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Pang B - - 2012
Temporary pacing is often used as an acute treatment of bradyarrhythmias and suppression of tachyarrhythmias. In patients with cardiogenic shock, loss of atrioventricular synchrony may worsen cardiovascular haemodynamics. We present a series where temporary right atrial pacing was used as an acute treatment for both bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias.
Castillo Christian - - 2012
It is critically important to quickly recognize and treat acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Submassive and massive PEs are associated with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and may culminate in RV failure, cardiac arrest, and death. A rapid and coordinated diagnostic and management approach can maximize success and save lives.
Goldstein James A - - 2012
This article reviews the pathophysiology, hemodynamics, natural history, and management of patients with inferior myocardial infarction complicated by right ventricular infarction. Five key areas are highlighted in which advances may impact catheterization and laboratory management of these acutely ill patients.
Sherief Laila M - - 2012
The main strategy for minimizing anthracycline cardiotoxicity is early detection of high-risk patients. Aim of the study: To investigate the role of cardiac biomarkers; cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP), and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), as early predictors of chronic cardiotoxicity in survivors of acute leukemia. ...
Montera Marcelo Westerlund - - 2012
In the past two years we observed several changes in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of patients with acute heart failure (acute HF), which led us to the need of performing a summary update of the II Brazilian Guidelines on Acute Heart Failure 2009. In the diagnostic evaluation, the diagnostic ...
Spiro Jon - - 2012
Acute coronary artery obstruction at the time of device implantation is a recognized, albeit rare, complication of TAVI and is most frequently managed by emergency percutaneous intervention. This complication usually manifests with circulatory collapse due to compromising left ventricular ischemia and is most often observed immediately following valve deployment in ...
Centemero Marinella Patrizia - - 2012
Stent thrombosis is a challenging problem following percutaneous coronary intervention that can lead to serious clinical consequences, such as death and acute myocardial infarction. Its pathophysiology is not yet completely known, and there are several causes suggested, such as incomplete stent endothelization, presence of polymers and late incomplete stent apposition. ...
Verberkmoes N J - - 2012
The impact of meteorological conditions on the occurrence of various cardiovascular events has been reported internationally. Data about the Dutch situation are limited. We sought to find out a correlation between weather conditions and the incidence of major acute cardiovascular events such as type A acute aortic dissection (AAD), acute ...
Kumar As Praveen - - 2012
The electrocardiac abnormalities following acute stroke are frequent and seen in both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. The changes seen in electrocardiogram (ECG) consist of repolarization abnormalities such as ST elevation, ST depression, negative T waves, and QT prolongation. Among tachyarrhythmias, atrial fibrillation is the most common and occurrence of focal ...
Tan Jing - - 2012
To investigate the changes and correlations of the serum inflammation factors levels and left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A prospective study was performed on 70 STEMI patients and 70 control subjects. Serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble CD40 ligand ...
Shalia Kavita K KK Research Scientist, Sir HN Medical Research Society, Sir HN Hospital and Research Centre, Raja Rammohan Roy Road, Mumbai - 400004. - - 2012
Over expression of matrix degrading enzymes have been implicated in plaque destabilisation and rupture. Cathepsins associated with extracellular matrix breakdown make them intriguing suspects. The aim of the study was to analyse peripheral levels of cathepsin B and cathepsin K and their inhibitor cystatin C during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). ...
Goel Pravin K PK Professor and Head, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, - - 2012
To assess the medico social demographics of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in our community we studied 609 patients presenting between January 2008 to December 2008 with a detailed questionnaire in four centres of UP. Medical attention was sought late (> 6 hours) in 316 (51.6%), thrombolysis was obtained in 45.2% ...
Dandamudi Sanjay S Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2012
Nesiritide has been approved by the US FDA for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure since 2001. Subsequently, two meta-analyses questioned its impact on mortality and association with worsening renal function. Therefore, the Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure trial was designed to assess ...
Erbel Raimund - - 2012
Deaths from diseases of the heart are decreasing. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) will be the main cause of morbidity and mortality in 2015 according to a WHO report. The main problem is related to the long-time delay between the start of the development of atherosclerosis in young adults and the manifestation ...
McMahon Ross - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Sgarbossa score has been used to identify acute myocardial infarction on ECG in the presence of LBBB but has relied on elevated CK-MB for validation rather than angiographic evidence of vessel occlusion. METHODS: We determined (a) the presence or absence of Sgarbossa criteria with concordant (S-con) or discordant ...
Xie Jun-Min - - 2012
Background : The acute effects of right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing on left atrial (LA) function in patients with normal ejection fraction are not clear. Methods : A total of 94 patients (age 68.1 ± 11.1 years, 26 men) with implanted RVA-based dual-chamber pacemakers were recruited into this study. Patients ...
