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Lin Yu-Sheng - - 2011
Right ventricular apical pacing may possibly induce atrial dilatation as a consequence of atrioventricular dyssynchrony. However, atrial enlargement associated with atrioventricular dyssynchrony due to atrioventricular block has never been studied. This case-control survey involved 90 patients with symptomatic atrioventricular block [29 patients with Mobitz type 2 atrioventricular block, 22 patients ...
Jim M H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Compared with anterior wall myocardial infarction, inferior wall myocardial infarction is generally regarded as being low risk. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical factors affecting its inhospital outcome. METHODS: From January 1997 to March 2006, 546 consecutive patients who suffered from their first inferior wall ...
Steffel Jan - - 2009
Isolated ventricular noncompaction (IVNC) is a primary cardiomyopathy characterized by a specific morphologic pattern. Patients with IVNC can develop various arrhythmic complications such as life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, as well as heart failure or systemic embolic events. The present study was designed to comprehensively analyze the electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern at the ...
Swiatowiec Andrzej A Department of Cardiology, Hypertension and Internal Disease, Medical University, Warsaw, - - 2009
One of the most important aims of modern sports cardiology is prevention of sudden cardiac death among athletes. Adequate pre-participation screening is a crucial part of prevention, however, current ACC, AHA or ESC guidelines are not uniform in this context. There is recently ongoing discussion on implementation of 12-lead ECG ...
Tu Chung-Ming - - 2009
Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is well documented in reducing suffering and mortality from breast cancer. The clinically most important side effect of Herceptin is cardiotoxicity, which is reported in 2.6% to 4.5% of patients receiving trastuzumab alone and in as many as 27% of patients when trastuzumab is combined with an anthracycline ...
Kitkungvan Danai - - 2009
Interatrial block (IAB) is defined as delayed conduction between the right and left atrium, which results in prolonged P-wave duration (> or =110 milliseconds). Interatrial block can be partial or advanced (much less common), depending on the severity of the conduction abnormality. Several studies have reported that the prevalence of ...
Siegal Deborah - - 2009
Organophosphates and carbamate compounds are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors used as agricultural insecticides and represent a common cause of cholinergic toxicity. Cardiac manifestations of organophosphate and carbamate toxicity are described primarily from reports of organophosphate exposure and include sinus bradycardia, prolonged PR interval, sinus tachycardia, prolonged corrected QT interval and ventricular arrhythmias. ...
Sharma J - - 2009
Bundle branch block (BBB) is impossible to diagnose in a fetus with conventional fetal echocardiography. Isolated left BBB is rare in the neonatal period. Asymmetric left ventricular remodeling in isolated left BBB is secondary to chronic dyschronous activation and relaxation, resulting in thinning of the interventricular septum (IVS). This report ...
Frisbie James H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate right bundle branch block (RBBB) on electrocardiograms (ECGs) as a screening tool for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) in a chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) population and to determine the prevalence of PE. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Boston Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive SCI participants ...
Bhalli Muhammad Asif - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Conduction defects complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) are frequent and associated with increased mortality and complications. Common conduction defects after acute MI are atrioventricular nodal blocks (1st, 2nd and 3rd degree) and intraventricular conduction defects (right or left bundle branch blocks and hemiblocks). In myocardial infarction occlusion of coronary ...
Jastrzebski Marek - - 2009
We present the case of a 72-year-old man who was admitted because of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and presented with second-degree atrioventricular block with 4:2 conduction. We propose 3 alternative explanations for such an unusual conduction pattern: (1) supernormal conduction, (2) 2-level block with 4:1 conduction ratio in the ...
Maury Philippe - - 2009
Concealed retrograde activation of bundle branch has been often proposed for explaining the persistence of functional rate-dependent bundle-branch block, but direct proof of such a mechanism in man has rarely been demonstrated. We report intracardiac recordings compatible with a reversal of activation of the left basal interventricular septum during intermittent ...
Lokhandwala Yash - - 2009
A tachycardia with left bundle-branch block morphology and right axis deviation points to the diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia. Conversely, any supraventricular tachycardia with left bundle-branch block is typically associated with a normal or leftward QRS axis. We present the case of a 34-year-old man showing atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia with ...
Kwa Andrew T - - 2009
We describe the case of a 73 year-old woman presenting with symptoms compatible with myocardial ischemia/injury and left bundle branch block in whom the electrocardiogram fulfilled Sgarbossa criteria for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed an acute coronary occlusion and she was successfully revascularized. The value and limitations of the ...
Mishra Seema - - 2009
A chronic hypertensive patient with electrocardiogram (ECG) showing left bundle branch block (LBBB) was given general anesthesia for right modified radical mastectomy. Her ECG reverted to normal sinus rhythm intermittently during peri-operative period. This intermittent rate-dependent LBBB is a rare entity. Though hypertension is one significant co-morbid condition, the risk ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2009
Changing axis deviation has been reported also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been also reported during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation too or at the end of atrial fibrillation during acute myocardial infarction. Left bundle branch block is usually associated with normal or ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2012
Changing axis deviation has been reported also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been also reported during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation too or at the end of atrial fibrillation during acute myocardial infarction. Left bundle branch block is usually associated with normal or ...
