Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1928
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Ruel Marc - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several centers favor replacing a diseased native heart valve with a tissue rather than a mechanical prosthesis, even in younger adult patients. However, long-term data supporting this approach are lacking. We examined the survival implications of selecting a tissue versus a mechanical prosthesis at initial left-heart valve replacement in ...
Fritzsche Dirk - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Prosthetic heart valve dysfunction impacts on morbidity and quality of life. Although the diagnosis can be made by imaging studies, clinical symptoms commonly precede the diagnostic work-up. The ThromboCheck device analyzes the sound frequency spectra of valve motion, and alterations due to valve dysfunction ...
Cattaneo Paolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Stentless valves have been demonstrated excellent hemodynamic performances favoring the recovery of left ventricular function and the ventricular hypertrophy regression. The aim of the study was to evaluate the early hemodynamic performance of the Shelhigh SuperStentless aortic valve (AV). METHODS: Between July 2003 and June 2005, 35 patients (18 ...
Sinha Anjan K - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Valvular heart disease is often associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical treatment of stenotic or regurgitant valvular lesions can alter the natural history of the disease process, yielding excellent short and long-term results, meaning that this has been accepted as the gold standard for therapy of ...
Ackermann Kilian - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the survival, clinical course, and role of prosthesis-patient mismatch after systemic atrioventricular valve replacement in children. METHODS: From 1974 to 2006, 69 patients underwent systemic atrioventricular valve replacement (median age 1.2 years, range 1.1 months to 5.4 years), with 17 patients requiring re-replacement of the systemic atrioventricular ...
Da Col Uberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The new Sorin Freedom SOLO pericardial stentless valve is designed for supra-annular implantation, and requires only one running suture. It can be implanted with a short cross-clamp time, and is designed to offer the same hemodynamic advantages of other stentless valves. The study aim ...
Sochman Jan - - 2007
Efforts to modify cardiac valve defects using catheter-based techniques are increasing at the present time. We present observations on cardiac valve morphology and disease and review the progress being made to address valve defects with these innovative methods. Some new procedures developed through animal experimentation have already been put to ...
De Palma G D - - 2007
A 58-year old man was admitted to the hospital because of melena. He had a 1-year history of mechanical aortic valve replacement and coronary stent placement because of myocardial infarction and he was taking warfarin and clopidogrel. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy were negative for bleeding. Capsule endoscopy showed bleeding diffuse angiodysplasia ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Ross procedure is mainly limited by the durability of the valve prostheses used to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract. This study was performed to collect prospective safety and effectiveness data of the Ross procedure using a tissue-engineered heart valve to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract. METHODS: ...
Tossios Paschalis - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Herein are presented long-term results for the On-X mechanical heart valve. All On-X heart valve recipients since the first implantation worldwide at the University of Bochum in September 1996 were followed retrospectively; the present authors' single-center experience over a period of almost 10 years ...
Bakhtiary Farhad - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In vitro testing of biologic valves has been performed using only fresh but treated valves suitable for patient implantation. The present study investigates changes in hemodynamic performance and leaflet kinematics in progressively calcified porcine and pericardial aortic valve prostheses. METHODS: Edwards Perimount Magna (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, Calif) (n = ...
Misfeld Martin - - 2007
Each heart valve is composed of different structures of which each one has its own histological profile. Although the aortic and the pulmonary valves as well as the mitral and the tricuspid valves show similarities in their architecture, they are individually designed to ensure optimal function with regard to their ...
Schmidt Dörthe - - 2007
Heart valve replacement represents the most common surgical therapy for end-stage valvular heart diseases. A major drawback that all contemporary heart valve replacements have in common is the lack of growth, repair and remodelling capability. In order to overcome these limitations, the emerging new field of tissue engineering is focusing ...
Loukas Marios - - 2008
The Silesian physician Adam Christian Thebesius (1686-1732) was one of the most renowned scientists studying the coronary circulation and its pathologies in the eighteenth century. His groundbreaking work opened the field of coronary microcirculation for generations of scientists to come. In 1708, Thebesius published his anatomical thesis, "Disputatio medica inauguralis ...
Poe Dennis S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The patulous eustachian tube (ET) seems to be caused by a longitudinal concave defect in the mucosal valve at the superior aspect of its anterolateral wall and causes troublesome autophony of one's own voice and breathing sounds. Patulous ET reconstruction was evaluated to analyze whether submucosal graft implantation to ...
Rocha Rick - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to detect calcification in cardiac valves using near infrared Raman spectroscopy (NIRS). A Ti:sapphire laser pumped by an argon-ion laser operating at a wavelength of 830 nm was used for excitation of the valve samples, and Raman emission was detected by an optical ...
Cockwill Ken R - - 2007
A dog referred for lameness was diagnosed with culture-negative endocarditis. Antibodies to Bartonella spp. were detected. Antibiotic treatment resulted in transient clinical improvement, but the dog developed cardiac failure and was euthanized. Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii genotype IV was identified within the aortic heart valve lesions by PCR amplification and ...
Gengsakul Aungkana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: While there are no controlled studies, pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after late tetralogy of Fallot repair is performed for patients with symptoms, arrhythmia or ventricular dysfunction. We sought to determine the impact of PVR on clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a matched cohort study, 82 patients with PVR after tetralogy ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2007
A 63-year-old male with a massively calcified aortic valve showed an active lifestyle. Therefore, valve replacement was completed using the Ross procedure. During postoperative echocardiographic control, a ventricular septal defect was noted which was closed surgically. During this reoperation, a biopsy sample was taken from the wall of the tissue-engineered ...
Doan Quan V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify direct medical costs of fractures and cardiovascular diseases among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: Medicare claims data from year 2001 of the United States Renal Data System were used to quantify direct medical costs of acute episodic events (acute myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart valve repair, ...
Park Jaechan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The performance of GAV may be affected by its inclination as a tantalum sphere in the valve, which generates a downhill force in proportion to the sine of the angle with respect to level. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of valve inclination relative ...
Balguid Angelique - - 2007
A major challenge in tissue engineering of functional heart valves is to determine and mimic the dominant tissue structures that regulate heart valve function and in vivo survival. In native heart valves, the anisotropic matrix architecture assures sustained and adequate functioning under high-pressure conditions. Collagen, being the main load-bearing matrix ...
Wagner Michael - - 2007
The formation of a four-chambered heart with ventricular chambers aligned in a left-right orientation begins with the rightward looping of the linear heart tube in accordance with the left-right embryonic axis. The functional specification of the ventricular chambers in the looped heart occurs with the formation of a trabeculated myocardium ...
Jastrzebska Maria - - 2008
Pericardial tissue (bovine or porcine), chemically stabilized with glutaraldehyde (GA), is widely used in cardiovascular surgery in the form of bioprosthetic valves. GA reacts with tissue proteins and creates inter- and intra-molecular cross-links, resulting in improved durability. However, tissue calcification and mechanical damage are still unresolved problems. The purpose of ...
Einav Eldad - - 2007
Cardiac involvement is common in systemic lupus erythematosus. Classically, the term "verrucous endocarditis" was used to describe the noninfective vegetations seen on pathological inspection of heart valves. The wide use of echocardiography has led to increased frequency of detection of valve abnormalities, most commonly leaflet thickening. The vast majority of ...
du Plessis Frederik A - - 2007
We report on the management of Candida endocarditis in a 5-month old infant. The orifice of the tricuspid valve was totally obstructed, and the tension apparatus of the valve destroyed. Excision of the valve led to severe failure of the right heart. The combined use of anti-failure treatment, and reduction ...
Jin Zhen-Xiao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of adenosine postconditioning on myocardial protection in cardiac surgery remains uncertain. The present study evaluated the safety, feasibility, and beneficial effect of adenosine postconditioning as an adjunct to predominantly used cold-blood cardioplegic myocardial protection method in the setting of heart valve replacement operations. METHODS: Sixty patients with ...
Fernandes Susan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the morphologic subtype of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with valve intervention in the young. BACKGROUND: Analysis of BAV morphology is of prognostic relevance, as the fusion of right- and noncoronary leaflets (R-N) is associated with a greater degree ...
Shivaprakasha, S
We report a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis in a patient who had undergone atrial septal defect closure and mitral valve replacement of the heart in 1978. He presented with pyrexia of unknown origin and congestive cardiac failure. Investigations revealed infective endocarditis of prosthetic valve in ...
Bagger J P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether socioeconomic status influences outcome after first-time single aortic or mitral valve replacement. SETTING: National Heart Valve registry. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Between 1 January 1986 and 31 December 2001, 51 844 consecutive patients who underwent primary aortic or mitral valve replacement were registered on the ...
Tarzia Vincenzo - - 2007
A 62-year-old man underwent mitral valve replacement with a Starr-Edwards caged-ball prosthesis in 1974. He was asymptomatic until February 2005 when he underwent a new cardiac evaluation because of increasing dyspnea and peripheral edema. The echocardiogram showed a severe aortic regurgitation and a mitral valve prosthesis well functioning. At reoperation, ...
Campbell A - - 2007
Charles Hufnagel began the era of artificial heart valve implantation in 1952, before the existence of technology that allowed the heart to be arrested. Hufnagel implanted a Lucite tube and ball in the descending aorta with clamps that facilitated rapid insertion without arresting the heart. Although valves in the descending ...
Rakow Nancy - - 2007
Patients born with congenital right ventricular outflow tract lesions are faced with invasive procedures to establish hemodynamic and physiological stability. Commonly, multiple subsequent surgical procedures are required due to deterioration of a previous repair. These procedures carry additive risks of mortality and morbidity. Less aggressive procedures with accompanying lower risk ...
Togashi Mayuko - - 2007
To clarify the underlying cause of myxomatous changes in cardiac floppy valves, the expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) was investigated in cardiac valves. Valves were obtained from nine patients with floppy valves, from 13 patients with other valvular disease types, and from ...
Reitz Christiane C Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2007
The authors compared the frequency of structural and functional heart abnormalities assessed using transthoracic echocardiography among persons with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, stroke, and healthy control subjects. Compared with controls, patients with Alzheimer's disease were more likely to have aortic valve thickening, aortic valve regurgitation, left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, ...
Paci Anna Maria - - 2007
Non-obstructive prosthetic valve thrombosis is a rare and underestimated complication in patients with left-sided mechanical heart valves. Systemic embolisation, mainly involving the cerebral circulation, often represents the first clinical manifestation. We report a case of multiple, successive embolizations in the coronary and cerebral circulation, presenting with an acute myocardial infarction ...
Chambers John B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A composite stentless valve might be less obstructive than a preparation incorporating the porcine right coronary muscle bar. The aim of this study was to compare early hemodynamic function in a prospective series of 78 patients randomized to receive either a Toronto or Cryolife O'Brien stentless valve. METHODS: Echocardiography ...
Amigo Mary-Carmen - - 2007
The heart is a target organ in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Endocardial disease, intracardiac thrombosis, myocardial involvement including coronary heart disease and microvascular thrombosis, as well as pulmonary hypertension have all been described in APS patients. Valvular involvement is the most common manifestation with a prevalence of 82% detected by transesophageal ...
Frank T - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the special anatomical and topographical features of the syrinx in male adult stock ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). The syrinx of the mallard is a tracheobronchial type, consisting of a tympanum, a pessulus, medial tympaniform membranes, interanular membranes, an interbronchial ligament (bronchidesmus), and bronchosyringeal ...
Dourakis Spyros - - 2008
Brucella endocarditis is a rare and life threatening complication of brucellosis. It usually involves the aortic valve and successful management requires a combination of medical treatment and valve replacement. We describe a case of tricuspid valve and defibrillator lead brucella endocarditis induced by the implantation of the defibrillator itself. Our ...
Mohammed Malek - - 2007
We report the case of a 41-year-old woman who developed thrombosis of a CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position despite adequate anticoagulation. This report provides further supportive data to recently published studies suggesting an increased thrombogenicity of the CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position and it underscores the ...
Niessen Kyle - - 2007
The Notch proteins encompass a family of transmembrane receptors that have been highly conserved through evolution as mediators of cell fate. Recent findings have demonstrated a critical role of Notch in the developing cardiovascular system. Notch signaling has been implicated in the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition during development of the heart valves, ...
Raghavan Devanathan D Cardiovascular Implant Research Laboratory (CIRL), Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, 401 Rhodes Engineering Center, Clemson, SC 29634, - - 2007
Bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) derived from glutaraldehyde crosslinked porcine aortic valves are frequently used in heart valve replacement surgeries. However, BHVs have limited durability and fail either due to degeneration or calcification. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), one of the integral components of heart valve cuspal tissue, are not stabilized by conventional glutaraldehyde ...
Tang Gilbert H L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of previously implanted valve type on hospital mortality in reoperative valve surgery. METHODS: From 1990 to 2005, 743 patients underwent redo valve surgery at our institution. Patients were divided into those who received a mechanical valve during their prior ...
Kadner Alexander - - 2007
Complete correction of Tetralogy of Fallot, the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect, has now become routine. However, late residual lesions, primarily chronic pulmonary valve insufficiency, may have a negative impact on right-ventricular function, leading to the need for reoperation to insert a competent valve at the right-ventricular outflow. The ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2007
A 60-year-old man with a history of a prior double-valve replacement (DVR) and permanent pacemaker implantation underwent mitral valve reoperation due to a paravalvular leak. Reoperation was performed on a beating heart (BH) on cardiopulmonary bypass, by perfusing the heart continuously with oxygenated noncardioplegic normothermic blood via the coronary sinus. ...
Bernet Franziska H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The clinical performance of mechanical heart valves and valve-related complications are important safety endpoints in patients after heart valve replacement. In this retrospective analysis, the mid- to long-term clinical outcomes of two similar bileaflet heart valves, routinely implanted at the authors' institution over an ...
Grigioni M - - 2007
Three mechanical heart valves (two bileaflet prostheses and a tilting one) were investigated in a basic hardware setup in order to evaluate with a hydrophone their opening and closing action in time and in amplitude of each beat. The recorded signal was then segmented into the series of cycles xi(t) ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sorin Bicarbon (SB) and Edwards Mira (EM) valves have an identical mechanical design but different sewing cuffs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after mitral valve replacement with these two valves in a combined population of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Bridges Charles R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The appropriate index of prosthesis internal orifice size and its effect on operative mortality after aortic valve replacement are controversial. We examined the association between several relevant indices and patient size on operative mortality. Indices examined included projected in vivo effective orifice area and geometric orifice area, with patient ...
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