Liu Stanley S - - 2012
Right ventricular (RV) failure is characterized by an inability to pump blood into the pulmonary circulation and can often lead to hemodynamic instability. Common causes of RV failure include left ventricular (LV) failure, RV infarction, sepsis, cor pulmonale due to acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary emboli, or pulmonary hypertension. We ...
Barth J H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is growing epidemiological evidence linking serum 25 hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations to outcome in cardiovascular and other diseases. We have studied patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to determine if they exhibit an acute phase reaction affecting 25(OH)D. METHODS: Patients (n = 32) with first AMI who had ...
Sezai Akira - - 2012
Background: The results of emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are less than satisfactory, and readmission for cardiac events is common.Methods and Results: 105 patients underwent emergency CABG for AMI. We examined the long-term results of emergency CABG for AMI from the viewpoints of preoperative, ...
Testuz Ariane - - 2012
AIMS: Pocket-size echographs may be useful for bedside diagnosis in acute cardiac care, but their diagnostic accuracy in this setting has not been well tested. Our aim was to evaluate this tool in patients requiring an urgent echocardiogram. METHODS: Trained cardiologists performed echocardiograms with a pocket-size echograph (Vscan) in consecutive ...
Codner Pablo - - 2012
Multivessel coronary artery disease is a frequent finding in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The proper management of nonculprit lesions in the setting of acute coronary syndromes has historically been a topic of major debate. Despite current guidelines that clearly recommend treatment only of the culprit lesion in this setting, ...
Izar Maria C - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an inflammatory state associated with high coronary disease risk. Inflammation and adaptive immunity modulate atherosclerosis and plaque instability. We examined early changes in anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (anti-oxLDL) autoantibodies (Abs) in patients with MetS after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients of both genders (n=116) with ...
Hopper Ingrid - - 2012
AimThe impact of cardiac dysfunction on the liver is known as cardiac hepatopathy. In certain instances this can result in significant hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis. The validity of non-invasive tools to assess hepatic fibrosis, such as FibroScan(®) which measures liver stiffness (LSM), has not been established in this setting. We ...
Kampoli Anna-Maria - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc metallo-endopeptidases secreted by cells and are responsible for much of the turnover of matrix components. Several studies have shown that MMPs are involved in all stages of the atherosclerotic process, from the initial lesion to plaque rupture. Recent evidence suggests that MMP ...
Sayin Muhammet Rasit - - 2012
The use of weight loss pills containing cayenne pepper has ever been increasing. The main component of cayenne pepper pills is capsaicin. There are conflicting data about the effects of capsaicin on the cardiovascular system. In this paper, we present the case of a 41 year old male patient with ...
De Caterina Raffaele - - 2012
Until recently, vitamin K antagonists were the only available oral anticoagulants, but with numerous limitations that prompted the introduction of new oral anticoagulants targeting the single coagulation enzymes thrombin (dabigatran) or factor Xa (apixaban, rivaroxaban, and edoxaban) and given in fixed doses without coagulation monitoring. Here we review the pharmacology ...
Tölg Ralph - - 2012
Cardiogoniometry (CGM) is a novel electrocardiac method utilising computer-assisted three-dimensional information on cardiac potentials. To investigate the potential of CGM in discriminating non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and relevant coronary stenosis upon hospital admission by prospectively comparing its sensitivity, specificity and accuracy against those of a single troponin test ...
Pant Sadip - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the credibility of YouTube video information on acute myocardial infarction by exploring the relationship between accuracy of information on the topic, source of expertise, and perceived credibility of the message. HYPOTHESIS: Health information videos in YouTube possess a diverse mix of information and ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in Western Societies and several developing countries. Recent evidence suggests that most detrimental clinical manifestations of CAD, such as acute coronary syndromes (ACS), are the outcome of inflammatory processes that lead to plaque formation and rupture and eventually to ischemia ...
Correia Luis Cláudio Lemos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite superior diagnostic accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponins, their prognostic value has not been validated against conventional cardiac troponins. OBJECTIVE: To test the prognostic value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), compared with conventional cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in the setting of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: At ...
Lee Meng - - 2012
To investigate whether anterior choroidal artery (AChA) territory sparing or AChA infarction restricted to the medial temporal lobe (MT), implying good collateral status, predicts good outcome, defined as modified Rankin Scale 0-2, at discharge in acute internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. The authors studied consecutive patients with acute ICA occlusion ...
Ferencik Maros M Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that morphologic lesion assessment helps detect acute coronary syndrome (ACS) during index hospitalization in patients with acute chest pain and significant stenosis on coronary computed tomographic angiogram (CTA). Patients who presented to an emergency department with chest pain but no objective signs of myocardial ischemia (nondiagnostic ...
Reichlin Tobias - - 2012
Commentary on: Keller T, Zeller T, Ojeda F, et al.. Serial changes in highly sensitive troponin I assay and early diagnosis of myocardial infarction. JAMA 2011;306:2684-93.
Belli G - - 2012
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is currently the preferred revascularization strategy in acute trasmural myocardial infarction (AMI). In this setting, about one half of patients will be diagnosed with concomitant multivessel (MV) coronary artery disease, associated with a multitude of negative prognostic factors but also still an independent predictor of ...
Datta Goutam - - 2012
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare but important cause of acute coronary syndrome. SCAD can cause unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and sudden death. The diagnosis of coronary dissection is usually made by coronary angiography. Therapeutic options include medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention, and bypass surgery. A 23-year-old ...
Porela Pekka - - 2012
Background: Deviation of the PR segment is a common but often ignored ECG finding in acute myopericarditis, but seems to be rare in the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Since rapid bedside differential diagnosis of acute myopericarditis and STEMI is essential, we decided to assess the diagnostic ...
Alam N - - 2012
The objective of the present study is to find out whether the increased serum homocysteine level is associated with the increased serum troponin I as a surrogate marker of extent of myocardial injury in acute myocardial infarction patients. Elevated homocysteine levels are associated with increased thrombosis. In patients presenting with ...
Do─čan A - - 2012
Acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) is rare in adolescents and its pathogenesis is unclear. Growing evidence shows an association between the prothrombotic state and acute STEMI. Prothrombotic genetic factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of STEMI. We present a case of an adolescent with acute STEMI who ...
Khan Javaid Arif - - 2012
This is a case report of a 26 years old female who presented in emergency with sudden onset of chest heaviness and dyspnoea. She had suffered a stroke in the past and was treated with anti-tuberculous medication. Her ECG revealed STelevation myocardial infarction and thrombolysis was performed but was unsuccessful. ...
Sharma Vijay K - - 2012
Timely recanalization in acute ischemic stroke often results in good clinical outcomes. However, sudden recanalization and increased blood flow into the ischemic brain tissue may be harmful in some patients. Impaired autoregulation in early poststroke period occasionally results in 'luxury perfusion,' due to excessive vasodilatation of collaterals. The relationship between ...
Jain Jyoti - - 2012
Honey-bee bites which require urgent hospitalization is very rare. It is mainly seen as occupational hazards in farmers, tree dwellers and honey collectors. Common clinical presentation includes minor localized reactions in form of swelling and redness sometimes anaphylactic reaction. Infrequent major complications reported from different studies include rhabdomyolysis, acute renal ...
Min Gye-Sik - - 2012
The comparison of long-term clinical effects between Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and Paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) for treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. Seeking to clarify this issue, we performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate four-year clinical outcomes of SES compared to PES treated AMI patients. From January 2004 to ...
Weichenthal Scott - - 2012
Ultrafine particles (UFPs) have emerged as a potentially important environmental health concern as they are produced in large numbers by vehicle emissions and may contribute to previously reported associations between traffic pollution and acute cardiovascular morbidity. This review examines recent epidemiological evidence of UFP exposures and selected physiological outcomes that ...
Kessler Chad - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Physicians are aware of the profound impact of oral antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), transient ischemic attack, and noncardioembolic stroke. Numerous clinical studies have compared the benefits of aspirin (ASA) alone with those of combination therapy with extended-release dipyridamole or with those of clopidogrel, ...
Wong Dennis T L - - 2012
Advances in the management of myocardial infarction have resulted in substantial reductions in morbidity and mortality. However, after acute treatment a number of diagnostic and prognostic questions often remain to be answered, whereby cardiac imaging plays an essential role. For example, some patients will sustain early mechanical complications after infarction, ...
Aronson Doron - - 2012
Despite past advances in the pharmacological management of heart failure, the prognosis of these patients remains poor, and for many, treatment options remain unsatisfactory. Additionally, the treatments and clinical outcomes of patients with acute decompensated heart failure have not changed substantially over the past few decades. Consequently, there is a ...
Ito Hiroshi - - 2012
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) enables direct assessment of the degree and adequacy of microvascular perfusion as well as the presence of wall motion abnormalities. MCE has the following benefits in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI): 1) rapid and definite diagnosis of acute MI; 2) identification of patients who may ...
Buchner Stefan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to test whether an improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) in the early phase after acute myocardial infarction is associated with a reduction of the severity of central and obstructive sleep apnoea. 40 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent polysomnography and cardiovascular ...
Kim Suk Jae - - 2012
Background: Assessing collateral status is important in acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to compare multiphasic perfusion computed tomography (MPCT) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in predicting leptomeningeal collateral flow in acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. Methods: Consecutive patients underwent MPCT and DSA for acute MCA ...
Damani Samir - - 2012
Acute myocardial infarction (MI), which involves the rupture of existing atheromatous plaque, remains highly unpredictable despite recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease. Accordingly, a clinical measurement that can predict an impending MI is desperately needed. Here, we characterize circulating endothelial cells (CECs) using an automated ...
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