Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4027
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hayashi Takekuni - - 2013
Background: Fragmented QRS (fQRS) can predict cardiac events, and inducible ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) is a known high-risk factor for arrhythmic death. However, whether fQRS is a predictor of cardiac events in patients with inducible VT/VF is unknown. We aimed to evaluate whether fQRS is a predictor of cardiac events in patients ...
Won Ki-Bum - - 2013
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate long-term survival according to the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES). Background: Despite the significance of coronary reperfusion in AMI, the prognostic impact of MS has been investigated ...
Tereshchenko Larisa G - - 2013
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major public health concern, accounting for 400,000 deaths in the US each year. Clinical and autopsy studies have consistently demonstrated a predominant, common pathophysiology in Western populations, showing that the most common electrophysiological mechanism of SCD is ventricular fibrillation, and the most common pathologic ...
Ilyas Sadaf - - 2013
A predominantly right ventricular variant of isolated noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a potentially lethal disease entity, which only recently has become recognized in the clinical and cardiac imaging literature. There are currently few established morphologic criteria for the diagnosis other than right ventricular dilation and presence of excessive regional trabeculation. To ...
Choi Seo-Won - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the associations of the mean platelet volume (MPV) with the development of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and platelet reactivity. MPV and platelet function testing were analysed in 208 patients who underwent PCI. The primary endpoint was cardiac death. ...
Mancini G B John - - 2013
It is unknown if baseline angiographic findings can be used to estimate residual risk of patients with chronic stable angina treated with both optimal medical therapy (OMT) and protocol-assigned or symptom-driven percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Death, myocardial infarction (MI), and hospitalization for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were adjudicated in ...
Casula Manuela M Centre of Epidemiology and Preventive Pharmacology-SEFAP, Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti 9, 20133 Milan, Italy. - - 2013
Although omega-3 fatty acids have well documented properties which would reduce the cardiovascular (CV) disease risk, the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) remains inconclusive. We performed a meta-analysis of the available RCTs for investigating the CV preventive effect of administrating at least 1 gram/day, and for at least 1 ...
Dunn Michael A - - 2013
Steatosis is a defining feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, evidence that severity of steatosis can predict adverse outcomes in NAFLD or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether steatosis assessed by computed tomography (CT) imaging predicts adverse outcomes in diabetic ...
Zhang Mingchang - - 2013
There are few autopsy studies of patients dying suddenly with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Twenty-five forensic autopsies of unexpected sudden death in individuals with OSA were reviewed. The causes of death were as follows: cardiomyopathy (n = 11); sudden unexpected death without morphologic findings (SUDNA, n = 6); and other cardiovascular diseases not related ...
Ertem Ahmet Goktug - - 2013
Electrical shock can cause death, disability, and any degree of damage to various organs and systems. Coronary angiography (CA) could help us for underlying condition, and for treatment choice. Herein, we reported electrical shock insulted patient whose electrocardiography showed anterior ST elevation, such as myocardial infarction electrocardiographic findings with angiographically ...
Aro Aapo L - - 2013
A large proportion of sudden cardiac deaths (SCDs) occur in individuals without clinically diagnosed prior cardiovascular disease. This has created increasing interest in the search for improved electrocardiographic (ECG) predictors of SCD and for improved risk stratification strategies suitable for SCD prevention. Recently, epidemiological studies conducted in Finland and other ...
Holzmann Martin J - - 2013
Renal dysfunction is related to long-term mortality and myocardial infarction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We aimed to investigate the association between preoperative renal dysfunction and early risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, or heart failure after CABG. From the Swedish Web-system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in ...
Sanfilippo Frank M - - 2013
Increasing rates of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and decreasing rates of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery followed the introduction of drug eluting stents in Western Australia in 2002. We assessed the impact of these changes on one-year outcomes for the total population of patients undergoing coronary artery revascularisation procedures ...
Gutierrez Paulo Sampaio - - 2013
A 54-year-old male entered the emergency room in cardiorespiratory arrest after syncope at home. Resuscitation was attempted, but the patient died a few hours later. At necropsy, aneurysms were found at the right and left anterior descending coronary arteries. At microscopic examination, there was no significant coronary atherosclerosis, and a ...
Brooks Matthew J - - 2013
Following the initiation of an ischemic insult, reperfusion injury (RI) can result in numerous deleterious cardiac effects, including cardiomyocyte death. Experimental data have suggested that ischemic conditioning, when delivered either before or after the ischemic event, can provide considerable cardioprotection against RI. Ischemic conditioning involves delivering brief repetitive cycles of ...
Alherbish Aws - - 2013
Lead aVR ST-segment deviation has been associated with increased mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with fibrinolysis. However, its prognostic value in a contemporaneous population undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention is unknown. A core laboratory examined the 12-lead baseline electrocardiogram in 5,683 patients presenting within 6 hours of symptom ...
