia due to reentry within the His-Purkinje system (HPS) occurring after introduction of flecainide. The patient presented with a mild mitral regurgitation and normal left ventricular function. He had incomplete left bundle branch block with left-axis deviation. At the electrophysiology study, a prolonged HV interval ...
Miyauchi Y - - 2000
The mechanism of verapamil sensitive idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) is considered to be reentry. However, the nature of the reentry circuit, including the location of the slow conduction zone, is unclear. We sought the local electrical activity that would reflect slow conduction by precise mapping around the tachycardia exit ...
Ng G A - - 2000
Temperature sensitivity has not been reported in focal atrial tachycardia. We describe a patient with a left atrial tachycardia whose tachycardia rate was affected by hot and cold drinks. The effects were still evident after autonomic blockade. The arrhythmia focus was located at the entrance of the left upper pulmonary ...
Chang W T - - 2000
Ventricular tachycardia is a rare complication of dipyridamole stress testing. We present a case in which dipyridamole induced symptomatic ventricular tachycardia. The patient, a 41-year-old man with a history of chest discomfort on exertion for 1 year, underwent dipyridamole thallium imaging. Sustained ventricular tachycardia occurred 1 minute and 40 seconds ...
Shah D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Dual-loop atrial reentrant tachycardias have not been clinically described. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five patients (3 men, 2 women; mean age, 48+/-16 years) were studied 24+/-15 years after surgical closure of an ostium secundum atrial septal defect for drug-resistant atrial tachycardia. Complete tachycardia mapping was performed in the right atrium ...
Bonamini R - - 2000
Lipomas, which account for approximately 10% of all neoplasms of the heart, may be detected in asymptomatic patients by chance during echocardiography, CT scan, or MRI scan. Occasionally, lipomas are complicated by arrhythmias. We describe a patient who presented with severe cardiomegaly and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. An MRI scan showed ...
Mantovan R - - 2000
We describe a patient in whom two tachycardias with AV dissociation were inducible by ventricular extrastimulation. The first tachycardia was characterized by a narrow QRS preceded by a His deflection with an HV interval identical to that recorded in sinus rhythm (40 ms). Premature ventricular depolarization delivered when the His ...
Becker R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To analyze three-dimensional activation patterns of ventricular arrhythmias induced by endothelin-1 in comparison with ischemia-induced tachycardias. METHODS: Following AV node ablation, sixty pin electrodes containing four bipoles each were inserted into both ventricles of ten foxhounds. Using a computerized mapping system, this would allow to simultaneously record 240 endo-, ...
McLachlan C S - - 2000
Previous studies have suggested that the jaggedness of the healed or healing infarct edge influences cardiac electrical stability. However, these findings have been based on histological observations rather than quantitative measurements. The aim of this study was to assess infarct jaggedness by calculating its fractal dimension and to examine how ...
Dagres N - - 2000
The differentiation between ventricular tachycardia and broad-complex supraventricular tachycardia can be extremely difficult, particularly in emergency situations. We report a case of hemodynamically compromising broad-complex tachycardia in a 63-year-old man. The patient had previously sustained an anteroseptal myocardial infarction and had subsequently undergone coronary artery bypass surgery because of triple-vessel ...
Gómez M J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the spontaneous changes in cycle length during episodes of sustained monomorphic (MVT) and polymorphic (PVT) ventricular tachycardias and to relate these changes with the earliest epicardial activation site of the beat. METHODS: Isochronal activation maps were obtained from 127 unipolar electrograms ...
Lee H - - 2000
Idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia is characterized by a QRS morphology of right bundle branch block pattern and left axis deviation. Alterations in the QRS configuration and tachycardia cycle length, as well as shifting of the earliest activation site occurred after eliminating the original tachycardia by radiofrequency current in an 18-year-old ...
Mok NS - - 1999
We report on a 48-year-old man who presented with recurrent sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, which resulted in syncope on one occasion. Subsequent investigation confirmed the diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Familial screening for the disease was conducted using 12-lead electrocardiography, signal-averaged electrocardiography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Two of the ...
Berlin D - - 1999
We report the case of an adolescent boy with exertional syncope and ventricular tachycardia caused by arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Diagnosis was determined by transthoracic echocardiography and definitive management with an automatic internal cardiac defibrillator. Emergency physicians must be aware of this serious but treatable cause of adolescent exertional syncope.
Swan H - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to provide clinical and anatomical characteristics as well as genetic background of a malignant arrhythmogenic disorder. BACKGROUND: An inherited autosomally dominant cardiac syndrome causing stress-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and syncope in the absence of structural myocardial changes was detected in two families. METHODS: ...
Sierra G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To discriminate between monomorphic (MVT) and polymorphic (PVT) ventricular tachycardias in humans using cycle length variability (CLV), and to characterize the onset of MVT and PVT using power spectral analysis of the CLV during sinus rhythm and the number of ventricular extrasystoles before onset of arrhythmia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Merino J L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Different responses to entrainment have been reported in relation to the pacing site of a variety of tachycardias. However, transient entrainment of bundle-branch reentrant tachycardia (BBRT) has not been investigated systematically. METHODS AND RESULTS: We attempted entrainment of 13 BBRTs in 9 patients by pacing first the right ventricle ...
Speakman MD - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism is a rare but important cause of ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: The medical records of a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was reviewed. The patient was serially interviewed and examined before and after parathyroidectomy. A literature search was performed. The association of primary ...
Steinbigler P - - 1999
Appearance of ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden cardiac death has diurnal variations. We retrospectively studied, using digital Holter electrocardiogram, whether a time course in the appearance of late potentials may be associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias. The 24-hour recordings in 200 patients after myocardial infarction (50 patients with documented, ...
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