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Hammami Rania - - 2012
Background. The discovery of a large left atrial mass through echocardiography obliges the clinician to perform a differential diagnosis to distinguish tumor from thrombus. The neovascularization of the mass could be helpful to predict the type of the malformation and whether it is in favour of a vacular tumour rather ...
Takeuchi Daiji - - 2012
We report a congenital giant cardiac tumor that occupied the majority of left ventricular cavity with severe left ventricular inflow and outflow obstruction. The hemodynamics were similar to univentricular physiology. He was treated with prostaglandins and bilateral pulmonary artery banding. He had frequent supraventricular tachycardia associated with ventricular pre-excitation that ...
Kefeng Zhang - - 2011
Myxomas are common cardiac tumors, which are usually managed by complete excision. We report a case of myxomas at different stages of development found simultaneously in the left atrium and both ventricles. The patient underwent successful surgical excision of all myxomas and there has been no clinical or echocardiographic evidence ...
Yamashiro Kazuo - - 2011
Cerebral infarcts associated with hypercoagulability in malignant tumors have been well recognized. However, reports on cerebral infarcts in patients with a benign gynecologic tumor, such as adenomyosis, are extremely limited. We report the cases of 4 patients with adenomyosis and cerebral infarcts, all without obvious evidence of conventional causes of ...
Gajjar Trushar P - - 2011
Intracardiac myxoma is predominantly located in the left atrium but their location in the right ventricle is quite unusual. We present a case in which successful excision of the tumor was done through bicameral approach.
Albuquerque Luciano Cabral - - 2011
Papillary fibroelastomas of the heart valves are benign, slow-growing, rare tumors of the heart. This tumor represents a potential cause of systemic embolism, stroke, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Early diagnosis is very important, as surgical excision of these tumors can prevent cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is usually made ...
Li Ling - - 2011
Background: Cardiac pheochromocytoma is extremely rare. Previous papers usually are reports of a single case. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) offers a useful option, but the features of cardiac pheochromocytoma on TTE have not been favorably reported. In this study, the findings of cardiac pheochromocytoma on TTE in nine cases were presented. ...
Leja Monika J - - 2011
Melanoma has a known propensity for cardiac metastasis. Most cases are associated with widespread metastatic disease and multiple sites of cardiac involvement and are not appropriate for surgical resection. When there is an isolated metastasis to the heart, the melanoma tends to involve the right heart. Rarely does melanoma metastasize ...
Kokotsakis John - - 2011
Papillary fibroelastomas are uncommon benign tumors with frond-like growths usually arising from the heart valves. The identification of their presence is of major clinical importance owing to the fact that although rarely symptomatic they can cause coronary occlusion, stroke, and even sudden cardiac death. We present an asymptomatic 38-year-old woman ...
Lim Chris C S CC Oxford Heart Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2011
Myocardial injury related to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is poorly characterized, and understanding the characteristic release of biomarkers associated with revascularization injury might provide novel therapeutic opportunities. This study characterized early changes in biomarkers after revascularization injury during on-pump CABG. This prospective study comprised 28 patients undergoing on-pump CABG ...
Jeganathan Reubendra - - 2011
Abstract  Left ventricular thrombus formation in the presence of normal ventricular function is a rare phenomenon, with only seven cases described in the literature. Their morbidity arises from the embolic sequelae that ensues. The management of these patients is complex, and requires the decision-making process of both the medical and ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2011
AIMS: This study aimed to compare the neointimal coverage (NIC), subclinical thrombus, color of plaque underneath the stent at 9-month after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) either with durable or with biodegradable polymer (BDPM). METHODS: A total of 175 patients were assigned as Cypher (n=81, 97 stents with durable polymer) ...
Shastri Aravind T - - 2011
Background:  Myocardial dysfunction is a frequent sequel of perinatal asphyxia. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a marker of myocardial injury and a surrogate marker of myocardial dysfunction in adults, but there are few data in neonates. Aim:  To compare serum cTnI concentrations with clinical severity of encephalopathy and with duration ...
Brener Sorin J - - 2011
Pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow has been identified as a predictor of final TIMI grade 3 flow and better survival. Yet pharmacologic strategies increasing the rates of pre-PCI TIMI grade 3 flow resulted in more bleeding, without a benefit in survival. The aim ...
Ahmed Rafeeq P H RP Department of Pathology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0529, - - 2011
Skeletal myoblasts (SMs) with inherent myogenic properties are better candidates for reprogramming to pluripotency. To reprogram SMs to pluripotency and show that reprogrammed SMs (SiPS) express embryonic gene and microRNA profiles and that transplantation of predifferentiated cardiac progenitors reduce tumor formation. The pMXs vector containing mouse cDNAs for Yamanaka's quartet ...
Lin Jiun-Nong - - 2011
Myxoma is the most common primary tumor of the heart. The typical presentations include a triad of embolic phenomena, intracardiac flow obstruction, and constitutional symptoms. We report a case of cardiac myxoma presenting as prolonged fever. Leukocytosis with a left shift, anemia, and elevated C-reactive protein were noted. A large ...
Dogdu Orhan - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction is a rare event in pregnant patients. Mechanical valves are naturally thrombogenic and require careful anticoagulation. Pregnancy produces a hypercoagulable situation and necessitates close follow-up in pregnant patients with mechanical heart valves. We present a 34-year-old pregnant woman who had mitral and aortic valve prosthesis. She developed ...
Vogel Britta - - 2011
Myxomas are the most common primary tumors of the heart. We report an extraordinary severe case of left atrial myxoma, presenting with stroke, myocardial infarction, and multiple arterial embolism including aorta, splenic and renal arteries, and several peripheral arteries. The patient had previously been diagnosed with systemic vasculitis, a typical ...
Bonney Kevin M - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e14571 in vol. 6.].
Schwartz Brian G - - 2011
The concept that atherosclerotic disease could be a form of neoplasm has been proposed in the medical literature for centuries, yet few modern cardiologists or pathologists describe atherosclerotic plaques as having the appearance of tumors. Although atherosclerosis is now considered to be an inflammatory disease, parallels between the pathophysiologic courses ...
Leja Monika J - - 2011
Cardiac fibroma is a rare, benign tumor that occurs chiefly in children and rarely in adults. Most fibromas occur in the ventricles and may reach a very large size that complicates surgical removal. Herein, we report the case of a 38-year-old woman who presented with shortness of breath, fatigue, and ...
Frieden Leslie A LA Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2363, - - 2010
Disease or malformation of heart valves is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. These congenital anomalies can remain undetected until cardiac function is compromised, making it important to understand the underlying nature of these disorders. Here we show that ephrin-A1, a ligand ...
Luna-Zurita Luis - - 2010
Cardiac valve formation is crucial for embryonic and adult heart function. Valve malformations constitute the most common congenital cardiac defect, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating valve formation and homeostasis. Here, we show that endocardial Notch1 and myocardial Bmp2 signal integration establish a valve-forming field between 2 ...
Berry Joel L - - 2010
Millions of people worldwide are diagnosed each year with valvular heart disease, resulting in hundreds of thousands of valve replacement operations. Prosthetic valve replacements are designed to correct narrowing or backflow through the valvular orifice. Although commonly used, these therapies have serious disadvantages including morbidity associated with long-term anticoagulation and ...
Alemu Yared - - 2010
Patients implanted with mechanical heart valves (MHV) or with ventricular assist devices that use MHV require mandatory lifelong anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention. We recently developed a novel Device Thrombogenicity Emulator (DTE) methodology that interfaces numerical and experimental approaches to optimize the thrombogenic performance of the device and reduce the ...
Zimmerman Hannah - - 2010
We report two cases at a single institution, a 52-year-old man and a 25-year-old woman, who had failures of their CardioWest total artificial hearts (TAH) from central venous lines that caused obstruction of the right ventricular inflow valves. Each patient was noted to have decreasing TAH outputs for a few ...
John Ranjit - - 2010
The increased applicability and excellent results with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have revolutionized the available treatment options for patients with advanced heart failure. Pre-existing valve abnormalities are common in this population, and subsequent development of valve abnormalities after LVAD placement is also often noted. Although native mitral and tricuspid ...
Wang Qiang - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A novel trileaflet polymer valve, which is a composite design of a biostable and biocompatible polymer poly(styrene-block-isobutylene-block-styrene) (SIBS) with an embedded reinforcement polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fabric, is being developed with the intention of providing a valve that has low thrombogenicity, high durability and favorable ...
Shi Jia-Hai - - 2010
This study was conducted to establish a quantitative model to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality for patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement and to decrease mortality in patients with predicted high risk using prophylactic extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (PECMO). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4482 patients who underwent cardiac ...
Robinson Nicholas A - - 2010
A Bulldog puppy that died at 1 day of age was presented for postmortem evaluation. Macroscopically, there was marked hypoplasia of the ascending, transverse, and proximal segments of the descending thoracic aorta and almost complete secondary thrombosis of the left ventricle causing a functional stenosis of the left atrioventricular valve. ...
Famaey Nele - - 2010
Mechanical heart valves carry the disadvantage of lifelong antithrombotic therapy, due to the high risk of thrombus formation on the valve surface. Current diagnostic methods are incapable of detecting thrombus formation in an early stage. This article investigates a new diagnostic method, based on the analysis of the acoustic signal ...
Takahashi Ken - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on the utility of real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (RT3DE) in congenital abnormalities of the atrioventricular (AV) valves. The purpose of this study was to determine whether transthoracic RT3DE is superior to combined transthoracic echocardiography and two-dimensional (2D) transesophageal echocardiography in determining mechanisms and sites of AV ...
Ferrari Enrico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac computed tomographic scans, coronary angiograms, and aortographies are routinely performed in transcatheter heart valve therapies. Consequently, all patients are exposed to multiple contrast injections with a following risk of nephrotoxicity and postoperative renal failure. The transapical aortic valve implantation without angiography can prevent contrast-related complications. METHODS: Between November ...
Dainese L - - 2010
Tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHVs) promise to be the ideal heart valve replacement: they have the potential to grow and repair within the host, to minimise inflammatory and immunological responses and to limit thromboembolism. Viable cells included in TEHVs can theoretically adapt to a growing and changing environment exactly as a ...
Faludi R?ka - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiographic particle image velocimetry is a new feature tracking-based approach to visualize and quantify left ventricular flow patterns in vivo. We investigated the potential role of this new technique by assessing vortex formations in healthy left ventricles and the effect of different types of prosthetic valves on intraventricular flow ...
Tomoeda Hiroshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Small valve size and prosthetic patient mismatch are both considered to have harmful effects on residual left ventricular hypertrophy after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. In general, it is believed that the effective orifice area index of the prosthesis must not be less than 0.85 cm(2)/m(2) in order ...
Yang Lifang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary bypass contributes to postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients with open-heart surgery. This randomized controlled trial was designed to address the protective effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on myocardial injury in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients with acquired heart valve ...
Peacock Jacqueline D JD Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, 1600 NW 10th Ave., Miami, FL 33136, - - 2010
Calcification of heart valve structures is the most common form of valvular disease and is characterized by the appearance of bone-like phenotypes within affected structures. Despite the clinical significance, the underlying etiology of disease onset and progression is largely unknown and valve replacement remains the most effective treatment. The SRY-related ...
Burriesci G - - 2010
Polymeric heart valves could offer an optimum alternative to current prostheses, by joining the advantages of mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. Though a number of materials suitable for this application have recently become available, significant improvements in the valve design are still needed. In this paper, a novel polymeric heart valve ...
Carabello Blase A - - 2010
Aortic valve disease imparts a pressure or volume overload on the left ventricle (LV). If this load is severe and prolonged, it eventually leads to LV damage, congestive heart failure (CHF), and death. These mechanical problems ultimately require mechanical correction in the form of valve replacement or repair, and the ...
Tsuji Atsutoshi - - 2010
This report describes the long-term (23 years) follow-up of a pediatric patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and eosinophilia who underwent multiple valve replacements. An 8-year-old boy with this complex disease was admitted in January 1984 and treated with 6-week course of vincristine, L-asparaginase, and prednisolone, which induced complete remission. He ...
Krishan Kewal - - 2010
In patients with left-sided mechanical aortic prostheses, it is recommended that the mechanical valve be replaced with a bioprosthesis, or excluded, at implantation of left ventricular assist device (LVAD). As changes in flow across the valve leads to potential thromboembolic complications, mechanical valves within the native heart are a relative ...
Camarata Troy T Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Children's Memorial Research Center, 2300 Children's Plaza M/C 204, Chicago, IL 60614, - - 2010
Tbx5 is involved in congenital heart disease, however, the mechanisms leading to organ malformation are greatly unknown. We hypothesized a model by which the Tbx5 binding protein Pdlim7 controls nuclear/cytoplasmic shuttling and function of the transcription factor. Using the zebrafish, we present in vivo significance for an essential role of ...
Hjortnaes Jesper - - 2009
Tissue engineering is currently being actively investigated to ascertain if it can offer an alternative to prosthetic aortic heart valves that may overcome the current limitations of prosthetic aortic heart valves while at the same time conferring the advantages of a living autologous structure, such as biocompatibility, the capacity to ...
Abe Hidetoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that treatment of heart failure (HF) could improve cardiac function and sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), but it is unknown how cardiac surgery may affect SAS in HF patients. Relationships between HF with valvular heart diseases and 2 types of SAS (obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central ...
Khandoker Ahsan H - - 2009
In this study, we propose a non-invasive algorithm to recognize the timings of fetal cardiac events on the basis of analysis of fetal ECG (FECG) and Doppler ultrasound signals. Multiresolution wavelet analysis enabled the frequency contents of the Doppler signals to be linked to the opening (o) and closing (c) ...
Sun Jack C J - - 2009
Over 4 million people worldwide have received a prosthetic heart valve, and an estimated 300,000 valves are being implanted every year. Prosthetic heart valves improve quality of life and survival of patients with severe valvular heart disease, but the need for antithrombotic therapy to prevent thrombotic complications in valve recipients ...
Zhai Wanyin - - 2009
Calcification is one of the key factors for short durability of glutaraldehyde-crosslinked bioprosthetic heart valves. We have shown previously that procyanidins (PC)-crosslinked heart valve matrix has low cytotoxicity, perfect mechanical properties, and ideal stability. The aim of this study is to investigate the anticalcification effect of procyanidins and its crosslinked ...
Siddiqui Raheela Fareed - - 2009
Valve replacement started in 1960, with the surgeon now having a significant variety of prosthetic heart valves from which to choose. These valves are broadly divided into mechanical heart valves (MHV) and bioprosthetic heart valves (BHV). Improvements in the performance and ease of usage of BHV without the need for ...
Mak Gary S - - 2009
AIMS: The coronary sinus (CS) is a commonly cannulated structure in patients undergoing electrophysiology studies, catheter ablation of arrhythmias, implantation of resynchronization therapy devices and, more recently, percutaneous mitral valve repair. The advent of these procedures has led to a renewed interest in the anatomy of the coronary venous system ...
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