Pirzada Abdul Mueed - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of time on development of high degree Atrioventricular (AV) block in patients with inferior Myocardial Infarction (MI), its association with Right Ventricular (RV) infarction and its ultimate morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Emergency Department (ED) and ...
Garcia Daniel - - 2009
Intraventricular conduction abnormalities are commonly seen on the electrocardiograms of patients in the emergency department population. The significance of such a finding can vary widely. When placed into clinical context, determination and description of an intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD) can assist in the management of a number of pathologies--directly cardiac ...
Calabr?? Maria Pia - - 2009
In a patient with atrial tachycardia with a rate of 200 per minute, the A-V conduction ratio was at times 2:1, but often it was 4:3 or 3:2 with progressive P-R interval prolongation (Wenckebach mechanism, an expression of presumable A-V nodal block). In each episode of 4:3 conduction, the first ...
Lee Sinjin - - 2009
Paroxysmal atrioventricular block (AVB) is a poorly defined clinical entity characterized by abrupt and unexpected change from 1:1 atrioventricular conduction to complete heart block, leading to syncope and potential sudden cardiac death. Although a dangerous condition because of unreliable escape mechanism, proper diagnosis of paroxysmal AVB is often missed and ...
Ari Hasan - - 2009
Concealed conduction commonly occurs when a retrogradely conducted interpolated ectopic impulse enters the atrioventricular (AV) node; thus, the next sinus beat is not conducted to the ventricle or conducted with a prolonged PR interval because of increased refractoriness of AV conduction system. A 67-year-old man had complaints of exertional fatigue ...
Gonçalves José Geraldo Ferreira - - 2010
Chagas disease is a serious social-medical problem in Latin American countries because of its high incidence, morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to identify, from demographic, personal history, clinical and electrocardiographic variables, those that might have independent prognostic value regarding mortality, among a population of chronic Chagas patients from a ...
Yanagawa Nariaki - - 2009
A simple dissection guide for the conduction system of the human heart is shown. The atrioventricular (AV) node, AV bundle, and right bundle branch were identified in a formaldehyde-fixed human heart. The sinu-atrial (SA) node could not be found, but the region in which SA node was contained was identified ...
Ghaffari Ali - - 2009
An innovative method was proposed on the basis of vectorcardiography to characterize the location and extent of moderate to large, relatively compact infarcts using ECG evidence. It is assumed that heart vector is proportional to relevant active depolarization area(s). The normal VCG was then used to examine our ideas based ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Dissimilar electrocardiographic patterns associated with right bundle branch block have been described. The prognosis of right bundle branch block in the absence of underlying cardiac disease is good but it may be poor in other cases, particularly coronary artery disease. Changing bundle branch block, new right bundle branch block, right ...
Sahai Anand V - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided celiac plexus block/neurolysis (CPB/N) can be performed by injecting at the base (central) or on either side (bilateral) of the celiac axis. Central CPB/N is easier and possibly safer. Bilateral CPB/N is more difficult but may be more effective as it reaches more ganglia. The aim ...
Tomek V - - 2009
Reliable diagnosis of congenital heart defects and arrhythmias in utero has been possible since the introduction of fetal echocardiography. The nation-wide prenatal ultrasound screening program in the Czech Republic enabled detection of cardiac abnormalities in 1/3 of patients born with any congenital heart disease and up to 83 % of ...
Krishnamoorthy Suresh - - 2009
Thyrotoxicosis is a clinical entity often very difficult to diagnose without biochemical confirmation as its clinical features can be highly varied. The most common cardiac manifestations of thyrotoxicosis are resting sinus tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia including atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with or without cardiac failure. Bradycardia and atrio-ventricular conduction defects ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
It has been rarely reported changing axis deviation in the presence of left bundle branch block also during atrial fibrillation and with acute myocardial infarction too. It has also been rarely reported changing axis deviation with changing bundle branch block with onset of atrial fibrillation during acute myocardial infarction. We ...
Dou Jianhong - - 2009
Asynchronous electrical activation, induced by bundle branch block (BBB), can cause reduced ventricular function. However, the effects of BBB on the mechanical function of heart are difficult to assess experimentally. Many heart models have been developed to investigate cardiac properties during BBB but have mainly focused on the electrophysiological properties. ...
Adachi Iki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Vertical plication of the atrialized chamber in Ebstein malformation has been subject to debate. A major argument against it is risk of coronary arterial injury; however, the coronary anatomy in the malformation remains incompletely investigated. METHODS: We examined 17 autopsied hearts with the malformation. Special attention was paid to ...
Zhao Xiaotuan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) on gastric tone, antral and pyloric contractions, and gastric emptying in dogs. Female hound dogs were equipped with a duodenal or gastric cannula, and one pair of serosal electrodes was implanted in the ...
Guay Joanne - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence from retrospective studies suggests that regional anesthesia reduces the risks of major complications associated with carotid endarterectomy compared with general anesthesia, namely: stroke, stroke/death, death and myocardial infarction. RECENT FINDINGS: A superficial cervical plexus block is the regional anesthetic technique of choice. It is as efficacious ...
Blum Johannes A JA Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2008
American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) and human African trypanosomiasis (HAT; sleeping sickness) are both caused by single-celled flagellates that are transmitted by arthropods. Cardiac problems are the main cause of morbidity in chronic Chagas disease, but neurological problems dominate in HAT. Physicians need to be aware of Chagas disease and HAT ...
Fayssoil A - - 2008
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited myogenic disorder due to mutations in the dystrophin gene on chromosome Xp21.1. It is characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness of variable distribution and severity. Heart is involved leading to heart failure. Conduction abnormalities are unusual. We report a case of complete ...
Kang Ting-Jui - - 2008
We report a 20-year-old male patient with preoperatively undiagnosed myocarditis, who received general anesthesia for laparoscopic appendectomy. Because of arrhythmia, a cardiologist was consulted postoperatively. The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed complete atrioventricular block and the echocardiogram showed global hypokinesia of the left ventricle with impaired contractility, a left ejection fraction of ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2010
Dissimilar electrocardiographic patterns associated with right bundle branch block have been described. The morphological diversity in right bundle branch block patterns is likely to be related to multiple factors-site of block, nature of defect (functional, necrosis, fibrosis), degree of conduction delay, and associated pathologies with their own ECG patterns. The ...
Datino Tomás - - 2008
AIMS: To analyse QRS morphology in response to rapid atrial pacing (RAP) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in patients with pre-existing bundle branch block (BBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 59 patients in sinus rhythm (SR), with QRS > or = 120 ms, and no pre-excitation. Trains of RAP were ...
Thai Wai-ee - - 2008
Percutaneous Transluminal Septal Myocardial Ablation (PTSMA) may reduce symptoms in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Limited quantitative and qualitative data exists on the effects of PTSMA on the resting electrocardiograph. We report repolarisation and conduction abnormalities and incidence of arrhythmia post-PTSMA. Twelve-lead electrocardiographs from subjects without pre-procedural pacemakers who underwent ...
Grimes Adrian C - - 2008
We have used zebrafish and 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126) to investigate the developmental toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) that exert their effects through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). We found that cardiac and neural crest (NC)-derived jaw and branchial cartilages are specifically targeted early in development. The suite of malformations, which ultimately ...
Das Mithilesh K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS (duration <120 ms) on a 12-lead ECG represents myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the significance of fragmented QRS has not been defined in the presence of a wide QRS (wQRS; duration >or=120 ms). We postulate that fragmented wQRS (f-wQRS) due to bundle branch ...
El-Menyar Ayman A - - 2008
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is known to impair the mechanical function of the left ventricle. For a better understanding of the impact of LBBB on the structure and function of the heart and how this influences the management and outcome in patients with heart failure, we reviewed the most ...
Angheloiu George O - - 2008
The authors prospectively investigated whether left bundle branch block (LBBB) and myocardial degradation as indicated by elevated troponin T (tnT) predict the phenomenon of systolic conversion to low ejection fraction (EF <or=40%) in patients with nonsignificant coronary disease and heart failure with preserved systolic function (HFPSF) (initial EF >40%). Thirty ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2009
Paroxysmal atrioventricular block has been reported in patients without acute coronary syndrome and without significant coronary artery stenosis, in patients with acute coronary syndrome and without significant coronary artery stenosis, in patients without acute coronary syndrome and with significant coronary artery stenosis and in patients with acute coronary syndrome and ...
Kleemann Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both left bundle branch block and right bundle branch block (RBBB) have been associated with increased inhospital and long-term mortality in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the prognostic role of RBBB in acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is not well known. Therefore, the aim ...
Hirai Yukoh - - 2008
Although high-degree atrioventricular (AV) block in patients with a history of syncope usually requires pacemaker implantation, therapeutic strategies should also be considered. A 35-year-old man presented with complaints of palpitations, nausea and dysgeusia. Since aged 30, the patient had experienced three episodes of syncope. Holter monitoring showed transient high-degree AV ...
Maffe Stefano - - 2008
We present the case of a patient with Ebstein's defect surgically corrected, and a complete right bundle branch block (RBBB) documented on echocardiogram. After an episode of near syncope due to a high-grade atrioventricular (AV) block, the patient was assisted with a bicameral DDDR pacemaker implanted with traditional right ventricular ...
Raya Angel - - 2008
The body-plan of vertebrates, while exteriorly essentially symmetric along its medio-lateral plane, displays numerous left-right differences in the disposition and placement of internal organs. Such left-right asymmetries, established during embryogenesis, are controlled by complex epigenetic and genetic cascades that impart laterality information to the different embryo structures and organ primordia. ...
Fujii Banyo - - 2008
Patients with chronic heart failure (HF) not infrequently present conduction disturbances, which are most commonly exhibited as a left bundle branch block (LBBB). LBBB is associated with intraventricular conduction delay, paradoxical septal motion, and hemodynamic deterioration, indicating an impairment of left ventricular (LV) function. However, there is controversy as to ...
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