Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1367
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
McMullen Julie R - - 2007
1. In general, cardiac hypertrophy (an increase in heart mass) is a poor prognostic sign. Cardiac enlargement is a characteristic of most forms of heart failure. Cardiac hypertrophy that occurs in athletes (physiological hypertrophy) is a notable exception. 2. Physiological cardiac hypertrophy in response to exercise training differs in its ...
Shankar P R - - 2007
Previous studies in other countries had shown lacunae in patients' and general publics' understanding of cardiovascular diseases. Such studies are lacking in Nepal. Hence the present study was carried out to: a) note the respondent's knowledge regarding myocardial infarction and hypertension and b) note the association, if any, of the ...
Ennis Irene L - - 2007
Na+/H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) inhibition induces cardiac hypertrophy regression and (or) prevention in several experimental models, although the intracellular events involved remain unclarified. We aimed to determine whether the calcineurin/NFAT pathway mediates this effect of NHE-1 inhibitors. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with cardiac hypertrophy were treated with the NHE-1 inhibitors cariporide ...
Osadchii Oleg E - - 2007
Cardiac hypertrophy is promoted by adrenergic over-activation and represents an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The basic knowledge about mechanisms by which sustained adrenergic activation promotes myocardial growth, as well as understanding how structural changes in hypertrophied myocardium could affect myocardial function has been acquired from studies ...
Ybarra Juan - - 2007
The presentation of primary hyperthyroidism (PHPT) has changed substantially in the last decade. Before the introduction of routine calcium measurement in most automated biochemistry serum analyzers, it usually was diagnosed after renal and bony lesions already were present. Nowadays, its presentation is practically asymptomatic. Nevertheless, the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality ...
Miyata Ichiro - - 2007
We describe a rare case of right testicular necrosis and left vanishing testis in a neonate. The patient presented with a right swollen testis and left non-palpable testis at birth. Exploratory laparotomy was performed at 23 days after birth, and the right testis was extirpated because of extensive necrosis due ...
Guinamard Romain - - 2007
Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive process that occurs in response to increased physical stress on the heart. Hypertrophy, which may be induced by hypertension among other factors, is characterized by an increase in left ventricular mass and an associated increase in force production capacity. However, as sustained cardiac hypertrophy may ...
Sales M L - - 2007
The p22-phox subunit is an essential component of NAD(P)H oxidase enzymatic complex, which is considered the major source of oxidative stress products in the cardiovascular system. The -930G allele of p22-phox has been associated with higher promoter activity, increased NAD(P)H oxidase-mediated oxidative stress and hypertension. We recently reported that left ...
Lapu-Bula Rigobert - - 2007
There is growing evidence that nitric oxide (NO)-mediated endothelial dysfunction occurs in hypertension and may represent the earliest stage of target organ damage, which ultimately leads to hypertensive heart disease and heart failure (HF). An understanding of how impaired myocardial microvascular function and flow reserve relate to early remodeling during ...
Abe Yukiko - - 2007
One of the major manifestations of obesity is an increased production of the adipocyte-derived 16-kDa peptide leptin, which acts mainly on hypothalamic leptin receptors. Leptin receptors are widely distributed in various tissues, including the heart. Whereas increased plasma leptin levels have been reported in patients with congestive heart failure, systemic ...
Jabrocka-Hybel Agata - - 2007
Polymorphisms of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene have been suggested to be associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. The aim of our study was to asses the association between above polymorphisms and left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with cardiac syndrome X. The presence of allele 4 ...
Yilmaz Banu Aktas - - 2007
The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence and predictors of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease. Thirty-four patients were included. In addition to hematological and biochemical evaluations, echocardiography and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were performed both at the beginning ...
Rutz Andrea K - - 2007
Progressive left ventricular hypertrophy is the hallmark of cardiac manifestations in patients with Fabry disease. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance with tissue tagging allows detailed assessment of the cardiac motion pattern. The aim was to test the hypothesis that not only Fabry patients with severe left ventricular hypertrophy exhibit changes in myocardial ...
