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Braunersreuther Vincent - - 2013
Myocardial reperfusion injury is mediated by several processes including increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of the study is to identify potential sources of ROS contributing to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. For this purpose, we investigated myocardial ischemia/reperfusion pathology in mice deficient in various NADPH oxidase isoforms (Nox1, Nox2, ...
Sivaraman Vivek - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of deaths due to noncommunicable diseases, of which ischemic heart disease forms a large percentage. The main therapeutic strategy to treat ischemic heart disease is reperfusion that could either be medical or surgical. However, reperfusion following ischemia is known to increase the infarct size ...
Zhu Yi - - 2013
Background/Aims: Myocardium ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury can be caused by imbalances in cellular metabolism. Lactate, transported by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs), has been implicated as a mechanism in this process. The present study was designed to investigate the expression and functional role of MCTs in rat hearts during ischemia and reperfusion. Methods: ...
Tratsiakovich Yahor Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
Reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) is a key factor contributing to myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. The mechanism behind the reduction of NO is related to deficiency of the NO synthase (NOS) substrate L-arginine and cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) resulting in NOS uncoupling. The aim of the study was to ...
Ndrepepa Gjin - - 2013
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred strategy of reperfusion for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). With contemporary PCI techniques and adjunctive pharmacological therapy, primary PCI restores optimal epicardial flow in as many as 95% of patients with STEMI.(1) However despite remarkable improvement in the outcomes of ...
Walsh Michael M Departments of Medicine, and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Intraoperative hypotension may contribute to postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and myocardial injury, but what blood pressures are unsafe is unclear. The authors evaluated the association between the intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) and the risk of AKI and myocardial injury. The authors obtained perioperative data for 33,330 noncardiac surgeries ...
Xu Zhelong - - 2013
As an important trace element, zinc is required for the normal cellular structure and function, and impairment of zinc homeostasis is associated with a variety of health problems including cardiovascular disease. Zinc homeostasis is regulated through zinc transporters, zinc binding molecules, and zinc sensors. Zinc also plays a critical role ...
Przyklenk Karin - - 2013
A wealth of evidence has revealed that the heart can be "conditioned" and rendered less vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injury via the upregulation of endogenous protective signaling pathways. Three distinct conditioning strategies have been identified: (1) preconditioning, the phenomenon where brief episodes of myocardial ischemia (too brief to cause cardiomyocyte death) ...
Esfahanizadeh Jamil J Department of Cardiac Surgery, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2013
Although a few patients will survive after penetrating cardiac injuries, some of them may have unnoticeable intracardiac injuries. The combination of aorto-right ventricular fistula with aortic valve injury is rare. A 19 year-old man referred with an aorto-right ventricular fistula accompanied with aortic regurgitation and delayed tamponade following a stab ...
Zhang Rui - - 2013
Clematichinenoside is a triterpenoid saponin isolated from the roots of Clematis chinensis. Oxidative stress and excessive nitric oxide production are thought to play considerable roles in ischemia/reperfusion injury that impairs cardiac function. The present study investigated the protective effect of clematichinenoside on regional and global ischemia/reperfusion injury and ventricular myocytes. ...
He Xiang-Hu - - 2013
Recent studies have uncovered that overexpression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) by induction or gene transfer provides myocardial protection. In the present study, we investigated whether HO-1 protein mediated by cell-penetrating peptide PEP-1 could confer cardioprotection in a rat model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ...
Lee Eun-Ho - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that early surgery after coronary angiography may be associated with the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. However, the effect of coronary angiography on the risk of AKI after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) remains uncertain. We assessed preoperative ...
Zhang Guoming - - 2013
The effects of local myocardial administration of lactic acid and low-dose edaravone were investigated to determine if this combination provides benefits similar to mechanical postconditioning. We randomly divided 108 rats into 6 groups: sham, reperfusion injury, post-conditioning (Post), lactic acid (Lac), low-dose edaravone (Eda), and lactic acid + low dose ...
