Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1952
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Jin Zhen-Xiao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of adenosine postconditioning on myocardial protection in cardiac surgery remains uncertain. The present study evaluated the safety, feasibility, and beneficial effect of adenosine postconditioning as an adjunct to predominantly used cold-blood cardioplegic myocardial protection method in the setting of heart valve replacement operations. METHODS: Sixty patients with ...
Fernandes Susan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the morphologic subtype of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with valve intervention in the young. BACKGROUND: Analysis of BAV morphology is of prognostic relevance, as the fusion of right- and noncoronary leaflets (R-N) is associated with a greater degree ...
Shivaprakasha, S
We report a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis in a patient who had undergone atrial septal defect closure and mitral valve replacement of the heart in 1978. He presented with pyrexia of unknown origin and congestive cardiac failure. Investigations revealed infective endocarditis of prosthetic valve in ...
Bagger J P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether socioeconomic status influences outcome after first-time single aortic or mitral valve replacement. SETTING: National Heart Valve registry. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Between 1 January 1986 and 31 December 2001, 51 844 consecutive patients who underwent primary aortic or mitral valve replacement were registered on the ...
Tarzia Vincenzo - - 2007
A 62-year-old man underwent mitral valve replacement with a Starr-Edwards caged-ball prosthesis in 1974. He was asymptomatic until February 2005 when he underwent a new cardiac evaluation because of increasing dyspnea and peripheral edema. The echocardiogram showed a severe aortic regurgitation and a mitral valve prosthesis well functioning. At reoperation, ...
Campbell A - - 2007
Charles Hufnagel began the era of artificial heart valve implantation in 1952, before the existence of technology that allowed the heart to be arrested. Hufnagel implanted a Lucite tube and ball in the descending aorta with clamps that facilitated rapid insertion without arresting the heart. Although valves in the descending ...
Rakow Nancy - - 2007
Patients born with congenital right ventricular outflow tract lesions are faced with invasive procedures to establish hemodynamic and physiological stability. Commonly, multiple subsequent surgical procedures are required due to deterioration of a previous repair. These procedures carry additive risks of mortality and morbidity. Less aggressive procedures with accompanying lower risk ...
Togashi Mayuko - - 2007
To clarify the underlying cause of myxomatous changes in cardiac floppy valves, the expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) was investigated in cardiac valves. Valves were obtained from nine patients with floppy valves, from 13 patients with other valvular disease types, and from ...
Reitz Christiane C Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2007
The authors compared the frequency of structural and functional heart abnormalities assessed using transthoracic echocardiography among persons with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, stroke, and healthy control subjects. Compared with controls, patients with Alzheimer's disease were more likely to have aortic valve thickening, aortic valve regurgitation, left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, ...
Paci Anna Maria - - 2007
Non-obstructive prosthetic valve thrombosis is a rare and underestimated complication in patients with left-sided mechanical heart valves. Systemic embolisation, mainly involving the cerebral circulation, often represents the first clinical manifestation. We report a case of multiple, successive embolizations in the coronary and cerebral circulation, presenting with an acute myocardial infarction ...
Chambers John B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A composite stentless valve might be less obstructive than a preparation incorporating the porcine right coronary muscle bar. The aim of this study was to compare early hemodynamic function in a prospective series of 78 patients randomized to receive either a Toronto or Cryolife O'Brien stentless valve. METHODS: Echocardiography ...
Amigo Mary-Carmen - - 2007
The heart is a target organ in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Endocardial disease, intracardiac thrombosis, myocardial involvement including coronary heart disease and microvascular thrombosis, as well as pulmonary hypertension have all been described in APS patients. Valvular involvement is the most common manifestation with a prevalence of 82% detected by transesophageal ...
Frank T - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the special anatomical and topographical features of the syrinx in male adult stock ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). The syrinx of the mallard is a tracheobronchial type, consisting of a tympanum, a pessulus, medial tympaniform membranes, interanular membranes, an interbronchial ligament (bronchidesmus), and bronchosyringeal ...
Dourakis Spyros - - 2008
Brucella endocarditis is a rare and life threatening complication of brucellosis. It usually involves the aortic valve and successful management requires a combination of medical treatment and valve replacement. We describe a case of tricuspid valve and defibrillator lead brucella endocarditis induced by the implantation of the defibrillator itself. Our ...
Mohammed Malek - - 2007
We report the case of a 41-year-old woman who developed thrombosis of a CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position despite adequate anticoagulation. This report provides further supportive data to recently published studies suggesting an increased thrombogenicity of the CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position and it underscores the ...
Niessen Kyle - - 2007
The Notch proteins encompass a family of transmembrane receptors that have been highly conserved through evolution as mediators of cell fate. Recent findings have demonstrated a critical role of Notch in the developing cardiovascular system. Notch signaling has been implicated in the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition during development of the heart valves, ...
Raghavan Devanathan D Cardiovascular Implant Research Laboratory (CIRL), Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, 401 Rhodes Engineering Center, Clemson, SC 29634, - - 2007
Bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) derived from glutaraldehyde crosslinked porcine aortic valves are frequently used in heart valve replacement surgeries. However, BHVs have limited durability and fail either due to degeneration or calcification. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), one of the integral components of heart valve cuspal tissue, are not stabilized by conventional glutaraldehyde ...
Tang Gilbert H L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of previously implanted valve type on hospital mortality in reoperative valve surgery. METHODS: From 1990 to 2005, 743 patients underwent redo valve surgery at our institution. Patients were divided into those who received a mechanical valve during their prior ...
Kadner Alexander - - 2007
Complete correction of Tetralogy of Fallot, the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect, has now become routine. However, late residual lesions, primarily chronic pulmonary valve insufficiency, may have a negative impact on right-ventricular function, leading to the need for reoperation to insert a competent valve at the right-ventricular outflow. The ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2007
A 60-year-old man with a history of a prior double-valve replacement (DVR) and permanent pacemaker implantation underwent mitral valve reoperation due to a paravalvular leak. Reoperation was performed on a beating heart (BH) on cardiopulmonary bypass, by perfusing the heart continuously with oxygenated noncardioplegic normothermic blood via the coronary sinus. ...
Bernet Franziska H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The clinical performance of mechanical heart valves and valve-related complications are important safety endpoints in patients after heart valve replacement. In this retrospective analysis, the mid- to long-term clinical outcomes of two similar bileaflet heart valves, routinely implanted at the authors' institution over an ...
Grigioni M - - 2007
Three mechanical heart valves (two bileaflet prostheses and a tilting one) were investigated in a basic hardware setup in order to evaluate with a hydrophone their opening and closing action in time and in amplitude of each beat. The recorded signal was then segmented into the series of cycles xi(t) ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sorin Bicarbon (SB) and Edwards Mira (EM) valves have an identical mechanical design but different sewing cuffs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after mitral valve replacement with these two valves in a combined population of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Bridges Charles R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The appropriate index of prosthesis internal orifice size and its effect on operative mortality after aortic valve replacement are controversial. We examined the association between several relevant indices and patient size on operative mortality. Indices examined included projected in vivo effective orifice area and geometric orifice area, with patient ...
van Leeuwen Wouter J - - 2007
Propionibacterium acnes, a common human skin organism [Perry A.L., Lambert P.A., Under the microscope Propionibacterium acnes, Lett App Microbiol 2006; 42:185-186], mostly considered a contaminant, has rarely been associated with cases of infectious endocarditis [Vanagt W.Y., Daenen W.J., Delhaas T., Propionibacterium acnes endocarditis on an annuloplasty ring in an adolescent ...
Bayliss Andrew - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was what is the optimal target INR for warfarin therapy in patients who have undergone implantation of a prosthetic mechanical mitral heart valves? Altogether 894 papers were identified on Medline and 1235 on ...
Bakhtiary Farhad - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This prospective-randomized study investigated the effect of aortic valve design and patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) on coronary flow reserve (CFR) after mechanical or biological aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Coronary flow reserve may be an important parameter of long-term survival after AVR in patients ...
Adin Darcy B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine ECG and echocardiographic measurements in healthy anesthetized Grevy's zebras (Equus grevyi). ANIMALS: 20 healthy zebras. PROCEDURES: Auscultation, base-apex ECG, and echocardiography were performed on anesthetized zebras. RESULTS: Low-grade systolic murmurs were detected in the left basilar region in 4 of 20 zebras. Evaluation of ECGs from 19 ...
Salemi Arash - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Open heart surgery has long been considered the gold standard for treatment of patients with valvular heart disease. Although results are excellent, this technique requires the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and is associated with protracted recovery and attendant risks of open surgery. The field of percutaneous valve ...
Al-Nammari Shafic Said - - 2007
As the age of patients undergoing coronary revascularisation continues to increase so will the incidence of patients undergoing the procedure with hip replacements in-situ. We report on the first case of hip dislocation following saphenous vein harvesting for coronary revascularisation and describe a simple bedside technique that allows it to ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2007
Heart valve bioprostheses can undergo early post-implantation changes, including pannus and thrombus, which may be hastened by the presence of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We report the case of a 21 year-old male who was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe aortic insufficiency, and had his aortic valve ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bioprosthetic heart valves are more frequently being used in valve replacement procedures today. Although second-generation bioprosthetic valves have improved functionality over their first-generation counterparts, they still often fail due to primary tissue degeneration. METHODS: This study examines two second-generation porcine valves after surgical explantation, the Hancock-II (HAN; Medtronic Heart ...
Schmidt Dörthe - - 2007
Heart valve replacement represents the most common surgical therapy for end-stage valvular heart diseases. A major drawback all contemporary heart valve replacements have in common is the lack of growth, repair, and remodeling capabilities. To overcome these limitations, the emerging field of tissue engineering is focusing on the in vitro ...
Khambadkone Sachin - - 2007
Percutaneous transcatheter intervention for valvular heart disease is the new horizon in transcatheter therapeutics. Balloon dilatation has been used successfully for treatment of congenital and acquired stenotic lesions of semilunar and atrio-ventricular valves. Although attempts have been made to repair and replace cardiac valves without cardiopulmonary bypass and through percutaneous ...
