Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1435
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Pytte Morten - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Both animal and human studies demonstrate activation of coagulation during cardiac arrest. Prearrest anticoagulation is used routinely in many experimental studies. We studied the hemodynamic effects of prearrest anticoagulation with a low-molecular-weight heparin suitable for clinical use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pigs. DESIGN: Randomized and blinded experimental animal study. ...
Fries Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of a neurocognitive test based on operant conditioning in a porcine model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Furthermore, to characterize the influence of different durations of cardiac arrest on cognitive performance and the accompanying neurohistopathological changes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled laboratory animal study. SETTING: Animal ...
Tsagkataki Myrto - - 2008
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether adrenaline might be a useful addition to a protocol for the management of cardiac arrests for patients shortly after cardiac surgery. Altogether 889 papers were found using the reported search, of ...
Virkkunen Ilkka - - 2008
AIMS: To study the cause of deaths after witnessed cardiac arrest followed by pulseless electrical activity and unsuccessful of out-of-hospital resuscitation; and to detect any differences between causes of death determined at autopsy and those inferred from clinical history. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, data were collected from 91 ...
Kopp R - - 2008
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation by manual cardiac compression can restore cardiocirculatory function but can also injure patients. Commonly reported are skeletal fractures of the rips and sternum, while injuries to the large thoracic vessels will frequently be lethal. We report the case of a 57-year-old male patient with sudden cardiac arrest because ...
Davis T R - - 2008
Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death among dialysis patients in the United States. We measured the outcome of cardiac arrests attended by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) staff at hemodialysis facilities in a 14-year population-based retrospective study to identify cardiac arrest cases at a dialysis unit. Associated factors were ...
Plunkett S J - - 2008
In December 2005, the American Heart Association published new guidelines for cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) in humans for the 1st time in 5 years. Many of the recommendations are based on research conducted in animal species and may be applicable to small animal veterinary patients. One important change that may ...
Joshita Satoru - - 2008
Here we report two patients with hematological malignancies associated with complications of fatal cardiac zygomycosis. The first case, a 72-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome being treated with low-dose cytarabine, died of sudden cardiac arrest. An autopsy revealed disseminated zygomycosis accompanied with occlusion of the coronary artery by fungal thrombi. The ...
Eiferman Daniel S - - 2008
During ischemia, myocardial fatty acid metabolism ceases, rapidly depleting the other primary fuel, glucose. No technique has existed to continuously monitor myocardial glucose. Needle-tip enzymatic glucose biosensors have been developed for subcutaneous use in diabetic management. To study the utility of these sensors for real-time myocardial glucose monitoring in clinically ...
Holzer M - - 2008
In industrial countries it is estimated that the incidence of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest lies between 36 and 128 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Almost 80% of patients who initially survive a cardiac arrest present with coma lasting more than 1 h. Current therapy during cardiac arrest concentrates on the ...
Saha Ratnadeep - - 2008
Cardiac strain was evaluated in terms of working heart rate (WHR), relative cardiac cost (RCC), net cardiac cost (NCC) and other recovery indices among six younger (mean age 34.2 +/- 2.7 yr) and sixteen older (mean age 48.9 +/- 5.4 yr) drillers working in a manual underground coal mine over ...
Polderman K H - - 2008
Multi-centred studies in patients who remain comatose after cardiac arrest and also in newborn babies with perinatal asphyxia have clearly demonstrated that mild hypothermia (32-34 degrees C) can improve neurological outcome after post-anoxic injury. This represents a highly promising development in the field of neurocritical care. This review discusses the ...
Bihari Shailesh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe high level of awareness in a patient undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an asystolic cardiac arrest and review the literature regarding this phenomenon. METHODS: This is a case report of a patient admitted to the Intensive Care Unit who suffered an asystolic cardiac arrest. We reviewed MEDLINE using ...
Jones Alan E - - 2008
AIMS: The treatment recommendations from the 2005 International Consensus Conference on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science (hosted by the American Heart Association) advocate a goal-directed treatment strategy for hemodynamic optimization after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in post-cardiac arrest care. We performed a systematic review to (1) examine ...
Zhao Danhong - - 2008
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) represents an important method to attenuate post-resuscitation injury after cardiac arrest. Laboratory investigations have suggested that induction of hypothermia before return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) may confer the greatest benefit. We hypothesized that a short delay in resuscitation to induce hypothermia before ROSC, even at the expense ...
Iwami Taku - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous animal and clinical studies suggest that bystander-initiated cardiac-only resuscitation may be superior to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. Our hypothesis was that both cardiac-only bystander resuscitation and conventional bystander CPR would improve outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of < or = 15 minutes' duration, whereas ...
Ulukaya S - - 2007
A patient with alcohol induced end-stage liver disease developed cardiac arrest immediately after reperfusion during orthotopic liver transplantation. In our case, advanced age of the patient, alcohol-related severe liver disease with high ASA score, and myocardial dysfunction, combined with acute metabolic and hemodynamic changes throughout the surgery may have contributed ...
Dias Perera Anton S - - 2007
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is an uncommon disorder characterized by a pentad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal dysfunction, fever, and a fluctuating neurologic syndrome. Splenectomy is performed for patients who are refractory to plasma therapy and for relapsing TTP. We describe a case of a patient who died due ...
Scaife Eric R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Historical reports indicate that active rewarming with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can salvage a patient after hypothermic cardiac arrest. We created a protocol that includes ECMO for extreme hypothermia to guide rewarming of the hypothermic patient. METHODS: A retrospective review of the ECMO rewarming protocol (2004-2006) was conducted. RESULTS: ...
Fuller Everett T - - 2008
Therapeutic hypothermia is an exciting new treatment modality that has been shown to have significantly improved outcomes in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. One of the exclusion criteria of the landmark studies on therapeutic hypothermia was a potential toxin-induced cause of the persistent comatose state and presumably of the cardiac ...
Twomey Darragh - - 2008
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether open chest cardiac massage is superior to closed chest compressions in patients suffering cardiac arrest following cardiac surgery. Using the reported search, 527 papers were identified. Fifteen papers represented the best ...
Weingarten Toby N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery for carcinoid heart disease is complicated by hemodynamic instability secondary to carcinoid crises, cardiovascular dysfunction, and blood loss. The safety of vasopressors and the benefit of aprotinin during concomitant octreotide administration are uncertain. METHODS: We reviewed the effects of vasopressors and aprotinin on octreotide administration and mortality ...
Bader Mary Kay - - 2007
Cessation of circulation during cardiac arrest causes critical end-organ ischemia. Although the neurological consequences of cardiopulmonary arrest can be catastrophic, an aggressive "push fast and push hard" resuscitation technique maintains blood flow until the return of spontaneous circulation. However, reperfusion to the cerebrum leads to cellular chaos and further neurological ...
Ong Marcus Eng Hock - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Public access defibrillation (PAD) has shown potential to increase cardiac arrest survival rates. OBJECTIVES: To describe the geographic epidemiology of prehospital cardiac arrest in Singapore using geographic information systems (GIS) technology and assess the potential for deployment of a PAD program. METHODS: We conducted an observational prospective study looking ...
Jia Xiaofeng - - 2008
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) after cardiac arrest (CA) improves outcomes in a fraction of patients. To enhance the administration of TH, we studied brain electrophysiological monitoring in determining the benefit of early initiation of TH compared to conventional administration in a rat model. Using an asphyxial CA model, we compared the ...
Clusin William T - - 2008
Alternation of cardiac action potential duration (APD) from beat to beat and concurrent alternation of the amplitude of the calcium transient are regarded as important arrhythmia mechanisms. These phenomena are causally interrelated and can be reliably evoked by an increase in beat frequency or by ischemia. The first part of ...
Muñoz Daniel - - 2007
Actually recommended by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), therapeutic hypothermia has been the only modality shown to improve neurological outcomes after cardiac arrest. This article provides the background for such recommendations as well as: pathophysiology, review of brain injury during cardiac arrest, discussion of beneficial effects of therapeutic ...
Mori Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diameter pulse waveforms (DPWs) are known to reflect the pressure waveforms at the target vessel. Our purpose was to clarify the usefulness of DPWs recorded noninvasively from the fetal inferior vena cava (IVC) for detecting cardiac function. METHODS: A paired ultrasonic phase-locked echo tracking system was used to ...
Kanazawa Satoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is widely known that more boys are born during and immediately after wars, but there has not been any ultimate (evolutionary) explanation for this 'returning soldier effect'. Here, I suggest that the higher sex ratios during and immediately after wars might be a byproduct of the fact that ...
Hernandez Caleb - - 2008
Cardiac arrest is a condition frequently encountered by physicians in the hospital setting including the Emergency Department, Intensive Care Unit and medical/surgical wards. This paper reviews the current literature involving the use of ultrasound in resuscitation and proposes an algorithmic approach for the use of ultrasound during cardiac arrest. At ...
Geddes Leslie A - - 2007
This article introduces 2 new cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) concepts: (1) the use of only rhythmic abdominal compression (OAC) to produce blood flow during CPR with ventricular fibrillation and (2) a new way of describing coronary perfusion effectiveness, namely, the area between the aortic and right atrial pressure curves, summed over ...
Peng Hou-Cheng - - 2007
We report a 45-year-old obese uremic female, who developed sudden and profound shock followed by cardiac arrest during the percutaneous insertion of a permanently cuffed and tunneled hemodialysis catheter under local anesthesia. Upon our rush to the scene for succor, inspection revealed that she was pale, comatose, and tachypneic, while ...
Desalu I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative cardiac arrests are not uncommon and are related to both surgical and anaesthetic factors. This study aimed to examine the factors which predispose to a periopeartive cardiac arrest, to assess the appropriateness of therapy and the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All perioperative cardiac arrests in adults that occurred ...
Christou Leonidas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac ascites remains a rare entity with unique clinical and pathogenetic features that are not adequately recognized by clinicians. The purpose of this study was to contribute towards elucidating the nature of cardiac ascites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We describe a series of 26 ascitic fluid samples from eight patients ...
Salerno Jack C - - 2008
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is an uncommon disorder that has recently been recognized as a distinct cardiomyopathy. LVNC is thought to result from an arrest in the normal process of myocardial compaction. The association of Wolff-Parkinson-White with noncompaction of the left ventricle is well recognized. Sinus bradycardia has also been ...
Bernard Stephen A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation improves outcome following prolonged out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Laboratory studies suggest that this therapy may improve outcome further when induced during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We report a case where therapeutic hypothermia was induced during cardiopulmonary resuscitation using large-volume (40 mL/kg), ice-cold (4 degrees C) intravenous fluid. DESIGN: ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NCVM) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by varying degrees of ventricular dysfunction and numerous, prominent trabeculations with deep intertrabecular recesses caused by arrest in myocardial embryogenesis. NCVM is rarely described in fetal and neonatal patients, and only isolated reports exist to date. METHODS: We ...
Chang Yun-Te - - 2008
AIM OF STUDY: Interruptions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), particularly as guided by automated external defibrillators, have been implicated in poor survival from cardiac arrest. Interruptions of CPR may be reduced by eliminating repetition of shocks between periods of CPR, elimination of the interval for patient assessment before CPR, and extension ...
Ahmar Walid - - 2007
Out of hospital cardiac arrest is generally managed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. The precordial thump can also be used in the initial management of witnessed cardiac arrest whilst awaiting direct current cardioversion. However, complications are associated with a precordial thump. We report a case of an out-of-hospital cardiac ...
Ali Bakhtiar - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death is a major clinical problem, causing 300,000 to 400,000 deaths annually and 63% of all cardiac deaths. Despite the overall decrease in cardiovascular mortality, the proportion of cardiovascular death from sudden cardiac death has remained constant. Survival rates among patients who have out-of-hospital cardiac arrest vary from ...
Kim Ji Hye - - 2007
After being lost for 16 hr, a 7-yr-old boy was admitted to the emergency Department (ED) in a severe hypothermic condition of 23.3 degrees C with cardiac arrest. Active rewarming was conducted with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Sixty minutes after admission, return of spontaneous circulation was confirmed. Fever developed 14 hr ...
Odegard Kirsten C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The frequency of anesthesia-related cardiac arrests during pediatric anesthesia has been reported between 1.4 and 4.6 per 10,000 anesthetics. ASA physical status >III and younger age are risk factors. Patients with congenital cardiac disease may also be at increased risk. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the frequency of ...
Na Sungwon - - 2007
We report a 66-yr-old male patient who developed tricuspid regurgitation secondary to internal cardiac massage. After uneventful off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, the subject experienced cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit. External cardiac massage was initiated and internal cardiac massage was performed eventually. A transesophageal echocardiography revealed avulsion of ...
Bahar S - - 2007
This study was carried out to describe the ramifications of the cardiac veins of Angora rabbit. For this purpose, a total of 16 adult healthy Angora rabbits of both sexes, 1.5-2 years of age, were used. The great, middle, right cardiac veins ran in a subepicardial course and opened into ...
Kvaløy Jan Terje - - 2007
A data set concerning cardiac arrests treated by the Emergency Medical Service in Trondheim during a nine year period is analysed. The relationship between the occurrence of cardiac arrest and covariates related to weather and season is examined. The covariate order method is used in the analysis of the data. ...
Rossetti A O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of status epilepticus (SE) depends on its cause, but there is uncertainty as to whether SE represents an independent outcome predictor for a given etiology. Cerebral anoxia is a relatively homogenous severe encephalopathy. Postanoxic SE is associated to a nearly 100% mortality in this setting; however, it is ...
Kämäräinen Antti - - 2007
This report describes a case of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with spontaneous defibrillation and subsequent return of circulation after cessation of resuscitative efforts. A 47-year-old man was found in cardiac arrest and resuscitation was initiated. As no response was achieved, the efforts were withdrawn and final registered cardiac rhythm was ventricular ...
Bartram U - - 2007
This review compiles the current knowledge of normal and abnormal myocardial morphogenesis to facilitate an unambiguous diagnosis of primary myocardial noncompaction. During the early stages of development, the formation of trabeculae with the resulting increase in myocardial surface is a adaptation of the rapidly growing heart to improve nourishment by ...
Singh Dinesh - - 2007
Human recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO) can protect the myocardium during ischemia and reperfusion. We investigated whether rhEPO could ameliorate previously identified functional myocardial abnormalities that develop during resuscitation from cardiac arrest, using a rat model of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and closed-chest resuscitation. VF was electrically induced and maintained, untreated, for 10 ...
Huang Chien-Hua - - 2007
To investigate the effect of erythropoietin for the management of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction following asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest. Male adult Wistar rats were used for the prospective controlled animal study. Asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest was performed by turning-off the ventilator and clamping the endotracheal tube. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with an intravenous injection of ...
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