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Huang Jennifer H - - 2013
An 11 day-old female infant underwent resection of a mass in the subaortic region secondary to critical aortic stenosis. At 3 months of age, recurrent severe left-ventricular outflow obstruction (LVOT) in the setting of heart failure prompted redo surgery, and the resected mass revealed an intracardiac foregut cyst, which is a rare ...
Wallace Eric L - - 2012
Cardiac complications following stroke or acute cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are common; however, many of these complications are asymptomatic and do not cause adverse cardiac effects. Symptomatic events (such as acute myocardial infarction after CVA) rarely occur and are often the result of an underlying cardiac embolic source, such as a ...
Dongaonkar Ranjeet M - - 2012
Although the causal relationship between acute myocardial edema and cardiac dysfunction has been established, resolution of myocardial edema and subsequent recovery of cardiac function have not been established. The time to resolve myocardial edema and the degree that cardiac function is depressed after edema resolves are not known. We therefore ...
Mardikar Harshawardhan M - - 2012
Abstract. Management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in India essentially rests on the established reperfusion strategies with unique adaptations compelled by the socioeconomic structure of the country. Due to limited availability of trained interventionists coupled with financial limitations, thrombolysis remains the most utilised reperfusion therapy for AMI. Patient education through ...
Dudek Dariusz - - 2012
Abstract. The current article summarises more than 12 years' experience in the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the Malopolska region (southern part of Poland). Data on the development phase of the STEMI treatment network, as well as the current status of interventional treatment of acute coronary syndromes in ...
Widimsky Petr - - 2012
Abstract. The Stent for Life Initiative was founded in September 2008 as a coalition of the European Society of Cardiology, European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions and Eucomed. The aim is to promote the life-saving indications for percutaneous coronary interventions - especially in all forms of acute myocardial infarction. This ...
Mashima Yusuke - - 2012
Aim: To investigate the long term effects of cardiac events on renal function, a prospective study of patients with acute myocardial infarction was conducted. Methods: A total of 137 patients with acute myocardial infarction were followed for 1 year. The change of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in cardiac patients ...
Besinger Bart R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) causes acute coronary syndromes or sudden death in young patients who are often lacking classic coronary disease risk factors. Systemic inflammatory and connective tissue diseases have been suggested as risk factors for SCAD. OBJECTIVE: To review the risk factors, diagnosis, and management of this ...
Brunetti Natale Daniele - - 2012
We report the case of a woman who presented with ST elevation and episodes of chest pain, mimicking an acute myocardial infarction. At coronary angiography no sign of coronary stenosis was found and ECG anomalies were related to asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy and aortic stenosis.
Egom Emmanuel Eroume A - - 2012
Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) frequently have abnormalities of glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, both of which are associated with a poor outcome. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a naturally occurring incretin with both insulinotropic and insulinomimetic properties which not only controls glucose levels but also has potential beneficial ...
Lyck Hansen Maria - - 2012
Objectives: Several assays for the measurement of cardiac troponin (cTn) are available, but differences in their analytical performances may affect the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: A survey was conducted at all Danish departments of clinical biochemistry at hospitals receiving patients with suspected acute MI to gather information ...
Greyson Clifford R - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the approach to and recent developments in the evaluation and treatment of acute right heart failure in the ICU. Right heart failure, defined as failure of the right ventricle to provide sufficient blood flow through the pulmonary circulation at normal central venous pressure, is ...
Alam Shirjel R SR Centre of Cardiovascular Science, Clinical Research Imaging Centre, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2012
Inflammation following acute myocardial infarction (MI) has detrimental effects on reperfusion, myocardial remodelling, and ventricular function. Magnetic resonance imaging using ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide can detect cellular inflammation in tissues, and we therefore explored their role in acute MI in humans. Sixteen patients with acute ST-segment elevation MI ...
Frassanito L - - 2012
Acute myocardial infarction rarely occurs in women during childbearing age (1:20,000), but maternal mortality rate is high (11%). Management of pregnant woman affected by myocardial infarction could be a challenge for obstetricians, cardiologists and anesthetists. In this report, we present the management of a 36 years-old nulliparous woman affected from ...
Cereghetti C - - 2012
In Western countries, the incidence of acute heart failure has been growing rapidly and is associated with increased incidence of mortality. Acute heart failure encompasses an extended spectrum of clinical presentation. From these, cardiogenic shock remains its most dramatic entity and is burdened by a dismal prognosis. As the initial ...
Kim T - - 2012
To assess the prognostic value of 64-section multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to predict follow-up myocardial dysfunction and functional recovery after reperfusion therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) as defined by echocardiography. After reperfusion therapy for acute MI, 71 patients underwent two-phase contrast-enhanced MDCT and follow-up echocardiography. MDCT findings ...
Martinez Linda Griego - - 2012
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection not associated with underlying coronary artery disease is rare. When the dissection does occur, it most often is manifested as an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in young women. Although the condition can occur in men, most often it involves women who are in their third trimester ...
Arques S - - 2012
Acute heart failure is one of the most common condition leading to hospital admission and is burdened by important mortality and readmission rates. A timely diagnosis of congestive heart failure at admission by hospitalists is essential for an early and tailored medical management. The initial clinical evaluation based on symptoms, ...
Murthy Sandhya - - 2012
Left-sided valvular lesions are commonly associated with acute and chronic coronary syndromes. Ischemic mitral regurgitation is well described in the literature. We report a case of acute ischemic right-sided valvular disease in which the presenting symptom of an infarction was severe tricuspid regurgitation. This rare entity is usually caused by ...
Khoueiry Ziad - - 2012
Purpose and medical hypothesis: Rest is usually recommended in acute pericarditis, as it could help to lower heart rate (HR) and contribute to limit "mechanical inflammation". Whether HR on admission could be correlated and perhaps participate to inflammation has not been reported. Methods: Between March 2007 and February 2010, we ...
El-Shitany Nagla A - - 2012
Adriamycin (ADR) is a potent chemotherapeutic agent widely used in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); its clinical use is limited owing to its marked cardiotoxicity. The present study investigated the possible protective role of carvedilol on ADR-induced left ventricular dysfunction in children with ALL. Fifty children with ...
Federspiel Jerome J - - 2012
Instrumental variable (IV) methods can correct for unmeasured confounding when using administrative (claims) data for cardiovascular outcomes research, but difficulties identifying valid IVs have limited their use. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting coronary stents (DES) compared with bare-metal stents (BMS) for Medicare beneficiaries with acute coronary syndromes ...
Li Wei - - 2012
Objectives: To investigate whether preprocedural high-dose atorvastatin decreases the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and protects the renal function after emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Statin-naive patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing emergency PCI (n = 161) randomly received atorvastatin (80 mg, n = 78, ATOR ...
Hofma Sjoerd H - - 2012
The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of second-generation everolimus-eluting stents (EES) with first-generation sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Drug-eluting stents (DES) in AMI are still feared for possible late and very late stent thrombosis (ST). ...
Romagnoli Enrico - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether transradial access for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing early invasive treatment is associated with better outcome compared with conventional transfemoral access. BACKGROUND: In patients with acute coronary syndrome, bleeding is a significant predictor of worse outcome. Access site complications ...
Hoffmann Udo - - 2012
It is unclear whether an evaluation incorporating coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is more effective than standard evaluation in the emergency department in patients with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndromes. In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned patients 40 to 74 years of age with symptoms suggestive of acute ...
Hoshi Tomoya - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate acute hemodynamic effects and safety of landiolol in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers have been proven to be effective for the treatment of ischemic heart disease in both the acute and chronic phases. Landiolol, an ultra-short-acting ...
Jorge Cláudia - - 2012
Acute myocarditis is often misdiagnosed, and its evolution is not always benign; correct and prompt diagnosis is therefore essential. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman with chest pain after a stressful event and ST-segment elevation on the electrocardiogram, in whom urgent cardiac catheterization showed normal coronary arteries and ...
Cesna S - - 2012
Cardiogenic shock occurring after acute neonatal myocardial infarction (MI) due to coronary artery thrombosis is very rarely encountered. Acute neonatal MI typically presents suddenly with usually a fatal outcome. Treatment options in patients with this condition are limited. There are previous case reports in the literature advocating the use of ...
Lee Min Goo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The synergistic effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension on mid-term outcome among acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still controversial. METHODS: A total of 2438 patients with acute MI who underwent PCI from January 2007 to November 2010 were studied. Patients were stratified ...
Chin Ashley - - 2012
We report a case of subacute myocarditis with severe heart failure referred for urgent cardiac transplantation. The patient had an episode of bidirectional ventricular tachycardia during the acute admission. Subacute myocarditis should be added to the limited differential diagnosis of bidirectional ventricular tachycardia.
Manzano-Fernández Sergio - - 2012
Beta-trace protein (BTP) is a low-molecular mass protein belonging to the lipocalin protein family, which is more sensitive than serum creatinine for detecting impaired renal function. The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether plasma BTP improves the risk stratification of patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes ...
Green Eric M - - 2012
Acute failure of the right ventricle is a common challenge in the intensive care unit that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although often a complication of left ventricular failure, right ventricular failure is a distinct clinical entity, both in terms of its hemodynamic abnormalities and response to treatment. ...
Akdemir Ramazan - - 2012
Acute ST elevation myocardial infarction has high mortality and morbidity rates. The majority of patients with this condition face erectile dysfunction in addition to other health problems. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of two different reperfusion strategies, primary angioplasty and thrombolytic therapy, on the prevalence of ...
Anderson Robert - - 2012
A rare cause of ST-segment elevation mimicking myocardial infarction has been reported in the setting of acute pneumothorax. We present a middle-aged woman with a right-sided secondary pneumothorax who developed severe chest pain associated with ST-segment elevation suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. Symptoms resolved immediately after advancement of the dislodged ...
Nóbrega Sofia - - 2012
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible condition, characterized by transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction, that mimics an acute coronary syndrome. It usually occurs after physical or emotional stress, predominantly in postmenopausal women, although it also can affect younger age groups and males. It often presents as chest pain or dyspnea with ...
Kim Jinkwon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABI) is an established clinical test for assessment of peripheral arterial disease and an indicator of generalized atherosclerosis. We investigated whether low ABI is associated with long-term functional outcome in patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: We included 775 patients with acute cerebral infarction ...
Lopes Renato D - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation guidelines recommend long-term use of warfarin according to a patient's predicted risk of stroke. After acute myocardial infarction, however, combining warfarin and antiplatelet medications poses challenges. By using data from more than 69,255 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were enrolled in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's Acute ...
de Belder Mark A - - 2012
Many countries have embarked on national strategies to translate evidence from trials of reperfusion therapy for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) into clinical practice. Primary angioplasty has become the dominant mode of reperfusion, but the best outcomes depend on appropriate service re-configurations to ensure rapid, effective and comprehensive treatment. Although there ...
Neil Christopher - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is associated with regional left ventricular dysfunction, independent of the presence of fixed coronary artery disease. Previous studies have used T2-weighted cardiac MRI to demonstrate the presence of periapical oedema. The authors sought to determine the distribution, resolution and correlates of oedema in TTC. PATIENTS: 32 ...
Bittner Vera - - 2012
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a multi-disciplinary, secondary prevention treatment modality(1) which reduces mortality and morbidity among patients with coronary heart disease and improves symptoms, functional capacity, metabolic status, depression, and health related quality of life.(2,3) A recent analysis suggested that CR contributed significantly to the reduction in coronary heart disease ...
Mirzaii-Dizgah I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) is of major medical and economic importance. The objective of this study was to identify whole saliva high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in patients with acute MI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in 30 normal healthy ...
Dato Ilaria - - 2012
Multiple plaque instability has been reported in about one-third of patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) and could be responsible for early recurrent instability after STEMI. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging technique that may help in detection and characterization of unstable coronary plaques. We present ...
Chhabra Lovely - - 2012
Interatrial block (IAB; P-wave duration ≥110 milliseconds) denotes a conduction delay between the two atria. IAB has been shown to have a strong correlation with atrial arrhythmias, left atrial enlargement, left atrial electromechanical dysfunction and cerebral thromboembolism. Our study sought to determine whether there was an increased incidence of IAB ...
Egom Emmanuel E A - - 2012
Patients with acute myocardial infarction or heart failure frequently have abnormalities of glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, both of which are associated with a poor outcome. Sphingolipids are a class of lipids, which play important roles in cellular biological processes including insulin resistance and myocardial ischemia. This review examines the ...
Pan T-C Francis - - 2012
The ontogeny of cardiac hypoxic responses, and how such responses may be modified by rearing environment, are poorly understood in amphibians. In this study, cardiac performance was investigated in Xenopus laevis from 2 to 25 days post-fertilization (dpf). Larvae were reared under either normoxia or moderate hypoxia (PO(2) = 110 mmHg), and each population ...
Masip Josep - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry is commonly used for monitoring critical patients, but its utility as a diagnostic marker of acute heart failure has not been assessed. This study analyzed the diagnostic role of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry in a series of patients with acute myocardial ...
Hsiao Ping-Gune - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have revealed that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with acute kidney injury (AKI), about 17%, is strongly related to long-term mortality and heart failure. The dynamic changes in renal function during AMI are strongly related to long-term mortality and heart failure. OBJECTIVES: Our study used clinical parameters and ...
Ilhan Erkan - - 2012
A 65-year-old female patient admitted to the emergency department was diagnosed with acute high lateral myocardial infarction, but later Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) was discovered. She had squeezing chest pain that started shortly after an emotional stress. The electrocardiogram revealed a loss of R wave voltage in leads V1 to V4 ...
Barillà Francesco - - 2012
Levosimendan increases the sensitivity of the heart to calcium and consequently exerts positive inotropic effects. Levosimendan is indicated in acutely decompensated severe congestive heart failure. We report that levosimendan infusion may induce myocardial ischemia in patients with acute heart failure.
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