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Kuok Qian-Yu - - 2013
Ganoderma mushrooms (Lingzhi in Chinese) have well-documented health benefits. Ganoderma tsugae (G. tsugae), one of the ganoderma species, has been commercially cultivated as a dietary supplement. Because G. tsugae has high antioxidant activity and because oxidative stress is often associated with cardiac injury, we hypothesized that G. tsugae protects against ...
Feng Hua - - 2013
Myocardial injury following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality, and its risk varies depending on the severity and extent of disease. However, when patients with sympotomatic severe carotid stenosis undergo CEA, the frequency and potential predictors of myocardial injury remain unknown. A total of 40 ...
Bueche Celine Zoe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: N-Acetylcystein (NAC) reduces the reperfusion injury and infarct size in experimental macroangiopathic stroke. Here we now investigate the impact of NAC on the development of the histopathology of microangiopathic cerebrovascular disease including initial intravasal erythrocyte accumulations, blood--brain-barrier (BBB)-disturbances, microbleeds and infarcts. METHODS: Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-Prone Rats (SHRSP) were treated ...
Wang Jingying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Antithrombin (AT) is a plasma serpin inhibitor that regulates the proteolytic activity of procoagulant proteases of the clotting cascade. In addition to its anticoagulant activity, AT also possesses potent antiinflammatory properties. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the antiinflammatory activity of wild-type AT (AT-WT) and a ...
O'Neal Wesley T WT Department of Physiology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, - - 2013
Although numerous strategies have been developed to reduce the initial ischemic insult and cellular injury that occurs during myocardial infarction (MI), few have progressed into the clinical arena. The epidemiologic and economic impact of MI necessitates the development of innovative therapies to rapidly and effectively reduce the initial injury and ...
Li Xiang-Dong - - 2013
Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, can protect hearts against no-reflow and reperfusion injury in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. The present study was to investigate whether the PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial ...
Blackshear Joseph L - - 2013
The majority of carotid revascularization procedures performed at present are in asymptomatic patients. Since such procedures convey no immediate benefit, but rather protect from future hazard, optimization of procedural safety is mandatory. The authors focus their discussion on the methodologies that assess periprocedural myocardial damage and brain injury, as used ...
Redington Kathrine L - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) can induce cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, but its mechanisms are incompletely understood. We have previously shown that several other forms of remote preconditioning of the heart work, at least in part, via the release of circulating cardioprotective factors into the bloodstream, that ...
Van Zandt Michael C - - 2013
Recent efforts to identify treatments for myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury have resulted in the discovery of a novel series of highly potent α,α-disubstituted amino acid-based arginase inhibitors. The lead candidate, (R)-2-amino-6-borono-2-(2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethyl)hexanoic acid, compound 9, inhibits human arginases I and II with IC50s of 223 and 509 nM, respectively, and is ...
Luo Tao - - 2013
There is evidence that H2R blockade improves ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying cellular mechanisms remain unclear. Histamine is known to increase vascular permeability and induce apoptosis, and these effects are closely associated with endothelial and mitochondrial dysfunction, respectively. Here, we investigated whether activation of the histamine H2 receptor (H2R) ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2013
The primary goal in reopening an infarct-related artery is the restoration of myocardial tissue-level perfusion. In a variable proportion of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, however, microcirculatory impairment may persist after epicardial coronary artery recanalization. This phenomenon is known as microvascular obstruction (MVO). Ischemic injury, reperfusion injury, and distal embolization ...
Alam Asim - - 2013
Transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) is an important and potentially injurious complication of transfusion that is underappreciated by clinicians. Risk factors for TACO include being at an extreme of age, having preexisting cardiac and/or (potentially) renal dysfunction, acute myocardial infarction, and individuals receiving plasma. Keys to preventing TACO, aside from identifying ...
Ozcan Cevher - - 2013
Background: Overexpression of mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCPs) attenuates ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in cultured cardiomyocytes. However, it is not known whether UCPs play an essential role in cardioprotection in the intact heart. This study evaluated the cardioprotective efficacy of UCPs against IR injury and characterized the mechanism of UCP-mediated protection in ...
Geelen Tessa - - 2013
Reperfusion therapy is commonly applied after a myocardial infarction. Reperfusion, however, causes secondary damage. An emerging approach for treatment of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury involves the delivery of therapeutic nanoparticles to the myocardium to promote cell survival and constructively influence scar formation and myocardial remodeling. The aim of this study was ...
Carrabba Nazario - - 2013
There is a lack of clarity concerning the clinical implications of myocardial injury occurring after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, degree, and timing of myocardial injury associated with TAVI procedures and to evaluate its 1-year prognostic value. Among 68 ...
Zhang Minghao - - 2013
Oxymatrine (OMT), an alkaloid extracted from Sophora japonica (kushen), is used to treat inflammatory diseases and various types of cancer in traditional Chinese medicine. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the anti‑inflammatory activity of OMT remain poorly understood. The present study explored the protective effect of OMT on myocardial ...
Athanasiadis Anastasios - - 2013
Cardiac MRI (CMR) has become an important tool in the diagnosis of cardiomyopathies. CMR is a unique tool for further evaluating and characterizing patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) and studying the underlying causes and pathophysiologic mechanisms of TTC. Using CMR, regional wall motion abnormalities, right ventricular involvement, intraventricular thrombi, and ...
Quan Wei W Department of Pharmacy, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, - - 2013
To determine the cardioprotective effect of magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury and to investigate the antioxidant potential in vivo and in vitro. MI/R injury was induced by the occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 3 h in rats. ...
Yannopoulos Demetris - - 2013
AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the effects of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) with and without cardioprotective vasodilatory therapy (CVT) at the initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on cardio-cerebral function and 48-hour survival. METHODS: Prospective randomized animal study. Following 15minutes of ventricular fibrillation, 42 Yorkshire farm pigs weighing an average of ...
Roberts Brian W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In animal models, administration of nitric oxide (NO) donor agents has been shown to reduce ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Our aim was to systematically analyze the biomedical literature to determine the effects of NO-donor agent administration on I/R injury in human subjects. We hypothesized that NO-donor agents reduce I/R injury. ...
Cha Yong Sung - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: By contrast with neurologic injury, myocardial injury associated with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning has not been well investigated. Therefore, this study assessed features and predictors of myocardial injury in CO poisoned patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 250 CO poisoning cases that were diagnosed and treated by the emergency ...
Ozdemir Ahmet Coşkun - - 2013
Despite high mortality rates for penetrating heart injuries, developments in transport, diagnosis, and surgical interventions have increased survival rates. In some cases, life-threatening complications may be misdiagnosed or remain asymptomatic and lead to loss of life. Herein, we report a patient with aortic valve regurgitation because of noncoronary cusp perforation ...
Ananthakrishnan Radha - - 2013
We investigated the pre-clinical utility of carbon monoxide form of PEGylated hemoglobin (PEG-Hb also named SANGUINATE(™)) in myocardial infarction (MI) and in particular the response of diabetic tissues to superimposed ischemia/reperfusion injury. SANGUINATE(™) was evaluated in diabetic and normal mice subjected to 30 min of coronary artery ligation followed by ...
Ahn Min-Soo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Q waves on a 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) are considered to be classic hallmarks of prior myocardial infarction. However, one study suggested that the fragmented QRS complex (fQRS) on ECG is a highly sensitive and specific marker of myocardial scarring on a nuclear stress test. The study aimed to investigate ...
Babbar Lalita - - 2013
We investigated in this study whether or not the ischemic preconditioning (IPC)-mediated cardioprotective effect against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury exists in the fructose-fed hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rat heart. Langendorff-perfused normal and fructose-fed (10 % w/v in drinking water, 8 weeks) HTG rat hearts were subjected to 30-min global ischemia and 120-min reperfusion. IPC protocol included ...
Arslan Fatih - - 2013
We have previously identified exosomes as the paracrine factor secreted by mesenchymal stem cells. Recently, we found that the key features of reperfusion injury, namely loss of ATP/NADH, increased oxidative stress and cell death were underpinned by proteomic deficiencies in ischemic/reperfused myocardium, and could be ameliorated by proteins in exosomes. ...
Su Hui - - 2013
Hyperglycaemia during acute myocardial infarction is common and associated with increased mortality. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (Txnip) is a modulator of cellular redox state and contributes to cell apoptosis. This study aimed to investigate whether or not hyperglycaemia enhances Txnip expression in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (MI/R) and consequently exacerbates MI/R injury. Rats were ...
Hausenloy Derek J DJ Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, United - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In patients with MI, the treatment of choice for reducing acute myocardial ischemic injury and limiting MI size is timely and effective myocardial reperfusion using either thombolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). However, the process ...
Zhu Shui-Bo - - 2013
Ischemia reperfusion injury is partly responsible for the high mortality associated with induced myocardial injury and the reduction in the full benefit of myocardial reperfusion. Remote ischemic preconditioning, perconditioning, and postconditioning have all been shown to be cardioprotective. However, it is still unknown which one is the most beneficial. To ...
Nilsson Lennart - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate circulating markers of apoptosis in relation to infarct size, left ventricular dysfunction and remodeling in an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) population undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Immediate re-opening of the acutely occluded infarct-related artery via primary PCI is the treatment of ...
Chang Ruimiao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies suggested that deoxyschizandrin (DSD) and schisantherin A (STA) may have cardioprotective effects, but information in this regard is lacking. Therefore, we explored the protective role of DSD and STA in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Anesthetized male rats were treated once with DSD and STA ...
Bacaksiz A - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia is inadequate perfusion due to reduced blood flow. Sudden onset of reperfusion could result with damage to the myocytes that have not been affected during ischemia called ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Extracellular accumulation of H+ ions resulting in tissue acidosis is one of the underlying mechanisms. Inhibition of ...
Wang Yu-Qing - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the protective effects of Yi-Qi-Fu-Mai sterile powder (YQFM) on myocardial oxidative damage and tries to identify the active components responsible for its pharmacological benefits. YQFM and the n-butanol extract of YQFM (YQFM-Bu) were administered to ISO-induced myocardial injury mice. Left ventricle weight index and histopathological ...
Oh Young-Bin - - 2013
Recent studies have documented that Janus-activated kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway can modulate the apoptotic program in a myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model. To date, however, limited studies have examined the role of JAK3 on myocardial I/R injury. Here, we investigated the potential effects of pharmacological JAK3 ...
Aune Sverre E - - 2013
The neutrophil elastase inhibitor sivelestat (ONO-5046) possesses unknown mechanisms of cardioprotection when infused following global ischemia, even in the absence of neutrophils. Since myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is strongly associated with endothelial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation during reperfusion, we have tested the hypothesis that infusion of sivelestat during ...
Michalak Marcin - - 2013
Recent studies have implied that platelet reactivity as well as certain lesion morphology may be linked to myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, to date the abovementioned features have not been investigated simultaneously in one population. To determine if and how high on-treatment platelet reactivity, different lesion morphology, ...
Lang Xiao-E - - 2013
Myocardial infarction is responsible for most cardiovascular mortality as well as the pathogenesis of myocardial damage during and after infarction. Efforts are underway to modulate the development of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Recently, the protective effect of isoflurane against myocardial I-R injury emerged as a possibility. Nitric oxide, nitric oxide synthases, factors ...
Jin Hongfang - - 2013
The authors investigated the regulatory effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on myocardial injury induced by isopropylarterenol (ISO) hydrochloride and its mechanisms. Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control group, ISO group, ISO plus SO2 group, and SO2 only group. Cardiac function was measured and cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected. Bcl-2, ...
Buja L Maximilian - - 2013
Ongoing investigation has provided new insights into the pathobiology of myocardial ischemic injury. These include an improved understanding of the roles of the major modes of cell injury and death, including oncosis, apoptosis, and unregulated autophagy, as well as the central role of the mitochondria in the progression of myocardial ...
Ji Lele - - 2013
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a potent form of endogenous protection. However, IPC-induced cardioprotective effect is significantly blunted in insulin resistance-related diseases and the underlying mechanism is unclear. This study aimed to determine the role of glucose metabolism in IPC-reduced reperfusion injury. Normal or streptozotocin (STZ)-treated diabetic rats subjected to 2 ...
Köhler David - - 2013
The UNC5 receptor family are chemorepulsive neuronal guidance receptors with additional functions outside the central nervous system. Previous studies have implicated that the UNC5B receptor influences the migration of leukocytes into sites of tissue inflammation. Given that this process is a critical step during the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia followed ...
Wang Yang - - 2013
Evidence suggests Ginsenoside Rd (GSRd), a biologically active extract from the medical plant Panax Ginseng, exerts antioxidant effect, decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. Current study determined the effect of GSRd on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury (a pathological condition where ROS production is significantly increased) and investigated the underlying mechanisms. ...
Luther Daniel J - - 2013
Deep tissue wound healing requires a complex sequence of several factors working in unison to repair the organ at risk. Myocardial infarction (MI) is particularly complex due to several local and systemic factors mediating the repair process within the heart. The wound healing process during this time is critical-the cardiac ...
Madani Mohsen - - 2013
Regardless of the diabetic status of patients with coronary artery disease, hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are adversely associated with cardiovascular events. The relationship between glucose levels and increased mortality risk in acute myocardial infarction has been shown through various glucose metrics; however, there is a dearth of multivariate analysis of the ...
Zhou Xin - - 2013
Emerging evidence shows that anti-inflammatory strategies targeting inflammatory monocyte subset could reduce excessive inflammation and improve cardiovascular outcomes. Functional expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) have been demonstrated in monocytes and macrophages. We hypothesized that mononuclear phagocyte VGSCs are a target for monocyte/macrophage phenotypic switch, and liposome mediated inhibition of ...
Liu Shu Q - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia, while causing cardiomyocyte injury, can activate innate protective processes, enhancing myocardial tolerance to ischemia. Such processes are present in not only the heart, but also remote organs. In this investigation, we demonstrated a cardioprotective process involving FGF21 from the liver and adipose tissue. In response to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion ...
Xu Yong - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetic postconditioning confers myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury through activation of the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway. As RISK has been shown to be impaired in hypercholesterolemia. Therefore, we investigate whether anesthetic-induced cardiac protection was maintained in hypercholesterolemic rats. In the present ...
Qi Jianyong - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) can induce lethal ventricular arrhythmia and myocardial infarction. One of the clinical strategies for managing patients with high risk of myocardial I/R is to prevent the occurrence of arrhythmias and limit the size of infarction following a coronary episode. Tongguan Capsule (TGC) is one of the popular ...
Frasier Chad R - - 2013
Even though cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for men and women, the vast majority of animal studies use male animals. Because female reproductive hormones have been associated with cardioprotective states, many investigators avoid using female animals because these hormones are cyclical and may introduce experimental variability. In ...
Dong Liu-Yi - - 2013
This study was conducted to demonstrate myocardial protective effects and possible underlying mechanisms of vitexin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Occluding the anterior descending artery for 30 min and restoring blood perfusion for 60 min in rat established a model of myocardial I/R. The elevation of the ST ...
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