Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1279
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Shohat-Zabarski Ronit - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrioventricular (AV) block is an ill-defined entity, previously described in sporadic cases in association with vasovagal reaction, coronary angiography and distal conduction disease. METHODS: We describe 20 patients (10 women) aged 26 to 80 years with symptomatic paroxysmal AV block. RESULTS: Eight patients had ischemic heart disease-three with ...
Arya A K - - 2004
Around 11-12% of tympanostomy tubes are reported to become blocked by middle ear secretions or blood immediately following surgery, and so no longer function. Many otologists routinely instil an antibiotic and steroid-containing solution at the time of surgery in the belief that this may reduce this complication. The aim of ...
Li Zhimin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiogram signal amplitude is a key index of hypertrophy but has not been investigated extensively in utero. In this study, magnetocardiography was used to assess P and QRS amplitude in normal subjects and subjects with fetal arrhythmia. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 68 normal fetuses and ...
Chuck Emil Thomas - - 2004
While cardiac function in the mature heart is dependent on a properly functioning His-Purkinje system, the early embryonic tubular heart efficiently pumps blood without a distinct specialized conduction system. Although His-Purkinje system precursors have been identified using immunohistological techniques in the looped heart, little is known whether these precursors function ...
Tyagi A - - 2004
Rate-dependent left bundle branch block during general anaesthesia is rare. Its occurrence makes electrocardiographic diagnosis of acute myocardial ischaemia or infarction difficult. It can also be confused with a slow rate ventricular tachycardia. We present a case of rate-dependent left bundle branch block in a patient with no previous history ...
Sedmera David - - 2004
The specialized conduction tissue network mediates coordinated propagation of electrical activity through the adult vertebrate heart. Following activation of the atria, the activation wave is slowed down in the atrioventricular canal or node, then spreads rapidly into the left and right ventricles via the His-Purkinje system (HPS). This results in ...
Ali Imran I - - 2004
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an important therapeutic option for individuals with refractory epilepsy who have failed multiple antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The intricate relationship of the vagus nerve to cardiac function raises concern that vagal stimulation may affect cardiac rhythm and function. Previous pre- and postmarketing studies have not shown ...
Aslani M R - - 2004
Dried Nerium oleander leaves at single lethal dose of 110 mg/kg body weight were administered orally to six native male sheep. Clinical signs of toxicosis in sheep began to appear about 30 min after receiving the oleander and included decrease of the heart rate followed by cardiac pauses and tachyarrhythmias; ...
Ker J - - 2004
Ventricular dyssynchrony is a disturbance of the normal, organized electromechanical coupling of the two ventricles. This condition has many causes, such as left bundle branch block, ventricular preexcitation, right ventricular pacing and right ventricular premature ventricular complexes (PVCs). Ventricular dyssynchrony has many adverse haemodynamic effects on the left ventricle and ...
Taniguchi Manabu - - 2004
A 25-year-old male was admitted to hospital with a 3-day history of worsening faintness. The electrocardiogram showed complete atrioventricular block. Echocardiography showed generalized hypokinesis and prominent trabeculations ranged from the apex to the mid-ventricular lateral wall of the left ventricle as well. Furthermore, trabeculations in the left ventricle were seen ...
Rothenberg F - - 2005
Mechanisms of cardiac pacemaking and conduction system (CPCS) development are difficult to study, in part because of the absence of models that are physiologically similar to humans in which we can label the entire CPCS. Investigations of the adult rabbit heart have provided insight into normal and abnormal cardiac conduction. ...
Zimetbaum Peter J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Stratifiers of sudden and total mortality risk are needed to optimally target preventive therapies in patients with coronary artery disease and impaired ventricular function. We assessed the prognostic significance of ECG markers of conduction abnormalities and left ventricular hypertrophy in the Multicenter Unsustained Tachycardia Trial (MUSTT). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Belotti Giuseppina - - 2004
A case of dextrocardia in situs viscerum inversus, prior myocardial infarction, dilated cardiomyopathy with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction, ventricular tachyarrhythmias and recurrent episodes of heart failure is described. Coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel coronary artery disease had been previously performed; coronary and graft anatomy evaluation excluded the possibility ...
Vesel Samo - - 2004
Isolated congenital heart block is almost invariably associated with the presence of antibodies to SSA/Ro and SSB/La antigens in the maternal circulation. Once established, third-degree congenital heart block is permanent. However, a lesser degree of autoantibody-associated heart block in a fetus can be reversed if it is recognized and treated ...
Nguyen Keith - - 2004
Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and concomitant left bundle branch block have increased mortality compared with those with CAD but without left bundle branch block. We retrospectively analyzed the extent of CAD in 200 patients with left bundle branch block referred for coronary angiography. Only 13% had left main ...
Rudkin G E - - 2004
Anaesthetic trainees and consultants who enrolled in a regional anaesthetic workshop completed a questionnaire regarding their own ankle block practice. The questionnaire focused on frequency of use, barriers to use, technique and perceived success rate. One hundred and twelve respondents participated, with 73% performing less than 10 ankle blocks per ...
Fabritz Larissa L Department of Cardiology and Angiology and Institute for Arteriosclerosis Research, University Hospital Münster, Muenster, Germany. - - 2004
An increased expression of adenosine receptors is a promising target for gene therapy aimed at protecting the myocardium against ischemic damage, but may alter cardiac electrophysiology. We therefore studied the effects of heart-directed overexpression of A(3) adenosine receptors (A(3)ARs) at different gene doses on sinus and atrio-ventricular (AV) nodal function ...
Racker Darlene K - - 2004
This "Part II morphology and cytoarchitecture" study is based on paraffin-embedded specimens in which the extracellular and intracellular matrix are preserved; single parallel, perpendicular, and transverse serial sections of the entire atrioventricular (AV) junction region (AVJR) and their correlation with photographs of the tissue blocks. As in Part I, the ...
Hiraoka Eiji - - 2004
Biventricular pacing has been used to treat patients with symptomatic heart failure, systolic left ventricular dysfunction and intraventricular conduction delays. This modality is usually reserved for the treatment of patients with a left bundle branch block pattern on electrocardiogram. We report the successful use of biventricular pacing in a patient ...
Gunnarsson G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Patients with left bundle branch block comprise 5-9% of all patients with acute myocardial infarction. Limited data exist on the usefulness of continuous electrocardiographic monitoring of these patients. We have investigated prospectively the usefulness of real-time continuous vectorcardiography for monitoring patients with left bundle branch block and suspicion of ...
Cosío Francisco G - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The high posterolateral right atrium (RA) is considered the "sinus node area," but we lack information on endocardial atrial activation in sinus rhythm. We studied RA and left atrial (LA) endocardial activation in the electrophysiology laboratory. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five patients (21 men) aged 47 +/- 16.4 years (mean ...
Kennedy Lee B - - 2004
In the presence of atrial fibrillation, impulses of supraventricular origin that are transmitted through the ventricles during periods of relative refractoriness to impulse conduction exhibit anomalous configurations. These "aberrant beats" can be difficult to distinguish from ventricular ectopic beats, and groups of aberrant beats may be mistaken for ventricular tachycardia. ...
Anguera Ignasi - - 2004
A 73-year-old woman with dilated cardiomyopathy presented with heart failure. The ECG showed sinus rhythm with left bundle branch block, left-axis deviation and prolonged QRS duration and frequent ventricular premature complexes from the left ventricular septal wall were present. Ventricular premature beats had narrower QRS duration than sinus node beats ...
Auricchio Angelo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Conventional activation mapping in the dilated human left ventricle (LV) with left bundle-branch block (LBBB) morphology is incomplete given the limited number of recording sites that may be collected in a reasonable time and given the lack of precision in marking specific anatomic locations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied ...
Ahn Dongchoon - - 2004
The ability to create experimental myocardial infarctions of reproducible size and location is tantamount to progress in multiple facets of ischemic heart disease research. Branches of the mouse left main descending coronary artery penetrate the myocardium close to their origin and require "blind" ligation. Our objective was to develop a ...
Donofrio Mary T - - 2004
Fetuses with complete heart block have an increased mortality with most deaths occurring in utero or during infancy. The cardiac evaluation of these fetuses is difficult since the ventricular rate is low and the heart is dilated. We have implemented a strategy that includes the biophysical profile, which assesses fetal ...
Kongas Olav - - 2004
The response of mitochondrial oxygen consumption to ADP in saponin-skinned cardiac fibre bundles has an apparent Km an order of magnitude higher than that in isolated mitochondria. Here we report that incubating skinned cardiac fibre bundles from wild-type mice or double-knockout mice lacking both cytosolic and mitochondrial creatine kinase (CK) ...
Geng Bin - - 2004
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), which was considered as a novel gasotransmitter, is produced endogenously from L-cysteine in mammalian brain and vessels, and might be a physiological function regulator to these organs. Here, we showed that mRNA for H2S producing enzyme, cystathionine gamma-lyase, was expressed in myocardial tissues and H2S could endogenously ...
Reig J - - 2004
The objective of this study was to analyze in one single series all the characteristics of the main trunk of the left coronary artery (MT) that may be of use in the diagnosis and treatment of its pathologies. One-hundred human hearts from autopsies were used. The average age of the ...
Sarubbi Berardo - - 2004
A 6-year-old child, operated for a perimembranous ventricular septal defect, underwent an electrophysiologic study for the presence of first degree atrioventricular (AV) block and bifascicular block with episodes of type 1 and type 2 second degree AV block. Electrophysiologic study showed a considerable infra-His conduction delay (HV interval 170 ms) ...
Abidov Aiden - - 2004
Right bundle branch block and complete atrioventricular (AV) block are conduction disorders (CDs) that have been observed in 14% of patients admitted with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction. CDs carry a poor prognosis, with a threefold increase in the mortality rate, mainly due to cardiogenic shock and recurrent fatal myocardial infarction ...
Carbone Vincenzo - - 2004
This article reports a case of tachycardia-dependent right bundle branch block (RBBB) occurring during atrial fibrillation. In some sections of the recording, an alternans occurs between complexes with a complete RBBB pattern and complexes showing normal intraventricular conduction or incomplete RBBB. Alternans is frequently observed during phases of fast and ...
Henrikson Charles A - - 2003
A 42-year-old man presented with shortness of breath, weakness, and diaphoresis, and developed a new left bundle branch block while under evaluation in the Emergency Department. At emergency cardiac catheterization, he was found to have only insignificant coronary disease, and a hyperdynamic ventricle. Despite these findings, he subsequently developed profound ...
Ninot Salvador - - 2003
A 80-year-old lady was admitted because of dyspnea, complete AV block and ventricular rate of 15 bpm. A DDDR pacemaker was successfully implanted. Postoperative EKG showed right bundle branch block and X-ray the ventricular lead in the left ventricle. It traveled all the way through a foramen ovale being later ...
Alcol?a S?bastien - - 2004
Gap junction channels, required for the propagation of cardiac impulse, are intercellular structures composed of connexins (Cx). Cx43, Cx40, and Cx45 are synthesized in the cardiomyocytes, and each of them has a unique cardiac expression pattern. Cx40 knock-in Cx45 mice were generated to explore the ability of Cx45 to replace ...
Gupta Satya N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy has emerged as a new therapeutic modality for patients with congestive cardiac failure and associated intraventricular conduction delay. The purpose of this study was to find out what proportion of Indian patients with congestive heart failure may be candidates for cardiac resynchronization therapy based on electrocardiographic ...
Hata Tadayoshi - - 2003
This article describes a patient who died suddenly during Holter ECG monitoring. A ventricular premature systole with an extremely short coupling interval of 240 ms was immediately followed by torsades de pointes, soon degenerating into ventricular fibrillation. Retrospective survey of the patient's medical records revealed an incomplete right bundle branch ...
Ottaviani Giulia - - 2003
This work intends to be a review of the current status of knowledge on the cardiac conduction system in the crib death as well as remaining challenges, including reflections upon authors' personal works as well as many studies by others. The cardiac conduction system findings of resorptive degeneration, His bundle ...
Hurst J Willis - - 2003
The words we use to describe a medical condition should match our knowledge of it. Unfortunately, at times, the words we used long ago persist after new knowledge of the subject has become apparent; so it is with left and right ventricular conduction system abnormalities. The words left or right ...
Ishikawa Ryoki - - 2003
Fascin-1 is a putative bundling factor of actin filaments in the filopodia of neuronal growth cones. Here, we examined the structure of the actin bundle formed by human fascin-1 (actin/fascin bundle), and its mode of interaction with myosin in vitro. The distance between cross-linked filaments in the actin/bundle was 8-9 ...
Mazur Alexander - - 2003
A 55-year-old, previously healthy man presented with an episode of wide QRS tachycardia that had left bundle branch morphology and left superior axis. His electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm showed characteristic Brugada pattern with coved type ST-segment (J-point) elevation in leads V1-V2, mild QRS widening of 110 ms, and left axis ...
Aplin Mark - - 2003
Third-degree atrioventricular block after acute myocardial infarction is considered to have prognostic importance. However, its importance in conjunction with thrombolytic therapy and its relation to left ventricular function remains uncertain. This report also outlines an important distinction between atrioventricular block in the setting of anterior and inferior wall acute myocardial ...
RuDusky Basil M - - 2003
In total, 493 ambulatory ECG recordings were studied. Women were preponderant (62.3% vs 37.7%). The average age of women and men patients was 66.9 and 64.7 years, respectively. Of the ECGs studied, 71.4% showed abnormalities and 28.6% appeared completely normal. Urgent abnormalities were noted in 1.4% of the recordings and ...
Sedmera David D Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA. - - 2003
Patterns of DNA synthesis in the developing mouse heart between ED7.5-18.5 were studied by a combination of thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine labeling techniques. From earliest stages, we found zones of slow myocyte proliferation at both the venous and arterial poles of the heart, as well as in the atrioventricular region. The ...
Sedmera David - - 2003
Marine mammals show many deviations from typical mammalian characteristics due to their high degree of specialization to the aquatic environment. In Cetaceans, some of the features of limbs and dentition resemble very ancestral patterns. In some species, hearts with a clearly bifid apex (a feature normally present during mammalian embryogenesis ...
O'Brien Kevin - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Herbst and Twin-block appliances for established Class II Division I malocclusion. The study was a multicenter, randomized clinical trial carried out in orthodontic departments in the United Kingdom. A total of 215 patients (aged 11-14 years) were randomized to ...
Fauchier Laurent - - 2003
Using Fourier phase analysis of equilibrium radionuclide angiography in both ventricles, inter- and intraventricular delays were correlated with QRS morphology and duration in 103 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. We found that left bundle branch block on the left axis may reflect a high intra-left ventricular dyssynchrony. A precise evaluation ...
Laurita Kenneth R - - 2003
Cardiac disease with arrhythmia or heart failure is the leading cause of death in patients with thalassemia major and a major complication of other forms of iron overload. Current antiarrhythmic treatment does not appear to alter the clinical course. Using a gerbil model of iron-overload cardiomyopathy, we previously observed a ...
Chang Su Min - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to examine the incidence and determinants of permanent complete heart block (CHB) after nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT), and to evaluate the clinical impact of permanent pacemaker (PPM) placement. BACKGROUND: Nonsurgical septal reduction therapy with ethanol improves the clinical and hemodynamic parameters in ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic implications of conduction defects in subjects without proven coronary artery disease who had been referred for stress echocardiography. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 1230 patients (574 men and 656 women; mean [+/- SD] age, 63 +/- 10 years) who underwent stress echocardiography with dipyridamole ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >