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Slaughter Mark S - - 2009
Pulsatile ventricular assist devices have successfully provided circulatory support for many patients throughout the past quarter century; however, persistent complications have hindered expanded clinical application of this technology. Although the use of smaller, continuous-flow ventricular assist device pumps has reduced the frequency and severity of some adverse events, design enhancement ...
Shiraishi Y Y Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, - - 2009
Thromboembolic and haemorrhagic complications are the primary causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with artificial hearts, which are known to be induced by the interactions between blood flow and artificial material surfaces. The authors have been developing a new mechanical artificial myocardial assist device by using a sophisticated shape ...
Nicolini Francesco - - 2009
Despite considerable improvements in the medical treatment of heart failure (HF), the gold standard for the treatment of these patients remains heart transplantation. Nevertheless, in consideration of the shortage of organ donors, this procedure can be offered only to a small percentage of patients who could benefit from a new ...
Loerakker S - - 2008
Together with new developments in mechanical cardiac support, the analysis of vortex dynamics in the left ventricle has become an increasingly important topic in literature. The aim of this study was to develop a method to investigate the influence of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) on vortex dynamics in ...
Shann Kenneth G - - 2008
The International Consortium for Evidence-Based Perfusion (www.bestpracticeperfusion.org) is a collaborative partnership of societies of perfusionists, professional medical societies, and interested clinicians, whose aim is to promote the continuous improvement of the delivery of care and outcomes for patients undergoing extracorporeal circulation. Despite the many advances made throughout the history of ...
del Ca??izo Juan F - - 2008
This paper describes the development of a pneumatic ventricular assist device by our group from the first steps to the clinical assay. The device, called BCM, has an input compliant cannula that improves the filling of the device. Results of the clinical assay showed that the BCM device was suitable ...
Bedi Maninder S - - 2008
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support may facilitate myocardial recovery. We evaluated the impact of LVAD support on Fas expression in a cohort with end-stage heart failure. Myocardial gene expression was assessed pre- and post-LVAD by RNase protection assay and compared to control donor hearts. The expression of Fas is ...
Leontiadis Evangelos - - 2008
The clinical manifestation and natural history of myocarditis range is variable from asymptomatic stages to intractable circulatory compromise and death. Supportive therapy is paramount in the treatment of this condition. The use of mechanical circulatory support as bridge-to-recovery or bridge-to-transplantation in cases of cardiovascular collapse is often the only therapeutic ...
Oosterom L - - 2008
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are an effective therapeutic option for end-stage heart failure patients as a bridge to cardiac transplantation in those who deteriorate despite maximal therapy and when a donor heart is not ready available. In some patients, cardiac recovery has been reported while supported by an LVAD. ...
Holzer Ralf - - 2008
The majority of devices used to treat congenital cardiac lesions in the cardiac catheterization laboratory are used on an off-label basis. This article discusses the predicaments faced by the interventional cardiologist when implanting devices on an off-label basis, using procedural examples of PFO closure and endovascular stent placement. Strategies that ...
Takagaki Masami - - 2008
A 60-year-old man with end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction, 10%) was admitted in cardiogenic shock, which was unresponsive to maximum inotropes and an intraaortic balloon pump. The TandemHeart (TH) left ventricular assist device (Cardiac Assist Inc, Pittsburgh, PA) was placed in the standard percutaneous transseptal configuration with improved hemodynamics. The ...
Eichhöfer Jonas - - 2008
Mechanical assist devices play an increasing role in high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in highly complex and critically ill patients. The Impella Recover LP 2.5 is a minimally invasive left ventricular assist device that is inserted percutaneously via a 13 Fr sheath. The device is engineered to provide a significant ...
Barnes Katrina - - 2008
Heart failure affects more than 5 million people in the United States. The treatments of this disease include medical therapy, heart transplantation, and the implantation of ventricular assist devices. These devices are used in patients who are no longer responsive to conservative medical treatment, who are not candidates for a ...
Komoda Takeshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial recovery in patients supported by the INCOR left ventricular assist device (LVAD; Berlin Heart GmbH, Berlin, Germany) is seen in 5% of patients on this device worldwide. We describe improved surgical techniques for INCOR LVAD explantation. METHODS: The outcome of INCOR LVAD implantation at our center and the ...
Vural Kerem M - - 2008
Since the commencement of the artificial-heart program at the National Institutes of Health in 1964, many circulatory-support devices have been developed for short-term use in patients with end-stage heart failure. In the last decade, the interest on mechanical devices for ventricular assistance increased rapidly. As a result, significant advances in ...
Thomopoulou Sofia - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The Impella LP 2.5 device is a new percutaneous left ventricular assist device, an intravascular micro-axial blood pump designed for short term circulatory support in conditions characterized by profoundly reduced ventricular function. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly being used in patients who have severely compromised left ventricular contractility ...
Koenig Steven C SC Department of Bioengineering, Cardiovascular Innovation Institute, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA. - - 2008
The acute hemodynamic efficacy of an implantable counterpulsation device (CPD) was evaluated. The CPD is a valveless single port, 32-ml stroke volume blood chamber designed to be connected to the human axillary artery using a simple surface surgical procedure. Blood is drawn into the pump during systole and ejected during ...
Roberts William Clifford - - 2009
Three quinquagenarians who underwent insertion of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) because of severe heart failure and for whom histologic examination of the left ventricular apical "core" (removed to insert the device) showed noncaseating giant cell granulomas typical of sarcoidosis are described. Later, cardiac transplantation showed widespread sarcoid granulomas ...
Zahr Firas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A right ventricular assist device is a treatment option for patients with severe right ventricular failure after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Recognition of risk factors for mortality after biventricular assist device (BiVAD) implantation is important for patient selection and optimal outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed our experiences between ...
Crow Sheri - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pulsatile and nonpulsatile left ventricular assist devices are effective in managing congestive heart failure. Despite early evidence for clinical efficacy, the long-term impact of nonpulsatile flow on end-organ function remains to be determined. Our goal was to compare rates of gastrointestinal bleeding in nonpulsatile and pulsatile device recipients. METHODS: ...
Musci Michele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The implantation of ventricular assist devices (VAD) is an established treatment for end-stage congestive heart failure. Extremes of body mass index (BMI) are associated with decreased survival after cardiac surgery. Many patients with congestive heart failure develop cardiac cachexia. In this study the association between BMI and outcomes after ...
Loisance Daniel - - 2008
Mechanical circulatory support is becoming an alternative therapeutic option for patients in cardiogenic shock or advanced cardiac failure who cannot be improved by maximal medical therapy. More than 30 years of engineering development and clinical research have led to a level of efficacy and reliability of ventricular assist devices, which ...
Yoon J S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of peroneal neuropathy (PN), occurring predominantly in the left leg, increases after the incorporation of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices among adult liver transplantation (OLT) recipients in our hospital. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible risk factors for PN and the reason for ...
Arieti Mario - - 2008
Due to the increased life expectancy derived from better conditions of life and improved medical technology, interventional cardiologists are facing challenging procedures in older and much more delicate patients, in whom percutaneous coronary intervention is generally considered less dangerous than cardiac surgery. We present two recent cases of high-risk complete ...
Refaat Marwan M Divisions of Cardiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. - - 2008
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have been used as a bridge to cardiac transplantation and as destination therapy in patients with advanced heart failure. The period after LVAD support is associated with ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) despite ventricular unloading and such VAs can have a detrimental effect on survival. Despite the ...
Malliaras Konstantinos G - - 2009
Cardiac remodeling is a characteristic and basic component of heart failure progression and is associated with a poor prognosis. Attenuating or reversing remodeling is an accepted goal of heart failure therapy. Cardiac mechanical support with left ventricular assist devices, in addition to its established role as "bridge to transplantation" or ...
Dandel Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: During ventricular assist device (VAD) unloading, cardiac recovery is possible even in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). We sought parameters predictive of cardiac stability after VAD removal. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 81 patients weaned since March 1995, a homogenous group of 35 with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy weaned from ...
Higashi Haruhiko - - 2009
Thermal therapy for heart failure is recognized to improve clinical symptoms. We describe our experience with appendicular thermal therapy applied to a patient fitted with an extracorporeal left ventricular assist device (LVAD) who was wait-listed for a heart transplant. A 21-year-old male with end-stage heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy ...
John Ranjit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Thromboembolic events can occur in up to 20% of patients with a left ventricular assist device. The aggressive use of anticoagulation with newer continuous-flow devices has potentially increased the risk of postoperative bleeding. The predecessor of the HeartMate II left ventricular assist device, the HeartMate XVE (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, ...
Christiansen Stefan - - 2008
The growing number of heart failure patients and the scarcity of donor organs give rise to the development of mechanical circulatory support devices for a long-term support. After approximately 15 years of experience, these devices should be critically evaluated. The presented article gives an overview on the currently most often ...
Rohn Vilém - - 2009
We present the case of a 62-year-old female patient admitted to our center for cardiogenic shock due to large inferior myocardial infarct. Echocardiography revealed dysfunction of left ventricle, dilation of right ventricle, mitral valve insufficiency, and a large posterior ventricular septal defect (VSD). Coronary angiography showed occlusion of the right ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2008
AIMS: The benefits of adjunctive mechanical devices to prevent distal embolization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are still a matter of debate. Growing interests are on manual thrombectomy devices as compared with other mechanical devices. In fact, they are inexpensive and user-friendly devices, and thus represent an attractive ...
Schweigmann Ulrich - - 2008
The use of venoarterial extracorporal membrane oxygenation and ventricular assist-devices in children with end stage heart failure is well established. The use of a bridge-to-bridge strategy leads to excellent survival rates in pediatric patients. We present an adolescent, who acquired acute respiratory failure, due to possible transfusion related lung injury, ...
Patel Nishant D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Right heart dysfunction confers significant morbidity and mortality after left ventricular assist device implantation and historically occurs in as many as a third of patients. It is unknown whether newer axial flow pumps have a different impact on postimplant right heart dysfunction. We compared the incidence of right heart ...
Cleveland Joseph C JC - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular assist devices are increasingly used as a bridge to transplantation. It remains unclear whether the use of pretransplant left ventricular assist devices adversely affects short-term survival after cardiac transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 317 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac transplantation at an academic center between 1986 and ...
Yerebakan Can - - 2008
Early graft failure, particularly right ventricular dysfunction, remains a significant determinant of early morbidity and mortality in heart transplant recipients. If conservative medical management fails to help recover cardiac allograft function, mechanical circulatory support either bridging to recovery or retransplantation remains the last option. We report on a 16-year-old patient ...
Ricci Marco - - 2008
Options for mechanical ventricular assistance in pediatric patients are limited. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is used in most cases for short-term support. The TandemHeart circulatory support system is an established device that is used in adult patients to provide short-term ventricular support. In this article, we report three children in whom ...
Meierhofer Christian - - 2008
A 2-year-old boy was presented with late-recognized coarctation of the aorta and pulmonary hypertension due to left ventricular failure. The coarctation was corrected at the day of admission with a good postoperative result. However, weaning from the respirator failed despite multiple drug support due to left ventricular failure. Consequently, a ...
Zifchock Rebecca Avrin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Orthotic devices can be a successful treatment for lower extremity injuries. However, the high cost of custom devices prevents some patients from purchasing them. Some orthotic companies have begun to offer a less expensive, semi-custom alternative. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the semi-custom devices can ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2008
Mechanical circulatory support with ventricular assist devices (VADs) for end-stage heart failure has been a focus of intense interest for nearly four decades. Despite improvements in VAD design and biomaterial composition, it is common to administer anti-coagulation (e.g., warfarin, anti-platelet agents) to prevent both device thrombosis and thromboembolism. We present ...
Njambou Mbakop T - - 2009
We report a case of a 71-year-old woman with carcinoid heart disease admitted in ICU after tricuspid valve replacement. She quickly developed a acute heart right failure. Optimal medical treatment failed and we implanted ventricular assistance. After 10 days of support, patient improved and the right ventricle recovered. Temporary devices ...
Krizanic Florian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We investigated the safety, feasibility and usefulness for closure of PFO with the new nitinol meshwire PFO-occluder device (Occlutech Figulla-single layer occluder) with an unique braiding technology which allows a 50% reduction of meshwork material on the left atrial side in combination with a greater flexibility as compared to ...
Patel Mehul B - - 2008
We report three cases of an unusual form of "reel syndrome" characterized by isolated, reeling dislodgement of a single lead in patients with dual-chamber or biventricular devices. One of these patients presented with worsening heart failure due to loss of left ventricular pacing and the others were detected incidentally during ...
Gregoric Igor D - - 2008
Intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation has been used for mechanical circulatory support in cardiogenic shock patients, but percutaneous left ventricular assist devices can provide superior circulatory support in the same group of patients. We describe the case of a patient in cardiogenic shock after a myocardial infarction. A percutaneous ventricular assist ...
Karimi Abbasali - - 2008
Mechanical circulatory assistance is frequently needed to support the failing heart. The aim of this study was to determine perioperative prognostic factors for hospital mortality in patients undergoing open heart surgery who required intraaortic balloon pump support. Between January 2002 and September 2006, 475 patients received an intraaortic balloon pump ...
Baba Hideo A - - 2008
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are currently used to either "bridge" patients with terminal congestive heart failure (CHF) until cardiac transplantation is possible or optionally for patients with contraindications for transplantation ("destination therapy"). Mechanical support is associated with a marked decrease of cardiac dilation and hypertrophy as well as numerous ...
Pitsis Antonis A - - 2008
We described our "surgical approach to reverse ventricular remodeling" in advanced chronic heart failure, based on the unique idea that "downstaging" class IV heart failure by supporting patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) allows treatments mainly indicated for class III patients. The types of surgeries include mitral valve repair, ...
Mano A - - 2008
Recent reports have demonstrated that use of a left ventricular assist system (LVAS) can initiate recovery of cardiac function, and subsequent weaning from the LVAS has attracted considerable interest. In this study we investigated reliable predictors of LVAS weaning. Eighty-two patients underwent LVAS implantation between April 1994 and July 2006 ...
De Santo L S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Superimposed acute right ventricular dysfunction in the setting of preexisting pulmonary hypertension is a nearly fatal complication after heart transplantation. The optimal treatment modality remains a matter of debate. Recently, sildenafil citrate, a nonselective pulmonary vasodilator, has gained popularity in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension in transplant candidates. METHODS: ...
Prutkin Jordan M - - 2008
Right ventricular myocardial infarction can lead to cardiogenic shock and death. We report on a patient with a right coronary artery infarction and right ventricular cardiogenic shock with only minimal left ventricular involvement who, after failing usual therapies, underwent insertion of a TandemHeart (Cardiac Assist, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) peripheral right ...
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