Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1279
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Kato R - - 1999
A 47-year-old woman with a left-sided Kent bundle showed marked reduction of the ventriculoatrial conduction time during extrastimuli at the right ventricular apex and outflow tract. The degree of reduction was greater than 6 years ago. A 'supernormal conduction' in the ventricle and the Kent bundle could have been responsible ...
Takeno M - - 1999
A 57-year-old Japanese-Brazilian man, visiting Japan for only 9 days, was admitted to our hospital due to syncope and frequent ventricular premature beats. He grew up in a rural area of Brazil and moved to Sao Paulo in 1959 when he was 20 years old. We suspected chronic Chagas' heart ...
Watanabe S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on atrioventricular (A-V) conduction and hemodynamics in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthesia was induced with the same dose of intravenous fentanyl ...
Sasano T - - 1999
A 75-year-old woman with complete left bundle branch block underwent electrophysiological study (EPS) to assess the conduction in the His-Purkinje conduction system and to further investigate the electrical instability in the ventricle, which was suggestive by the findings of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in ambulatory monitoring. Transient complete atrioventricular (AV) block ...
Kuboki K - - 1999
A clinicopathologic study was performed in a 77-year-old female with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who had experienced recurrent syncopal attacks due to Torsades de Pointes (TdP) following QT prolongation and atrioventricular block. She died suddenly two years later while eating dinner. Pathologic findings of the heart showed a dilated and hypertrophied left ...
Blom N A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Abnormal atrial automaticity in young patients with structurally normal hearts is often located around the pulmonary veins and in sinus venosus-related parts of the right atrium. We hypothesize that these ectopic pacemaker sites correspond to areas of embryonic myocardium with an early phenotypic differentiation, as indicated by differences in ...
Garrigue S - - 1999
The relation between left ventricular electromechanical delay and the acute hemodynamic effect of right ventricular pacing was studied in heart failure patients with and without complete left bundle branch block. Whereas right ventricular pacing provided a shorter electromechanical delay that correlated with an improvement in left ventricular function in patients ...
Berul C I - - 1999
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy and is caused by expansion of a CTG trinucleotide repeat on human chromosome 19. Patients with DM develop atrioventricular conduction disturbances, the principal cardiac manifestation of this disease. The etiology of the pathophysiological changes observed in DM has yet ...
Eriksson P - - 1999
Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) criteria were evaluated and compared with dynamic vectorcardiography for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction in 33 patients with chronic left bundle-branch block. In 14 patients a clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction was made, but it was found that none of the seven most promising ECG criteria ...
Pruvot E - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Conduction abnormalities associated with long QT syndrome (LQTS) have been reported as "pseudo 2:1 AV block" due to sinus intervals shorter than ventricular refractoriness. METHOD AND RESULTS: We report the electrophysiologic characteristics of a patient suffering from congenital LQTS with episodes of true 2:1 AV block. Induction of 2:1 ...
Fraire-Velázquez S - - 1999
The Ro complex is composed of three ribonucleoproteins of 60, 54, and 52 kDa. The Ro60 is associated with the 1-5 hYRNAs. Autoantibodies against Ro are found in sera from lupus patients. Lupus frequently presents in female patients during childbearing years and transplacental passage of maternal anti-Ro/La autoantibodies has been ...
Arnau Vives M A - - 1999
An electrocardiogram tracing of a patient in conducted sinus rhythm with left bundle branch block is shown, in which occasional pseudonormalization of intraventricular conduction is seen. This event is attributed to ventricular fusions with end-diastolic extrasystoles of the left His-Purkinje system distal to the block site. This type of extrasystole ...
Henneveld H - - 1998
Transition from congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia to complete AV block was observed in an 8 month old girl, over a 36 hour period, during initial hospital admission. Two years later she had evidence of a rapidly increasing left ventricular end diastolic diameter, associated with lowest heart rates during sleep of ...
Yamanouchi Y - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomic relationship between the mitral annulus (MA) and the coronary sinus (CS). Fifty consecutive hearts of 31 men and 19 women, 63.5 +/- 13.7 years of age, were examined at autopsy. MA was divided perpendicularly to the annular plane into an ...
McLeod K A - - 1998
A female neonate with congenital complete heart block developed atrioventricular conduction through an accessory pathway. Despite sinus rhythm and an adequate heart rate she developed severe dilated cardiomyopathy and died at age 14 months. This case illustrates that underlying heart block can be present in individuals with asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome ...
Barold S S - - 1998
This report describes the development of advanced (2:1 and 3:1) AV block in a 39-year-old man with acute rheumatic fever. AV block progressed from first-degree to type I second-degree and finally to advanced AV block. The latter lasted 5 days. AV block regressed in a stepwise fashion via sustained type ...
