Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1279
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Sanchis J - - 1996
The aim of this study was to analyze the recovery curve and concealed conduction in the normal His-Purkinje system and after delivering radiofrequency current in the low AV junction, in the perfused rabbit heart. Twenty-one rabbit hearts were studied. Radiofrequency current (5 W) was delivered in the low AV junction ...
Groves A M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: A total of 36 fetuses with isolated congenital complete heart block and structurally normal hearts have been seen in the department of fetal echocardiography since 1980. Although the prognosis is good in the majority of cases, those who develop intrauterine cardiac failure have a high mortality. The aim of ...
Hintringer F - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Selective radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the slow pathway is an effective treatment for atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentry tachycardia. A previous report showed that rapid junctional tachycardia (JT) caused by RF associated with loss of ventriculoatrial (VA) conduction is related to increased risk for AV block. However, this can be ...
Mehdirad A A - - 1995
The study assessed the long-term outcome of patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation of the right bundle for bundle branch reentrant ventricular tachycardia. Bundle branch reentrant tachycardia was diagnosed in 16 patients (ejection fraction 31% +/- 15%) who underwent electrophysiology study in our laboratory. All patients had His-Purkinje system conduction delay with ...
Copel J A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Congenital complete heart block is associated with maternal autoantibodies to Ro and La proteins, which injure the fetal cardiac conduction system. We administered dexamethasone to the mothers of five fetuses with heart block caused by maternal antibodies. STUDY DESIGN: We diagnosed five cases of fetal heart block at 20 ...
Watt N A - - 1995
We describe the successful use of the short-acting, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, mivacurium, in a patient with myotonic dystrophy. Increased sensitivity to mivacurium was demonstrated using train-of-four monitoring, with a single dose of mivacurium providing adequate block for 90 min of surgery. Spontaneous recovery appeared prolonged with a recovery index ...
Maglaveras N - - 1995
Conduction delay in healed myocardial infarction, facilitating reentry, is frequently based on an increased path length the activation has to travel in a matrix of merging and diverging bundles that survive in the infarcted area. Additional delay occurs at sites where bundles bifurcate. The purpose of this study was to ...
Bertolet B D - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To show that second- or third-degree atrioventricular block occurring as an early complication of acute inferior myocardial infarction is mediated by adenosine. SETTING: Cardiac care unit. DESIGN: Uncontrolled, observational, hypothesis-driven study. PATIENTS: Patients who developed clinically significant atrioventricular nodal blockade within 4 hours of admission for acute inferior myocardial ...
Davis L M - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: Gap junction channels are major determinants of intercellular resistance to current flow between cardiac myocytes. Alterations in gap junctions may contribute to development of arrhythmia substrates in patients. However, there is significant interspecies variation in the types and amounts of gap junction subunit proteins (connexins) expressed in disparate regions ...
Said M - - 1995
We present a 51-year-old female with exertional angina pectoris and a normal coronary angiogram who had a prominent descending septal branch originating from the proximal right coronary artery. This branch was perfused in the antegrade direction and did not show the tortuosity typical of coronary collaterals. The branch was almost ...
Rakovec P - - 1995
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is an X-linked recessive myopathy. Its progression is slow, and it rarely leads to cessation of walking; therefore, it has often been called "benign." On the other hand, cardiac involvement is often severe and sudden death is not uncommon. We describe a family with four affected males, ...
D'Onofrio A - - 1995
Right bundle branch block, persistent ST segment elevation in right precordial leads and sudden cardiac death, unexplainable by currently known disease, define a new distinct clinical and electrocardiographic syndrome. This report describe a patient with these features, whose physical examination, echocardiography, chest computed tomography and right ventricular angiography were normal. ...
Englund A - - 1995
The aim of this study was to examine the utility of signal-averaged electrocardiography in relation to inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia in patients with bundle branch block. One hundred fourteen patients with bundle branch block underwent signal-averaged electrocardiography in the time domain and programmed ventricular stimulation. Sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia ...
Huang X - - 1995
Clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in 64 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy were restrospectively studied. Compared with 51 patients without complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB), 13 patients with CLBBB had higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class (P < 0.05), increased left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters (P < ...
van Kempen M J - - 1995
Using immunohistochemical staining, the distribution of connexin40 (Cx40) and connexin43 (Cx43) was studied in rat, guinea pig, porcine, bovine and human hearts. These species display differences in the degree of morphological differentiation of the conduction system. This study was performed in the anticipation that comparison of the distributions of Cx40 ...
Roth A - - 1995
It is widely accepted that patients presenting with acute anterior myocardial infarction and acute onset of right bundle branch block should be prophylactically paced in contrast with those who have a chronic bundle branch block. The admitting physician is faced with the dilemma of how to act if the age ...
Chen I C - - 1995
A 38-year-old man with no significant structural heart disease suffered from one episode of wide QRS tachycardia. The electrocardiogram showed a PR interval of 0.20 second and a QRS duration of 0.10 second. His bundle recording revealed an HV interval of 90-100 ms. The tachycardia was inducible with programmed stimulation ...
