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Stabile Eugenio - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate, in a double-blind, randomized, prospective study, safety and efficacy of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with pharmacotherapy consisting of antiplatelet therapy and no anticoagulation therapy. BACKGROUND: Available guidelines recommend systemic anticoagulation agent use during PCI. Significant debate remains, however, with regard to the correlation between ...
Santangeli Pasquale - - 2008
A 47-year-old woman presented to our clinic 1 day after an intervention for a tibial shaft fracture because of sudden onset of chest pain and palpitations. Hospital drug therapy included enoxaparin. The ECG showed atrial fibrillation with a rapid ventricular rate. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a mass in the LA. Transoesophageal ...
Cankovic Lana - - 2008
Patients with rare, congenital deficiencies of contact proteins (e.g., factor XII, prekallikrein, high-molecular-weight kininogen) present an important challenge with regard to safe anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass. Specifically, activated coagulation time values are obtained with devices that utilize contact protein activators to generate thrombin and assess the efficacy of heparin-mediated antithrombin ...
Spyropoulos Alex C - - 2008
Patients with mechanical prosthetic heart valves require long-term oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT). During the temporary interruption of OAT, bridging anticoagulant therapy with unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is recommended. This prespecified subgroup analysis from REGIMEN-a large, prospective, multicenter registry-compared UFH (n = 73) and LMWH (n = 172) ...
Levine Seymour - - 2008
The four choroid plexuses in the brain ventricles are not identical, but differences among them have rarely been studied. The present work concerns the inflammatory and hemorrhagic choroid plexitis produced in Lewis rats by a single gavage of cholecalciferol (vitamin D(3)) or related steroids with vitamin D activity. Plexitis was ...
Lu Huixia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the transmural variation of the longitudinal myocardial peak systolic strain (Sp) and strain rate (SRp) can predict the transmural distribution of myocardial blood flow (MBF) in a pig model of acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: The longitudinal Sp and SRp were measured by echocardiography in ...
Verheugt Freek W A - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As anticoagulant therapy is a cornerstone in the early management of acute coronary syndrome, the question remains whether long-term anticoagulation after discharge will further improve outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Major trials demonstrated benefit from routine oral anticoagulation with an attained international normalized ratio over 2.0 in patients after ...
Hammwöhner Matthias - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cause for thromboembolic stroke. Oral anticoagulation with warfarin is still the most effective therapy in patients with AF, who are at an increased risk for stroke. Nevertheless, warfarin therapy has several limitations; therefore, new anticoagulants like warfarin analogs, thrombin inhibitors, or factor Xa ...
Ciccolo Michael L - - 2008
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life-threatening complication of heparin therapy. Anticoagulation in pediatric patients with HIT is challenging as there are no approved heparin substitutes. We report the use of the anticoagulant argatroban for cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in an infant with double outlet right ventricle and a history ...
Appelboam Rebecca - - 2009
Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage is one of the most feared complications of long-term anticoagulation. Warfarin therapy not only increases the likelihood of suffering an intracranial haemorrhage, but also increases the mortality associated with it. This review aims to examine the incidence, pathogenesis, and outcome following a warfarin associated intracranial haemorrhage. It ...
Nagarakanti Rangadham - - 2008
Because 1.1 million myocardial infarctions occur in the United States alone each year, and 450,000 of them are recurrent infarctions, which carry an inherently greater risk of death and disability than first events, the importance of secondary prevention strategies that can be implemented widely is unparalleled in health care. Antithrombotic ...
Cheung N W - - 2008
The need for tight glycaemic control in the immediate aftermath of myocardial infarction is controversial. Trials of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) therapy, given without regard to glucose levels, have only confused the issue. Despite considerable clinical interest, only three randomized controlled trials have, as their primary goal, aimed to determine whether better ...
Quintero David - - 2008
We report the first case of myocardial infarction in a hemophilia patient which was not directly precipitated by infusion of a clotting factor, and the second hemophilia patient with infarction treated with primary coronary artery stenting. Anticoagulation and platelet inhibition are problematic in such patients. At 2 years after infarction, ...
Ahnert Amy M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The risk of thromboembolic events in heart failure patients is estimated to be in the range of 1-4.5% per year. To date, there are insufficient data to guide us in appropriate use of antithrombotic or antiplatelet drug therapy to decrease the risk of events in this population. ...
Huang Chien-Cheng - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Renal infarction is a rare and easily missed disease. There is even less meaningful information on renal infarction in the Asian population. Thus, the aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of the disease in Asian patients. CLINICAL PICTURE: Over a period of 10 years, 38 ...
Kim Joo Pyung - - 2008
Cause of pituitary apoplexy has been known as hemorrhage, hemorrhagic infarction or infarction of pituitary adenoma or adjacent tissues of pituitary gland. However, pituitary apoplexy caused by pure infarction of pituitary adenoma has been rarely reported. Here, we present the two cases pituitary apoplexies caused by pituitary adenoma infarction that ...
Taggar Jaspal S - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing epidemic in the developed world that has attracted much attention due to the associated risk of stroke and thromboembolism. This article discusses the application of oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in order to reduce these risks. The article provides an ...
Shanson David - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy and the American Heart Association have radically revised their guidelines for the antibiotic prophylaxis of endocarditis. This review discusses the evidence behind the most controversial changes and considers possible future developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The new guidelines emphasize good oral hygiene for ...
Skalski Janusz H - - 2008
In the second part of the article, developments following the "discovery" of ischemic heart disease and gaining understanding of its nature have been presented starting from the first intravital diagnoses of myocardial infarction in the history of the world medicine established by Adam Hammer in Austria (1878) and Edward Korczy?ski ...
Kumar N - - 2008
Afibrinogenaemia is a quantitative deficiency of fibrinogen that is associated with an increased bleeding tendency. Patients with afibrinogenaemia are at risk of excessive bleeding, but unusually, these patients may also experience thrombotic episodes. We report a 27-year-old man, with a known history of afibrinogenaemia, and who presented with acute onset ...
Dunning Joel - - 2008
This document presents a professional view of evidence-based recommendations around the issues of antiplatelet and anticoagulation management in cardiac surgery. It was prepared by the Audit and Guidelines Committee of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). We review the following topics: evidence for aspirin, clopidogrel and warfarin cessation prior ...
Frizzelli Rino - - 2008
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are widely used for therapeutic purposes and to measure hemodynamic variables that cannot be recorded from a peripheral vein. However, the method can involve complications. In cardiac surgery, CVCs are electively placed in the right internal jugular vein but there is little information on deep venous ...
Niemi T T - - 2008
We report hypercoagulability despite activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)-guided heparin treatment during Berlin Heart-supported circulation in a 38-year-old man with heart failure for 19 days. The patient was anticoagulated using unfractionated heparin, acetylsalicylic acid and dipyridamole. Contact and tissue factor-activated thromboelastometry revealed increased clot firmness, although anticoagulation assessed by APTT ...
Menon R - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervical dissection is an important cause of stroke in the young. This paper presents a systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness of different treatment approaches: antithrombotic drugs, thrombolysis and stenting. METHODS: Medline and PubMed were searched from 1966 to 8 April 2007. Reference lists ...
van Opstal Jurren M - - 2008
A 59-year-old male was admitted to the emergency room with signs of heart failure. The echocardiogram showed an extensive apical infarction with large mobile thrombi in the left ventricle. Doppler examination demonstrated apical rotating flow. Despite adequate anticoagulant therapy, the patient suffered a massive right-sided cerebral infarction leading to right ...
Farmakis Dimitrios - - 2008
The existing guidelines for the treatment of patients who have heart failure limit the administration of antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents to patients who have specific comorbidities, including coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, history of thromboembolic events, and left ventricular mural thrombus. Retrospective analyses of large clinical trials or smaller nonrandomized ...
Hoste E A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe current knowledge on the epidemiology of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) and to formulate recommendations for clinical practice and a research agenda. METHODS: After a modified Delphi analysis by the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI), 4 questions on the epidemiology of CSA-AKI and recommendations for clinical ...
Muscal Eyal - - 2008
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by autoantibody production and thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity. The most prevalent neurologic manifestation of APS is cerebrovascular ischemic events due to arterial thromboses. Antiphospholipid antibodies can also cause neurologic impairments unrelated to thrombosis, through antibody-cellular interactions, possibly because of a ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2008
Cardiovascular complications in the acute stage following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) require prompt medical attention to avoid neurological compromise, morbidity, and death. In this review, the authors summarize the neural regulation of the cardiovascular system as well as the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of major cardiovascular complications that can ...
Haug Kari Bente Foss - - 2008
Warfarin treatment has a narrow therapeutic range, requiring meticulous monitoring and dosage titration. Individual dosage requirement has recently partly been explained by genetic variation of the warfarin metabolizing enzyme CYP2C9 and the Vitamin K-activating enzyme VKORC1. In the WARIS-II study, comparing three different antithrombotic regimens after myocardial infarction, warfarin treatment ...
Siddiq Farhan - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to show the effectiveness of Factor IX complex concentrate (FIXCC) for rapid reversal of an elevated International Normalized Ratio (INR) in patients with anticoagulation-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (AAICH). METHODS: We, retrospectively, analyzed the clinical data of 19 patients with the diagnosis of AAICH from ...
Joost Alexander - - 2008
The administration of heparins (unfractionated or fractionated) represents the current standard as anticoagulant treatment during percutaneous coronary intervention in different clinical settings (elective cases and acute coronary syndrome). Since the incidence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is expected to range between 0.1 and 5%, the application of an appropriate anticoagulant agent ...
Yang Li - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postsystolic shortening (PSS) has been proposed as a marker of myocardial dysfunction. Strain rate imaging (SRI) is a novel ultrasonic technique, allowing reliable and noninvasive measurement of myocardial deformation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of myocardial longitudinal PSS by SRI in ischemic and infarct ...
Slaughter Mark S - - 2007
The choice of replacement heart valve has alternated many times during the past 40 years. The reason for the change is related to the balance between prosthesis longevity and the need for anticoagulation therapy. Bioprosthetic valves do not require continuous anticoagulation therapy but their expected life can be less than ...
Jacobs M L - - 2007
Among factors contributing to morbidity and failure of the Fontan circulation is the group of events referred to as thromboembolic complications. These events have been variously attributed to low flow states, stasis in the venous pathways, right-to-left shunts, blind cul-de-sacs, prosthetic material, atrial arrhythmias, and hypercoagulable states. Numerous investigations, most ...
Bassand Jean-Pierre - - 2007
Fondaparinux (Arixtra, GlaxoSmithKline) is a synthetic, selective, activated Factor X inhibitor. On the grounds of its favorable benefit:risk ratio, fondaparinux is approved for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism. Two large trials involving approximately 32,000 patients recently evaluated fondaparinux in the treatment of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes and ...
Bhat Sunil V - - 2007
For commonly encountered gram-negative bacilli, a MIC of cefepime of 8 mug/ml or less was defined by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute as "susceptible" prior to the commercial release of the antibiotic. We assessed 204 episodes of bacteremia caused by gram-negative organisms for which patients received cefepime (typically 1 ...
Akinci Sinan - - 2008
An unusual type of food poisoning is commonly seen in the Black Sea coast of Turkey due to grayanotoxin containing toxic honey so called "mad honey" ingestion. In cases of toxication bradycardia and rhythm disturbances are commonly observed. Herein, we present a case of a patient who was admitted to ...
Marchioli Roberto - - 2007
The GISSI-Prevenzione trial established the efficacy of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for reducing mortality in patients after recent myocardial infarction. The generalisability of such results to clinical practice could vary according to other individual patient characteristics. We analysed the GISSI-Prevenzione database to assess whether other major risk factors, comorbidities, ...
Klein Liviu - - 2007
Although heart failure is a procoagulant state, the incidence of arterial thromboembolism (peripheral arterial emboli and strokes) is relatively low in the outpatient setting and seems to be higher in those with concomitant atrial fibrillation or recent large anterior myocardial infarction, especially in the presence of a dyskinetic apex. Hospitalized ...
- - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death from cardiovascular causes. Antiplatelet drugs reduce this risk, but the role of oral anticoagulant agents in the prevention of cardiovascular complications in patients with peripheral arterial disease is unclear. METHODS: We assigned patients ...
Eikelboom J W - - 2007
The combination of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy is more effective than antiplatelet therapy alone for the initial and long-term management of acute coronary syndromes but increases the risk of bleeding. Antiplatelet therapy is often combined with oral anticoagulants in patients with an indication for warfarin therapy (e.g. atrial fibrillation) who ...
Fluture Adrian - - 2007
Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have high recurrent ischemic event rates despite management with current guideline-based therapies. Recombinant nematode anticoagulant protein (rNAP)c2 provides factor Xa-dependent inhibition of the tissue factor/factor VIIa complex acting proximally on the clotting cascade. It may be administered either intravenously or subcutaneously and has an ...
Matsui Hideaki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis involving a brain infarction frequently occurs in patients with a malignant tumor. Although nearly all types of tumor have been reported in association with a hypercoagulable state, pleural mesothelioma-associated Trousseau syndrome is extremely rare. SUMMARY: A 69-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with cough, sputum, and breathing ...
Peukert Daniel - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to verify whether myocardial viability can be detected by a delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) approach using a rapid three-dimensional inversion-recovery fast low-angle shot (3D IR-FLASH) sequence in a preclinical and clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nonreperfused myocardial infarctions were induced in eight ...
Sharma Rajan - - 2007
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis is a potentially life-threatening complication of low anticoagulation. We present a case of acute prosthetic mitral valve thrombosis in a patient whose anticoagulation was inadequate after phenindione was changed to low molecular weight heparin. We discuss the diagnosis and treatment of this condition and highlight the ...
Wessel Niels - - 2007
In this letter, we explain the role of acceleration and deceleration capacities as novel risk predictors after myocardial infarction and their relation to the occurrence of ventricular premature complexes.
Ghosh Kanjaksha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fasting hyperhomocysteinemia is positively associated with atherothrombosis and acute myocardial infarction in several prospective and retrospective studies. In India folic acid deficiency is not uncommon, and subclinical folic acid deficiency is known to cause hyperhomocysteinemia without thrombocytopenia. OBJECTIVE: To observe the prevalence of plasma hyperhomocysteinemia in a cohort of ...
Koster Andreas - - 2007
A patient with myocardial failure after repair of an acute type A aortic dissection had acute heparin-induced thrombocytopenia develop during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Heparin was discontinued and the anticoagulant was switched to the direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin given with a bolus of 0.5 mg/kg followed by a continuous infusion of ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2007
AIM: Venous obstruction following transvenous device implantation rarely cause immediate clinical problems. When lead revision or device upgrade is indicated, venous obstruction become a significant challenge. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of venous obstruction after transvenous device implantation, and to asess likely effects of antiplatelet/anticoagulant ...
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