Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1091
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Kjøller Erik - - 2004
To evaluate the importance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for prognosis and diagnosis of congestive heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Prospective registration of 6669 consecutive patients admitted with infarction and screened for a randomised controlled trial. A history of COPD was present in 765 (11.5%) patients. Thirty-day ...
Eskafi Mahmoud - - 2004
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive and central sleep apnoea/hypopnoea as well as periodic breathing (PB) is common and is believed to increase risk for mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Mandibular advancement device (MAD) has widely been recommended for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea but the method ...
- - 2004
Oxipurinol [alloxanthine, Oxyprim, oxypurinol] is the active metabolite of the only commercially available xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol. Oxipurinol is also a xanthine oxidase inhibitor. Oxipurinol is currently being developed by Cardiome Pharma. It is waiting for approval in the US for the treatment of allopurinol-intolerant hyperuricaemia (gout) and is in ...
Kassotis John - - 2004
Transesophageal echocardiography is a useful adjunct to other diagnostic modalities in uncovering the etiology of congestive heart failure. The authors describe the case of a 75-year-old woman with a 4-week history of progressive congestive heart failure, in whom transesophageal echocardiography played a critical role in the diagnosis of a right ...
Chong A Y - - 2004
Angiogenic factors, in particular vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the angiopoietins, Ang-1 and -2, have recently generated significant interest, especially in oncology. The process of angiogenesis is also thought to occur in response to ischaemic conditions, which lie at the core of cardiovascular disease states such as coronary artery ...
Ruel Marc - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We examined factors associated with persistent or recurrent congestive heart failure after aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with contemporary prostheses (n = 1563) were followed up with annual clinical assessment and echocardiography. The effect of demographic, comorbid, and valve-related variables on the composite outcome ...
Murberg Terje A - - 2004
Congestive heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality within the Western world, and yet psychosocial impact of this disease is under-researched. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effects of social relationships (perceived social support and perceived social isolation) on mortality risk in 119 ...
Omran Heyder - - 2004
Patients with congestive heart failure often experience fatigue despite intensive pharmacological therapy. Ribose can aid the recovery of ATP levels and, hence, diastolic function. Clinical trials have shown that ribose supplementation improves ischemic threshold and enhances diastolic function in congestive heart failure.
Reddy Hanumanth K - - 2004
Congestive heart failure remains a primary cause of cardiovascular-related events. Heart failure patients face two health care challenges. First, they are uncertain about their prognosis and second, they have an unpredictable clinical course with recurrent exacerbations of heart failure. The echocardiogram is an easily accessible bedside test without any associated ...
Danaher Patrick J - - 2004
We describe a patient who developed dilated cardiomyopathy and clinical congestive heart failure after 2 months of therapy with amphotericin B (AmB) for disseminated coccidioidomycosis. His echocardiographic abnormalities and heart failure resolved after posaconazole was substituted for AmB. It is important to recognize the rare and potentially reversible toxicity of ...
Møller Jacob Eifer - - 2003
To characterise the prevalence, in-hospital complications, management, and long-term outcome of patients with congestive heart failure but preserved left ventricular systolic function after acute myocardial infarction. 3166 consecutive patients screened for entry in the Bucindolol Evaluation in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial with definite acute myocardial infarction and echocardiographic assessment of ...
Mendoza Cesar E - - 2003
Patients with refractory heart failure comprise a very important subgroup of patients with congestive heart failure. Before assuming that this condition simply reflects advanced, perhaps terminal, myocardial dysfunction, potentially reversible factors should be sought carefully. We describe a 58-year-old Hispanic man with a diagnosis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who presented ...
Meyers Deborah E DE Division of Heart Failure and Transplantation, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, Queensland, Australia. - - 2003
Growth hormone (GH) profoundly affects the developing and adult myocardium. Adult patients with GH deficiency (GHD) and GH excess (acromegaly) provide important models in which to understand the effects of GH in adult cardiac physiology. An increasing body of clinical and experimental evidence illustrates the specific physiological abnormalities that are ...
Nozoe Masatsugu - - 2003
We report influenza-induced rhabodmyolysis and congestive heart failure after high-dose therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for malignant lymphoma. Four months after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for the treatment of malignant lymphoma, a 65-year-old Japanese man developed acute congestive heart failure requiring artificial ventilation and rahbdomyolysis. Since influenza ...
Vasan Ramachandran S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Several experimental investigations have emphasized the favorable effects of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on left ventricular remodeling, partly through its antiapoptotic effects. Cross-sectional clinical studies have reported that low serum IGF-I levels in patients with heart failure correlate with cachexia and severity of ventricular dysfunction. It is unclear ...
Boxer Rebecca - - 2003
As patients age, congestive heart failure becomes an increasingly important problem and accounts for up to 20% of hospital admissions for patients over 65 years. With technological improvements in the treatment of coronary artery disease, improved survival after myocardial infarction, and better hypertension therapy, patients are living longer, thus the ...
Loerzel Victoria Wochna - - 2003
Cardiac toxicity is a dose-limiting toxicity that may occur during cancer treatment or several years after therapy ends. Cardiac toxicity may be caused by chemotherapy, biotherapy, and radiation therapy and may result in cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, dysrhythmias, and myocardial ischemia. The risk for developing cardiac toxicity varies based on ...
Kermani Asra A Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Tex, - - 2003
To evaluate the effect of thiazolidinediones on the development of cardiac failure and pulmonary edema during treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 men (aged 66 to 78 years) treated at our institution between August 1, 2001, and May 21, 2002, who had ...
Meyer M - - 2003
The complexity of the cardiac rhythm is demonstrated to exhibit self-affine multifractal variability. The dynamics of heartbeat interval time series was analyzed by application of the multifractal formalism based on the Cramèr theory of large deviations. The continuous multifractal large deviation spectrum uncovers the nonlinear fractal properties in the dynamics ...
Koken Petra J M - - 2003
Daily measures of maximum temperature, particulate matter less than or equal to 10 micro m in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), and gaseous pollution (ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide) were collected in Denver, Colorado, in July and August between 1993 and 1997. We then compared these exposures with concurrent ...
Brunelli Federico - - 2003
A 59-year-old man with signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure, occurring a few months after an infective episode, underwent cardiac investigations revealing severe biventricular dysfunction, persistent left superior vena cava with almost completely unroofed coronary sinus, and critical stenosis of the proximal right coronary artery. Surgical correction of the ...
Lolekha Rangsima - - 2003
The authors report an 11-year-old boy with septicemia and subacute infective endocarditis due to toxigenic-Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The patient had underlying congenital heart disease and incomplete immunization. He presented with fever, epistaxis and congestive heart failure. He received high-dose penicillin therapy and diphtheria antitoxin with clinical improvement. While he was receiving ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2003
This is the case of a patient who presented with congestive heart failure, which appeared to be on the basis of severe mitral regurgitation secondary to granulomatous infiltration of the papillary muscles. In addition, conduction system disease and generalized myocardial involvement were documented. The patient responded well to an aggressive ...
Heymes Christophe - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND: A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature ...
Lekakis John - - 2003
Three patients, 2 women and 1 man, with primary (AL) amyloidosis without congestive heart failure are described; all 3 patients presented reduced I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial uptake suggesting marked cardiac sympathetic denervation. This is the first time myocardial adrenergic denervation is described in patients with AL amyloidosis without evidence of ...
Allegrini P - - 2003
We analyze RR heartbeat sequences with a dynamic model that satisfactorily reproduces both the long- and the short-time statistical properties of heart beating. These properties are expressed quantitatively by means of two significant parameters, the scaling delta concerning the asymptotic effects of long-range correlation, and the quantity 1-pi establishing the ...
Vollmar Andrea - - 2003
Canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an acquired heart muscle disease of unknown etiology characterized by commonly adult onset of arrhythmias, congestive heart failure(CHF), and sudden death. Myocardial failure associated with myocarditis has been well documented in puppies infected with parvovirus. While a form of DCM has recently been described in ...
De Bruyne L K M - - 2003
Diuretic drugs are used almost universally in patients with congestive heart failure, most frequently the potent loop diuretics. Despite their unproven effect on survival, their indisputable efficacy in relieving congestive symptoms makes them first line therapy for most patients. In the treatment of more advanced stages of heart failure diuretics ...
Kamblock Joel - - 2003
AIMS: Revised guidelines for diagnosis of rheumatic fever indicate that rheumatic myocarditis may 'contribute' to the genesis of congestive heart failure. Our objective was to assess non-invasively the presence of non-clinical markers of myocardial involvement in acute rheumatic fever. METHODS: Echocardiography and assessment of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) blood levels ...
Sjögren Johan - - 2003
End-stage congestive heart failure in combination with major cardiac surgery may cause severe postoperative bleeding due to coagulopathy. Bleeding diathesis can be very difficult to control despite careful surgical hemostasis and aggressive medical treatment. We describe a technique that involves the use of negative pressure in the mediastinum to control ...
Tu Karen - - 2003
The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE), a Canadian-led, multicentre, randomized controlled trial, demonstrated the effectiveness of the ACE inhibitor ramipril in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients who were at high risk for cardiovascular events but did not have left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure. We studied whether ...
Jougasaki Michihisa - - 2003
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that induces cardiac myocyte hypertrophy through the signal transducing molecule, glycoprotein 130. To date, localization of LIF in the heart and regulation of cardiac LIF expression in congestive heart failure (CHF) remain undefined. The present study investigates the potential activation of LIF ...
Rossetti Enrico - - 2003
Tezosentan is an endothelin receptor antagonist in development by Actelion Ltd and Genentech Inc for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disorders, including acute heart failure (AHF) and congestive heart failure. Actelion has conducted a phase III study of tezosentan in AHF patients, however, following disappointing trial results a new phase ...
Phillips Dianne E - - 2003
Two Great Danes were evaluated for signs of congestive heart failure. Dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in each dog. Both dogs were diagnosed concurrently with primary hypothyroidism. Following appropriate supplementation with levothyroxine, both dogs showed significant improvement in myocardial contractility, as demonstrated by increased fractional shortening and reductions in left atrial ...
Leung Richard S T - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) avoid the left lateral decubitus (LLD) position during sleep and, if so, whether this avoidance would be more pronounced in those with greater degrees of cardiomegaly. BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports suggest that, in patients with CHF, the LLD position ...
Kherani Aftab R - - 2003
A wide array of surgical options are currently available for the treatment of congestive heart failure ranging from traditional coronary artery bypass grafting to total artificial heart implantation. The indications for each procedure depend on the severity of disease and the individual patients desires. Some surgical options are indicated for ...
Tsutamoto Takayoshi - - 2003
To evaluate the transcardiac extraction of aldosterone before and after spironolactone administration to patients with congestive heart failure, we measured the plasma aldosterone in the aortic root and the coronary sinus in eight congestive heart failure patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The plasma aldosterone level was significantly lower in the coronary ...
Ansari Azam - - 2003
A 66-year-old woman presented with new-onset complete left bundle branch block and congestive heart failure. She had had chronic paranoid schizophrenia for 35 years and had been taking medications to control her psychiatric disorder for the past 10 years. A 2-dimensional echocardiogram performed at the onset of congestive heart failure ...
Colbert Katberine - - 2003
The care of the patient experiencing acutely decompensated congestive heart failure requires therapies that promote vasodilation and increase cardiac output while decreasing symptomatic hypotension and dysrhythmias. Nesiritide (Natrecor) is a new type of drug, recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (hBNP), approved for use in acutely decompensated congestive heart failure. The ...
Salminen E - - 2003
The aim was to evaluate clinical and subclinical cardiac toxicity of epirubicin-docetaxel (ET) combination. Breast cancer patients were given epirubicin (75 mg/m2 for 15 min), followed 1 h later by a 1-h infusion of docetaxel (75 mg/m2) q3w as first-line treatment. Cardiac function was monitored using a 24-h ambulatory electrocardiogram ...
Sjaastad Ivar - - 2003
Development of novel therapeutic strategies for congestive heart failure (CHF) seems to be hampered by insufficient knowledge of the molecular machinery of excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in both normal and failing hearts. Cardiac hypertrophy and failure represent a multitude of cardiac phenotypes, and available invasive and non-invasive techniques, briefly reviewed here, ...
Kuwata Akiko - - 2002
A 47-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma underwent nephrectomy, and postoperative chemotherapy was performed with recombinant alpha-interferon. Five years later, he experienced dyspnea during physical exertion. An echocardiogram revealed dilatation and systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle, and thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy showed diffuse heterogeneous perfusion. We diagnosed congestive heart failure ...
Conti C Richard - - 2002
There is strong, continued interest in enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) as evidenced by current, ongoing clinical trials. Many of these have been designed to support the current indications of EECP, mainly its application in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. An exciting area in this regard ishow EECP may ...
Klimtová Ivona - - 2002
This study compares the chronic toxicity of two anthracyclines--daunorubicin and doxorubicin, commonly used for induction of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the rabbit model. Such a comparative study has not been published until now. Both drugs were administered intravenously to male Chinchilla rabbits in doses at 3 mg/kg (50 mg/m2) once weekly ...
Hansen Mark S - - 2002
The myocardial contractile protein myosin light chain 1 isoform (MLC-1) is released into the circulation during myocyte necrosis and could thus be a marker of low-grade myocardial damage and of poor prognosis in patients with heart failure. Two hundred eighteen patients with stable heart failure (ejection fraction [EF] <35%) and ...
Baldasseroni S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Many clinical variables have been proposed as prognostic factors in patients with congestive heart failure. Among these, complete left bundle-branch block and atrial fibrillation are known to impair significantly left ventricular performance in patients with congestive heart failure. However, their combined effect on mortality has been poorly investigated. The ...
Tarantini Luigi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, 1-year prognosis and therapeutic approach of heart failure with a preserved left ventricular systolic function in a large multicenter registry of patients referred to specialized heart failure clinics. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5164 outpatients (mean age ...
Zardi Enrico Maria - - 2002
Chronic right heart failure determines cardiac liver sclerosis as a consequence of the hepatic venous congestion that is easily detectable with pulsed Doppler sonography measuring hepatic venous pulsatility. These Doppler parameters profoundly change on the basis of the causative agent of the liver sclerosis. In fact, on pulsed Doppler examination, ...
Flack John M - - 2002
This research evaluated the effect of inadequate blood pressure (BP) control on selected cardiovascular (CV) disease outcomes and costs for American patients with hypertension. The results of a hypertension outcomes trial, which provided incidence rates for CV disease morbidity and mortality at distinct systolic/diastolic BP ranges, were integrated with U.S. ...
Giallourakis Cosmas C - - 2002
Severe congestive heart failure is associated with two distinct forms of liver dysfunction: jaundice that is related to passive congestion and acute hepatocellular necrosis that is caused by impaired perfusion. Cardiac cirrhosis (fibrosis) may result from prolonged recurrent congestive heart failure. Ischemic hepatitis (shock liver) usually manifests as asymptomatic elevation ...
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