Masumura Mayumi - - 2013
Backgrounds: Salusins are multifunctional endogenous bioactive peptides simultaneously biosynthesized from their precursor prosalusin. Salusin-β stimulates proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts and regulates myocardial growth and hypertrophy. Salusin-β has potent hypotensive, bradycardic and proatherosclerotic effects. Objectives: To investigate whether salusin-β plays a role in myocardial remodeling after myocardial ...
Quan Wei - - 2013
Abstract Context: Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB), an active polyphenol acid of Danshen [Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (Labiatae)], showed renoprotective, neuroprotective and myocardial salvage effects. Previous studies demonstrated that MLB could effectively suppress the production of cytokines and their associated signaling pathways in activated human T cells. Objective: The purpose of this ...
Matrone Gianfranco - - 2013
While the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) heart demonstrates a remarkable capacity for self-renewal following apical resection little is known about the response to injury in the embryonic heart. Injury to the beating zebrafish embryo heart was induced by laser using a transgenic zebrafish expressing cardiomyocyte specific green fluorescent protein. Changes ...
Long Bo - - 2013
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that constantly undergo fission and fusion. The balance between fission and fusion determines the fate of the cell. In this study, we show that mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) is upregulated upon hydrogen peroxide treatment or ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Knockdown of MFF attenuated hydrogen peroxide- and I/R ...
Brown David A - - 2013
A major manifestation of coronary artery disease is cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury, with the extent of injury directly relating to short- and long-term prognosis. Emerging evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction is centrally involved in ischemia/reperfusion injury. In this review, we summarize the role of mitochondria in the etiology of ischemia/reperfusion injury. ...
Ishihara Masaharu - - 2013
Reperfusion therapy limits infarct size and improves survival in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, reperfusion itself may, in some cases, deteriorate myocardial damage, causing the so-called ischemia-reperfusion injury. Activation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) at the time of reperfusion plays an important role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. We designed ...
Ma Lei-Lei - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetic preconditioning confers myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury through activation of the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway. As RISK has been shown to be impaired in hypercholesterolemia, we investigate whether anesthetic-induced cardiac protection was maintained in hypercholesterolemic rats. Normocholesteolemic or hypercholesterolemic rat ...
Lorenzen Johan M - - 2013
Tissue damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury represents a serious event, which often leads to deterioration or even loss of organ function. I/R injury is associated with transient tissue oxygen deprivation due to vessel occlusion and a subsequent reperfusion period following restoration of blood flow. Initial tissue damage inflicted by ...
Sarnaik Syana M - - 2013
Tachycardia and diastolic hypotension have been associated with β-2 agonist use. In the setting of β-agonist-induced chronotropy and inotropy, diastolic hypotension may limit myocardial blood flow. We hypothesized that diastolic hypotension is associated with β-agonist use and that diastolic hypotension and tachycardia are associated with biochemical evidence of myocardial injury ...
Tamareille Sophie - - 2013
Purpose: In acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular (LV) unloading reduces endothelin-1 (ET-1) release. We tested that endogenous ET-1 released during acute myocardial infarction might mediate ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by stimulating increased intracellular calcium concentration, [Ca(2+)]i, and apoptosis. Methods: Rabbits were subjected to 1 h of coronary artery occlusion followed by ...
Han S - - 2013
Blood cardioplegia in cardiac surgery contains leukocytes, which causes the inflammatory reaction and promotes myocardial reperfusion injury. The removal of leukocytes from the cardioplegia line, using specialized filters, has been proposed as one of the effective methods in attenuating the inflammatory response. We performed a two-level search to identify randomized, ...
Homma Tsuneaki - - 2013
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells orchestrate tissue inflammation via regulating various cytokine productions. However the role of iNKT cells has not been determined in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the activation of iNKT cells by α-galactosylceramide (α-GC), which specifically activates iNKT ...
Liu Jun - - 2013
P2X receptors participate in cardiovascular regulation and disease. After myocardial ischemic injury, sensory-sympathetic coupling between rat cervical DRG nerves and superior cervical ganglia (SCG) facilitated sympathoexcitatory action via P2X7 receptor. The results showed that after myocardial ischemic injury, the systolic blood pressure, heart rate, serum cardiac enzymes, IL-6, and TNF-α ...
Yeh Chi-Hsiao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Considerable evidence suggests that coagulation proteases (TF/FVIIa/FXa/thrombin) and their target protease activated receptors (PAR-1/PAR-2) play important roles in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. We hypothesized that localized inhibition of TF/FVIIa on the membrane surfaces of ischemic cells could effectively block coagulation cascade and subsequent PAR-1/PAR-2 cell signaling, thereby protecting the ...
Chowdhury Punam - - 2013
Heart failure is a major burden to the health care system in terms of not only cost, but also morbidity and mortality. Appropriate use of biomarkers is critically important to allow rapid identification and optimal risk stratification and management of patients with both acute and chronic heart failure. This review ...
Cui Jie - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the beneficial effect of bicyclol on rat hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injuries and its possible mechanism. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were intragastrically administered with bicyclol (25, 50 or 100 mg/(kg∙d)) for 3 d. Myocardial IR was produced by occlusion of the coronary artery for 1 h ...
Wang J J Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo-SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14214, - - 2013
Antithrombin (AT) is a plasma serpin inhibitor that regulates the proteolytic activity of procoagulant proteases of the clotting cascade. In addition to its anticoagulant activity, AT also possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of wild-type AT (AT-WT) and a reactive centre ...
Ding Hua-Sheng - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its ligand high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), are known for playing central roles in ischemia reperfusion injury in myocardium. However, the detailed mechanisms of TLR4 and HMGB1 are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms ...
Surnamezeng Givennamemin - - 2013
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury severely attenuates the benefit of revascularization after acute myocardial infarction, in which transcription factor NF-κB plays an important role. Recently, there is increasing evidence to suggest that autophagy is involved in this process. We sought to define the role of NF-κB in the induction of autophagy during ...
Jang Sung Ho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The anterior corticospinal tract (CST) has been suggested as one of the ipsilateral motor pathways, which contribute to motor recovery following stroke. In this study, we report on a patient who showed deterioration of pre-existing hemiparesis due to an injury of the ipsilateral anterior CST following a pontine infarct, ...
Chouchani Edward T ET Medical Research Council Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Cambridge, - - 2013
Oxidative damage from elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to ischemia-reperfusion injury in myocardial infarction and stroke. The mechanism by which the increase in ROS occurs is not known, and it is unclear how this increase can be prevented. A wide variety of nitric oxide donors and S-nitrosating ...
Tu Guihua - - 2013
Purinergic signaling has been found to participate in the regulation of cardiovascular function. In this study, using a rat myocardial ischemic injury model, the sympathoexcitatory reflex mediated by P2X7 receptor via sensory-sympathetic coupling between cervical dorsal root ganglia (DRG) nerves and stellate ganglia (SG) nerves was explored. Our results showed ...
van Waes Judith A R JA Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Local Mail Q04.2.313, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The - - 2013
To identify patients at risk for postoperative myocardial injury and death, measuring cardiac troponin routinely after noncardiac surgery has been suggested. Such monitoring was implemented in our hospital. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of postoperative myocardial injury, as measured by troponin elevation, on 30-day ...
Guo Ao Qiang - - 2013
After successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, adequate myocardial reperfusion is not achieved in up to 50% of patients. This phenomenon of no-reflow is associated with a poor in-hospital and long-term prognosis. Four main factors are thought to contribute to the occurrence of no-reflow: ischaemic injury; ...
Kuok Qian-Yu - - 2013
Ganoderma mushrooms (Lingzhi in Chinese) have well-documented health benefits. Ganoderma tsugae (G. tsugae), one of the ganoderma species, has been commercially cultivated as a dietary supplement. Because G. tsugae has high antioxidant activity and because oxidative stress is often associated with cardiac injury, we hypothesized that G. tsugae protects against ...
Feng Hua - - 2013
Myocardial injury following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality, and its risk varies depending on the severity and extent of disease. However, when patients with sympotomatic severe carotid stenosis undergo CEA, the frequency and potential predictors of myocardial injury remain unknown. A total of 40 ...
O'Neal Wesley T WT Department of Physiology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, - - 2013
Although numerous strategies have been developed to reduce the initial ischemic insult and cellular injury that occurs during myocardial infarction (MI), few have progressed into the clinical arena. The epidemiologic and economic impact of MI necessitates the development of innovative therapies to rapidly and effectively reduce the initial injury and ...
Li Xiang-Dong - - 2013
Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, can protect hearts against no-reflow and reperfusion injury in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. The present study was to investigate whether the PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial ...
Blackshear Joseph L - - 2013
The majority of carotid revascularization procedures performed at present are in asymptomatic patients. Since such procedures convey no immediate benefit, but rather protect from future hazard, optimization of procedural safety is mandatory. The authors focus their discussion on the methodologies that assess periprocedural myocardial damage and brain injury, as used ...
Redington Kathrine L - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) can induce cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, but its mechanisms are incompletely understood. We have previously shown that several other forms of remote preconditioning of the heart work, at least in part, via the release of circulating cardioprotective factors into the bloodstream, that ...
Van Zandt Michael C - - 2013
Recent efforts to identify treatments for myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury have resulted in the discovery of a novel series of highly potent α,α-disubstituted amino acid-based arginase inhibitors. The lead candidate, (R)-2-amino-6-borono-2-(2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethyl)hexanoic acid, compound 9, inhibits human arginases I and II with IC50s of 223 and 509 nM, respectively, and is ...
Luo Tao - - 2013
There is evidence that H2R blockade improves ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying cellular mechanisms remain unclear. Histamine is known to increase vascular permeability and induce apoptosis, and these effects are closely associated with endothelial and mitochondrial dysfunction, respectively. Here, we investigated whether activation of the histamine H2 receptor (H2R) ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2013
The primary goal in reopening an infarct-related artery is the restoration of myocardial tissue-level perfusion. In a variable proportion of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, however, microcirculatory impairment may persist after epicardial coronary artery recanalization. This phenomenon is known as microvascular obstruction (MVO). Ischemic injury, reperfusion injury, and distal embolization ...
Alam Asim - - 2013
Transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) is an important and potentially injurious complication of transfusion that is underappreciated by clinicians. Risk factors for TACO include being at an extreme of age, having preexisting cardiac and/or (potentially) renal dysfunction, acute myocardial infarction, and individuals receiving plasma. Keys to preventing TACO, aside from identifying ...
Geelen Tessa - - 2013
Reperfusion therapy is commonly applied after a myocardial infarction. Reperfusion, however, causes secondary damage. An emerging approach for treatment of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury involves the delivery of therapeutic nanoparticles to the myocardium to promote cell survival and constructively influence scar formation and myocardial remodeling. The aim of this study was ...
Ozcan Cevher C Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2013
Overexpression of mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCPs) attenuates ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in cultured cardiomyocytes. However, it is not known whether UCPs play an essential role in cardioprotection in the intact heart. This study evaluated the cardioprotective efficacy of UCPs against I/R injury and characterized the mechanism of UCP-mediated protection in addition ...
Carrabba Nazario - - 2013
There is a lack of clarity concerning the clinical implications of myocardial injury occurring after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, degree, and timing of myocardial injury associated with TAVI procedures and to evaluate its 1-year prognostic value. Among 68 ...
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