Gorgels A P - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is occasionally complicated by impaired AV conduction, mostly 2:1 AV block. This form of LQTS can manifest before birth or during neonatal life, and it is more sporadic than familial. It is usually an isolated disorder, although it can be accompanied by a variety ...
Dalens B J - - 1998
True complications of regional block procedures pertain to the performance of the block technique and the local anaesthetic. Such complications include lesions caused by the device used, and many of these complications can be avoided by using specifically designed devices.Complications related to the local anaesthetic solution mainly consist of local ...
Golshayan D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The improvement of surgical techniques and the use of immunosuppressive drugs within the past 15 years has made heart transplantation an increasingly performed procedure and an accepted treatment for end-stage cardiac failure. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to describe the changes of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) after ...
Gölba┼či Z - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to clarify the presence of isovolumic relaxation flow in patients with left bundle branch block and normal coronary arteriogram. Twenty-four patients with left bundle branch block and normal coronary arteriogram were examined by pulsed Doppler echocardiography and were compared with 20 age- and gender-matched ...
Warren A E - - 1998
A case is presented in which low right ventricular pressure was calculated erroneously from the Doppler-derived velocity of flow through a ventricular septal defect. This is thought to be due to the presence of right bundle branch block. Reasons for this error and a way to avoid errors in calculation ...
Weindling S N - - 1998
Children with complete heart block following surgery for congenital heart diseases were prospectively followed to assess the timing for recovery of atrioventricular conduction, and to determine if there were clinical variables that reliably predict permanent heart block. Recovery of atrioventricular conduction occurred by postoperative day 9 in 97% of patients ...
Furgerson J L - - 1998
We report a case of complete heart block (CHB) and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) which was associated with a modest-sized myocardial infarction (MI) following incidental occlusion of the first septal perforator (FSP) branch after stent deployment to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. These complications were successfully treated with ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 1998
Patients with acute myocardial infarction and bundle branch block have a higher mortality rate and more in-hospital complications than patients with normal intraventricular conduction. Patients whose conduction defects revert have an improved prognosis (with outcomes similar to patients who never develop bundle branch block); thus, we analyzed potential predictors of ...
Eriksson P - - 1998
The aim of the study was to evaluate standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) criteria and to compare them with dynamic vector cardiography in patients with chronic right bundle-branch block for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction. We used standard 12-lead ECGs recorded on admission and after 12-24 h and compared them with dynamic ...
Ferreira M A - - 1998
AIMS: To use a sensitive test of acute myocardial damage--immunohistological detection of complement component C9--to assess the prevalence of damage in an unselected series of hearts taken at necropsy in adults. METHODS: Sections of formalin fixed and paraffin wax embedded myocardium were cut from 128 consecutive necropsy cases on which ...
Archbold R A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To document the frequency of conduction defects and their influence on prognosis in a large series of patients with acute myocardial infarction who underwent coronary care during a period when thrombolytic therapy was in common usage. BACKGROUND: Conduction defects have been associated with an adverse prognosis following acute myocardial ...
Littmann L - - 1998
Several investigators have previously noted that in the presence of bigeminal atrial extrasystoles, the premature beats may exhibit an alternate pattern of ventricular excitation either in the form of alternating left and right bundle-branch block, or alternating right bundle-branch block and normal intraventricular conduction. However, the association of alternating intraventricular ...
Wagdy H M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of tomographic myocardial perfusion imaging with dipyridamole or adenosine in patients with left bundle-branch block has not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group consisted of 245 patients with left bundle-branch block who underwent tomographic (single photon emission tomography) myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 (n=173) ...
Tanaka S - - 1998
In order to help to organize the understanding of the bewildering complexities of the innervation of the mammalian heart by the vagus nerve and to clear up of confusions as regards the vagus cardiac branches, we scrutinized these branches in the adult house shrew, Suncus murinus, under a stereomicroscope. A ...
Holst H - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of developing artificial neural networks that are able to provide confidence measures for their diagnostic advice. Computer-aided decision making can improve physician performance, but many physicians hesitate to use these 'black boxes'. If we are to rely upon decision support ...
Hanawa H - - 1998
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is a rapidly progressive disease that leads to ventricular tachycardia or high-grade atrioventricular (A-V) block, frequently requiring a pacemaker. A 64-year-old woman developed syncope as a result of idiopathic GCM with A-V block. She required both a temporary and a permanent pacemaker. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed severely ...
Shimamoto T - - 1998
A traumatic left bundle branch block (LBBB) is uncommon in a patient with intact atrioventricular conduction. Three of our patients developed LBBB during a left-sided catheterization. Two patients suffered from angina pectoris and the other had an abdominal aneurysm. Two of them had a history of hypertension. None of the ...
Abuin G - - 1998
The anatomy of the heart's conduction system and of its blood supply have been research topics for many years. However, several proposals have never been demonstrated. In this paper, we describe 2 vascular conduits that have never before been objectively shown to supply the conduction system. Twenty human hearts from ...
Gilman A L - - 1998
An infant who received haploidentical BM for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) developed acute, reversible complete heart block in association with an exacerbation of GVHD. Respiratory distress and myocardial dysfunction were also seen with this and previous GVHD exacerbations. The patient had not received chemotherapy or radiation prior to BMT. The ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and bundle branch block in the thrombolytic era. BACKGROUND: Studies of patients with acute MI and bundle branch block have reported high mortality rates and poor overall prognosis. METHODS: The North American population with acute MI ...
Singh G K - - 1998
Persistent bradycardia is an uncommon cardiac problem in fetuses but carries a high mortality in those with a ventricular rate <55 bpm. Fetal heart block is one of the most common causes of persistent fetal bradycardia (PFB). An optimal method for assessing and monitoring cardiovascular compensation in the setting of ...
Guedira N - - 1998
The first case of chronic cardiac toxicity due to an antimalarial agent was reported in 1971 and since then several cases of heart failure, restrictive cardiomyopathy or atrioventricular block have been ascribed to this family of drugs. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who developed juvenile chronic arthritis ...
Klein H O - - 1998
We present the electrocardiograms of three patients, representative of 14, with acute anterior wall infarction in whom, in contrast to current understanding, the appearance of right bundle branch block was associated with a shift of the initial vector of depolarization that resulted in 'new' Q waves in V1-V2 that mimicked ...
Okazaki O - - 1998
The possible contribution of localized conduction delay and abnormal action potentials to ventricular fibrillation (VF) was studied by applying an anisotropic cardiac computer model to clinical cases of the Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG), which shows right bundle branch block (RBBB), a normal QT interval, ST-segment elevation, and late r' in leads ...
Altun A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Advanced atrioventricular block is a frequent complication in patients with inferior acute myocardial infarction (AMI); in patients in hospital, it often occurs concurrently with other complications and is associated with high mortality. Very little information is available about early and late advanced atrioventricular block in inferior AMI. We hypothesized ...
Bardou A L - - 1997
Limitations of antiarrhythmic drugs on cardiac sudden death prevention appeared since the early 80's. The "Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial" (CAST) showed more recently that mortality was significantly higher in patients treated with some particular antiarrhythmic drugs than in non-treated patients. In this field, our group recently demonstrated that a bolus ...
Chuck E T - - 1997
In the mature heart, impulse propagation through the His-Purkinje system (HPS) is required for efficient ventricular contraction in an apex-to-base direction. However, the embryonic heart begins to contract as a myocardial tube without a specialized conduction system. To identify the developmental stage when the HPS begins to function, we mapped ...
Fernandez-Teran M - - 1997
With rapid progress in understanding the genes that control limb development and patterning interest is becoming focused on the factors that permit the emergence of the limb bud. The current hypothesis is that FGF-8 from the mesonephros induces limb initiation. To test this, the inductive interaction between the Wolffian duct ...
Curzen N - - 1997
A previously fit 22 year old man was struck in the chest by a concrete block dropped through the windscreen of his car while he was driving on the motorway. He suffered extensive chest wall trauma and lung contusion, which subsequently precipitated acute respiratory distress. On admission ECG showed right ...
Antonelli D - - 1997
A 78-year-old patient complained of syncope, near syncope, and dizziness when eating; complete atrioventricular block, with ventricular asystole for 3.6 seconds, was recorded on continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. Left and right carotid sinus massage produces sinus arrest and ventricular asystole lasting 6.4 and 4.8 seconds, respectively. These phenomena were prevented by ...
Melgarejo-Moreno A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Whereas the significance of right bundle-branch block (RBBB) in acute myocardial infarction was extensively studied in the prethrombolytic era, a possible change in the overall incidence and meaning of RBBB as a consequence of thrombolytic therapy is not well known. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multicenter, prospective study of 1238 ...
Drysdale T A - - 1997
While a number of transcription factors that are likely to play a role in cardiac differentiation have recently been described, the signals that lead to the expression of these factors remains poorly understood. Here we report that exposure of Xenopus embryos to continuous low levels of all-trans retinoic acid (RA), ...
Eriksson P - - 1997
AIMS: This study was set up to describe vectorcardiographic patterns in patients with bundle-branch block and acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-five patients admitted to the coronary care unit with bundle-branch block and suspected acute myocardial infarction were monitored by dynamic vectorcardiography with trend analysis. In 28 patients, a ...
Beversdorf D - - 1997
Migraine has been blamed for a variety of temporary and permanent visual complications. We describe the case of a young woman with migraine who suffered recurrent episodes of retinal infarction, one of which occurred during an attack of migraine. The infarctions resulted from occlusions of branches of the central retinal ...
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