Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1077
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Rana Jamal S - - 2005
The long-term beneficial effects of placebo therapy were evaluated in angiogenesis and laser myocardial revascularization trials in patients who had end-stage coronary heart disease. Improvements in mean angina class, exercise treadmill time, and quality of life were mostly maintained at 30 +/- 6 months of follow-up. Persistence of effect cannot ...
Ono Takayuki - - 2005
Patients with variant angina refractory to medical therapy pose a difficult management problem. In patients with discrete obstructive lesions, coronary revascularization may be helpful. However, it has been widely accepted that coronary revascularization is contraindicated in patients with isolated coronary spasm without evidence of obstructive disease. Here we describe the ...
Novitzky Dimitri - - 2005
Perioperative neurologic events in heart surgery are the most devastating complications. Although myocardial revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has reduced the incidence of cerebrovascular accidents, they still remain a reality that the cardiothoracic surgeon is unable to completely eliminate. The events leading to a neurologic complication are related to hemodynamic ...
Kleisli Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Complete revascularization has been the standard for coronary bypass grafting. However, surgical intervention has evolved with increasing use of arterial conduits and off-pump techniques. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-redo bypass surgery from January 1998 through December 2000 were followed up with questionnaires and telephone contact. Incomplete revascularization was defined as ...
McCollam Patrick - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study examines demographic, health characteristics, and total health care utilization in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients who underwent coronary revascularization within the first year of follow-up. BACKGROUND: Revascularization during or after the index ACS event is becoming more common, and it is important to further characterize these patients. ...
Andreassi Maria Grazia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: C34T variant of adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 (AMPD1) gene has been associated with a prolonged survival in heart failure and coronary artery disease, hypothetically linked to an enhanced production of adenosine. DESIGN: Since adenosine administration is a promising approach for the prevention of the ischemia-reperfusion in myocardial revascularization, the ...
Wong Derek - - 2005
Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired pediatric heart disease in North America and Japan. Cardiac sequelae, such as coronary artery aneurysms and myocardial infarction, are the major causes of the morbidity and mortality associated with KD. Three case scenarios are described illustrating the wide range of clinical ...
Bett J H N - - 2005
AIMS: The National Heart Foundation of Australia recognizes that the risk of lethal arrhythmias is greater very early after the onset of myocardial infarction and that the more promptly flow can be restored in the infarct-related artery the greater will be the benefits for survival and preservation of heart function. ...
Zimarino Marco - - 2005
Myocardial revascularization in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease may be accomplished, by percutaneous interventions or surgery, either on all diseased lesions or directed to selectively targeted coronary segments. The extent of planned revascularization is often a major determinant of treatment strategy. Revascularization of all diseased coronary segments-complete myocardial revascularization-has ...
Herberg U - - 2006
To assess long term changes in cardiac morphology and function in survivors of severe twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) after intrauterine laser coagulation of placental anastomoses. Prospective follow up of fetuses with severe TTTS treated by laser coagulation of intrauterine placental anastomoses. Fetal echocardiography and Doppler studies of feto-placental ...
Fraund Sandra - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery can be performed by minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) or percutaneous coronary intervention techniques (PCI). The study compared the midterm results of both techniques. METHODS: The outcome of 206 consecutive MIDCAB and 256 PCI patients treated from 1998 ...
Kaul Padma - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although black cardiac patients receive fewer revascularization procedures than whites, it is unclear whether this has a detrimental impact on outcomes. The objective of our study was to compare 6-month functional status and angina outcomes among blacks and whites with documented coronary disease and to assess whether differential use ...
Bax Jeroen J - - 2005
The assessment of myocardial viability has become important in the diagnostic and prognostic work up of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Patients with viable myocardium may benefit from revascularization in terms of improvement of function, symptoms, and prognosis. In contrast, patients without viable myocardium do not benefit and should be treated ...
Rizzello V - - 2005
Assessment of myocardial viability is clinically important in the work-up of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Numerous studies in the past 2 decades demonstrated that revascularization improves left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), heart failure symptoms and prognosis in patients with viable myocardium. Conversely patients without viable tissue do not benefit from ...
Góngora Enrique - - 2005
Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease. Currently, diabetics represent approximately a quarter of patients requiring coronary revascularization in the USA. The purpose of this article is to review and analyze the available data in surgical revascularization of diabetic patients with coronary ...
Daly Caroline A - - 2005
AIMS: In order to assess adherence to guidelines and international variability in management, the Euro Heart Survey of Newly Presenting Angina prospectively studied medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and surgery in patients with new-onset stable angina in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients, 3779 in total, with a clinical ...
Gruberg Luis - - 2005
The effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes after coronary artery revascularization remains controversial. We studied 1,203 patients who had multivessel coronary artery disease and underwent stenting (n = 599) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG; n = 604) in the Arterial Revascularization Therapies Study. Patients were assigned to ...
