Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1117
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Chang Wei-Tien - - 2005
Hawthorn (Crataegus) may play a role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and in particular, congestive heart failure. Evidence is accumulating that hawthorn may induce anti-ischemia/reperfusion-injury, anti-arrhythmic, hypolipidemic and hypotensive effects. These beneficial effects may in part be due to the presence of antioxidant ...
Meyers Deborah E - - 2005
It has been reported that growth hormone (GH) deficiency induced cardiomyopathy responds to growth hormone replacement therapy. We describe the case of a middle-aged male with cardiomyopathic heart failure and growth hormone deficiency of the adult secondary to surgical panhypopituitarism. We demonstrate clinical and hemodynamic improvement of cardiac function with ...
Giles Jon T - - 2005
Data from population- and clinic-based epidemiologic studies of rheumatoid arthritis patients suggest that individuals with rheumatoid arthritis are at risk for developing clinically evident congestive heart failure. Many established risk factors for congestive heart failure are over-represented in rheumatoid arthritis and likely account for some of the increased risk observed. ...
Chai Norin - - 2004
An 8-yr-old male meerkat (Suricata suricatta) presented with sudden lethargy. A globular-shaped heart associated with pleural effusion on chest thoracic radiographs was consistent with congestive heart failure, and echocardiography was performed under general anesthesia. It revealed an Ebstein anomaly, with mild pericardial effusion and marked right heart enlargement. The animal ...
Stone John H - - 2004
A 56-year-old man with a history of Wegener granulomatosis presented with 6 days of sinus congestion, fever, malaise, myalgias, episcleritis, and a morbilliform rash. An exacerbation of Wegener granulomatosis was the principal concern because of the frequency of flares in that disease. The patient developed acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, transaminitis, ...
Freudenberger Ronald S - - 2004
Oxypurinol, the active metabolite of allopurinol and a potent xanthine oxidase inhibitor (XOI), is under evaluation as a novel agent for the treatment of congestive heart failure (HF). Several lines of evidence provide the rationale for the hypothesis that XOIs will improve clinical outcomes in patients with HF. First, XOIs ...
Cheng Lihong - - 2004
Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) is a primary energy source for meeting the heart's energy requirements. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta) may have important roles in FAO. But it remains unclear whether PPAR-delta is required for maintaining basal myocardial FAO. We show that cre-loxP-mediated cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of PPAR-delta in mice downregulates constitutive ...
Balfour Ian - - 2004
The medical management of congestive heart failure involves manipulating myocardial contractility and loading conditions to achieve optimal performance. Medication may be used to counteract potentially deleterious neurohumoral changes that are associated with congestive heart failure. When appropriate, the correction of the underlying cardiac defect by surgery or catheter intervention is ...
Chang Richard - - 2004
We examined the effect of nesiritide, administered as initial therapy, on length of hospital stay (LOS) and renal function through a retrospective analysis of 129 consecutive admissions to the coronary care unit in 98 patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Nesiritide was infused during 58 admissions (nesiritide group) while other ...
Herreros Jesús - - 2004
The aim of this investigation was to assess organ injury provoked by a new pulsatile pump for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with respect to a conventional centrifugal pump. Eight pigs in the pulsatile group (PG) and five in the centrifugal group (CG) underwent a partial CPB lasting 180 min. The animals ...
Azzam I - - 2004
An elderly woman developed severe hyperphosphataemia, hypocalcaemia, and cardiac arrest after oral administration of sodium phosphate in preparation for colonoscopy. This is an unusual complication and is attributed to decreased phosphate excretion by the kidneys. At increased risk are patients with impaired renal function, age more than 65 years, and ...
Caplan Louis R. - - 2004
Many patients develop confusion, lethargy, and cognitive and behavioral abnormalities during or after cardiac decompensation. Congestive heart failure and the accompanying elevation in systemic venous pressure and decrease in cardiac output can lead to changes within the cranial cavity that cause an encephalopathy. At times, excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates within ...
Simůnek Tomás - - 2004
Cardiac toxicity associated with chronic administration of anthracycline (ANT) antibiotics represents a serious complication of their use in anticancer chemotherapy, but can also serve as a useful experimental model of cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. In this study, a model of chronic ANT cardiotoxicity induced by repeated i.v. daunorubicin (DAU) ...
Hershko Chaim - - 2004
Methods are now available to measure the magnitude of iron accumulation in the heart. Their validation currently relies on indirect evidence and not on chemical estimation in cardiac biopsies. All patients with symptomatic heart disease appear to have abnormal T2* values, but many patients without symptomatic heart disease also have ...
Rohde Luís E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous validation studies of congestive heart failure (CHF) signs and symptoms were performed in acute settings. Few data have supported the validity of CHF clinical findings during the chronic stages of the disease. This study was designed to evaluate the reliability and prognostic value of traditional signs and symptoms ...
Mukamal Kenneth J - - 2004
We assessed educational attainment and complications during hospitalization in 3,882 patients with acute myocardial infarction for the Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study. Educational attainment had a graded, inverse association with prevalence of congestive heart failure (CHF) during hospitalization, with the lowest prevalence among patients who attended college (odds ratio ...
Thohan Vinay - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The growing epidemic of systolic congestive heart failure mandates strategies to identify accurately people with high morbidity and mortality. Echocardiography remains the most widely available noninvasive tool for the assessment of cardiac structure, function, and hemodynamics. Clinical data paired with echocardiographic analysis in patients with systolic heart ...
Thrainsdottir Inga - - 2004
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a serious disease with a poor prognosis. Diabetes is an independent risk factor for CHF, probably in part due to disturbances in myocardial metabolism. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) causes glucose-dependent secretion of insulin, improving glycaemic control. In turn, this may improve myocardial metabolism and myocardial function. ...
Huhta J C - - 2004
Fetal echocardiography has progressed to be able to diagnose many forms of congenital heart disease and to assess the prognosis of cardiac lesions based on their anatomy and presentation in utero. However, the presence of signs of fetal heart failure, such as hydrops or valvular regurgitation, makes the assessment of ...
Capps Linnea - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a study in a small rural hospital located in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, to: (1) examine the prevalence of chagasic cardiomyopathy among patients with the diagnosis of congestive heart failure and (2) assess the prevalence of positive serologic results in blood donors in the hospital, in ...
Lenihan Daniel J - - 2004
Alemtuzumab is a monoclonal antibody to CD52 that has activity in T-cell leukemia and lymphoma. This study aims to describe the complications and outcomes of a subset of patients with mycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome who were treated with alemtuzumab. Four of 8 patients, with no prior history of cardiac problems, developed ...
Peacock W Frank WF - - 2004
To compare the safety and efficacy of nesiritide versus intravenous nitroglycerin (NTG) in patients with acute coronary syndromes enrolled in the Vasodilation in the Management of Acute Congestive heart failure trial. Methods and results Retrospective review of Vasodilation in the Management of Acute Congestive heart failure trial data for heart ...
Ozbaran Mustafa - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease accounts for 50% of all cardiovascular deaths and is the leading cause of congestive heart failure. Medical therapy, cardiac assist devices and surgical procedures including heart transplantation have limited efficiency and availability. Stem cell transplantation represents a new therapeutic opportunity for such patients. METHOD: Six patients ...
Tu Karen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: As the issue of physician supply and distribution increases in intensity in Canada, the scope of practice of different types of physicians becomes increasingly important. OBJECTIVE: To determine the type of physician treating hospitalized patients with acute cardiac conditions in the provinces and health regions in Canada. METHODS: Data ...
Bai Péter - - 2004
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation contributes to the development of various pathophysiological conditions, including dilated cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, and reperfusion injury. Increased oxidative and nitrosative stress have been implicated in the activation of MMPs and also in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin (DOX), a commonly used antitumor agent. Thus, we hypothesized ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Some studies have found an increase in cardiac events in the winter months. Other studies, from cities in the southern half of the United States, have shown an increase in cardiac events during the summer months. METHODS: We investigated in a prospective study of 517 patients, mean age 81 ...
Kjøller Erik - - 2004
To evaluate the importance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for prognosis and diagnosis of congestive heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Prospective registration of 6669 consecutive patients admitted with infarction and screened for a randomised controlled trial. A history of COPD was present in 765 (11.5%) patients. Thirty-day ...
Eskafi Mahmoud - - 2004
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive and central sleep apnoea/hypopnoea as well as periodic breathing (PB) is common and is believed to increase risk for mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Mandibular advancement device (MAD) has widely been recommended for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea but the method ...
- - 2004
Oxipurinol [alloxanthine, Oxyprim, oxypurinol] is the active metabolite of the only commercially available xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol. Oxipurinol is also a xanthine oxidase inhibitor. Oxipurinol is currently being developed by Cardiome Pharma. It is waiting for approval in the US for the treatment of allopurinol-intolerant hyperuricaemia (gout) and is in ...
