Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1436
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Pedley D K - - 2006
The prognosis of patients having a cardiac arrest is generally poor, with a few exceptions. Interventions that aim to improve outcome in cardiac arrest have proved to be disappointing. In particular, no drug has been reliably proved to increase survival to discharge after cardiac arrest. Given that coronary thrombosis in ...
Hoh Joseph F Y - - 2007
Cardiac myosins and their subunit compositions were studied in ten species of marsupial mammals. Using native gel electrophoresis, ventricular myosin in macropodoids showed three isoforms, V(1), V(2) and V(3), and western blots using specific anti-alpha- and anti-beta-cardiac myosin heavy chain (MyHC) antibodies showed their MyHC compositions to be alphaalpha, alphabeta ...
Stockman Willem - - 2006
Survival after prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is often associated with neurological and other sequelae. We describe a patient who survived prolonged cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation neurologically intact but suffered colon ischaemia and necrosis in the post-resuscitation period. Subtotal colectomy was performed. We wonder whether this complication was related ...
Fabbri Andrea - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Only a few data are available on the survival rate following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in different Italian settings. We report an analysis of a 10-year experience in a mixed rural/urban setting, the main variables associated with survival, and the preliminary results of the implementation of an automated external defibrillator ...
Akowuah Enoch - - 2006
For patients requiring emergency coronary artery revascularization, mortality remains high. One of the primary reasons is poor functional and metabolic recovery of the myocardium after ischemic arrest. We describe a hybrid of the off-pump and on-pump techniques to avoid ischemic arrest during coronary revascularization for this high-risk group.
Sugimoto Ryujiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that post-mortem heparinization by closed-chest cardiac massage within 30 minutes after cardiac arrest is beneficial in lung transplantation (LTx) from non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) by preventing formation of microthrombi. In this study, we evaluated the effects of post-mortem administration of urokinase 60 minutes after cardiac arrest. METHODS: ...
Little Charles M - - 2006
As many cases of cardiac arrest occur outside of the health care setting, prehospital treatment may dramatically affect patient outcomes. The three major interventions that have been studied are chest compressions and ventilation, electrical defibrillation, and medications. Recent studies show that increasing the rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), decreasing the ...
Greer David M - - 2006
Cardiac arrest survivors commonly suffer ischemic brain injury, and understanding the mechanisms of injury is essential to providing insight for effective therapies for brain protection. Injury can occur at the time of the cardiac arrest and is dependent not only on the duration but also the degree of impaired circulation. ...
Arnaoutoglou H - - 2006
Extracorporeal circulation could be effective for cardiac resuscitation in patients who do not respond to ''Advanced cardiac life support'' (ACLS), but cannot guarantee brain survival. A case of successful cardiac and cerebral resuscitation with extracorporeal circulation and mild hypothermia, in a 48 year-old man with cardiac arrest due to cardiac ...
Hiesmayr Michael J - - 2006
Hyperglycemia is a frequent observation during acute illness such as myocardial infarction and after major surgery. The proportion of patients with hyperglycemia may be as high as 95% to 100% after cardiac surgery. This stress-induced hyperglycemia has a detrimental effect on outcome after myocardial infarction and cardiac surgery. Mortality may ...
Rincon Fred - - 2006
Morbidity and mortality in patients successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest primarily depends on neurological outcome. Clinical trials of therapies directed toward reducing the extent of neuronal damage by means of pharmacological agents have been disappointing. To date, the only clinically effective tool for amelioration of brain damage by ischemia and ...
Garofalo Filippo - - 2006
Morpho-dynamic aspects of the frog (Rana esculenta) heart were correlated to seasonal and sexual traits. The statistical analysis of the data (696 frog specimens: 448 males and 248 females), collected during 8 years of routine research on frog cardiac physiology, indicated that cardiac biology is characterised by sexual dimorphism. The ...
Donohoe Rachael T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The lay public have limited knowledge of the symptoms of myocardial infarction ("heart attack"), and inaccurate perceptions of cardiac arrest survival rates. Levels of CPR training and willingness to intervene in cardiac emergencies are also low. AIMS: To explore public perceptions of myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest; investigate perceptions ...
Cotton Bryan A - - 2006
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that aggressive crystalloid-based resuscitation strategies are associated with cardiac and pulmonary complications, gastrointestinal dysmotility, coagulation disturbances, and immunological and inflammatory mediator dysfunction. As large volumes of fluids are administered, imbalances in intracellular and extracellular osmolarity occur. Disturbances in cell volume disrupt numerous regulatory mechanisms responsible for ...
Perkins Gavin D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Agonal breathing is present in up to 40% of pre-hospital cardiac arrests and is commonly mistaken as a sign of circulation leading to omission of bystander resuscitation. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that specific tuition on agonal breathing improves the accuracy of checking for ...
Jones Daryl - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the timing of cardiac arrest detection in relation to episodes of Medical Emergency Team (MET) review and routine nursing observations. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective observational study in a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: 279 cardiac arrests involving ward patients MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Cardiac arrests were allocated to one of ...
Virkkunen I - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is an association between bystander mouth-to-mouth ventilation and regurgitation in prehospital cardiac arrest patients. DESIGN: Prospectively conducted observational study. SETTING: Data were collected from patients treated by the emergency medical service (EMS) systems in three middle-sized or large Finnish urban communities, the Tampere District EMS ...
Alexander Mark E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Microvolt t-wave alternans (TWA) in early exercise is a noninvasive marker of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia in some adult cardiac populations. The incidence and potential significance of sustained TWA in pediatric and congenital heart disease (CHD) populations has not been well defined. METHODS: TWA treadmill exercise studies in pediatric patients ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2006
The percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system (PCPS) has been widely accepted for the treatment of patients with severe cardiac failure. This system, which uses Seldinger's method through a percutaneous approach, enables rapid application in emergency situations. However, the indication for deployment and discontinuation of PCPS has not yet been established. We ...
Krumnikl J J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Administration of high doses of prostaglandins is a frequently performed and effective method for the treatment of atonic uterine haemorrhage in order to increase uterine muscle tone. Rarely, however, these drugs may cause life-threatening complications including bronchospasm, acute pulmonary oedema and myocardial infarction caused by coronary spasms. METHODS: We ...
Colquhoun Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest is a common mechanism of premature death in the community. Resuscitation is often possible, but no large study of resuscitation by doctors who practice there has been published. METHODS: General practitioners (GPs) equipped with defibrillators reported 555 patients with cardiac arrest in whom they attempted resuscitation. ...
Skrifvars Markus B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) often have abnormal clinical observations documented prior to the arrest. This study assesses whether these patients have a less favourable outcome following IHCA. METHODS: A multiple logistic regression analysis of retrospectively collected hospital chart data and prospectively collected Utstein style resuscitation data. Patients ...
Fang Xiangshao - - 2006
Our group has developed a rat model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the current rat model uses healthy adult animals. In an effort to more closely reproduce the event of cardiac arrest and CPR in humans with chronic coronary disease, a rat model of coronary artery constriction ...
Nozari Ala - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mild hypothermia improves outcome when induced after cardiac arrest in humans. Recent studies in both dogs and mice suggest that induction of mild hypothermia during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) greatly enhances its efficacy. In this study, we evaluate the time window for the beneficial effect of intra-arrest cooling in the ...
Egan Jonathan R - - 2006
Cardiac surgery is performed in approximately 770,000 adults and 30,000 children in the United States of America annually. In this review we outline the mechanistic links between post-operative myocardial stunning and the development of myocardial edema. These interrelated processes cause a decline in myocardial performance that account for significant morbidity ...
Athanasuleas Constantine L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The fundamental goal of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is recovery of the heart and the brain. This is best achieved by (1) immediate CPR for coronary and cerebral perfusion, (2) correction of the cause of cardiac arrest, and (3) controlled cardioplegic cardiac reperfusion. Failure of such an integrated therapy may ...
Miano Todd A - - 2006
Sudden cardiac arrest is a major public heath problem, affecting more than 450,000 individuals annually. Response time and the initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remain the most important factors determining successful revival. During resuscitation, sympathomimetics are given to enhance cerebral and coronary perfusion pressures in an attempt to achieve restoration ...
Sanders Arthur B - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients who are successfully resuscitated following cardiac arrest often have a significant medical condition termed postresuscitation disease. This includes myocardial stunning, metabolic abnormalities and neurologic injury from global ischemia. There are no clinical signs or diagnostic tests for 24-72 h to distinguish patients who will and will ...
Vanbrabant Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine, by means of autopsy, the cause of death following unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation of patients with a witnessed prehospital cardiac arrest of unclear origin. METHOD: Observational study of all prehospital-witnessed cardiac arrest of unclear origin over a period of 19 months in the emergency medical service region of ...
Lee Charles - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review identifies the most serious complications likely to be encountered in the current practice of paediatric anaesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: The findings of the ASA Closed Claims Project, published in 1993, showed a higher proportion of closed paediatric malpractice claims related to respiratory events than to cardiovascular ...
Eisenberg Mickey S - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the clinical significance of agonal respirations associated with cardiac arrest. RECENT FINDINGS: Observational data indicate that agonal respirations are frequent (55% of witnessed cardiac arrests and probably higher) and that they are associated with successful resuscitation. They also are found more commonly in ventricular ...
Quintero-Moran Benigno - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiac arrest have been excluded from most randomized trials on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing primary PCI for acute myocardial infarction who suffered from cardiac arrest prior to the ...
Burrell Christopher - - 2007
This report describes a 43 yr old man diagnosed with U.K. acquired cyclospora cayetanensis infection resulting in fever and diarrhoea. In course of the febrile illness, he suffered an out of hospital cardiac arrest. Extensive cardiac investigation including a transthoracic echocardiogram, coronary angiogram, and cardiac electrophysiological studies failed to identify ...
Thorne Ashley D - - 2006
Life-history theory has suggested that individual body size can strongly affect the allocation of resources to reproduction and away from other traits such as survival. In many insects, adults eclose with a proportion of their potential lifetime egg production that is already mature (the ovigeny index). We establish for the ...
Barreiro Christopher J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies have confirmed the neuroprotective effect of diazoxide in canines undergoing hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). A decreased N-acetyl-asparate:choline (NAA:Cho) ratio is believed to reflect the severity of neurologic injury. We demonstrated that noninvasive measurement of NAA:Cho with magnetic resonance spectroscopy facilitates assessment of neuronal injury after HCA and allows ...
Ledowski Thomas - - 2006
Volatile anesthetics reduce ciliary beat frequency in vitro. It has been reported that impaired bronchial mucus transport velocity (BTV) is associated with significantly increased pulmonary complications. In this study, we sought to determine in vivo differences in BTV, comparing patients having total IV anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and remifentanil to ...
Savvas Ioannis - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Extradural lidocaine exerts several adverse effects which are seldom fatal. While cardiac arrest following extradural lidocaine injection has been reported in human beings, it has not hitherto been reported in dogs. OBSERVATIONS: The emergency management of a dog with complete urethral obstruction is described. We intended to perform vaginoscopy ...
Lundy, Edward F.
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dextrose administration during and following cardiac resuscitation on mortality and morbidity. Thirty-one dogs anesthetized with halothane were subjected to six minutes of ventricular fibrillation and were resuscitated with open chest cardiac message. All dogs were successfully resuscitated. Thirteen received ...
Spöhr Fabian - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: During cardiopulmonary resuscitation, no specific drug therapy has been shown to improve survival to hospital discharge after cardiac arrest, and only few drugs have a proven benefit for short-term survival. This article reviews recent experimental and clinical data about vasopressor, antiarrhythmic and thrombolytic agents. RECENT FINDINGS: General ...
El-Menyar Ayman A - - 2006
The fatal outcome of victims after initially successful resuscitation for cardiac arrest has been attributed both to global myocardial ischemia during the cardiac arrest and the adverse effects of reperfusion. Postresuscitation syndrome comprises 2 major components; pathophysiologic postresuscitation disease and postresuscitation hemodynamic changes. Both components predict the myocardial function, which ...
Ballen Jenifer - - 2006
PURPOSE: To present a case of survival of a cognitively intact Jehovah's Witness patient with an aortic dissection who underwent hypothermic arrest. Recombinant factor VIIa, but no blood products were administered. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 83-yr-old female with an acute type A aortic dissection underwent emergent surgical repair. Proximal extension of ...
Desalu Ibironke - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND GOAL OF STUDY: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an integral part of anaesthetic training. In Nigeria, these skills are taught mainly during medical school and postgraduate training. International guidelines were introduced in 2000 and new guidelines were produced in November 2005. The study sought to assess how closely anaesthetists ...
Bozeman William P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prospective and retrospective studies have shown that empiric use of fibrinolytic agents in sudden cardiac arrest is safe and may improve outcomes in sudden cardiac arrest. Use of fibrinolytic agents for this indication is increasing in response to these data. METHODS: A prospective multicenter observational trial was performed in ...
Iwami Taku - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome and the factors concerned with of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients according to the location of the collapse. METHODS: From May 1st, 1998 to April 30th, 2001, 15,211 consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases considered for resuscitation were recorded. Of these cases 7540 arrests in subjects aged ...
Sunde Kjetil - - 2006
A 50-year-old patient had status epilepticus and no adequate reactions nine days after prolonged out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The cause of the arrest was acute myocardial infarction which was treated successfully with percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI) and a stent placement. He was treated with therapeutic hypothermia (33 degrees C) for 24h ...
Chung Chih-Ming - - 2006
Spinal anesthesia is a widely practiced technique for both elective and emergency procedures. It is so recommended because of its efficacy and safety. Cardiac arrest during spinal anesthesia is considered as a "very rare", "unusual", and "unexpected" event. We report here two instances of cardiac arrest during spinal anesthesia in ...
Sheth A - - 2006
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and pulmonary embolism (PE) account for about 70% of cardiac arrest. Although thrombolytic therapy is an effective therapy for both AMI and PE, it is not routinely recommended during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for fear of life threatening bleeding complications. Numerous case reports and retrospective studies have ...
Wesley A Keith - - 2006
More research is needed to improve our understanding of what constitutes the most effective method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation; however, we know more now than ever in the history of medicine. We know that CPR is more than simply pushing on the chest and defibrillating the heart. We know that there ...
Flynn Julie - - 2006
In Australia, cardiac arrest kills 142 out of every 100,000 people each year; with only 3-4% of out-of-hospital patients with cardiac arrest in Melbourne surviving to hospital discharge. Prompt initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), defibrillation, and advanced cardiac care greatly improves the chances of survival from cardiac arrest. A critical ...
Photiadis Joachim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recently introduced cardiopulmonary bypass techniques to avoid circulatory arrest were proposed to improve organ function of the modified Norwood operation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. This study compares postoperative hemodynamics and survival in patients who underwent Norwood procedure on the beating heart to those operated on with cardioplegic cardiac ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >