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Siniscalchi Antonio - - 2012
Asterixis is not yet considered a common neurological sign of cerebellum infarction, and the pathogenic mechanism for asterixis remains elusive. We report a 58-year-old male with moderate hypertension who presented to our emergency department for acute headache in both cervical and occipital regions of the left side. About 2 hours ...
Catalán Paz - - 2013
To explore the cost-effectiveness of two alternative strategies to rule out significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in the pre-operative evaluation of non-coronary cardiovascular surgery: initial pre-operative coronary 64-slice computed tomography angiography (CCTA) vs. invasive coronary angiography (ICA). These diagnostic strategies are compared from the clinical and payee's perspective, on the ...
Karpov Andrey B - - 2012
ABSTRACT: During the period from 1998 to 2007, a prospective cohort study of acute myocardial infarction morbidity cases as well as a "case-control" study of arterial hypertension was carried out. The risk of acute myocardial infarction was assessed as well as arterial hypertension; the dose-response relationship and the role of ...
Min James K - - 2012
Clinical outcomes and resource utilization after coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) versus myocardial perfusion single-photon emission CT (MPS) in patients with stable angina and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been examined. We determined the near-term clinical effect and resource utilization after cardiac CTA compared with MPS. We randomly ...
Zhang Xing-Hua - - 2012
In-stent restenosis is a common complication after stent implantation. However, the assessment of stent lumen in computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography is limited by multiple factors. Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and the suspected affecting factors in diagnosing coronary in-stent restenosis by dual-source CT (DSCT) compared with coronary ...
Herrero Pilar - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO), the end product of the inducible form of NO synthase (iNOS), is an important mediator of a variety of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, a radiolabeled iNOS radiopharmaceutical for assessing iNOS protein concentration as a marker for its activity would be of value to the study and treatment of ...
Zhang Hang - - 2012
The definitive treatment for myocardial ischemia is reperfusion. However, reperfusion injury has the potential to cause additional reversible and irreversible damage to the myocardium. One likely candidate for a cardioprotection is adenosine. The present study aimed at investigating the effect of intravenous adenosine on clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment ...
Zhou Xiao - - 2012
Coronary microcirculation reserve is an important field in the research of coronary artery disease, but it is difficult to identify clinically. Currently it is widely accepted that myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a safe, inexpensive method and has comparatively high image resolution. The present study used quantitative low-dose adenosine stress ...
Kröpil Patric - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate the mode of application, image quality (IQ), and radiation exposure resulting from introduction of a prospectively electrocardiogram-triggered high-pitch cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) acquisition mode into routine clinical practice. A total of 42 prospectively triggered cardiac CTAs were conducted on 34 patients (11 female, ...
Fernandez-Friera Leticia - - 2012
Accurate and efficient evaluation of acute chest pain remains clinically challenging because traditional diagnostic modalities have many limitations. Recent improvement in non-invasive imaging technologies could potentially improve both diagnostic efficiency and clinical outcomes of patients with acute chest pain while reducing unnecessary hospitalizations. However, there is still controversy regarding much ...
Sharma Abhishek - - 2012
Computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the heart is a rapidly evolving application for comprehensive assessment of coronary arterial anatomy, myocardial function, perfusion, and myocardial viability. Thus, cardiac CTA is capable of retrieving the most critical information for guiding the management of patients with suspected coronary heart disease (CHD). Ongoing technologic ...
Smith I R - - 2012
Radiation safety principles dictate that imaging procedures should minimise the radiation risks involved, without compromising diagnostic performance. This study aims to define a core set of views that maximises clinical information yield for minimum radiation risk. Angiographers would supplement these views as clinically indicated. An algorithm was developed to combine ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S - - 2012
Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are frequently identified during coronary angiography and remain the most challenging lesion group to treat. Patients with CTOs are frequently left unrevascularized due to perceptions of high failure rates and technical complexity even if they have symptoms of coronary disease or ischemia. In this review, ...
Liew Gary Y H - - 2012
Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) has been shown in multicentre trials to be reliable in ruling out significant coronary artery disease (CAD). It is used most appropriately in symptomatic patients with low to intermediate pretest probability of CAD. It should not be used in asymptomatic subjects, patients with known significant ...
Liu Hui-Liang - - 2012
Dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) was developed as an innovative adaptation of rotational angiography (RA), but it requires a longer coronary injection compared to standard coronary angiography (SA). As the body of the average Chinese patient is smaller than that of most western patients, with the same contrast injection time, ...
Song Young Bin - - 2012
We sought to determine whether a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel reduces myocardial infarct size compared with a 300-mg dose using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In 198 patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance ...
Dogan Sait Mesut - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced heart disease is a complication that may be encountered after radiotherapy (RT) of tumors in the vicinity of the heart. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of RT on the heart, by comparing conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography parameters obtained before and after RT. METHODS: ...
Bøtker Hans Erik - - 2012
The efficacy of cardioprotective strategies can be quantified by myocardial salvage as an indicator of therapeutic benefit. Salvage is calculated as the difference between the area at risk (AAR) and the final infarct size (FIS). AAR has been quantified by angiographic assessment followed by quantification of FIS by biochemical ischemic ...
Candemir Basar - - 2012
We aimed to examine whether intracoronary high-dose bolus of tirofiban plus maintenance would result in improved clinical outcome in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI in this pilot trial. A total of 56 patients were enrolled to receive either intracoronary high-dose bolus plus maintenance (n = 34) or intravenous high-dose bolus plus maintenance ...
de Almeida C E - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the benefits of using cardiac gated images for treatment planning of breast and internal mammary nodes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Inspiration breath hold computed tomography (CT) series acquired at prospectively gated diastolic phase were used for planning. Three different techniques were compared. Technique A used tangents and an ...
So Aaron - - 2011
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, and is associated with substantial and increasing resource burden. A combined physiologic and anatomic assessment may improve identification of patients with CAD who would benefit from revascularization and reduce unnecessary diagnostic and interventional procedures. Cardiovascular computed ...
Heydari Bobak B Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2011
Assessment of myocardial ischemia in symptomatic patients remains a common and challenging clinical situation faced by physicians. Risk stratification by presence of ischemia provides important utility for both prognostic assessment and management. Unfortunately, current noninvasive modalities possess numerous limitations and have limited prognostic capacity. More recently, ischemia assessment by cardiovascular ...
Dunet Vincent - - 2011
Background: Positron emission tomography (PET) during the cold pressor test (CPT) has been used to assess endothelium-dependent coronary vasoreactivity, a surrogate marker of cardiovascular events. However, its use remains limited by cardiac PET availability. As multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is more widely available, we aimed to develop a measurement of ...
Mancuso L - - 2011
Mediastinal mass radiotherapy as adjuvant or primary treatment is usually performed for lung, breast and oesophagus cancer, for lymphoma and thymoma. However, untoward late cardiac and vascular adverse effects can develop that were underrecognized in the past because a very long latency from exposure to clinical manifestations is needed. Moreover, ...
Luecke Christian - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of different heart rates and arrhythmias on scanner performance, image acquisition and applied radiation exposure in prospectively ECG triggered computed tomography (pCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ECG simulator (EKG Phantom 320, Müller & Sebastiani Elektronik GmbH, Munich, Germany) was used to generate different heart rhythms ...
Pontone Gianluca - - 2011
We conducted a meta-analysis evaluating the critical ratio between effective radiation dose (ED), feasibility (Fe) and diagnostic accuracy (Ac) of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for the detection of significant coronary artery disease. By using our predetermined criteria, we selected human studies published in English in which the ED and raw ...
Stolzmann Paul - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: High-pitch coronary CT angiography (CTA) shows an alternative coronary CTA protocol to retrospectively ECG-gated imaging that is associated with a significantly lower radiation exposure. Yet, the diagnostic quality of high-pitch coronary CTA cannot be sufficiently predicted on the basis of heart rate (HR) alone. Thus, we sought to prospectively ...
Apfaltrer P - - 2011
The use of coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) is growing rapidly, in large part because of fast-paced technical innovations that have increased diagnostic accuracy while providing new opportunities for radiation dose reduction. cCTA using recent generation CT scanners has been repeatedly shown to have excellent negative predictive value for ruling ...
Lawler Patrick R - - 2011
Patients with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) constitute a demographic that is exposed to significant amounts of low-dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) over a short period. The aim of this study was to describe cardiac LDIR exposure trends among patients with first AMI over a recent approximately 10-year period. Administrative databases ...
Gimelli Alessia - - 2011
PURPOSE: Appropriate use of SPECT imaging is regulated by evidence-based guidelines and appropriateness criteria in an effort to limit the burden of radiation administered to patients. We aimed at establishing whether the use of a low dose for stress-rest single-day nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging on an ultrafast (UF) cardiac gamma ...
Sobic-Saranovic Dragana P - - 2011
Several techniques have been applied for the assessment of severe congenital heart diseases (SCHD) including echocardiography, cardiac catheterization with angiocardiography, and more recently, cardiovascular multi detector tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The value of gated single photon emission tomography (GSPET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) for ...
Di Carli Marcelo F - - 2011
Positron emission tomography (PET) is increasingly being applied in the evaluation of myocardial perfusion. Cardiac PET can be performed with an increasing variety of cyclotron- and generator-produced radiotracers. Compared with single photon emission computed tomography, PET offers lower radiation exposure, fewer artifacts, improved spatial resolution, and, most important, improved diagnostic ...
Varró András - - 2011
Cardiac repolarization abnormalities can be caused by a wide range of cardiac and non-cardiac compounds and may lead to the development of life-threatening Torsades de Pointes (TdP) ventricular arrhythmias. Drug-induced torsades de pointes is associated with unexpected and unexplained sudden cardiac deaths resulting in the withdrawal of several compounds in ...
Kim Jeong Su - - 2011
BackgroundWith increasing awareness for radiation exposure, the study of diagnostic accuracy of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) with low radiation dose techniques is mandatory to both radiologist and clinician.PurposeTo compare diagnostic performance and effective radiation dose between step-and-shoot prospectively ECG-gated and retrospectively ECG-gated with tube current modulation (TCM) CCTA using 128-slice ...
Feuchtner Gudrun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) enables accurate anatomic evaluation of coronary artery stenosis, however lacking information about hemodynamical significance. The aim of this study was to evaluate 128-slice myocardial CT perfusion (CTP) imaging with adenosine stress using a high-pitch mode, in comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). METHODS ...
Saghamanesh S - - 2011
Cardiac disease is one of the most important causes of death in the world. Coronary artery stenosis is a very common cardiac disease. Intravascular brachytherapy (IVBT) is one of the radiotherapy methods which have been used recently in coronary artery radiation therapy for the treatment of restenosis. (90)Sr/(90)Y, a beta-emitting ...
Takx Richard A P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass measurements based on a dual-step, low radiation dose protocol with prospectively ECG-triggered 2nd generation dual-source CT (DSCT), using cardiac MRI (cMRI) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients underwent 1.5T cMRI and prospectively ...
Techasith Tust - - 2011
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been shown by several multicenter trials to have excellent diagnostic accuracy in the detection and exclusion of significant coronary stenosis. However, a major limitation of coronary CTA is that the physiological significance of stenotic lesions identified is often unknown. Stress myocardial computed tomography perfusion ...
Coelho-Filho Otavio R OR Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2011
The major aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging can provide robust prognostic value in women presenting with suspected ischemia, to the same extent as in men. Compelling evidence indicates that women with coronary artery disease (CAD) experience worse outcomes than ...
Chang Su M - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Significant limitations exist for traditional noninvasive cardiac imaging with regard to equivocal or indeterminate findings that result in repetitive testing or unnecessary referral to invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Recent hardware and software advances in multislice computed tomography angiography have achieved high spatial and temporal resolution to allow ...
Patel Amit R - - 2011
The ability of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to detect stress-induced myocardial perfusion abnormalities is of great clinical interest as a potential tool for the combined evaluation of coronary stenosis and its significance. However, stress testing requires repeated scanning that is associated with additional radiation exposure and iodine contrast. Our goal ...
Ovrehus Kristian Altern - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interscan, interobserver and intraobserver agreement for coronary plaque detection, and characterization using low radiation dose high-pitch spiral acquisition coronary CT angiography (CTA). Two experienced observers independently evaluated coronary CTA datasets from 50 consecutive patients undergoing two 128-slice dual source CT scans ...
Kidouchi Takashi - - 2011
Background:  To assess the entrance skin dose (ESD) during radiofrequency catheter ablation procedures for tachyarrhythmia including atrial fibrillation (Af). Methods:  This study focused on 99 consecutive patients who underwent procedures for tachyarrhythmia (Af; n = 34, non-Af; n = 65) in three institutions. The non-Af group included atrial flutter, atrial ...
Ait Mou Younss - - 2011
SR33805, a potent Ca(2+) channel blocker, increases cardiac myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity in healthy rat cardiomyocytes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of SR33805 on contractile properties in ischaemic failing hearts after myocardial infarction (MI) in vivo and in vitro at the cellular level. The ...
Mahnken Andreas H - - 2011
Over recent decades, noninvasive imaging has become well established in the diagnostic work-up of patients suffering from myocardial infarction. It provides insights into the individual patient's prognosis and guides therapeutic decisions. MRI has long been considered the standard of reference in the noninvasive imaging of myocardial infarction. Only recently have ...
Volpicelli Giovanni - - 2011
Treatment of nontraumatic cardiac arrest in the hospital setting depends on the recognition of heart rhythm and differential diagnosis of the underlying condition while maintaining a constant oxygenated blood flow by ventilation and chest compression. Diagnostic process relies only on patient's history, physical findings, and active electrocardiography. Ultrasound is not ...
Cho Young-Rak - - 2011
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and the angiotensin-receptor blocker valsartan ameliorate ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). Based on previous clinical trials, a maximum clinical dose is recommended in practical guidelines. Yet, has not been clearly demonstrated whether the recommended dose is more efficacious compared to the lower dose that is commonly ...
Rodríguez Luis A García - - 2011
To evaluate the risk of myocardial infarction and death from coronary heart disease after discontinuation of low dose aspirin in primary care patients with a history of cardiovascular events. Nested case-control study. The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database in the United Kingdom. Individuals aged 50-84 with a first prescription for ...
Moler Frank W - - 2011
To describe a large cohort of children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with return of circulation and to identify factors in the early postarrest period associated with survival. These objectives were for planning an interventional trial of therapeutic hypothermia after pediatric cardiac arrest. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at 15 ...
Gandaglia Alessandro - - 2010
The development of viable and functional tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHVs) is a challenge that, for almost two decades, the scientific community has been committed to face to create life-lasting prosthetic devices for treating heart valve diseases. One of the main drawbacks of tissue-based commercial substitutes, xenografts and homografts, is their ...
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