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Lipinski Michael J MJ MedStar Heart Institute, Medstar Washington Hospital Center, MedStar Cardiovascular Research Network, Washington, District of - - 2014
Multiple studies have evaluated copeptin, a surrogate for arginine vasopressin, in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with mixed results. A systematic review and collaborative meta-analysis were performed for diagnosis of AMI and assessment of prognosis in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, ...
Kwong Joey S W JS Institute of Vascular Medicine, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, S.H. Ho Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke Centre, Heart Education And Research Training (HEART) Centre, and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (DES) are innovative concepts in the era of percutaneous coronary intervention. We systematically reviewed the latest randomized evidence on the efficacy and safety of biodegradable polymer DES as compared to durable polymer DES. MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane database were searched in August 2013 for eligible ...
Bagnall Alan - - 2014
When patients with ischaemic heart disease are considered for revascularisation the Heart Team's aim is to choose a therapy that will provide complete relief of ischaemia for an acceptable procedural risk. Complete functional revascularisation of ischaemic myocardium is thus the goal and for this reason the presence of a chronic ...
Thavendiranathan Paaladinesh P Division of Cardiology, Peter Munk Cardiac Center, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada; Cardiac Conditions in Oncology Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, - - 2014
The literature exploring the utility of advanced echocardiographic techniques (such as deformation imaging) in the diagnosis and prognostication of patients receiving potentially cardiotoxic cancer therapy has involved relatively small trials in the research setting. In this systematic review of the current literature, we describe echocardiographic myocardial deformation parameters in 1504 ...
Altayyar Sultan - - 2014
Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Despite significant advancements in health technology and research, hospital mortality approaches 50%. The intra-aortic balloon pump is a mechanical hemodynamic assist device that has been used for over 40 years in the management of patients with ...
Nielsen Lene H LH Department of Cardiology, Lillebaelt Hospital, Kabbeltoft 25, Vejle 7100, - - 2014
To systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy and post-test outcomes of conventional exercise electrocardiography (XECG) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) compared with coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) in patients suspected of stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We systematically searched for studies published from January ...
Ungprasert Patompong P Department of Medicine, Faculty of medicine Siriraj hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the risk of coronary artery disease in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies that reported odds ratios, relative risks, hazard ratios, or standardized incidence ratios comparing the risk of coronary artery disease in patients with IIM versus non-IIM ...
Mostofsky Elizabeth E Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 375 Longwood Avenue, Room 423, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
Short-term psychological stress is associated with an immediate physiological response and may be associated with a transiently higher risk of cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to determine whether brief episodes of anger trigger the onset of acute myocardial infarction (MI), acute coronary syndromes (ACS), ischaemic and haemorrhagic ...
Dagres Nikolaos N Second Cardiology Department, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The use of currently available antiarrhythmic drugs for atrial fibrillation is limited by their moderate efficacy and the considerable proarrhythmic risk. Ranolazine, an antianginal agent, has been reported to possess antiarrhythmic properties, resulting in a reduction of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. We performed a systematic review of the clinical studies ...
Noyes Adam M AM Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Medical School, Farmington, CT, - - 2014
We sought to determine the time required for lipid treatment to produce regression of atherosclerotic plaques. The cholesterol content of atherosclerotic plaques contributes to their instability, and most acute cardiac events including myocardial infarction and sudden death are produced by coronary plaque disruption. We systematically reviewed the literature on atherosclerosis ...
Ekeløf Sarah S Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark, - - 2014
Coronary reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been established as an essential therapy of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Although the coronary intervention is undoubtedly beneficial, reperfusion itself can induce processes resulting in additional myocardial damage-a phenomenon known as ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Oxidative stress is one of the major ...
Heslinga Sjoerd C SC Department of Rheumatology, Reade, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with increased mortality largely due to cardiovascular disease. Diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction serves as a precursor to chronic heart failure and may cause morbidity and mortality. A systematic literature search was conducted to determine the prevalence of diastolic LV dysfunction in patients with AS. ...
Cramer Holger H Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as an ancillary intervention for heart disease. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were searched up to October 2013. Main outcome measures were mortality, nonfatal cardiac events, ...
Yetgin T T Department of Cardiology, Thoraxcentre Room Ee-2355, Erasmus MC, Dr. Molewaterplein 50-60, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Platelet inhibition is crucial in reducing both short- and long-term atherothrombotic risks in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Based on randomised trials, recent recommendations in the current guidelines include the endorsement of prasugrel as a first-choice adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor. Yet, there is ...
Risseeuw F F Department of Cardiac Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650, Edegem, Belgium, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review is to gain insight into the published experience on percutaneous closure of a post-infarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR). Relevant literature was obtained by MeSH-term searches in the online search-engine PubMed. Articles published in the last 10 years were included. Further filtering was done by using ...
Kang Si-Hyuck SH Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, 28 Yeongeon-Dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of biodegradable-polymer (BP) drug-eluting stents (DES), bare metal stents (BMS), and durable-polymer DES in patients undergoing coronary revascularization, we performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis using a Bayesian framework. Study stents included BMS, paclitaxel-eluting (PES), sirolimus-eluting (SES), ...
Tian Tao T Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167, Beilishi Road, Beijing 100037, - - 2014
This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of intramyocardial bone marrow cell (BMC) transplant therapy for ischemic heart disease (IHD). The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases through October 2013 were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of intramyocardial BMCs to treat IHD. The primary endpoint was change in ...
Earley Amy - - 2014
Previous systematic reviews of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) used for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) concluded that ICDs are less effective in women and the elderly. To examine ICD effectiveness for primary prevention of SCD across subgroups by sex, age, New York Heart Association class, left ventricular ejection ...
Kubica Jacek J Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To perform a systematic up-to-date review and critical discussion on potential clinical applications of cangrelor based on its pharmacologic properties and the main findings from randomized clinical studies. Methods: A database search (PubMed, CENTRAL and Google Scholar) by two independent investigators, including proceedings from scientific sessions of ACC, ...
Wang Wen-Wen WW 1] Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, China - - 2014
Acupuncture for stroke has been used in China for over 2,000 years and nowadays is increasingly practiced elsewhere in the world. However, previous studies had conflicting findings on the results of acupuncture. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the current evidence for the effect of Baihui ...
Sorita Atsushi A Division of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
To assess the association between off-hour (weekends and nights) presentation, door to balloon times, and mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medline in-process and other non-indexed citations, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus through April 2013. Any study that evaluated the association between time of presentation ...
Ye Yicong Y Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
We performed a network meta-analysis to investigate the optimal antithrombotic regime by indirectly comparing new antithrombotic regimes (new P2Y12 inhibitors plus aspirin or novel oral anticoagulants on top of traditional dual antiplatelet therapy [DAPT]) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane ...
Zhang Dongfeng D Department of Cardiology, Capital Medical University affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing, - - 2014
The best strategy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease (MVD), who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the acute phase, is not well established. Our goal was to conduct a meta-analysis comparing culprit vessel only percutaneous coronary intervention (culprit PCI) with multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Rosa Gian Marco GM University of Genoa, San Martino Hospital and National Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Cardiology , Genoa , - - 2013
Introduction: Ivabradine is a new heart-rate-lowering drug; the aim of this review was to analyze its role in heart failure (HF). Areas covered: This systematic review on the role of ivabradine in HF is based on material searched and obtained through Pubmed and Medline up to September 2013. Expert opinion: ...
Dong-Mei X - - 2013
This overreview aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and reporting quality of the systematic reviews of Chinese herbal medicine. Electronic literature databases, including the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library two Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Internet and Wanfang database) from inception to November 2011 were searched. Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses of ...
Raskovalova Tatiana T University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
This systematic review aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of combined cardiac troponin (cTn) and copeptin assessment in comparison to cTn alone for early rule-out of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Primary studies were eligible if they evaluated diagnostic accuracy for cTn with and without copeptin in patients with symptoms suggestive ...
Eleid Mackram F - - 2013
A growing body of evidence now supports the use of transradial percutaneous intervention (TRI) as the preferred access site for the treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Historically, TRI has been avoided in the STEMI population due to concerns over longer procedure time, longer door-to-device time, higher ...
Edelman J James B JJ Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Australia; ; The Baird Institute; Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2013
Custodiol cardioplegia is attractive for minimally invasive cardiac surgery, as a single dose provides a long period of myocardial protection. Despite widespread use in Europe, there is little data confirming its efficacy compared with conventional (blood or crystalloid) cardioplegia. There is similar enthusiasm for its use in organ preservation for ...
Gollop Nicholas D - - 2013
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was, should the practising interventional cardiologist use drug-eluting stents (DESs) or bare-metal stents (BMSs) when undertaking primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in diabetic patients. The relevant outcomes that were used to determine the answer to this ...
Wong Cheuk-Kit - - 2013
The ECG studies of the international HERO-2 trial in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients evaluated the prognostic value of ECGs systematically recorded at baseline and at 60-min post-administration of fibrinolytic therapy. Patients were overall managed conservatively with a low percentage undergoing angiography. Many of the analyses were pre-specified. While ...
Polisena Julie - - 2013
Post-marketing surveillance (PMS) may identify rare serious incidents or adverse events due to the long-term use of a medical device, which was not captured in the pre-market process. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is a non-surgical procedure that uses a balloon-tipped catheter to enlarge a narrowed artery. In 2011, 1,942 ...
Sharma Sumeet - - 2013
Despite the long-term availability and clinical usage of intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation, there is a paucity of randomized trial evidence for its use. Here, we will review the latest evidence for its usage in different clinical settings. There have been decades of nonrandomized and observational data available, but only ...
Madmani Mohammed E - - 2013
Coenzyme Q10, or ubiquinone, is a non-prescription nutritional supplement. It is a fat-soluble molecule that acts as an electron carrier in mitochondria and as a coenzyme for mitochondrial enzymes. Coenzyme Q10 deficiency may be associated with a multitude of diseases including heart failure. The severity of HF correlates with the ...
Fuernau Georg - - 2013
Despite developments in treatment of myocardial infarction, mortality rates in cardiogenic shock remain unacceptably high. Intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) is to date the most used device for hemodynamic support, but randomized evidence on survival benefit was lacking. A recently published meta-analysis with hints for higher mortality after primary percutaneous intervention ...
Lamba Jasmine - - 2013
Frequent idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) have been associated with left ventricular cardiomyopathy. Idiopathic PVCs often originate from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), and radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is being used as a treatment to alleviate symptoms. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate RFCA for the treatment of frequent ...
Cabello Juan B - - 2013
Oxygen (O₂) is widely used in people with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) although it has been suggested it may do more harm than good. Previous systematic reviews have concluded that there was insufficient evidence to know whether oxygen reduced, increased or had no effect on heart ischaemia or infarct size, ...
Stiermaier T - - 2013
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Emergent reperfusion of the infarct related artery is the cornerstone of STEMI treatment in order to salvage myocardium and improve cardiovascular outcome. Basically, reperfusion strategies include fibrinolysis, primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or the combination of both ...
Morrison Laurie J - - 2013
Current resuscitation guidelines advise a single biphasic shock followed by chest compressions; however, it is unclear if this applies to all waveforms and energy levels. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the comparative success rates for single-shock defibrillation across waveforms evaluated in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. ...
Cheng Jin M - - 2013
Heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is a major and growing public health problem, currently representing half of the heart failure burden. Although many studies have investigated the diagnostic and prognostic value of new biomarkers in heart failure, limited data are available on biomarkers other than natriuretic peptides in ...
Damarell Raechel A - - 2013
PubMed translations of OvidSP Medline search filters offer searchers improved ease of access. They may also facilitate access to PubMed's unique content, including citations for the most recently published biomedical evidence. Retrieving this content requires a search strategy comprising natural language terms ('textwords'), rather than Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). We ...
Summers Matthew R - - 2013
The appropriateness of coronary revascularization for various clinical scenarios has been reviewed formally by several specialty and subspecialty societies resulting in the formulation of scored appropriateness criteria. The goal of the appropriateness criteria is to guide physician decision-making and future research as well as to label coronary revascularization more clearly ...
Presutti Davide G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Developed countries are facing a sustained increase in life expectancy. Along with all social and cultural implications of increase lifespan, very elderly patients are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with increasing frequency. However, there is limited evidence to guide clinicians in evaluating pros and cons of PCI in this ...
Su Qiang - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of nitroprusside injection for preventing the slow-flow/no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Issue 2, 2011), PubMed, EMbase, and Google Scholar for data. Two reviewers independently evaluated the ...
Serebruany V L - - 2013
Recent European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines declare superiority of prasugrel and ticagrelor over clopidogrel in non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and STEMI patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The recommendations for NSTEMI and especially STEMI are based on a subgroup analyses yielded from a single trial with either ...
Aung Naing Kyaw - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the preferred treatment for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Although there is restoration of coronary flow after PPCI, impaired myocardial perfusion (known as no-reflow) is frequently observed, and is related to poor clinical outcomes. In order to overcome this phenomenon, drugs have been ...
Aung Naing Kyaw - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the preferred treatment for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Although there is restoration of coronary flow after PPCI, impaired myocardial perfusion (known as no-reflow) is frequently observed, and is related to poor clinical outcomes. In order to overcome this phenomenon, drugs have been ...
Foxwell Rachel - - 2013
To examine published literature investigating the relationship between illness perceptions, mood and quality of life (QoL) in coronary heart disease (CHD) populations. Key databases were systematically searched (CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science) for studies matching the inclusion criteria between November 2011 and February 2012. References of included ...
Thompson Peter L - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will assess whether the 25-year-old evidence base to support routine prescribing of β-blockers after myocardial infarction (MI) is relevant to modern management. RECENT FINDINGS: The evidence base to support the recommendation for the widespread use of β-blockers after MI was near-finalized in the mid-1980s. Whereas ...
Garin Olatz - - 2013
To systematically evaluate available health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments for use in patients with heart failure (HF). Seven HF-specific HRQL questionnaires and associated studies of their metric properties were identified by systematic review: the Chronic Heart Failure Assessment Tool, the Cardiac Health Profile congestive heart failure, the Chronic Heart ...
Aggarwal Rajesh K - - 2013
Introduction: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction using 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMGCoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) has a proven survival benefit in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Patients presenting with ACS remain at significant risk of subsequent cardiovascular death and non-fatal myocardial infarction despite high compliance with current guideline ...
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