James T N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular (AV) conduction time in large whales is only slightly greater than in smaller mammals even though their hearts are enormously larger. Little is known of the detailed histology or cytology of the conduction system of large whales. Such knowledge could be useful in defining the nature of cardiac ...
Murotsuki J - - 1995
We produced a complete heart block in 5 fetal lambs at 120 to 135 days of gestation by injecting 10% formaldehyde into the His bundle. We obtained acute experimental data in 5 fetuses and chronic experimental data in 2 fetuses. Immediately after production of the complete heart block, cardiac output ...
Kullo I J IJ Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1995
To determine the initial clinical manifestations and echocardiographic features of right ventricular dysplasia as encountered in a major cardiovascular referral center in the United States. We conducted a retrospective study of cases of right ventricular dysplasia diagnosed at the Mayo Clinic between January 1978 and January 1993. In an institutional ...
Hod H - - 1995
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and impact of right and left bundle branch block on the in-hospital, 5-year and 10-year mortality of patients with acute inferior Q wave myocardial infarction. A retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics, hospital, 1-, 5-, and 10-year mortality of 2215 consecutive ...
Randazzo D N - - 1995
A case of complete atrioventricular block with ventricular asystole in a patient receiving intravenous phenytoin is presented. Although the potential for hypotension is generally recognized with the intravenous administration of phenytoin, conduction abnormalities are rarely reported. The differential diagnosis of atrioventricular block and the effects of phenytoin on cardiac conduction ...
Gatti P J - - 1995
Experiments utilizing surgical parasympathectomy of discrete fat pad ganglia on the surface of the heart have suggested that there are two anatomically segregated and physiologically independent parasympathetic intracardiac ganglia which are capable of selective control of sino-atrial (SA) rate and atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction. Some pharmacological data, however, are inconsistent with ...
Frazier D W - - 1995
A 52-year-old female with no structural heart disease presented with a right bundle branch block (RBBB)/right axis deviation tachycardia with a cycle length of 300 msec. P waves were not discernible on the surface ECG. Baseline electrophysiology study in the drug-free state revealed no evidence for anterograde or retrograde conducting ...
Von Oppell U O - - 1995
Gelatin-resorcin-formaldehyde-glutaraldehyde (GRF) biologic glue is an available adjunct to repair acute ascending aortic dissections. Permanent complete heart block complicated the operative repair of 2 of 6 patients. The pathophysiology of heart block resulting from either the acute dissecting process or the technique of applying GRF glue is discussed.
Bharati S - - 1995
Involvement of the conduction system in the sudden death of obese young people has not been documented in the literature. We therefore studied the conduction system by serial section examination in 7 subjects, 5 obese and 2 mild to moderately obese, who died suddenly at ages 6, 11, 14, 16, ...
Jazayeri M R - - 1995
First, the posteroseptal region of the heart is probably the most complex area among those that harbor AV accessory fibers and a firm grasp of the anatomical characteristics of this region may facilitate achieving a successful AP ablation. Second, there is no sharp demarcation between the posteroseptal area and its ...
Ushiyama Y - - 1995
A simplified and clinically applicable method has been developed for real-time noninvasive recording of the electrical activity of the His bundle in the human heart. A surface electrocardiogram (ECG) was obtained from bipolar precordial leads. The electrical signal within the P-QRS segment of the ECG was amplified with a high ...
Sasaki Y - - 1995
A 65-year-old woman who had shown no delta waves or atrioventricular block when seen in February 1989, suddenly developed advanced atrioventricular block in April 1990. The first electrophysiologic study revealed that atrioventricular block was caused by His ventricular block, and only weak retrograde conduction was documented. A DDD-type permanent pacemaker ...
Krupa U - - 1995
On 130 randomized specimens of human heart, of both sexes (19-86 years of age) I have investigated the vascularization of the interatrial septum of the heart in relation to the type of coronary arteries ramifications using dissection and injection-corrosion methods. The interatrial septum is supplied by the right and left ...
Baraka A S - - 1995
To determine the incidence of atrioventricular (A-V) block, 86 patients, aged 58.9 +/- 10.4 yr, undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during aortic cross-clamping (ACC) and cold potassium cardioplegia were investigated. The incidence and duration of complete A-V block after release of the aortic cross-clamp was monitored. Twenty-four percent ...
Balaguer J M - - 1994
We report the case of an intramyocardial abscess caused by mucormycosis that arose after cardiac operation. Several causes of immunosuppression in a 71-year-old woman were exacerbated after she underwent coronary revascularization. Before she died of multiple organ system dysfunction, a variety of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, as well as complete ...
Chiu I S - - 1994
In a case of criss-cross heart with atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial concordance, the right coronary artery and left anterior descending arose from the right hand sinus; the left circumflex originated from the left hand sinus. This pattern existed because of a persistent circle of Vieussens across the right ventricular outflow tract ...
Campos-Esteve M A - - 1994
Side-branch occlusion is a recognized complication of directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). To evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcome of side-branch compromise, we analyzed our first 100 consecutive atherectomies of native coronary arteries. Seventy-eight patients had 122 side branches at risk, 21 (17%) of which demonstrated compromised flow after ...
Davis L M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize the connexin phenotypes of selected regions of the canine heart with different conduction properties to determine whether variations in connexin expression might contribute to the differences in intercellular resistance and conduction velocity that occur in different cardiac tissues. BACKGROUND: Gap junctions connect cardiac myocytes, allowing ...
Dalvi B - - 1994
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), which is characterized by asymmetric septal and ventricular obstructive hypertrophy, is currently palliated with a number of pharmacological, electrical and surgical interventions. Although none of the methods have been successful in reducing the incidence of sudden death, most of the patients have shown significant symptomatic improvement. ...
Xiao H B - - 1994
We investigated systolic and diastolic left ventricular function in a patient with an echocardiographically normal left ventricle and rate dependent left bundle branch block. Abnormal activation was associated with asynchronous left ventricular wall motion and secondary changes in filling pattern. The latter were similar to those seen in severe left ...
Coyle D E - - 1994
In nine pentobarbital anesthetized dogs, the global effects of bupivacaine on the heart were examined during and after the onset of bupivacaine cardiotoxicity. The onset of bupivacaine cardiotoxicity was followed by the use of echocardiography to determine the sequence of events. The overall sequence of changes in the heart, demonstrated ...
Murasato Y - - 1994
A 75-year-old male underwent cardiac catheterization for frequent ventricular premature contractions and reduced left ventricular function. ECG on admission showed complete right bundle branch block (RBBB) and left anterior hemiblock. Right heart catheterization was performed uneventfully, but complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) occurred suddenly when a pig-tail catheter was inserted into ...
Xiao H B - - 1994
To study the mechanism of normal splitting of the second heart sound in patients with classical left bundle branch block, we investigated 43 such patients and 15 normal controls, using electro-, phono- and echo-cardiography and comparing the relative timing of mechanical activity in the two ventricles. The splitting of the ...
Mehdirad A A - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to delineate retrograde His-Purkinje system conduction and reentry (V3 phenomenon) during left ventricular extrastimulation and compare them with right ventricular extrastimulation. BACKGROUND: The V3 phenomenon has been well described in the past during right ventricular extrastimulation; however, it has not been studied systematically ...
Reyford H - - 1994
Intermittent left bundle branch block is uncommon. During anaesthesia,, left bundle branch block may be related to hypertension or tachycardia and its occurrence makes the diagnosis of acute myocardial ischaemia or infarction difficult. Patients with intermittent left bundle branch block often develop established left bundle branch block, which may represent ...
Veille J C - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to follow serially the hemodynamic adaptation to a congenital complete heart block in a human fetus. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal and serial M-mode and Doppler echocardiography over a 10-week span were performed on a fetus affected by complete heart block. Ventricular fractional shortening, size, and flow across ...
Mittleman R S - - 1994
Spectral temporal mapping is a new form of analysis for signal-averaged electrocardiography, which has the goal of improving the sensitivity and specificity of traditional time domain analysis. Our objective in this study was to determine the effectiveness of one form of spectral temporal mapping, in the face of conflicting results ...
Oreto G - - 1994
This report describes a patient with tachycardia-dependent left bundle branch block (LBBB) and atrial extrasystoles, some of which were followed by an unexpectedly narrow QRS complex. His-bundle recordings and premature atrial stimulation were performed to analyze the mechanism underlying the normalized intraventricular conduction of some of the early atrial impulses. ...
Kottkamp H - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: Anisotropic properties of cardiac tissue play an important role in initiation and perpetuation of ventricular tachycardia. However, anisotropic conduction properties in different morphologic types of chronic myocardial infarctions as well as frequency dependency still need to be elucidated. In the present study, the characteristics of anisotropic conduction were investigated ...
Shammas N W - - 1994
Complete heart block (CHB) following retrograde left ventricular catheterization is uncommon. We report a case of transient CHB in a patient with severe aortic stenosis and bifascicular block on the baseline surface electrocardiogram during retrograde left ventricular catheterization. The block resolved spontaneously without sequelae. A review of the literature using ...
Nalbantgil I - - 1994
Right bundle branch block was diagnosed in electrocardiograms of 37 of 1085 patients with essential hypertension. Echocardiographically left ventricular hypertrophy was diagnosed in 14 of these 37 patients. Eighteen electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria, which were previously recommended, were determined in these 37 patients. The sensitivities of five criteria were found to ...
Kadish A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the ability of several previously proposed criteria and of "vector mapping" to distinguish slow conduction from conduction block in canine myocardium. METHODS: Two different in vitro preparations of canine epicardium were used. In 10 tissues, an anatomical barrier was simulated by a cut (five ...
Veress G - - 1994
This report deals with a patient with concealed Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in whom both narrow and wide QRS tachycardias were observed. The simultaneous occurrence of various QRS morphology during supraventricular tachycardia results in a challenging diagnostic ECG problem. The cycle length during tachycardia with left bundle branch block was longer than ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >