Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1111
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Tu Karen - - 2003
The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE), a Canadian-led, multicentre, randomized controlled trial, demonstrated the effectiveness of the ACE inhibitor ramipril in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients who were at high risk for cardiovascular events but did not have left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure. We studied whether ...
Jougasaki Michihisa - - 2003
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that induces cardiac myocyte hypertrophy through the signal transducing molecule, glycoprotein 130. To date, localization of LIF in the heart and regulation of cardiac LIF expression in congestive heart failure (CHF) remain undefined. The present study investigates the potential activation of LIF ...
Rossetti Enrico - - 2003
Tezosentan is an endothelin receptor antagonist in development by Actelion Ltd and Genentech Inc for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disorders, including acute heart failure (AHF) and congestive heart failure. Actelion has conducted a phase III study of tezosentan in AHF patients, however, following disappointing trial results a new phase ...
Phillips Dianne E - - 2003
Two Great Danes were evaluated for signs of congestive heart failure. Dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in each dog. Both dogs were diagnosed concurrently with primary hypothyroidism. Following appropriate supplementation with levothyroxine, both dogs showed significant improvement in myocardial contractility, as demonstrated by increased fractional shortening and reductions in left atrial ...
Leung Richard S T - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) avoid the left lateral decubitus (LLD) position during sleep and, if so, whether this avoidance would be more pronounced in those with greater degrees of cardiomegaly. BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports suggest that, in patients with CHF, the LLD position ...
Kherani Aftab R - - 2003
A wide array of surgical options are currently available for the treatment of congestive heart failure ranging from traditional coronary artery bypass grafting to total artificial heart implantation. The indications for each procedure depend on the severity of disease and the individual patients desires. Some surgical options are indicated for ...
Tsutamoto Takayoshi - - 2003
To evaluate the transcardiac extraction of aldosterone before and after spironolactone administration to patients with congestive heart failure, we measured the plasma aldosterone in the aortic root and the coronary sinus in eight congestive heart failure patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The plasma aldosterone level was significantly lower in the coronary ...
Ansari Azam - - 2003
A 66-year-old woman presented with new-onset complete left bundle branch block and congestive heart failure. She had had chronic paranoid schizophrenia for 35 years and had been taking medications to control her psychiatric disorder for the past 10 years. A 2-dimensional echocardiogram performed at the onset of congestive heart failure ...
Colbert Katberine - - 2003
The care of the patient experiencing acutely decompensated congestive heart failure requires therapies that promote vasodilation and increase cardiac output while decreasing symptomatic hypotension and dysrhythmias. Nesiritide (Natrecor) is a new type of drug, recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (hBNP), approved for use in acutely decompensated congestive heart failure. The ...
Salminen E - - 2003
The aim was to evaluate clinical and subclinical cardiac toxicity of epirubicin-docetaxel (ET) combination. Breast cancer patients were given epirubicin (75 mg/m2 for 15 min), followed 1 h later by a 1-h infusion of docetaxel (75 mg/m2) q3w as first-line treatment. Cardiac function was monitored using a 24-h ambulatory electrocardiogram ...
Sjaastad Ivar - - 2003
Development of novel therapeutic strategies for congestive heart failure (CHF) seems to be hampered by insufficient knowledge of the molecular machinery of excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in both normal and failing hearts. Cardiac hypertrophy and failure represent a multitude of cardiac phenotypes, and available invasive and non-invasive techniques, briefly reviewed here, ...
Kuwata Akiko - - 2002
A 47-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent nephrectomy, and postoperative chemotherapy was performed with recombinant alpha-interferon. Five years later, he experienced dyspnea during physical exertion. An echocardiogram revealed dilatation and systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle, and thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy showed diffuse heterogeneous perfusion. We diagnosed congestive heart failure ...
Conti C Richard - - 2002
There is strong, continued interest in enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) as evidenced by current, ongoing clinical trials. Many of these have been designed to support the current indications of EECP, mainly its application in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. An exciting area in this regard ishow EECP may ...
Klimtová Ivona - - 2002
This study compares the chronic toxicity of two anthracyclines--daunorubicin and doxorubicin, commonly used for induction of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the rabbit model. Such a comparative study has not been published until now. Both drugs were administered intravenously to male Chinchilla rabbits in doses at 3 mg/kg (50 mg/m2) once weekly ...
Hansen Mark S - - 2002
The myocardial contractile protein myosin light chain 1 isoform (MLC-1) is released into the circulation during myocyte necrosis and could thus be a marker of low-grade myocardial damage and of poor prognosis in patients with heart failure. Two hundred eighteen patients with stable heart failure (ejection fraction [EF] <35%) and ...
Baldasseroni S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Many clinical variables have been proposed as prognostic factors in patients with congestive heart failure. Among these, complete left bundle-branch block and atrial fibrillation are known to impair significantly left ventricular performance in patients with congestive heart failure. However, their combined effect on mortality has been poorly investigated. The ...
Tarantini Luigi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, 1-year prognosis and therapeutic approach of heart failure with a preserved left ventricular systolic function in a large multicenter registry of patients referred to specialized heart failure clinics. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5164 outpatients (mean age ...
Zardi Enrico Maria - - 2002
Chronic right heart failure determines cardiac liver sclerosis as a consequence of the hepatic venous congestion that is easily detectable with pulsed Doppler sonography measuring hepatic venous pulsatility. These Doppler parameters profoundly change on the basis of the causative agent of the liver sclerosis. In fact, on pulsed Doppler examination, ...
Flack John M - - 2002
This research evaluated the effect of inadequate blood pressure (BP) control on selected cardiovascular (CV) disease outcomes and costs for American patients with hypertension. The results of a hypertension outcomes trial, which provided incidence rates for CV disease morbidity and mortality at distinct systolic/diastolic BP ranges, were integrated with U.S. ...
Giallourakis Cosmas C - - 2002
Severe congestive heart failure is associated with two distinct forms of liver dysfunction: jaundice that is related to passive congestion and acute hepatocellular necrosis that is caused by impaired perfusion. Cardiac cirrhosis (fibrosis) may result from prolonged recurrent congestive heart failure. Ischemic hepatitis (shock liver) usually manifests as asymptomatic elevation ...
Gottdiener John S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Most persons with congestive heart failure are elderly, and many elderly persons with congestive heart failure have normal left ventricular systolic function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between left ventricular systolic function and outcome of congestive heart failure in elderly persons. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal study of coronary heart disease ...
Dávila Diego F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers are the most effective and promising treatment for congestive heart failure secondary to left ventricular dysfunction and sympathetic activation. METHODS: Since chagasic patients with severe congestive heart failure have left ventricular systolic dysfunction and neurohormonal activation, we administered metoprolol to nine chagasic patients who were in severe congestive ...
Taniyama Yoshiaki - - 2002
Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic agent that can induce cardiotoxicity and congestive heart failure (CHF). In this study we tested whether intracoronary Akt1 gene delivery could inhibit doxorubicin-induced CHF. Saline or a replication defective adenoviral vector expressing constitutively-active Akt1 (myrAkt) or beta-galactosidase (betagal) was delivered to the myocardium of 8 week ...
Yu Chang-Hua - - 2002
Phospholipase D 2 (PLD2) is the major PLD isozyme associated with the cardiac sarcolemmal (SL) membrane. Hydrolysis of SL phosphatidylcholine (PC) by PLD2 produces phosphatidic acid (PA), which is then converted to 1,2 diacylglycerol (DAG) by the action of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase type 2 (PAP2). In view of the role of ...
Aggarwal H K - - 2002
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of acute intermittent peritoneal dialysis (PD) in resistant congestive heart failure (CHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 20 adult patients of resistant CHF. These patients were subjected to 12 cycles of acute intermittent hypertonic peritoneal dialysis. Improvement was monitored by ...
Goethals I - - 2002
Two groups of patients, those treated for Hodgkin's disease and breast cancer, are particularly at risk of developing late myocardial damage, since radiotherapy (RT) techniques for both patient groups may include (large) parts of the heart, and adjuvant systemic therapy is frequently administered to these patients, in particular anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. ...
Thomas X - - 2002
We describe three cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with long-term disease-free survival who developed congestive heart failure (CHF) requiring cardiac transplantation. All three patients presented late-onset cardiotoxicity. Cardiac failure occurred progressively after 31-month, 32-month, and 14-month intervals, respectively, following completion of first anthracycline therapy. Cumulative anthracycline doses were 585 ...
Søreide E - - 2002
A young trauma patient developed severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), right heart failure, hepatic congestion and an extreme hepatomegaly but no hepatic failure. The patient needed 100% oxygen during ventilatory support for 80 days and was weaned from the ventilator after more than 100 days. The hepatomegaly gradually disappeared. ...
Belmadani Souad - - 2002
Cytoskeletal reorganization has been shown to participate in cellular remodeling and in the alterations of mechanical function of isolated cardiomyocytes during pressure overload hypertrophy. Post-translational modifications of tubulin towards stabilization of microtubules have also been described in animal models of compensatory hypertrophy, but the status of the microtubules network in ...
Fujita Masatoshi - - 2002
This article will review the recumbent positions of patients with chronic congestive heart failure. The time for the right lateral decubitus position was two-fold longer than that for the supine and left lateral decubitus positions. Sympathetic nervous modulation was most attenuated and parasympathetic tone was most augmented in the right ...
Timio Mario - - 2002
The concept of edema and dropsy as a part of heart and renal failure developed in the 17th and 18th centuries with the observations of Albertini, who realized that two clinical entities were derived from the blood rather than the tissues. Albertus, who lived in the same period, was the ...
Wang Xianmei - - 2002
To study the changes of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1(TIMP-1) expression during congestive heart failure. Using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) assay, we detected MMP-3 and TIMP-1 expression in 31 patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and 8 health subjects. Cardiac function parameters were measured with ...
Morkin Eugene - - 2002
Thyroid hormone has unique actions that make it a novel and possibly useful agent for treatment of heart failure. Because of potential adverse effects of thyroid hormone, however, there has been interest in developing analogues with fewer undesirable side effects. Screening of compounds structurally related to levothyroxine identified 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid ...
Brandt Douglas J - - 2002
A 47-day-old female rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) was examined because of a severe holosystolic heart murmur (grade 5/6) and signs of congestive heart failure. Results of physical examination, thoracic radiography, and cardiac ultrasonography confirmed an advanced stage of congestive heart failure. Due to the animal's age and clinical signs of ...
Davis Jennifer L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical signs, underlying cardiac conditions, echocardiographic findings, and prognosis for horses with congestive heart failure. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 14 horses. PROCEDURE: Signalment; history; clinical signs; clinicopathologic, echocardiographic, and radiographic findings; treatment; and outcome were determined by reviewing medical records. RESULTS: All 14 horses were examined because ...
Dhir Meeney - - 2002
Echocardiography plays an important role in the diagnosis of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). It determines the cause and readily provides a reliable noninvasive assessment of left and right ventricular function and filling pressures. This technique also has a tremendous potential in guiding therapy and tracking the clinical response. ...
Pape Danielle - - 2002
We investigated the effects of the beta1-beta2-alpha1-blocker, labetalol, in the congestive heart failure (CHF) model induced by aortic constriction in the guinea pig. One hundred days after aortic constriction, 52 animals were given either placebo, labetalol 2 mg/kg/d, or labetalol 20 mg/kg/d for 60 days. Eighteen sham-operated animals were used ...
Karlsdottir Arna E - - 2002
PURPOSE: Resistance training has become an accepted part of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Because of the potential for a high afterload to have a negative impact on left ventricular function, there has been concern regarding the safety of resistance training for patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS: This study addressed this ...
Hamdan Allen D - - 2002
HYPOTHESIS: A number of preoperative factors, including diabetes mellitus (DM), have been cited as increasing risk in patients undergoing major vascular operations. In smaller studies at our institution we have not found this to be apparent. This study reviewed all major vascular operations to confirm our bias that DM is ...
Pereira Sanívia Aparecida de Lima - - 2002
There is frequently an increase in spleen size in infectious systemic and chronic venous congestion. The aim of this report was to perform a comparative study of the spleen tissue of chagasic or nonchagasic autopsied patients with or without congestive heart failure. Evaluations were made of 111 cases. Connective tissue ...
Sole Michael J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The advent of disease, genetic predisposition or certain drug therapies may significantly alter the nutritional demands of specific organs. Several specific metabolic deficiencies have been found in the failing myocardium: (1) a reduction in L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10, creatine, and thiamine--nutrient cofactors important for myocardial energy production; (2) a relative ...
Reyes A J - - 2002
The main operational objective of diuretic therapy in patients who present congestive heart failure and hypertension is to reduce or to suppress excess bodily fluid. Effective diuretic therapy decreases cardiac size when the heart is dilated, and it reduces lung congestion and excess water. Consequently, external respiratory work diminishes and ...
Chapman P J - - 2002
Acute heart failure is a life-threatening medical emergency, most commonly occurring as an immediate or delayed complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or resulting from severe hypertension or valvular defects (stenosis or incompetence). Occasionally it is caused by patients' non-compliance with medication orders. In this case the patient had a ...
Ingbir Merav - - 2002
DEFINITION: Cheyne-Stokes respiration is a breathing disorder characterized by recurrent central sleep apneas, mainly during sleep, alternating with a crescendo-decrescendo pattern of tidal volume. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND PROGNOSIS: The pathophysiology of Cheyne-Stokes respiration, involving the cardiovascular, pulmonary and sympathetic nervous systems, is still not well understood. Although 50% of moderate to ...
Ravnan Susan L - - 2002
Congestive heart failure is a complex clinical hemodynamic disorder characterized by chronic and progressive pump failure and fluid accumulation. Although the overall impact of diuretic therapy on congestive heart failure mortality remains unknown, diuretics remain a vital component of symptomatic congestive heart failure management. Over time, sodium and water excretion ...
Juenger J - - 2002
To assess health related quality of life of patients with congestive heart failure; to compare their quality of life with the previously characterised general population and in those with other chronic diseases; and to correlate the different aspects of quality of life with relevant somatic variables. University hospital. A German ...
Hahalis G - - 2002
AIMS: To evaluate right ventricular function in patients with beta-thalassaemia major and congestive heart failure. Background In patients with beta-thalassaemia major a high incidence of cardiac involvement still exists despite improved prognosis with chelation therapy. Development of severe right heart failure is common and has been attributed to pulmonary hypertension ...
Shimakura Atsuhiro - - 2002
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with acromegaly. We describe the case of a 43-year-old man with acromegaly who presented with severe congestive heart failure. Treatment with the somatostatin analog octreotide improved cardiac function with an increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from ...
Nakanishi Kazuya - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The basic principle of treatment of congestive heart failure is achieving adequate control of preload and afterload through enhancement of cardiac contractility. In severe cases, however, we have usually applied continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) as a type of mechanical support. In this study, we investigated hemodynamic changes caused by CHDF ...
Morkin Eugene - - 2002
After an initial safety study in 7 normal volunteers, a randomized double-blind comparison was made between 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid (DITPA) and placebo in 19 patients with moderately severe congestive failure. In heart failure patients receiving the drug for 4 weeks, cardiac index was increased (p = 0.04) and systemic vascular resistance ...
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