Aagaard Jan - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The CarboMedics Top Hat supra-annular aortic valve allows a one-size (and often two-size) increase over the standard intra-annular valve. This advantage should minimize the risk of patient-prosthesis mismatch, where the effective prosthetic valve orifice area is less than that of a normal valve. It ...
Zapanta Conrad M - - 2007
A pulsatile pediatric ventricular assist device with a dynamic stroke volume of 12 ml is currently under development at the Pennsylvania State University. A monoleaflet valve (Björk-Shiley Monostrut) and a bileaflet valve (CPHV, CarboMedics Prosthetic Heart Valve) were examined in this study. A high-speed video and data acquisition system was ...
Lee Hwansung - - 2007
In this study, we investigated the possibility of estimating the mechanical heart valve (MHV) cavitation intensity using the slope of the driving pressure (DP) just before valve closure in a pneumatic ventricular assist device. We installed a 23-mm Medtronic Hall valve at the inlet of our pneumatic ventricular assist device ...
Lichtenberg Artur - - 2007
Tissue engineering might bear promising solutions for overcoming the limitations of biological and mechanical heart valve substitutes. The concept of heart valve tissue engineering bases on decellularized biological matrices, as removal of cellular components might reduce immunological reactions, which are thought to be responsible for accelerated valvular graft deterioration and ...
Nijjar Prabhjot Singh - - 2007
Although cardiac manifestations such as pericardial, myocardial, and valvular involvement are common in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), coronary artery involvement is less frequent. Clinical manifestations of coronary artery disease in SLE can result from accelerated atherosclerosis, arteritis, abnormal coronary flow reserve, spasm, and thrombosis. In SLE, the classic ...
Mitchell Michael E - - 2007
Complex forms of atrioventricular (AV) canal (C) such as; AVC with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, tetralogy of Fallot with complete AVC, double orifice left AV valve, unbalanced complete AVC, and single ventricle patients with common AVC valve require careful preoperative planning and special techniques. This review will explore these ...
Baumgartner Fritz J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed at defining clinical and anatomic patterns in cases of surgical endocarditis (SE). METHODS: SE cases done between 1981 and 1997 at our metropolitan county hospital were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 106 consecutive episodes of SE involving 125 valves in 100 patients were studied. ...
Shivaprakasha S - - 2007
We report a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis in a patient who had undergone atrial septal defect closure and mitral valve replacement of the heart in 1978. He presented with pyrexia of unknown origin and congestive cardiac failure. Investigations revealed infective endocarditis of prosthetic valve in ...
McGonigle Niall C - - 2007
Long-term survival for combined aortic and mitral valve replacement appears to be determined by the mitral valve prosthesis from our previous studies. This 21-year retrospective study assess long-term outcome and durability of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with either concomitant mitral valve replacement (MVR) or mitral valve repair (MVrep). We consider ...
Masuda Kohji K Graduate School of Bio-Applications and Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2007
We have developed an algorithm to find standard cross sections (the long-axis view and the short-axis view) of the heart from successive echograms. We first divided an echogram into small spatial regions and detected the typical motion of the mitral valve by analyzing the brightness variation and correlation coefficient among ...
Schoof Paul H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the histologic features of pulmonary autografts explanted after the Ross operation. METHODS: Histologic sections of 30 explanted autografts and 8 normal heart valves were compared and semiquantitatively scored by a blinded cardiovascular pathologist. RESULTS: Pulmonary autografts (n = 30) were explanted on average 6.1 +/- ...
Gallegos Robert P - - 2006
Cardiovascular surgery for the repair or replacement of diseased heart valves has continually improved since its introduction in the early 1960s. Despite advances in prosthetic heart valve design, to date there is no valve that is comparable to the native human valve with respect to durability, risk of thrombosis, and ...
Lau Lawrence - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The fate of bioprostheses (BP) and mechanical prostheses (MP) after valve re-replacement for bioprostheses is not well-documented. This research compares the late fate of these two valve types after valve re-replacement for structural valve deterioration (SVD) of a bioprosthesis. METHODS: Between 1975 and 2000, 298 patients had successful aortic ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2006
Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) commonly involves the native valve tissue, especially that of the left side of the heart. PFE originates less commonly from the valve of the right side of the heart and rarely from the valve chordae. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of chest discomfort ...
Stassano P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied factors influencing early and late results in patients operated on for aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft. METHODS: 175 patients were retrospectively analysed over a 10-year period ending in December 2002. There were 135 males and 40 females with a mean age of 62.7 +/- ...
Pavoni Daisy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The stented Soprano valve (Sorin Biomedica S.pA., Saluggia, Italy) is a pericardial tissue valve designed for a totally supra-annular implant with the aim of improving hemodynamic performance, particularly in patients with a reduced aortic annulus. However, its hemodynamics and early clinical outcome are poorly understood. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients (mean ...
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