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Results 401 - 450 of 592
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Condorelli M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of sulodexide, a glycosaminoglycan compound with antithrombotic properties, in preventing death and thromboembolic events after acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Antithrombotic therapy has been found to play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular events and death after acute myocardial infarction. ...
Gulløv AL - - 1994
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of bleeding complications in recent randomized trials on oral anticoagetlant treatment for prevention of arterial thromboembolism. Data sources: International publications on studies of prevention. of arterial thromboembolism by oral anticoagulant therapy. Study selection and data extraction: Randomized trials an oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with ...
Naganuma Y - - 1994
To clarify the relationship between cognitive function and CBZ therapy, auditory event-related potentials (P300) were examined in 23 patients with Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spike (BCECT) compared with 54 normal controls. The results were 1) the mean P300 latency in BCECT (368 +/- 29 msec) was significantly prolonged compared ...
Moulin T - - 1994
A review of hemorrhagic transformation after brain ischemia is presented. The pathological, clinical and radiological aspects are discussed with respect to recent studies. The different pathophysiological mechanisms (reperfusion, vascular rupture, size of infarction, timing of constitution) are reviewed. The role of the utilization of antithrombotic (anticoagulant and thrombolytic) agents in ...
Boonen S S Afdeling Geriatrie Dienst Inwendige Geneeskunde, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen, K.U. - - 1994
Cerebrovascular disease constitutes one of the major causes of death. Patients with atrial fibrillation are known to be at high risk for stroke. The efficacy of oral anticoagulant therapy in the primary prevention of stroke in individuals with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation has been demonstrated in several large randomized trials. However, ...
Prentice C R - - 1993
There is now convincing evidence that the majority of myocardial infarcts are caused by acute occlusion of the coronary artery with a thrombus, often originating from a ruptured atherosclerotic plaque. The thrombus is composed of both platelets and fibrin, so it is logical to expect that both antiplatelet and anticoagulant ...
Becker R C - - 1993
The medical and scientific communities, appreciating the pivotal role of thrombosis in the evolution and expression of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, have embarked upon intense efforts to develop safe, effective, and affordable thrombolytic agents and anticoagulants. With an understanding that more is not always better, these new compounds, mutants, and ...
Dowling R D - - 1993
Heparin-coated perfusion systems have been used to perform cardiopulmonary bypass with decreased systemic heparin dosages. We report the case of a 60-year-old man with end-stage liver disease and severe aortic stenosis who underwent an aortic valve replacement without systemic anticoagulation, employing a heparin-coated perfusion system. In patients with a contraindication ...
Wengs W J - - 1993
We report the first case of nonconvulsive status epilepticus as a complication of chemotherapy with the nitrogen mustard derivative ifosfamide. Our patient developed encephalopathy, upper extremity myoclonus, and a periodic, triphasic electroencephalogic pattern that resolved acutely with intravenous diazepam treatment. Since significant morbidity and mortality is associated with unrecognized status ...
Dieterich M - - 1993
We determined the subjective visual vertical (SVV), ocular torsion (OT), skew deviation, and lateral head tilt in 35 patients with acute thalamic infarctions (14 paramedian, 17 posterolateral, and four anterior polar) and in five patients with mesodiencephalic hemorrhages to obtain the tonic effects on vestibular function in the roll plane. ...
Pessin M S - - 1993
Cerebral hemorrhagic infarction visualized on CT, secondary to embolic stroke in an anticoagulated individual, is usually associated with clinically stable or improving neurologic signs; fear of transforming the hemorrhagic infarction into a hematoma, however, usually prompts cessation of anticoagulation until the blood has cleared on CT, despite the recognized risk ...
More R S - - 1993
Assessment of risk of thromboembolism and potential benefit of prophylaxis with long-term anticoagulant therapy in lone atrial fibrillation is hampered by a lack of consensus regarding definition of lone atrial fibrillation. In general, patients less than 60 years of age with normal left ventricular function and left atrial size have ...
Chang M Y - - 1993
Using continuous administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone analogues (GnRH-analogue) to induce a hypoestrogenic state and amenorrhea, leading to uterine fibroid volume reduction, has been reported to be successful and acceptable. Only a few adverse effects related to the therapy have been reported. We report a case of acute onset of ...
Ottman E H - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction during pregnancy is rare, at an estimated one case per 10,000 women delivered. The overall mortality rate is 28% and is even higher in the second and third trimesters. We report a myocardial infarction secondary to a thrombus that developed on an artificial aortic valve in a ...
Kirk A - - 1993
An association exists between antiphospholipid antibodies and chorea. As these antibodies are associated with thrombosis, it has been suggested that cerebral infarction might cause chorea. However, CT and MRI typically do not demonstrate focal basal ganglionic lesions in such patients and an autoimmune mechanism for chorea has also been proposed. ...
Johns J P - - 1993
Vasodilators have been advocated for the treatment of regurgitant valvular heart diseases for more than 12 years, and new information on their mechanisms of action is available. Anticoagulants continue as a mainstay of therapy for patients with prosthetic heart valves, and the most desirable levels of anticoagulation for different conditions ...
Raskob G E - - 1993
The findings of recent clinical trials have led to renewed interest in the role of oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with coronary artery disease. However, there are currently two major limitations to the routine use of oral anticoagulant therapy. The first is the need for laboratory monitoring and dose adjustment. ...
Atwood J E - - 1993
The decision to anticoagulate patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) involves weighting the risk of an embolic event without therapy versus the risk of a hemorrhagic event on therapy. Improved methods of monitoring anticoagulation with the International Normalized Ratio (INR), and recent evidence of the efficacy and safety of low-dose warfarin ...
Palmer K J - - 1993
Defibrotide is a deoxyribonucleic acid derivative extracted from mammalian organs, which has been developed for the treatment of a number of vascular disorders. It appears to increase fibrinolysis and may possess antithrombotic, antiatherosclerotic and anti-ischaemic actions, probably due to its ability to selectively increase prostaglandin I2 and E2 levels and ...
Taavitsainen M - - 1993
A 76-year-old man underwent an injection of 5 ml of ethanol for the treatment of a hepatocellular carcinoma 3 cm in diameter. Shortly after the procedure, he had an attack of abdominal pain. His condition soon deteriorated and he died 5 days later. Massive hepatic necroses distant from the injection ...
Smith P - - 1993
A causal role of coronary thrombosis in evolving myocardial infarction is now widely accepted. Patients recovering from an acute heart attack have a higher risk of dying, or suffering another infarction, than an age-matched non-coronary population. Thrombosis plays a major part in this additional mortality and morbidity. The use of ...
Melo T P - - 1993
We report a patient with recurrent cardioembolism and hemorrhagic infarcts, who developed a fatal intracerebral hemorrhage 3 days after intravenous anticoagulation. At autopsy, cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) was found. Because CAA and anticoagulation may add up to trigger cerebral hemorrhage, the possibility of underlying CAA should be raised before anticoagulating ...
Noble W H - - 1992
The mechanisms of action of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) suggest that patients taking them may respond with hyper- or hypotension when undergoing coronary artery surgery. We describe a case where MAOIs were present and fentanyl and midazolam were the anaesthetic agents used. The anaesthesia and surgery were performed without incident. ...
Gibbs N M - - 1992
The extent and time course of changes in selected procoagulant and anticoagulant factors were investigated in 19 patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic surgery. The coagulation factors were measured preoperatively, and on days two, four, and six postoperatively. It was found that there were no significant changes outside the normal range ...
Kaplan S D - - 1992
The antiphospholipid syndrome has been associated with multiple cardiac abnormalities. The earliest reports were of valvular disease, including verrucous endocarditis, as well as valvular thickening and insufficiency. Subsequently, antiphospholipid antibodies were implicated in coronary artery disease manifested by premature myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass graft occlusion. In addition, there ...
Väkevä A - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Protectin (CD59) is a recently discovered inhibitor of the complement membrane attack complex (MAC). In the present study we investigated expression of protectin in human heart and examined the relationship between MAC deposition and protectin in myocardial infarction. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Myocardial tissue specimens were obtained at autopsy from patients ...
Arnout J - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The conjunctive use of intravenous heparin may influence the efficacy of alteplase for coronary thrombolysis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. In this study we examined the relation between the level of intravenous anticoagulation with heparin and sustained coronary artery patency in a subgroup of patients of ...
Smith P - - 1992
High levels of fibrinogen and clotting factor VII are associated with an increased risk for subsequent death and cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy individuals. Furthermore, pathoanatomic studies and coronary angiography have confirmed a relationship between coronary thrombus formation and acute Q-wave infarction. Effective antithrombotic agents may prevent or limit thrombus ...
LaPorte R E - - 1992
It is critical to monitor the incidence of myocardial infarction. Typically, death certificates have been used as a proxy for incidence, however, these have been found to be crude as they lag behind changes in incidence. In the last decade several myocardial infarction registries have been established, however, these registries ...
Kelley R E - - 1992
Antithrombotic therapy is clearly indicated in patients with atrial fibrillation who have associated factors that put them at significant risk for thromboembolism This does not include subjects with lone atrial fibrillation who are less than 60 years of age. High-risk patients include those with valvular heart disease, recent congestive heart ...
Loeliger E A - - 1992
Careful scrutiny of relevant thrombosis prevention studies in the light of recent knowledge on the responsiveness to the anticoagulant defect of the various prothrombin time assays used in these studies casts serious doubts on the adequacy of the so-called moderate-intensity warfarin regimens, currently recommended by British and North American experts, ...
Acker C G - - 1992
Cholesterol microembolization as a sequela of oral anticoagulant therapy has been reported to cause infarction of virtually any organ, often resulting in death. Until recently, discontinuance of anticoagulant therapy has been recommended, as this cessation has been shown to slow or halt further tissue infarction. I have described a patient ...
Eisler K - - 1992
The ciliate species which lack a distinctive oral ciliature are considered to represent an ancestral state in ciliate evolution. Consequently, the somatic kineties composed of kinetids (kinetosomes plus cilia and associated fibrillar systems) are thought to be the ancestral ciliature. Results on stomatogenesis in 'gymnostomial ciliates' have shown that these ...
Mansour A M - - 1992
We investigated the risk of mortality and morbidity in 78 patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) followed for more than 2 years (mean follow-up 7.2 years). Thirteen subjects died at an average of 7.0 years after CRVO. Five subjects developed myocardial infarction at an average of 2.8 years after ...
Bennett J - - 1992
The utilization of cardiopulmonary bypass systems, for circulatory and/or pulmonary support of patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures, has been previously reported. There is, however, a sub-group of patients for whom total systemic anticoagulation for cardiopulmonary support is extremely undesirable or contraindicated altogether, due to the presenting pathology or procedure to be ...
Grip L - - 1991
Nine out of 47 (19%) patients on chronic anticoagulation with warfarin, as secondary prophylaxis after myocardial infarction, initially treated with streptokinase, had thromboembolic complications within 4 weeks after sudden (7/25) or gradual (2/22:NS) warfarin withdrawal. The biochemical effects of warfarin withdrawal were repeatedly studied in 20 of the patients during ...
Butchart E G - - 1991
In order to determine optimum anticoagulation levels for the Medtronic Hall valve, the effect of low anticoagulation (mean International Normalized Ratio [INR] 2.5, 1979-1984) and moderate anticoagulation (mean INR 3.0, 1985-1989) was determined in 345 patients (183 low, 162 moderate) undergoing isolated mitral valve replacement (MVR) and 241 patients (91 ...
Humphries J E - - 1991
A 64-year-old man with both Factor XI deficiency and a lupus anticoagulant who suffered two myocardial infarctions within a 3-month period is described. Although thromboembolic disorders, including myocardial infarction, have been associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome, myocardial infarction in patients with Factor XI deficiency is rare. The potential role of ...
Collins R - - 1991
Consultant physicians and cardiologists were surveyed early in 1987 and 1989 to document the management policies for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction in United Kingdom hospitals and to assess the influence of major clinical trials on these policies. The response rate to both these surveys was high (84% (1178 ...
Laerum E - - 1991
An interview study of 84 males recruited from a post-infarction anticoagulant trial revealed a number of positive changes regarding life-style and factors related to quality of life 3-5 months after the index infarction. In the present study we investigated the extent to which such changes persist after 2-4 (additional) years. ...
Humphries J E - - 1991
Skin necrosis is a well-known yet rare complication of oral anticoagulant therapy. We report the unusual recurrence of lesions typical of warfarin skin necrosis in the absence of anticoagulant therapy. A 59-year-old woman developed skin necrosis while receiving prophylactic warfarin following the detection of a large left ventricular thrombus. The ...
Ariano R E - - 1991
The literature has been examined to assess the optimal prophylactic antimicrobial regimen for patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. Antimicrobial surgical prophylaxis should be based on the two main potential pathogens, Staphylococcus epidermidis and S. aureus. It is unclear whether the prophylactic use of antimicrobials can or should be guided by ...
Ngen C C - - 1991
Sixty five patients were interviewed on an average of 42 months after a myocardial infarction. Using a semi structured interview, they were systematically questioned on their usual sexual activity just before their infarction and at the time of follow up. All were married men with a mean age of 54.4 ...
DeLaria G A - - 1991
We reviewed the cases of 10,638 cardiac surgical patients to determine the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after open heart surgery (OHS). Seventy-seven patients (0.7 percent) had DVT. Group 1 included 36 patients who had DVT without pulmonary embolism (PE). Occurrence was equal in either leg. Anticoagulation with heparin ...
Adzamli I K - - 1991
The localization of 1-hydroxy-3-aminopropane-1,1-diphosphonate-modified GdDTPA (GdDTPA-HPDP) and 4-amino-butane-1,1-diphosphonate-modified GdDTPA (GdDTPA-BDP) in (1) normal and (2) infarcted rat hearts has been measured. The phosphonate-modified agents are preferentially retained in infarcted myocardium. The ratio of GdDTPA-HPDP accumulated in whole infarcted heart to that detected in normal heart is 15 at 2 hours ...
Chapman W C - - 1991
At least 10 extracorporeal shockwave lithotripters are under investigation in the United States for treatment of biliary stone disease. Few reports, however, have documented the potential side effects of this new treatment method. In this study, we performed a series of acute and chronic studies in dogs exposed to varying ...
Bleich S D - - 1990
Infarct artery patency rates at 90 minutes after coronary thrombolysis using recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) with and without concurrent heparin anticoagulation have been shown to be comparable. The contribution of heparin to efficacy and safety after thrombolysis with rt-PA is unknown. In this pilot study, 84 patients were treated ...
Khoury G - - 1990
Liver disease in systemic lupus erythematosus, as demonstrated by abnormal histopathology, is rare and usually mild; typically, this hepatic disease is of chronic nature and not related to a hypercoagulable state. A patient is described in whom life-threatening hypercoagulability in association with systemic lupus erythematosus resulted in extensive liver infarction. ...
Puram B - - 1990
A paraplegic patient who underwent the placement of Greenfield filters to prevent pulmonary emboli had one of the filters migrate proximally to the junction of the inferior vena cava and right atrium, then into the right atrium a few months later. This resulted in an acute myocardial infarction by apparently ...
Green D - - 1990
Thrombosis in hemophilia is very rare and is usually associated with the administration of prothrombin complex concentrates. We describe a severe hemophiliac with P. carinii pneumonia who had clinical and laboratory evidence of acute myocardial infarction and disseminated intravascular coagulation, and at autopsy, nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis as well. We suggest ...
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