Lim Sang Yup - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on short- and long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in elderly (>75 yr old) acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with renal dysfunction. As part of Korea AMI Registry (KAMIR), elderly patients with AMI and renal dysfunction (GFR<60 mL/min) ...
Anastasakis Aris - - 2013
The identification of high-risk patients in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is still a challenge. The classical clinical risk factors for sudden death have been reported by studies coming from referral HCM cohorts. So far, other studies of community-based HCM populations have not managed to identify risk factors for sudden cardiac death. ...
Mindrescu Catalin - - 2013
Routine scheduled angiographic follow-up (SAF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been associated with a higher rate of target vessel revascularization (TVR). Its benefits are not known. SAF at 13 months after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was planned in the first 1,800 successfully stented patients enrolled in the Harmonizing ...
Otton James M - - 2013
A high coronary calcium burden may adversely affect image quality of CT coronary angiography (CTCA). The ability to rule out clinically significant disease in this setting is uncertain. We examined CTCA findings in patients with a calcium score of >600. Utilising a search of death notices, structured patient interview and ...
Wang Gaofeng - - 2013
ObjectivesTo investigate the impact of anxiety on the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients of Chinese Han ethnicity and to explore the correlation between anxiety and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.MethodsBetween June 2007 and May 2009, 1007 hospitalized patients with CAD diagnosed by coronary angiography were recruited. The ...
Patrono Carlo - - 2013
Low-dose aspirin has been shown to be effective in preventing about one-fifth of atherothrombotic vascular complications (non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, or vascular death) in a meta-analysis of 16 secondary prevention trials in patients with previous myocardial infarction, stroke, or transient cerebral ischaemia. This corresponds to an absolute reduction of ...
Mufti Hani N - - 2013
The principal characteristic of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is the tendency for ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death to occur without overt ventricular dysfunction. Current recommendations for management of patients with ARVC include insertion of an automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD) to prevent sudden cardiac death. However, despite the use of ...
Brown Jeremiah R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for emergent readmissions or death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are important in identifying patients at risk for major adverse events. However, there has been limited investigation conducted of prospective clinical registries to determine relevant risk factors. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize 30-day readmission or death could be predicted ...
Loring Zak - - 2013
Low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increases risk for both sudden cardiac death (SCD) and for heart failure (HF) death; however, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) reduce the incidence of SCD, not HF death. Distinguishing individuals at risk for HF death (non-SCD) versus SCD could improve ICD patient selection. This study evaluated ...
Uebleis Christopher - - 2013
To evaluate the prognostic significance of combined myocardial perfusion SPECT and [18F]FDG PET viability scanning for the prediction of survival in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (iCMP) and left ventricular dysfunction. 244 patients (64.0 ± 10.6 years, 86 % men) with iCMP and LVEF ≤45 % underwent SPECT/PET. Percent scar tissue and SPECT/PET-mismatch (%-mismatch) were calculated ...
Lamberts Morten - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of thrombosis and bleeding according to multiple antithrombotic treatment regimens in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients after myocardial infarction (MI) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) BACKGROUND: The optimal antithrombotic treatment strategy is unresolved in patients with multiple indications. METHODS: A total of 12,165 AF patients hospitalized ...
Wöhrle Jochen - - 2013
Patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular events compared with patients undergoing non-LAD PCI. We assessed the impact of bivalirudin and paclitaxel-eluting stenting (PES) in patients with STEMI who underwent LAD ...
Riede Florian-Nikolaus - - 2013
Hypoplastic coronary artery disease is a rare condition that may lead to myocardial infarction and sudden death. Here we describe for the first time an isolated hypoplasia of the left circumflex artery (LCX). An otherwise healthy and athletically active 16-year-old boy was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after ...
Swetz Keith M - - 2013
AIMS: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are implanted to support the circulation of patients with advanced heart failure. Patients approaching death, or their surrogates, may request withdrawal of LVAD support. We sought to study the attitudes and practices of heart failure clinicians regarding withdrawal of LVAD support in patients approaching ...
Ferreira Maria João Vidigal - - 2013
It has been advocated that using the stress followed by rest protocol, if the stress images were normal there is no need of rest images, reducing radiation exposure and costs. Our purpose was to assess the prognosis of a group of patients with normal stress-only gated-SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging. This ...
Wannarong Thapat - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid ultrasound evaluation of intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque burden has been used for risk stratification and for evaluation of antiatherosclerotic therapies. Increasing evidence indicates that measuring plaque burden is superior to measuring IMT for both purposes. We compared progression/regression of IMT, total plaque area (TPA), and ...
Ragino Yu I - - 2013
The relationships between blood levels of inflammatory and destructive biomarkers (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, soluble CD40 ligand, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, endothelial adhesion molecules, matrix metalloproteinase 3 and 9 and their tissue inhibitor type 1) were studied in men with coronary atherosclerosis before and 5 years after coronary artery bypass surgery. ...
Martins da Silva Marta Inês - - 2013
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a false neurotransmitter noradrenaline analogue that is taken up by the 'uptake 1' transporter mechanism in the cell membrane of presynaptic adrenergic neurons and accumulates in catecholamine storage vesicles. Since it is practically unmetabolized, it can be labeled with a radioisotope (iodine-123) in scintigraphic exams to noninvasively ...
Klein Helmut U - - 2013
The benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy depends upon appropriate evaluation of a persisting risk of sudden death and estimation of the patient's overall survival. Assessment of a stable and unchangeable arrhythmogenic substrate is often difficult. Structural abnormality and ventricular dysfunction, the two major risk parameters, may recover, and heart ...
Gomez-Lara Josep - - 2013
ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI) caused by proximal left-anterior descending (LAD) lesions have more myocardium at risk and worse outcomes than those located in other segments. The aim is to compare outcomes of patients with STEMI and proximal-LAD lesions treated with bare-metal stents (BMS) versus everolimus-eluting stents (EES). The EXAMINATION trial ...
Khoueiry Georges - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have demonstrated to have antiarrhythmic properties. However, randomized studies have shown inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the effect of omega-3 PUFA on preventing potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing omega-3 PUFA to placebo and reporting sudden ...
Kloepfer Angela M - - 2013
Objectives: To determine whether the presence of angiographic coronary collaterals is a predictor of long-term clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Background: The presence of coronary collaterals on angiography provides prognostic information in patients with STEMI, but it is unknown whether they provide prognostic information in ...
Choi Kristal - - 2013
The authors hypothesized that prospective, systematic Internet searches could identify occurrences of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes and would be useful for establishing a system of active surveillance. Weekly advanced Google searches of the Internet were conducted for cases of SCD in young athletes during a 12-month period (2007-2008). ...
Bi Haitao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death resulting from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) constitutes a significant percentage of the caseload for forensic and clinical pathologists. When sudden death occurs at an early stage (<6 h), pathologists experience difficulty in the postmortem diagnosis of AMI. Because of the specific tissue distribution of S100A1 and ...
Fearon William F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most methods for assessing microvascular function are not readily available in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. The aim of this study is to determine whether the Index of Microcirculatory Resistance (IMR), measured at the time of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is predictive of death and rehospitalization for heart failure. ...
Langhorn R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In noncardiac critical disease in humans, myocardial injury as detected by cardiac troponin I and T (cTnI and cTnT) has been linked to high intensive care unit (ICU) death independent of prognostic composite scoring. HYPOTHESIS: Presence of myocardial injury predicts short-term death in critically ill dogs with systemic inflammation ...
Barua Rajat S - - 2013
Acute rupture or erosion of a coronary atheromatous plaque and subsequent coronary artery thrombosis cause the majority of sudden cardiac deaths and myocardial infarctions. Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for acute coronary thrombosis. Indeed, a majority of sudden cardiac deaths attributable to acute thrombosis are in cigarette smokers. ...
Teodorescu Carmen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of resting heart rate (HR) have been associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) but mechanisms are poorly understood. We hypothesized that severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and rate-modulating drugs explain the HR-SCD relationship. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship between HR, severe LVSD, rate-affecting medications and SCD ...
Henry Timothy D - - 2013
AIMS: An increasing number of patients with severe coronary artery disease (CAD) are not candidates for traditional revascularization and experience angina in spite of excellent medical therapy. Despite limited data regarding the natural history and predictors of adverse outcome, these patients have been considered at high risk for early mortality. ...
Aggarwal Bhuvnesh - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain causes of death and the incidence of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) related mortality within 30 days. BACKGROUND: Public reporting of 30-day mortality after PCI without clearly identifying the cause may result in operator risk avoidance and impact hospital reputation and reimbursements. Death certificates, utilized by previous reports, ...
Dagres Nikolaos - - 2013
Patients who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI) are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). With the advent of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), accurate risk stratification has become very relevant. Numerous investigations have proven that a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly increases the SCD risk. Furthermore, ICD ...
Cavender Matthew A - - 2013
The optimal revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD) who present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and shock is undefined. We aimed to determine differences in survival among patients with MVCAD presenting with STEMI complicated by shock treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery ...
Jhawar Manish B - - 2013
Secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) is frequently seen in cardiology practice. Currently, few data are available on the prognostic variables associated with moderate or severe STR on death and progression to valve surgery. Hence, the study aim was to identify these prognostic variables. In this retrospective study, patients with at least ...
Tian Xiao-Fang XF Key Laboratory of Preclinical Study for New Drugs of Gansu Province, Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu - - 2013
Dysglycemia (hyper- and hypoglycemia) has been associated with higher mortality among patients suffering from myocardial infarction (MI). Moreover, dysglycemia may induce cell death. Cell death (necrosis, apoptosis and autophagy) is a ubiquitous process that characterizes the course of several diseases, including MI, and occurs in diverse forms varying in mechanism, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >