Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1919
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Dohmen Pascal M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Ross procedure is mainly limited by the durability of the valve prostheses used to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract. This study was performed to collect prospective safety and effectiveness data of the Ross procedure using a tissue-engineered heart valve to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract. METHODS: ...
Tossios Paschalis - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Herein are presented long-term results for the On-X mechanical heart valve. All On-X heart valve recipients since the first implantation worldwide at the University of Bochum in September 1996 were followed retrospectively; the present authors' single-center experience over a period of almost 10 years ...
Bakhtiary Farhad - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In vitro testing of biologic valves has been performed using only fresh but treated valves suitable for patient implantation. The present study investigates changes in hemodynamic performance and leaflet kinematics in progressively calcified porcine and pericardial aortic valve prostheses. METHODS: Edwards Perimount Magna (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, Calif) (n = ...
Misfeld Martin - - 2007
Each heart valve is composed of different structures of which each one has its own histological profile. Although the aortic and the pulmonary valves as well as the mitral and the tricuspid valves show similarities in their architecture, they are individually designed to ensure optimal function with regard to their ...
Schmidt Dörthe - - 2007
Heart valve replacement represents the most common surgical therapy for end-stage valvular heart diseases. A major drawback that all contemporary heart valve replacements have in common is the lack of growth, repair and remodelling capability. In order to overcome these limitations, the emerging new field of tissue engineering is focusing ...
Loukas Marios - - 2008
The Silesian physician Adam Christian Thebesius (1686-1732) was one of the most renowned scientists studying the coronary circulation and its pathologies in the eighteenth century. His groundbreaking work opened the field of coronary microcirculation for generations of scientists to come. In 1708, Thebesius published his anatomical thesis, "Disputatio medica inauguralis ...
Poe Dennis S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The patulous eustachian tube (ET) seems to be caused by a longitudinal concave defect in the mucosal valve at the superior aspect of its anterolateral wall and causes troublesome autophony of one's own voice and breathing sounds. Patulous ET reconstruction was evaluated to analyze whether submucosal graft implantation to ...
Rocha Rick - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to detect calcification in cardiac valves using near infrared Raman spectroscopy (NIRS). A Ti:sapphire laser pumped by an argon-ion laser operating at a wavelength of 830 nm was used for excitation of the valve samples, and Raman emission was detected by an optical ...
Cockwill Ken R - - 2007
A dog referred for lameness was diagnosed with culture-negative endocarditis. Antibodies to Bartonella spp. were detected. Antibiotic treatment resulted in transient clinical improvement, but the dog developed cardiac failure and was euthanized. Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii genotype IV was identified within the aortic heart valve lesions by PCR amplification and ...
Gengsakul Aungkana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: While there are no controlled studies, pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after late tetralogy of Fallot repair is performed for patients with symptoms, arrhythmia or ventricular dysfunction. We sought to determine the impact of PVR on clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a matched cohort study, 82 patients with PVR after tetralogy ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2007
A 63-year-old male with a massively calcified aortic valve showed an active lifestyle. Therefore, valve replacement was completed using the Ross procedure. During postoperative echocardiographic control, a ventricular septal defect was noted which was closed surgically. During this reoperation, a biopsy sample was taken from the wall of the tissue-engineered ...
Doan Quan V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify direct medical costs of fractures and cardiovascular diseases among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: Medicare claims data from year 2001 of the United States Renal Data System were used to quantify direct medical costs of acute episodic events (acute myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, heart valve repair, ...
Park Jaechan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The performance of GAV may be affected by its inclination as a tantalum sphere in the valve, which generates a downhill force in proportion to the sine of the angle with respect to level. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of valve inclination relative ...
Balguid Angelique - - 2007
A major challenge in tissue engineering of functional heart valves is to determine and mimic the dominant tissue structures that regulate heart valve function and in vivo survival. In native heart valves, the anisotropic matrix architecture assures sustained and adequate functioning under high-pressure conditions. Collagen, being the main load-bearing matrix ...
Wagner Michael - - 2007
The formation of a four-chambered heart with ventricular chambers aligned in a left-right orientation begins with the rightward looping of the linear heart tube in accordance with the left-right embryonic axis. The functional specification of the ventricular chambers in the looped heart occurs with the formation of a trabeculated myocardium ...
Jastrzebska Maria - - 2008
Pericardial tissue (bovine or porcine), chemically stabilized with glutaraldehyde (GA), is widely used in cardiovascular surgery in the form of bioprosthetic valves. GA reacts with tissue proteins and creates inter- and intra-molecular cross-links, resulting in improved durability. However, tissue calcification and mechanical damage are still unresolved problems. The purpose of ...
Einav Eldad - - 2007
Cardiac involvement is common in systemic lupus erythematosus. Classically, the term "verrucous endocarditis" was used to describe the noninfective vegetations seen on pathological inspection of heart valves. The wide use of echocardiography has led to increased frequency of detection of valve abnormalities, most commonly leaflet thickening. The vast majority of ...
du Plessis Frederik A - - 2007
We report on the management of Candida endocarditis in a 5-month old infant. The orifice of the tricuspid valve was totally obstructed, and the tension apparatus of the valve destroyed. Excision of the valve led to severe failure of the right heart. The combined use of anti-failure treatment, and reduction ...
Jin Zhen-Xiao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of adenosine postconditioning on myocardial protection in cardiac surgery remains uncertain. The present study evaluated the safety, feasibility, and beneficial effect of adenosine postconditioning as an adjunct to predominantly used cold-blood cardioplegic myocardial protection method in the setting of heart valve replacement operations. METHODS: Sixty patients with ...
Fernandes Susan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the morphologic subtype of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with valve intervention in the young. BACKGROUND: Analysis of BAV morphology is of prognostic relevance, as the fusion of right- and noncoronary leaflets (R-N) is associated with a greater degree ...
Shivaprakasha, S
We report a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis in a patient who had undergone atrial septal defect closure and mitral valve replacement of the heart in 1978. He presented with pyrexia of unknown origin and congestive cardiac failure. Investigations revealed infective endocarditis of prosthetic valve in ...
Bagger J P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether socioeconomic status influences outcome after first-time single aortic or mitral valve replacement. SETTING: National Heart Valve registry. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Between 1 January 1986 and 31 December 2001, 51 844 consecutive patients who underwent primary aortic or mitral valve replacement were registered on the ...
Tarzia Vincenzo - - 2007
A 62-year-old man underwent mitral valve replacement with a Starr-Edwards caged-ball prosthesis in 1974. He was asymptomatic until February 2005 when he underwent a new cardiac evaluation because of increasing dyspnea and peripheral edema. The echocardiogram showed a severe aortic regurgitation and a mitral valve prosthesis well functioning. At reoperation, ...
Campbell A - - 2007
Charles Hufnagel began the era of artificial heart valve implantation in 1952, before the existence of technology that allowed the heart to be arrested. Hufnagel implanted a Lucite tube and ball in the descending aorta with clamps that facilitated rapid insertion without arresting the heart. Although valves in the descending ...
Rakow Nancy - - 2007
Patients born with congenital right ventricular outflow tract lesions are faced with invasive procedures to establish hemodynamic and physiological stability. Commonly, multiple subsequent surgical procedures are required due to deterioration of a previous repair. These procedures carry additive risks of mortality and morbidity. Less aggressive procedures with accompanying lower risk ...
Reitz Christiane - - 2007
The authors compared the frequency of structural and functional heart abnormalities assessed using transthoracic echocardiography among persons with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, stroke, and healthy control subjects. Compared with controls, patients with Alzheimer's disease were more likely to have aortic valve thickening, aortic valve regurgitation, left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, ...
Togashi Mayuko - - 2007
To clarify the underlying cause of myxomatous changes in cardiac floppy valves, the expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) was investigated in cardiac valves. Valves were obtained from nine patients with floppy valves, from 13 patients with other valvular disease types, and from ...
Paci Anna Maria - - 2007
Non-obstructive prosthetic valve thrombosis is a rare and underestimated complication in patients with left-sided mechanical heart valves. Systemic embolisation, mainly involving the cerebral circulation, often represents the first clinical manifestation. We report a case of multiple, successive embolizations in the coronary and cerebral circulation, presenting with an acute myocardial infarction ...
Chambers John B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A composite stentless valve might be less obstructive than a preparation incorporating the porcine right coronary muscle bar. The aim of this study was to compare early hemodynamic function in a prospective series of 78 patients randomized to receive either a Toronto or Cryolife O'Brien stentless valve. METHODS: Echocardiography ...
Amigo Mary-Carmen - - 2007
The heart is a target organ in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Endocardial disease, intracardiac thrombosis, myocardial involvement including coronary heart disease and microvascular thrombosis, as well as pulmonary hypertension have all been described in APS patients. Valvular involvement is the most common manifestation with a prevalence of 82% detected by transesophageal ...
Frank T - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the special anatomical and topographical features of the syrinx in male adult stock ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). The syrinx of the mallard is a tracheobronchial type, consisting of a tympanum, a pessulus, medial tympaniform membranes, interanular membranes, an interbronchial ligament (bronchidesmus), and bronchosyringeal ...
Dourakis Spyros - - 2008
Brucella endocarditis is a rare and life threatening complication of brucellosis. It usually involves the aortic valve and successful management requires a combination of medical treatment and valve replacement. We describe a case of tricuspid valve and defibrillator lead brucella endocarditis induced by the implantation of the defibrillator itself. Our ...
Mohammed Malek - - 2007
We report the case of a 41-year-old woman who developed thrombosis of a CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position despite adequate anticoagulation. This report provides further supportive data to recently published studies suggesting an increased thrombogenicity of the CarboMedics prosthetic valve in the mitral position and it underscores the ...
Niessen Kyle - - 2007
The Notch proteins encompass a family of transmembrane receptors that have been highly conserved through evolution as mediators of cell fate. Recent findings have demonstrated a critical role of Notch in the developing cardiovascular system. Notch signaling has been implicated in the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition during development of the heart valves, ...
Raghavan Devanathan - - 2007
Bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) derived from glutaraldehyde crosslinked porcine aortic valves are frequently used in heart valve replacement surgeries. However, BHVs have limited durability and fail either due to degeneration or calcification. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), one of the integral components of heart valve cuspal tissue, are not stabilized by conventional glutaraldehyde ...
Tang Gilbert H L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of previously implanted valve type on hospital mortality in reoperative valve surgery. METHODS: From 1990 to 2005, 743 patients underwent redo valve surgery at our institution. Patients were divided into those who received a mechanical valve during their prior ...
Kadner Alexander - - 2007
Complete correction of Tetralogy of Fallot, the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect, has now become routine. However, late residual lesions, primarily chronic pulmonary valve insufficiency, may have a negative impact on right-ventricular function, leading to the need for reoperation to insert a competent valve at the right-ventricular outflow. The ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2007
A 60-year-old man with a history of a prior double-valve replacement (DVR) and permanent pacemaker implantation underwent mitral valve reoperation due to a paravalvular leak. Reoperation was performed on a beating heart (BH) on cardiopulmonary bypass, by perfusing the heart continuously with oxygenated noncardioplegic normothermic blood via the coronary sinus. ...
Bernet Franziska H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The clinical performance of mechanical heart valves and valve-related complications are important safety endpoints in patients after heart valve replacement. In this retrospective analysis, the mid- to long-term clinical outcomes of two similar bileaflet heart valves, routinely implanted at the authors' institution over an ...
Grigioni M - - 2007
Three mechanical heart valves (two bileaflet prostheses and a tilting one) were investigated in a basic hardware setup in order to evaluate with a hydrophone their opening and closing action in time and in amplitude of each beat. The recorded signal was then segmented into the series of cycles xi(t) ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sorin Bicarbon (SB) and Edwards Mira (EM) valves have an identical mechanical design but different sewing cuffs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after mitral valve replacement with these two valves in a combined population of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Bridges Charles R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The appropriate index of prosthesis internal orifice size and its effect on operative mortality after aortic valve replacement are controversial. We examined the association between several relevant indices and patient size on operative mortality. Indices examined included projected in vivo effective orifice area and geometric orifice area, with patient ...
van Leeuwen Wouter J - - 2007
Propionibacterium acnes, a common human skin organism [Perry A.L., Lambert P.A., Under the microscope Propionibacterium acnes, Lett App Microbiol 2006; 42:185-186], mostly considered a contaminant, has rarely been associated with cases of infectious endocarditis [Vanagt W.Y., Daenen W.J., Delhaas T., Propionibacterium acnes endocarditis on an annuloplasty ring in an adolescent ...
Bayliss Andrew - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was what is the optimal target INR for warfarin therapy in patients who have undergone implantation of a prosthetic mechanical mitral heart valves? Altogether 894 papers were identified on Medline and 1235 on ...
Bakhtiary Farhad - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This prospective-randomized study investigated the effect of aortic valve design and patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) on coronary flow reserve (CFR) after mechanical or biological aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Coronary flow reserve may be an important parameter of long-term survival after AVR in patients ...
Adin Darcy B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine ECG and echocardiographic measurements in healthy anesthetized Grevy's zebras (Equus grevyi). ANIMALS: 20 healthy zebras. PROCEDURES: Auscultation, base-apex ECG, and echocardiography were performed on anesthetized zebras. RESULTS: Low-grade systolic murmurs were detected in the left basilar region in 4 of 20 zebras. Evaluation of ECGs from 19 ...
Salemi Arash - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Open heart surgery has long been considered the gold standard for treatment of patients with valvular heart disease. Although results are excellent, this technique requires the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and is associated with protracted recovery and attendant risks of open surgery. The field of percutaneous valve ...
Al-Nammari Shafic Said - - 2007
As the age of patients undergoing coronary revascularisation continues to increase so will the incidence of patients undergoing the procedure with hip replacements in-situ. We report on the first case of hip dislocation following saphenous vein harvesting for coronary revascularisation and describe a simple bedside technique that allows it to ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2007
Heart valve bioprostheses can undergo early post-implantation changes, including pannus and thrombus, which may be hastened by the presence of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We report the case of a 21 year-old male who was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe aortic insufficiency, and had his aortic valve ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bioprosthetic heart valves are more frequently being used in valve replacement procedures today. Although second-generation bioprosthetic valves have improved functionality over their first-generation counterparts, they still often fail due to primary tissue degeneration. METHODS: This study examines two second-generation porcine valves after surgical explantation, the Hancock-II (HAN; Medtronic Heart ...
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