Kapanadze S - - 2005
In order to evaluate some pleiotropic effects of cardilopin (Amlodipine, EGIS Pharmaceuticals) 33 ambulatory patients were examined. During the 2-month study period on the background of cardilopin treatment there were positive changes in some parameters of coronary atherosclerosis. Pleiotropic effects of cardilopin were particularly expressed in restoring of endothelial function ...
Nagurney John T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To determine, among patients who present to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), predictors of short-term revascularization. METHODS: A prospective descriptive trial was performed. Potential predictors for revascularization were measured by means of a questionnaire of providers, serum for cardiac biomarkers, and an initial ...
Vicol Calin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Stent-based left ventricle-to-coronary artery stent (VSTENT) is a newly developed, alternative surgical revascularization procedure (VCAB). We present here our initial experience using this technique. METHODS: Twelve patients (10 male and 2 female, mean age 61 +/- 13 years) underwent a VCAB concomitant to coronary artery bypass surgery. Myocardial revascularization ...
Fassa Amir-Ali - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided strategy for patients with angiographically indeterminate left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. BACKGROUND: The assessment of LMCA lesions using coronary angiography is often challenging; IVUS provides useful information for assessment of coronary disease. METHODS: ...
Di Mauro Michele - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate early and late results of reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting compared with those of first coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: From November 21, 1994, to December 31, 2001, 4,381 patients underwent isolated coronary revascularization: among these patients, 274 (6.3%) underwent a ...
Di Tommaso Luigi - - 2005
Cardiac events are some of the most frequent postoperative complications of carotid endarterectomy, while cerebrovascular accidents frequently occur in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass grafting. The strategy for treatment of combined carotid and coronary artery disease is still controversial. We report our experience with a single-stage procedure for ...
Goldberg Ross F - - 2005
Low-powered lasers were first used in the 1980s to produce transventricular channels as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass surgery. High-powered lasers, which were introduced in the 1990s, are powerful enough to create transmyocardial channels with minimal damage to surrounding tissues. Clinical studies were first carried out in patients with ...
Bhatia Gurbir - - 2005
Ischemic left ventricular systolic dysfunction may result from myocardial necrosis or from hypocontractile areas of viable myocardium. In some cases, recovery of contractility may occur on revascularization--this reversibly dysfunctional tissue is commonly referred to as hibernating myocardium. Observational data suggest that revascularization of patients with ischemic left ventricular systolic dysfunction ...
Friedrich Guy J - - 2005
Planning hybrid coronary artery revascularization--a combination of cardiac surgery with percutaneous procedures--requires, at first sight, a very complex logistical setup. Technical and equipment related details should be defined as early as possible in order to have time for training of all OR personnel involved. The most challenging aspect in OR-located ...
McFalls Edward O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The benefit of coronary-artery revascularization before elective major vascular surgery is unclear. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients at increased risk for perioperative cardiac complications and clinically significant coronary artery disease to undergo either revascularization or no revascularization before elective major vascular surgery. The primary end point was long-term mortality. ...
Lauruschkat A H - - 2004
Advances in percutaneous coronary revascularization have meant that, increasingly, patients with multivessel diseases are initially treated with the methods of interventional cardiology. Ongoing studies involving new stent coatings and optimized anti-thrombotic therapies could help to lower future restenosis rates and improve the success rate of stenting. Thrombocyte glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2004
Large areas of non-functional but viable myocardium with reversible dysfunction are commonly seen in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Both reperfusion of acutely ischemic myocardium and chronic myocardial ischemia may produce a reversible forms of ventricular dysfunction. The two main conditions that lead to reversible myocardial dysfunction are stunned myocardium ...
Rathore Saif S SS Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2004
Racial differences in the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction are often presented as nationally consistent patterns of care, despite known regional variations in quality of care. We sought to determine whether racial differences in myocardial infarction treatment vary by U.S. census region. We conducted a retrospective analysis of medical ...
Acampa Wanda - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the relationships among myocardial viability, changes in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction after coronary revascularization and long-term event-free survival in patients with previous myocardial infarction and LV dysfunction. METHODS: We studied 253 patients with previous myocardial infarction and evidence of dysfunctional viable myocardium ...
Fang Jing - - 2004
Using New York City hospital discharge data from 1995 to 2002, we examined revascularization use among patients who had acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock before and after publication of recommendations by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA). The modest increase in these procedures from 1995 to ...
Pierpont Gordon L - - 2004
Despite consensus guidelines, the optimal strategy for preoperative cardiac risk management among patients scheduled for major noncardiac surgery remains controversial. This study assesses current opinion about the role of preoperative coronary revascularization for patients with coronary artery disease scheduled for elective vascular surgery. Thirty-one practicing cardiologists recruited from 4 different ...
Murphy Gavin J - - 2004
Left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending coronary artery bypass grafting integrated with percutaneous coronary angioplasty (hybrid procedure) offers multivessel revascularization with minimal morbidity in high-risk patients. This is caused in part by the avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass-related morbidity and manipulation of the aorta coupled with minimally invasive techniques. ...
Salem Mohamed - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that percutaneous myocardial laser may stimulate microvascular growth in areas surrounding the laser channels. METHODS: We conducted a study of 24 domestic pigs, which underwent percutaneous myocardial laser to left ventricular myocardium using holmium:YAG laser. The pigs were sacrificed in groups of four after one ...
Thanikachalam Mohan - - 2004
The history of direct myocardial revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass dates to 1961 in the dawn of coronary artery surgery. With the introduction and development of techniques of extracorporeal circulation around the same time, beating heart surgery was largely abandoned. Over the subsequent decades, cardiopulmonary bypass and electromechanical cardioplegic arrest became ...
Samady Habib - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that (1) a significant proportion of ischemic dysfunctional segments that do not improve function will demonstrate postrevascularization contractile reserve and (2) electromechanical mapping (EMM) can identify segments that improve function as well as those with postrevascularization contractile reserve, a potential indicator of delayed functional improvement. METHODS AND ...
Wouters Constantijn W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out whether follow-up information is registered by a non-organized follow-up representative for mortality and morbidity after myocardial revascularization. METHODS: The follow-up information registered by an organized (OFU) and a non-organized (NOFU) follow-up method is compared. The organized follow-up consists of an ...
Sadaba J Rafael - - 2004
The idea of myocardial revascularization by means of grafting the coronary venous system is more than a century old; in cases of diffuse coronary artery disease, this may represent a valid therapeutic option. We present a challenging case in which a patient with an aberrant left coronary system and unstable ...
Kaul Padma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In a previous substudy of the GUSTO-I trial, we observed better functional and quality-of-life outcomes among patients in the United States (US patients) compared with patients in Canada. Rates of invasive therapy were significantly higher in the United States and were associated with a small mortality benefit (0.4%, adjusted ...
Conte John V - - 2004
Surgical ventricular restoration is a surgical procedure developed in an attempt to reverse the negative remodeling that occurs following myocardial infarction. The goal of the procedure is to: 1) reduce the size and restore the normal elliptical shape of the heart; 2) perform a complete myocardial revascularization; and 3) repair ...
Tio René A - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to appraise the value of PET in the assessment of the effect of supposedly proangiogenic new therapies such as gene therapy with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene and endomyocardial laser therapy. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with end-stage coronary artery disease and class III (Canadian ...
Klein Liviu - - 2004
Coronary artery disease is a major contributor to the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure (HF). Recognizing that coronary artery disease is a leading cause of HF in the United States is critical to reducing mortality resulting from this condition. Although some patients may be candidates for ...
Forest Rhonda S - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Standardized reporting criteria for risk stratification studies of patients with potential acute coronary syndromes have been proposed. We sought to determine whether the categories in the recommended 6-item ECG classification system predict rates of 30-day death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of ...
Saw Jacqueline - - 2004
Patients in the Clopidogrel for the Reduction of Events During Observation trial were subgrouped according to whether they underwent index percutaneous coronary artery revascularization procedures only or this procedure plus subsequent percutaneous or surgical revascularization procedures during 1-year follow-up. The relative risk reduction in ischemic events associated with up-front and ...
Alderman Edwin L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Coronary angiograms obtained five years following revascularization were examined to assess the extent of compromise in myocardial perfusion due to failure of revascularization versus progression of native disease. BACKGROUND: The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) randomized revascularization candidates between bypass surgery and angioplasty. Entry and five-year angiograms from 407 ...
Jiménez-Navarro Manuel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prognostic importance of significant left main coronary artery disease is unequivocal. However, moderate lesions of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) are sometimes found in patients presenting significant stenosis in other coronary arteries or equivocal symptoms. The ability of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) to predict coronary events ...
Wiviott Stephen D - - 2004
In the guideline developed by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, the management of suspected unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI) has four components: initial evaluation and management; hospital care; coronary revascularization; and hospital discharge and post-hospital care. Part II of this two-part article ...
Kandzari David E - - 2004
In spite of the remarkable technological innovation and improved outcomes with percutaneous coronary revascularization, chronic coronary artery total occlusions remain a familiar source of procedural frustration and clinical uncertainty. However, considering the recent development of catheter-based technologies specific for chronic total occlusion (CTO) recanalization and the potential for drug-eluting stents ...
Onorati Francesco F Department of Cardiothoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Second University of Naples, Italy. - - 2004
To assess whether routine postoperative enoximone infusion compared with dobutamine improved clinical and biochemical results after coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. Prospective nonrandomized study. Data collection was blinded to the choice of inotrope. Double-institutional clinical investigation. Two hundred sixteen consecutive patients undergoing myocardial revascularization between May 2000 and ...
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