McDermott B J - - 2007
Hypertension-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), along with ischemic heart disease, result in LV remodeling as part of a continuum that often leads to congestive heart failure. The neurohormonal model has been used to underpin many treatment strategies, but optimal outcomes have not been achieved. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has emerged as ...
Lázaro Alberto - - 2007
Arterial hypertension is the most frequent chronic disease and it is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. Arterial hypertension is associated with such adverse effects as accelerated arteriosclerosis and pathological left ventricular hypertrophy, among others. The molecular mechanisms affecting left ventricular hypertrophy remain mostly unknown. ...
Wong Chiew - - 2007
Hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, and coronary artery disease all contribute to the myocardial dysfunction in obesity. However, the development of sensitive cardiac imaging techniques has enabled detection of myocardial structural and functional changes independently attributable to obesity, at the preclinical stage. This review will evaluate the evidence for myocardial disease ...
Aidietis Audrius - - 2007
Arterial hypertension is a widespread disease and one of important yet under-recognized and under-treated causes of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. Hypertrophy of cardiac muscle in hypertensive patients is characterized not only by increased myocardial mass, but also by proliferation of fibrous tissue and decreased intercellular coupling, that lead to inhomogeneity ...
Gusbeth-Tatomir Paul - - 2007
Cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality is greatly enhanced in patients with chronic kidney disease, compared to the non-renal population. One key element of this high CV burden appears to be arterial stiffness, as an expression of premature vascular aging. Increased arterial stiffness in renal patients may be a consequence of ...
Barone Frank C - - 2007
Histological studies have provided evidence that carvedilol can prevent cardiac hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive-stroke prone rats (SP) fed a high-fat and -salt diet. However, the effects of carvedilol on cardiac function have not been studied in these animals. In addition, the ability of carvedilol to reverse established cardiac hypertrophy and ...
Chopra Mani M Cardionome Laboratory, The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dallas, TX 75246, - - 2007
Septic shock is a complex cardiovascular dysfunction which leads to regional circulatory alterations and multi-organ dysfunction in humans and animal models. To elucidate the role of stress-activated signaling molecules in the regulation of myocardial dysfunction, we have developed and standardized isolated ventricular myocyte techniques. These techniques allow the assessment of ...
Chen Li-Mien - - 2007
It is unclear whether cardiac hypertrophy and hypertrophy-related pathways will be induced by long-term intermittent hypoxia. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into three groups: normoxia, and long-term intermittent hypoxia (12% O(2), 8 h per day) for 4 weeks (4WLTIH) or for 8 weeks (8WLTIH). Myocardial morphology, trophic factors and ...
Reddy Veena - - 2007
Cardiac complications are the leading cause of mortality in patients with chronic renal failure. Secondary carnitine deficiency, which is frequently observed in hemodialysis patients, has been associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure and may impair myocardial fatty acid oxidation. In chronic kidney disease, impaired carnitine homeostasis also may affect ...
Shiojima Ichiro - - 2006
Postnatal growth of the heart is primarily achieved through hypertrophy of individual myocytes. Cardiac growth observed in athletes represents adaptive or physiological hypertrophy, whereas cardiac growth observed in patients with hypertension or valvular heart diseases is called maladaptive or pathological hypertrophy. These two types of hypertrophy are morphologically, functionally, and ...
Iaccarino Guido - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although blood pressure is considered the major determinant of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension, genetic variability is increasingly being considered among the factors influencing this complication. beta(2)-Adrenergic receptors (beta(2)ARs) are up-regulated in hypertension and largely polymorphic within the human population. Recently, we have shown that the Glu27 beta(2)AR variant ...
Wang Jian - - 2006
This study was designed to determine whether keeping the heart empty and beating improved myocardial fluid homeostasis and energy metabolism of hypertrophied pig hearts in comparison with cardioplegic arrest. Twenty piglets underwent a 8-weeks (corrected) ascending aortic banding to induce left ventricular hypertrophy. Isolated hypertrophied hearts were divided into 4 ...
Xu Danyan D Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California-Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2006
Sustained cardiac hypertrophy represents one of the most common causes leading to cardiac failure. There is emerging evidence to implicate the involvement of NF-kappaB in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. However, several critical questions remain unanswered. We tested the use of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors as a means to ...
Goruppi Sandro - - 2007
Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and extracellular matrix remodeling, primarily mediated by inflammatory cytokine-stimulated cardiac fibroblasts, are critical cellular events in cardiac pathology. The molecular components governing these processes remain nebulous, and few genes have been linked to both hypertrophy and matrix remodeling. Here we show that p8, a small stress-inducible basic helix-loop-helix ...
van Rooij Eva - - 2006
Diverse forms of injury and stress evoke a hypertrophic growth response in adult cardiac myocytes, which is characterized by an increase in cell size, enhanced protein synthesis, assembly of sarcomeres, and reactivation of fetal genes, often culminating in heart failure and sudden death. Given the emerging roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) ...
Ly Joseph - - 2006
Conventional hemodialysis (CHD) only delivers 10% to 15% of renal function in a nonphysiological intermittent mode. Because it occurs nightly and is sustained over a longer dialysis time, the uremic clearance provided by nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) far exceeds that of CHD. Increasing the dose and frequency of dialysis by NHD ...
Halapas Antonis - - 2006
Myocardial hypertrophy is associated with specific histological changes, which are representative of the cardiomyocytes cellular response to overload. Evidently, transcriptional modulation of specific genes is implicated in myocardial hypertrophy. Recently, the parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP)/PTH-1 receptor (PTH-1.R) bioregulation system was shown to participate in specific regulatory processes of the cardiomyocyte ...
Morimoto Shin-ichiro - - 2006
The presence of myocardial interstitial edema in acute myocarditis (AM) leads to thickening of the ventricular wall, and conduction disturbances, such as complete atrioventricular block (CAV), also frequently develop. This study was undertaken in order to clarify the relationship between conduction disturbances and myocardial interstitial edema in AM. The subjects ...
Rupp Heinz - - 2006
In view of the high incidence of heart failure and sudden cardiac death, efforts in the development of compounds which target-specific mechanisms such as a reduced expression of SERCA2, the Ca2+ pump of sarcoplasmic reticulum, of hypertrophied cardiomyocytes of pressure-overloaded or infarcted hearts should be strengthened. Lead compounds for correcting ...
Yuan Ming - - 2006
Three subtypes of beta-adrenoceptor, beta1, beta2 and beta3, are involved in the sympathetic nervous system, which plays an important role in the development of hypertension and hypertensive complications. These complications can include left ventricular hypertrophy and arterial stiffness, which are reported risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. We designed clinical trials ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In the current study we describe and characterize a novel ovine model of biventricular hypertrophy and heart failure and evaluate the role of selected cardiac transcription factors in the regulation of cardiac gene expression during pathologic hypertrophy in vivo. The cardiac troponin T promoter is used as a model ...
Yamamoto Eiichiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mechanism and significance of tachycardia-induced cardiac damage, using azelnidipine, a relatively new dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker which does not increase heart rate. METHODS: Comparing azelnidipine and amlodipine, we examined the cardiac effects and the direct effects on a sinus node/atrial preparation in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
Ix Joachim H JH Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Box 0532, HSE 672, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0532, - - 2006
Impaired kidney function, as measured by serum cystatin C, is associated with risk of incident heart failure. Whether cystatin C is associated with preclinical cardiac structural abnormalities is unknown. We evaluate whether cystatin C is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and systolic dysfunction among 818 outpatients with coronary ...
Majeed Farhan - - 2007
A 59-year-old white male with carcinoid tumor and hepatic metastases underwent hepatic artery embolization. The patient developed carcinoid crisis and a subsequent transthoracic echocardiogram showed classic findings of carcinoid heart disease along with a dilated hypertrophied right ventricle and severely depressed right ventricular ejection fraction. After treatment with octreotide the ...
Puchalski Michael D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although the electrocardiogram is commonly obtained in the evaluation of patients with pulmonary hypertension, its value as a screening test for right ventricular hypertrophy or pulmonary hypertension is unclear. Therefore, we sought to determine the value of an electrocardiogram in the diagnosis of right ventricular hypertrophy using echocardiography as ...
MacRae Jennifer M - - 2006
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred type of vascular access, but relatively little is known regarding their effects on cardiovascular remodeling and cardiac function. The following is a review regarding the immediate and long-term complications associated with AVF creation, including the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, high-output cardiac failure, exacerbation ...
Foading Deffo Bertin - - 2006
Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and stroke. It has been demonstrated that the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (evaluated by 12-lead electrocardiography and by echocardiography) during antihypertensive treatment is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular mortality and may thus improve the prognosis. Black people ...
Heineke Joerg - - 2006
The mammalian heart is a dynamic organ that can grow and change to accommodate alterations in its workload. During development and in response to physiological stimuli or pathological insults, the heart undergoes hypertrophic enlargement, which is characterized by an increase in the size of individual cardiac myocytes. Recent findings in ...
Maeder Micha - - 2006
We report the echocardiographic findings in a 27-year-old woman with viral meningoencephalitis and a positive test for cardiac troponin. Initially, the basal parts of the left ventricle were severely hypokinetic, whereas contraction in the mid-ventricle and apex was normal. A second echocardiogram obtained 19 days after the development of pulmonary ...
Dedkov Eduard I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite an appreciable increase in basal coronary blood flow in cyanotic congenital heart disease, flow reserve remains normal. We hypothesized that preservation of flow reserve resides in remodeling of the coronary microcirculation. Microcirculatory morphometric analyses were performed to test this hypothesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Necropsy specimens from 4 sources ...
Friehs Ingeborg - - 2006
Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive response to increased workload that, if unrelieved, leads to heart failure. It has been reported that cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to failure, and that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment of hypertrophied myocardium increases capillary density and improves myocardial perfusion. In this study we hypothesized that ...
Jeong Dongtak - - 2006
Multiple signaling pathways involving protein kinase C (PKC) have been implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. We observed that a putative PKC inhibitor, PICOT (PKC-Interacting Cousin Of Thioredoxin) was upregulated in response to hypertrophic stimuli both in vitro and in vivo. This suggested that PICOT may act as an ...
Wang Ying Y Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, - - 2006
Clinical studies have revealed that mutations in the ventricular myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) lead to the development of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC), an autosomal dominant disease characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, myofibrillar disarray and sudden cardiac death. While mutations in other contractile proteins have been studied widely by others, ...
Chen Hanying H Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, - - 2006
Postnatal cardiac hypertrophies have traditionally been classified into physiological or pathological hypertrophies. Both of them are induced by hemodynamic load. Cardiac postnatal hypertrophic growth is regarded as a part of the cardiac maturation process that is independent of the cardiac working load. However, the functional significance of this biological event ...
Sciacqua Angela - - 2006
Hypertension, one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, is associated with both left ventricular hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction. Both have been recently recognized as independent predictors of clinical events in different groups of patients. In fact, a dysfunctioning endothelium loses its antiatherosclerotic and antithrombotic action, and, therefore, ...
Kong Yongli Y Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8573, - - 2006
Recent work has demonstrated the importance of chromatin remodeling, especially histone acetylation, in the control of gene expression in the heart. In cell culture models of cardiac hypertrophy, pharmacological suppression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) can either blunt or amplify cell growth. Thus, HDAC inhibitors hold promise as potential therapeutic agents ...
Dyck Jason R B - - 2006
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has emerged as a key regulator of energy metabolism in the heart. The high energy demands of the heart are primarily met by the metabolism of both fatty acids and glucose, both processes being regulated by AMPK. During myocardial ischaemia a rapid activation of AMPK occurs, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >