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Gandaglia Alessandro - - 2010
The development of viable and functional tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHVs) is a challenge that, for almost two decades, the scientific community has been committed to face to create life-lasting prosthetic devices for treating heart valve diseases. One of the main drawbacks of tissue-based commercial substitutes, xenografts and homografts, is their ...
Soma Johannes - - 2010
Abstract Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFPEF) represents a huge medical problem, especially in light of an increasing elderly population. Dysfunction of both left ventricular filling and ejection, combined with adverse loading conditions related to advanced age, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and atrial fibrillation are fundamental ...
Semenas Egidijus - - 2010
Experimental studies have shown sex differences in haemodynamic response and outcome after trauma and haemorrhagic shock. We recently reported that female sex protects against cerebral injury after exsanguination cardiac arrest (CA), independent of sexual effects of hormones. The current study examines if female sex is also cardioprotective. In this study ...
Bradley S M - - 2010
Despite the passage of 50 years since the introduction of closed chest compression and mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing as the techniques of modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the simple techniques remain the backbone of successful resuscitation of victims of cardiac arrest. In particular, the importance of high quality chest compressions is increasingly ...
Youngquist Scott T - - 2011
Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) during resuscitation from cardiac arrest has been shown to correlate with return of spontaneous circulation. Adrenergic blockade of beta-1 and alpha-1 receptors is common in the long-term management of ischemic heart disease and congestive heart failure. We sought to compare the CPP response to vasopressin vs. ...
Sun Shijie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of epinephrine when administered during either normothermic or therapeutic hypothermic cardiopulmonary resuscitation on postresuscitation myocardial and cerebral function and survival. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled experimental study. SETTING: University-affiliated animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS: Ventricular fibrillation was induced and untreated for ...
Gaieski David F - - 2010
Cardiac arrest occurs when organized cardiac contractility ceases and circulation stops. During cardiac arrest, electrical activity may be abnormal or absent, and the rhythm documented can be ventricular fibrillation, pulseless ventricular tachycardia, pulseless electrical activity, or asystole. It has been estimated that 300 000 sudden cardiac arrests occur each year ...
Murarka Shishir - - 2010
Aim: Left ventricular direct access and sheath placement through a minithoracotomy has been utilized to allow minimally invasive valvular surgery. One potential problem encountered is the closure of the ventricular puncture incision in a beating heart. Our aim was to develop a sutureless closure technique that does not leave behind ...
Yoo Seung Min - - 2010
This article presents specific examples of delayed diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, acute aortic dissection, and pulmonary embolism resulting from evaluating patients with nonspecific acute chest pain who did not undergo immediate dedicated coronary CT angiography (CTA) or triple rule-out protocol (TRO). These concrete examples of delayed diagnosis may advance ...
Talbot Simon G - - 2010
Hypothermic cardiac arrest is a relatively uncommon presentation to United States Emergency Departments. During 1979-2002, the Centers for Disease Control reported that an average of 689 deaths per year in the US were attributed to exposure to excessive natural cold. Severe hypothermia (<30°C) confers marked depression of critical metabolic and ...
Mehta Chris - - 2012
Pulseless electrical activity (PEA), a cardiac arrest rhythm scenario with an associated poor prognosis, is defined as cardiac electrical activity without a palpable pulse. Considering both outpatient and inpatient cardiac arrest presentations, PEA as a rhythm group has been increasing over the past 10 to 20 years with a corresponding ...
Beiser David G DG Emergency Resuscitation Center, Section of Emergency Medicine, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., MC 5068, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2011
Cardiac arrest mortality is significantly affected by failure to obtain return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Severe myocardial dysfunction and cardiovascular collapse further affects mortality within hours of initial ROSC. Recent work suggests that enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling within minutes of CPR can improve myocardial ...
Kern Karl B - - 2011
The post-cardiac arrest syndrome includes a decline in myocardial microcirculation function. Inhibition of the platelet IIb/IIIa glycoprotein receptor has improved myocardial microvascular function post-percutaneous coronary intervention. Therefore, we evaluated such inhibition with eptifibatide for its effect on myocardial microcirculation function post-cardiac arrest and resuscitation. Four groups of swine were studied ...
Schratter Alexandra - - 2011
A reproducible long-term intensive care and outcome cardiac arrest model for exploring new cerebral preservation strategies is needed. We tried to determine effects and limitations of current therapies after different 'no-flow' times. Thirty-five female Large White Breed pigs (26-37kg) were included in the study. Three pigs served as sham animals ...
Holmgren C - - 2010
The characteristics of patients who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are incompletely known. The characteristics of survivors of OHCA during a period of 16 years in Sweden are described. All the patients included in the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry between 1992 and 2007 in whom cardiopulmonary resuscitation was attempted and ...
Mhyre Jill M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Delay in defibrillation (more than 2 min) is associated with worse survival in patients with a cardiac arrest because of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia in intensive care units and inpatient wards. METHODS: We tested the relationship between delayed defibrillation and survival from intraoperative or periprocedural cardiac arrest, ...
Petrucci Orlando - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Protection and preservation of fetal myocardial function are important for successful fetal intracardiac repair. Our objective was to determine fetal biventricular cardiac performance after two cardiac-arrest techniques. METHODS: Three groups of midterm ovine fetuses underwent 90-minute bypass. A control group (no arrest shams, n = 3), and two groups ...
Halpern Ethan J - - 2010
ECG-gated multislice CT provides a cost-effective, non-invasive technology for evaluation of the coronary arteries, as well as for additional clinical applications, which require morphological assessment of the heart and adjacent structures with simultaneous evaluation of the coronary circulation.The excellent negative predictive value of a normal coronary CTA (cCTA) examination excludes ...
Pun Patrick H - - 2011
Sudden cardiac arrest is the most common cause of death among patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) maintained on hemodialysis. Here we sought to identify dialysis-related factors associated with this increased risk in a case-control study encompassing 43,200 patients dialyzed in outpatient clinics of a large organization. Within this group, ...
Mouton Ronelle - - 2010
Cardiac arrest causes whole body ischaemic injury and cellular death. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can subsequently lead to a global reperfusion phenomenon with a paradoxically increased rate of cellular death. Interventions that decrease the ischaemia-reperfusion injury may be useful in the treatment of these patients. Remote ischaemic postconditioning with transient ...
Scholefield Barnaby R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic hypothermia improves neurological outcome in adults after ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest and neonates with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. There is currently no clinical research to support its use in the paediatric population. This survey aims to ascertain current practice in the UK, and attitudes and opinions to guide the ...
Lellouche Nicolas - - 2011
Sudden Cardiac Arrest and ECG Repolarization. Introduction: Early repolarization (ERep) abnormalities on electrocardiogram (ECG) are common immediately following cardiac arrest. We characterized and correlated electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities immediately after cardiac arrest with acute coronary angiography. Methods and Results: We studied 225 consecutive patients presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. All these patients ...
Nakanishi Naohiko - - 2011
Several studies have reported circadian, weekly, and seasonal variations in the rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, variations in the mortality of OHCA are not well known. We investigated the 1396 consecutive cases of OHCA with cardiac etiology between October 2004 and September 2008. There were 2 peaks in ...
Spencer Craig - - 2010
This paper describes a 21-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with a knife wound to his buttock. He had a witnessed cardiac arrest with pulseless electrical activity in hospital as a result of further haemorrhage. His post-resuscitation arterial blood gas revealed a severe lactic acidosis (pH 6.61, lactate ...
Johnson Nicholas J - - 2010
The Medical Priority Dispatch System (MPDS) is an emergency medical dispatch (EMD) system that is widely used to prioritize 9-1-1 calls and optimize resource allocation. Calls are assigned an MPDS determinant, which includes a number (1-32) representing chief complaint and priority (Alpha through Echo) representing acuity. This study evaluates the ...
Attaran Robert R - - 2010
The use of epinephrine during cardiac arrest has been advocated for decades and forms an integral part of the published guidelines. Its efficacy is supported by animal data, but human trial evidence is lacking. This is partly attributable to disparities in trial methodology. Epinephrine's pharmacologic and physiologic effects include an ...
Ji Xian-Fei - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of nifekalant and amiodarone in the treatment of cardiac arrest in a porcine model. METHODS: After 4min of untreated ventricular fibrillation, animals were randomly treated with nifekalant (2mgkg(-1)), amiodarone (5mgkg(-1)) or saline placebo (n=12 pigs per group). Precordial compression and ventilation were initiated after drug ...
Kjaergaard Benedict - - 2010
In accidental hypothermia, normal signs of death are unreliable. It is generally accepted that a lifeless person is beyond the limits of rescue if plasma potassium (P-potassium) is higher than10 mmol/l. However, the rate of increase in potassium or in other markers after cardiac arrest has not been carefully studied ...
Nolan Jerry P - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to discuss recent data relating to the treatment of cardiac arrest survivors. This is a rapidly evolving component of resuscitation medicine that impacts significantly on the quality of survival after cardiac arrest. RECENT FINDINGS: The postcardiac arrest syndrome comprises postcardiac arrest ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2010
A 69-year-old woman and a 29-year-old man were admitted to our hospital after successful resuscitation of out-of hospital cardiac arrest. In the first case, electrocardiogram showed mild ST-segment elevation in leads V3-V5. Coronary angiography did not show any obstructive coronary artery disease, and left ventriculography showed apical ballooning of the ...
Lee Ji Young - - 2010
This case report describes a 35-year old male who experienced ventricular tachycardia induced by intramucosal injection of epinephrine (1:100,000). Under general anaesthesia with desflurane inhalation, 1.5% lidocaine containing 1:100,000 epinephrine was injected into the nasal mucosa for septoplasty. ST segment elevation and QRS widening occurred after 10 minutes and progressed ...
Liakopoulos Oliver J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the role of emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) after prolonged cardiac arrest and failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and (2) the use of systemic hyperkalemia during CPB to convert intractable ventricular fibrillation (VF). METHODS: Thirty-one pigs (34 +/- 2 kg) underwent 15 minutes ...
Sasson Comilla - - 2010
The incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest vary widely across cities. It is unknown whether similar differences exist at the neighborhood level. To determine the extent to which neighborhoods have persistently high rates of cardiac arrest but low rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Multilevel Poisson regression of 1108 ...
Dumas Florence - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary occlusion is the leading cause of cardiac arrest. Because of limited data, the indications and timing of coronary angiography and angioplasty in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are controversial. Using data from the Parisian Region Out of hospital Cardiac ArresT prospective registry, we performed an analysis to ...
Connor Suzy - - 2010
A 43-year-old man with no cardiac history presented with chest pain followed by cardiac arrest. He was successfully defibrillated and underwent primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty to a culprit coronary artery lesion. He later re-presented with a diffuse urticarial rash and lip swelling, reporting that these symptoms had been present for ...
Bruzzone P - - 2010
In Italy death of a human being must be declared either after brain death or after 20 minutes of cardiac arrest, certified by continuous electrocardiography (EKG) recording. It is my personal opinion that in such circumstances after cardiac death (DCD) will allow at best only the retrieval of few marginal ...
Trummer Georg - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is associated with high mortality and poor neurological recovery. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can cause ischemia-reperfusion injury of the whole body and brain. We assessed the hypothesis that controlled reperfusion of the whole body with cardiopulmonary bypass would limit reperfusion injury after 15 minutes of normothermic cardiac arrest with ...
Aune Solveig - - 2011
Time between onset of cardiac arrest and start of treatment is of ultimate importance for outcome. The length of time it takes to expose the chest in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is not known. We aimed to compare the time from onset of OHCA until the time at which the ...
Binks A - - 2010
Following successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest, neurological impairment as well as other types of organ dysfunction still cause significant morbidity and mortality. The whole-body ischemia-reperfusion response that occurs during cardiac arrest and subsequent restoration of systemic circulation results in a series of pathophysiological processes that have been termed the post-cardiac ...
McIver L J - - 2010
In the setting of severe acute asthma, electrocardiographic abnormalities are not uncommon and some patients will develop reversible systolic dysfunction. However acute myocardial infarction and potentially fatal arrhythmias are rare. We report the case of a middle-aged indigenous male who suffered an ST-elevation myocardial infarction and then pulseless ventricular tachycardia ...
Song Fengqing - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of apoptosis after the global myocardial ischemia of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the regional myocardial ischemia after left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion and relate it to the severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction.DESIGN: Prospective animal study.SETTING: University-affiliated animal research laboratory.SUBJECTS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats.INTERVENTIONS: Fifteen male Sprague-Dawley ...
Hanson C C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a multifaceted paediatric rapid response system on the duration of predefined clinical instability and the subsequent rate of cardiac arrests. METHODS: An interrupted time series study coupled with a retrospective chart review to evaluate the effects of implementing a four component paediatric rapid response ...
Chambers David J - - 2010
Since the start of cardiac surgery in the 1950s, multiple techniques have been used to protect the heart during the surgical requirement for elective global ischemia (and the still, relaxed, bloodless field that this provides the surgeon for repair of the lesion). Most of these techniques have been discarded. The ...
Kwari Y D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Perioperative cardiac arrests and death on the table represent the most serious complications of surgery and anaesthesia. This paper was designed to study their pattern, causes and outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and intensive care unit (ICU) management in our institution. METHODOLOGY: Three year retrospective review of perioperative cardiac ...
Gonzales Louis - - 2010
Recently, emphasis has been placed on the simultaneous implementation of resuscitation interventions currently recommended within the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiac care (ECC). The rate of successful outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains relatively low in most U.S. communities. Accurate measures of ...
Vanston Vincent J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has been shown to reduce the degree of anoxic brain injury, decrease mortality, and improve neurologic recovery in patients surviving cardiac arrest. However, there is a paucity of data on potential markers of neurologic outcome that physicians can use in this setting. METHODS: A retrospective medical ...
Pacifico Nicole - - 2010
To describe the successful management of cardiac arrest following accidental venous air embolism (VAE) in a cat. A 3-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat, weighing 4 kg, was presented for continuation of its chemotherapy protocol. The cat was inadvertently administered approximately 5.5 mL of air IV during initiation of fluid ...
Niemann James T - - 2010
Left ventricular dysfunction after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation contributes to early death after resuscitation. Proinflammatory cytokines are known to decrease myocardial function, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha has been shown to increase after successful resuscitation. We hypothesized that blocking the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha with infliximab would prevent or minimize postresuscitation ...
Dokken Betsy B - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Post-resuscitation syndrome leads to death in approximately 2 out of every 3 successfully resuscitated victims, and myocardial microcirculatory dysfunction is a major component of this syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine if glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) improves post-resuscitation myocardial microcirculatory function. METHODS: Ventricular fibrillation ...
Takei Tetsuhiro - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the lateral position during noncardiac surgery has been described in only a few reports in the past. Here, we report a case of cardiac arrest in a 61-year-old man undergoing microvascular decompression surgery for trigeminal neuralgia in the left lateral decubitus position. During the initial 5 ...
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