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Muttikkal Thomas Jose Eluvathingal TJ University of Virginia Health System; Charlottesville, VA, USA - - - 2014
Unilateral, acute onset sensorineural hearing loss ("sudden sensorineural hearing loss" [SSNHL]) as an isolated event without other associated neurological deficits usually results from a lesion of the cochlea. Lesions in the ascending central auditory pathways cranial to the cochlear nucleus seldom result in unilateral hearing loss due to decussation of ...
Rothberg Michael B MB Department of Internal Medicine, Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
For stable angina, the benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are limited to symptom relief, but patients often believe that PCI prevents myocardial infarction (MI). Whether presenting accurate information about the benefits of PCI would dispel these beliefs remains unknown. We hypothesized that explanatory information would be more effective for ...
Deshpande Nivedita N School of Studies in Electronics & Photonics, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla Univ., Raipur, - - 2014
In this paper, various methods of heart beat variability assessment from speech analysis have been presented. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a physiological phenomenon where the time interval between heart beats varies. It is measured by the variation in the beat-to-beat interval. The present work deals with the HRV detection ...
Matthias Anne Thushara AT University Medical Unit, Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Cardiac arrhythmias occur during the acute stage of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever. Dengue myocarditis is the most likely cause of the arrhythmias. We report a 55-year-old patient with Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever presenting with transient ventricular trigeminy which has not been reported before. Among many other known cardiac arrhythmia seen in DHF, ...
Chikly Amanda A 0000-0002-1920-8990 Department of Internal Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah Ein Kerem Medical Center, P.O. Box 12000, 91120 Jerusalem, - - 2014
Myocarditis consists of an inflammation of the cardiac muscle, definitively diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy. The causal agents are primarily infectious: in developed countries, viruses appear to be the main cause, whereas in developing countries rheumatic carditis, Chagas disease, and HIV are frequent causes. Furthermore, myocarditis can be indirectly induced by ...
Cho Hyun-Ok - - 2013
Fever is a common finding after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, its prognostic value is not validated yet. This study sought to evaluate the impact of fever after PPCI in STEMI on adverse clinical outcomes. Five hundred fourteen consecutive patients who ...
Braunwald Eugene - - 2013
Without question, the last half century has witnessed spectacular advances in cardiovascular medicine and surgery. In the United States, a full two-thirds of the six-year prolongation of life that has occurred has been a direct consequence of these advances which did not spring forth simply from the heads of brilliant, ...
Patra Soumya S Postdoctoral Trainee, Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bangalore, Karnataka 560069, - - 2013
Dengue fever is one of the most common vector-borne viral infections in tropical countries. Myocarditis is an uncommon complication of severe dengue fever. Sometimes, dengue myocarditis masquerades as acute myocardial infarction. We report here a case of a 22-year-old female, who presented with acute chest pain five days after the ...
Chung Jong-Hoon JH Department of Internal Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine,Gwang-ju, Republic of - - 2013
Abstract. Three patients diagnosed with scrub typhus through serology and polymerase chain reaction tests, experienced delayed administration of effective antibiotics after the appearance of symptoms, presented with subdural hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, or cerebral infarction in the late acute phase. Orientia tsutsugamushi should be considered as a causal or provoking factor ...
Kumar R Krishna - - 2013
Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) continue to be a major health hazard in most developing countries as well as sporadically in developed economies. Despite reservations about the utility, echocardiographic and Doppler (E&D) studies have identified a massive burden of RHD suggesting the inadequacy of the Jones' criteria ...
Goel Pravin K - - 2013
Rheumatic fever presenting with complete heart block is very rare and usually transient. We describe a child with chronic severe rheumatic mitral stenosis with persistent complete heart block with interesting echocardiographic findings.
Shah Shreena - - 2013
A 25-year-old male returning traveller presented with sudden onset chest pain. An ECG showed infero-lateral ischaemic changes, with an elevated troponin and inflammatory markers. An echocardiogram showed a normal size left ventricle, dynamic systolic function, structurally normal valves and no regional wall motion abnormality. Angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. A ...
Datta Goutam - - 2013
Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a well-characterized illness. However, syncope in ARF due to advanced heart block is very rare. A 10-year-old boy was admitted with recurrent syncope for 12 h. The patient was diagnosed as ARF because of arthritis, elevated acute phase reactants, advanced heart block, high antistreptolysin O ...
Ciftel Murat - - 2012
Purpose There may be an increase in the risk of atrial arrhythmia due to left atrial enlargement and the influence on conduction system in acute rheumatic fever. The aim of this study is to investigate atrial electromechanical delay and P-wave dispersion in patients with acute rheumatic fever. Patients A total ...
Kaushik Gaurav G Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2012
Aging is marked by a decline in LV diastolic function, which encompasses abnormalities in diastolic relaxation, chamber filling and/or passive myocardial stiffness. Genetic tractability and short life span make Drosophila melanogaster an ideal organism to study the effects of aging on heart function, including senescent-associated changes in gene expression and ...
Pellaton Cyril - - 2012
To evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of myocardial infarction (MI) and myocarditis in young adults presenting with chest pain (CP) and an elevated serum troponin I (TnI) to the emergency department (ED). Retrospective, observational, single-centre study. All consecutive patients 18-40 years old admitted to the ED for CP with ...
Zhang Deli - - 2011
The most common clinical tachycardia, Atrial Fibrillation (AF), is a progressive disease, caused by cardiomyocyte remodeling, which finally results in contractile dysfunction and AF persistence. Recently, we identified a protective role of heat shock proteins (HSPs), especially the small HSPB1 member, against tachycardia remodeling in experimental AF models. Our understanding ...
Wilbert-Lampen U - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previously, we had demonstrated that the World Cup Soccer 2006 provoked levels of emotional stress sufficient to increase the incidence of acute cardiovascular events. We sought to assess whether mortality was also increased as a result. METHOD: We analyzed daily data on mortality due to myocardial infarction (MI) and ...
Kirschner Robert R Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, MCLM 556, Birmingham, AL 35294-0005, - - 2012
To determine the infarct affinity of a low molecular weight contrast agent, Gd(ABE-DTTA), during the subacute phase of myocardial infarct (MI). Dogs (n = 7) were examined, using a closed-chest, reperfused MI model. MI was generated by occluding for 180 min the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery with an ...
Predmore Benjamin L BL Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2011
Coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Acute myocardial infarction, resulting from coronary artery atherosclerosis, is a serious and often fatal consequence of coronary artery disease, resulting in cell death in the myocardium. Pre- and post-conditioning of the myocardium are two treatment ...
Baumhäkel M - - 2010
The most frequent cardiac arrhythmia and main cause for cardio-embolic stroke is atrial fibrillation. Prophylaxis for thrombembolic events is performed regarding individual risk of patients with either ASS or vitamin-K-antagonists. Efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulation is limited by a narrow therapeutical range as well as by inter- and intraindividual ...
Kadakia Mitul B MB TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate anticoagulant use patterns and bleeding risk in a contemporary population of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Current practice guidelines support the use of unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparin, bivalirudin, or fondaparinux in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-segment elevation myocardial ...
Mudd Paul D - - 2010
Despite anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, some patients still suffer an ischaemic stroke. The issue of whether to stop or continue warfarin, or possibly to reverse the anticoagulation is an area of uncertainty. Continued anticoagulation may, however, increase haemorrhagic transformation of the infarct. In this article we review the published evidence ...
Airaksinen K E Juhani - - 2010
The management of patients on long-term oral anticoagulation and referred for percutaneous coronary interventions represents a substantial challenge to the physician who must balance the risks of periprocedural haemorrhage, thrombotic complications and thromboembolism. Currently, a standard recommendation for these patients has been the discontinuation of warfarin before invasive cardiac procedures, ...
Capulzini Lucio - - 2010
Historically, left ventricular cardiomyopathy and coronary heart disease have been regarded as the main causes of ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. However, within last two decades, arrhythmias originating from the right ventricle have begun to attract the attention of the scientific world for a number of reasons. Ventricular arrhythmias ...
Maegdefessel Lars - - 2010
Lifelong oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy is required for the prevention of thromboembolic events after implantation of an artificial heart valve. Thromboembolism and anticoagulant-related bleedings account for approximately 75% of all complications experienced by heart valve recipients (2-9% of patients per year). The present study investigated the efficacy of dabigatran, a ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2010
The Randomized Evaluation of Long-term anticoagulation therapY (RE-LY) study demonstrated a significant increase in myocardial infarction events with dabigatran compared with warfarin, provoking renewed interest in whether vitamin K antagonists are useful drugs for the prevention of myocardial infarction in high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation. Present analyses examined whether there ...
Abdo Ashraf S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus as to whether anticoagulation has a favorable risk:benefit in reducing thromboembolic events in patients with heart failure (HF) secondary to dilated cardiomyopathy who do not suffer from atrial fibrillation or primary valvular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: The literature reviewed on this topic included most recent ...
Bittencourt Márcio Sommer - - 2010
A 37-year-old patient with known systemic lupus erythematous, antiphospholipid syndrome and previous pulmonary embolism presented with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction while on adequate anticoagulation therapy. The patient was further evaluated with cardiac computed tomography. A small diagonal branch occlusion was the only coronary lesion present. A partially calcified right ventricular ...
Díez José G - - 2010
PURPOSE: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy in the management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and higher-risk patients with unstable angina/non-STEMI (UA/NSTEMI). Recent updates have been issued for guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association delineating the appropriate use of anticoagulants ...
Sharma Tulsi - - 2010
Anticoagulants are the mainstay of treatment of venous thromboembolic and acute coronary events. Improvements of new over established anticoagulants are targeted to achieve more favorable pharmacokinetics, minimal hemorrhagic side effects, a predictable dose response that obviates the need for coagulation monitoring, and more appropriate dose selection for the indication of ...
Baber Usman - - 2010
Surgical replacement of a native valve with a biological or mechanical prosthesis is the definitive treatment for many forms of advanced valvular heart disease. Mechanical heart valves are less prone to structural deterioration compared with bioprostheses, but require chronic oral anticoagulation to prevent thromboembolic events. Thromboembolic risk varies based on ...
Huisman M V - - 2010
In recent years new oral anticoagulants have been evaluated in the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after elective hip or knee arthroplasty, atrial fibrillation to prevent ischemic stroke and in the treatment of acute VTE. While two oral anticoagulants, dabigatran and rivaroxaban, have become available for the prevention of VTE ...
Yong Celina M - - 2010
As an alternative to the inconvenient and labor intensive traditional anticoagulants, Factor Xa inhibitors may offer new options for the prevention and treatment of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Fondaparinux, an indirect FXa inhibitor, has equivalent efficacy but decreased bleeding risk. It has been recommended by the ...
Serebruany Victor L - - 2010
The striking success of ticagrelor in PLATO when compared with recent important but far less impressive antiplatelet trials suggests the fundamental difference of ticagrelor from thienopyridines, such as ticlopidone, clopidogrel, and prasugrel. In fact, being a P2Y12 platelet receptor inhibitor, ticagrelor does not belong to the thienopyridines. The agent is ...
Freudenberger Ronald S - - 2010
Many studies suggest a higher incidence of thromboembolic syndromes such as stroke, peripheral arterial thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients with heart failure (HF), particularly those with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. As a result, some clinicians have chosen to treat patients with HF with anticoagulants as primary prevention against thromboembolic ...
Subramaniam Veeran - - 2009
Although the risk of thromboembolism in chronic heart failure is high even in the absence of atrial fibrillation, the risk to benefit ratio of anticoagulation vs. antiplatelet therapy or no antithrombotic therapy is poorly defined in this population. Post hoc analysis of large therapeutic heart failure trials has estimated the ...
Magnan Heather - - 2009
We describe a patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and no previous history of thrombosis who presented with hepatic venous thromboses and subsequently developed splenic infarction and rupture requiring splenectomy while on anticoagulation therapy for the hepatic thromboses. The patient's anticoagulation was complicated by heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) highlighting the unique ...
George Diane - - 2009
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune systemic disease that is diagnosed when there is vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity occurring with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) (lupus anticoagulant test, anticardiolipin antibodies, and/or anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I antibodies). Although International APS Classification Criteria have been formulated to provide a uniform approach to ...
Shimony Avi - - 2009
Factor XI deficiency is a rare coagulopathy occurring primarily in Ashkenazi Jews, and is associated with bleeding diathesis. This disorder complicates management during invasive procedures and poses a challenge during the performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This situation is unique because there is a contradictory need to achieve procedural ...
Torn Marieke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulant therapy is effective for the prevention of arterial thromboembolism in various patient groups. The increased risk of hemorrhage remains the major drawback to this therapy and is associated with the intensity of anticoagulation. Finding the optimal intensity at which the overall incidence rate of both bleeding and ...
Holmes David R DR - - 2009
Antiplatelet therapy is the cornerstone for both primary and secondary prevention therapies for ischemic events resulting from coronary atherosclerotic disease. Dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin plus a thienopyridine, usually clopidogrel) has assumed a central role in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes and after coronary stent deployment. In addition to antiplatelet ...
Isezuo S A - - 2009
Though systemic thromboembolism is not an infrequent complication of rheumatic valvular disease, multiple embolic phenomena are rare. To present a patient with rheumatic heart disease associated with multiple embolic complications. A 44-year-old lady with rheumatic valvular disease and atrial fibrillation defaulted anticoagulant medication, and subsequently presented with acute chest pain, ...
Bhatia R Sacha - - 2009
The decision to anti-coagulate patients with heart failure (HF) is a difficult one, with limited data available to support clinical judgment. Thromboembolic complications, both arterial (stroke) and venous (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism), remain a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in this population. The pathophysiology of thrombogenesis in ...
Feng DaLi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Primary amyloidosis has a poor prognosis as a result of frequent cardiac involvement. We recently reported a high prevalence of intracardiac thrombus in cardiac amyloid patients at autopsy. However, neither the prevalence nor the effect of anticoagulation on intracardiac thrombus has been evaluated antemortem. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied ...
Saloura Vassiliki - - 2009
Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas (PFEs) are the most common tumors of the cardiac valves and the third most common cardiac tumor. They are usually detected accidentally on echocardiography, but have the potential to manifest with catastrophic embolic phenomena, resulting in stroke and myocardial infarction. Echocardiography is currently the preferred diagnostic modality, ...
Ramphul N - - 2009
Early MRI, available 24 h a day and at weekends, will make a timely diagnosis in cases of cerebellar infarct and a normal initial CT scan does not exclude it. In many emergency departments MRI is not as routinely available out of hours as CT. It is important to appreciate ...
Lipshutz Angela K M - - 2009
Hyperglycemia in perioperative patients has been identified as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality among the critically ill, decrease infection rates and improve survival after cardiac surgery, and improve outcomes in acute neurologic injury and acute myocardial ...
Helft Gérard - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess safety and feasibility of using radial artery access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients on oral anticoagulation without interrupting therapy. BACKGROUND: The radial artery approach for PCI is intuitively attractive for patients receiving chronic oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) but little data exist concerning ...
Favero Luca - - 2009
A 69-year-old female was hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome and received full antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. The patient underwent angioplasty and stent implantation on right coronary and left circumflex arteries with good angiographic result. After the procedure, the patient developed hemorrhagic shock due to massive left renal hemorrhage. An emergent ...
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