Kassotis John - - 2004
Transesophageal echocardiography is a useful adjunct to other diagnostic modalities in uncovering the etiology of congestive heart failure. The authors describe the case of a 75-year-old woman with a 4-week history of progressive congestive heart failure, in whom transesophageal echocardiography played a critical role in the diagnosis of a right ...
Chong A Y - - 2004
Angiogenic factors, in particular vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the angiopoietins, Ang-1 and -2, have recently generated significant interest, especially in oncology. The process of angiogenesis is also thought to occur in response to ischaemic conditions, which lie at the core of cardiovascular disease states such as coronary artery ...
Ruel Marc - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We examined factors associated with persistent or recurrent congestive heart failure after aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with contemporary prostheses (n = 1563) were followed up with annual clinical assessment and echocardiography. The effect of demographic, comorbid, and valve-related variables on the composite outcome ...
Murberg Terje A - - 2004
Congestive heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality within the Western world, and yet psychosocial impact of this disease is under-researched. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effects of social relationships (perceived social support and perceived social isolation) on mortality risk in 119 ...
Omran Heyder - - 2004
Patients with congestive heart failure often experience fatigue despite intensive pharmacological therapy. Ribose can aid the recovery of ATP levels and, hence, diastolic function. Clinical trials have shown that ribose supplementation improves ischemic threshold and enhances diastolic function in congestive heart failure.
Reddy Hanumanth K - - 2004
Congestive heart failure remains a primary cause of cardiovascular-related events. Heart failure patients face two health care challenges. First, they are uncertain about their prognosis and second, they have an unpredictable clinical course with recurrent exacerbations of heart failure. The echocardiogram is an easily accessible bedside test without any associated ...
Danaher Patrick J - - 2004
We describe a patient who developed dilated cardiomyopathy and clinical congestive heart failure after 2 months of therapy with amphotericin B (AmB) for disseminated coccidioidomycosis. His echocardiographic abnormalities and heart failure resolved after posaconazole was substituted for AmB. It is important to recognize the rare and potentially reversible toxicity of ...
Møller Jacob Eifer - - 2003
To characterise the prevalence, in-hospital complications, management, and long-term outcome of patients with congestive heart failure but preserved left ventricular systolic function after acute myocardial infarction. 3166 consecutive patients screened for entry in the Bucindolol Evaluation in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial with definite acute myocardial infarction and echocardiographic assessment of ...
Mendoza Cesar E - - 2003
Patients with refractory heart failure comprise a very important subgroup of patients with congestive heart failure. Before assuming that this condition simply reflects advanced, perhaps terminal, myocardial dysfunction, potentially reversible factors should be sought carefully. We describe a 58-year-old Hispanic man with a diagnosis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who presented ...
Meyers Deborah E DE Division of Heart Failure and Transplantation, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, Queensland, Australia. - - 2003
Growth hormone (GH) profoundly affects the developing and adult myocardium. Adult patients with GH deficiency (GHD) and GH excess (acromegaly) provide important models in which to understand the effects of GH in adult cardiac physiology. An increasing body of clinical and experimental evidence illustrates the specific physiological abnormalities that are ...
Nozoe Masatsugu - - 2003
We report influenza-induced rhabodmyolysis and congestive heart failure after high-dose therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for malignant lymphoma. Four months after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for the treatment of malignant lymphoma, a 65-year-old Japanese man developed acute congestive heart failure requiring artificial ventilation and rahbdomyolysis. Since influenza ...
Vasan Ramachandran S RS National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts 01702-5803, - - 2003
Several experimental investigations have emphasized the favorable effects of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on left ventricular remodeling, partly through its antiapoptotic effects. Cross-sectional clinical studies have reported that low serum IGF-I levels in patients with heart failure correlate with cachexia and severity of ventricular dysfunction. It is unclear whether ...
Boxer Rebecca - - 2003
As patients age, congestive heart failure becomes an increasingly important problem and accounts for up to 20% of hospital admissions for patients over 65 years. With technological improvements in the treatment of coronary artery disease, improved survival after myocardial infarction, and better hypertension therapy, patients are living longer, thus the ...
Loerzel Victoria Wochna - - 2003
Cardiac toxicity is a dose-limiting toxicity that may occur during cancer treatment or several years after therapy ends. Cardiac toxicity may be caused by chemotherapy, biotherapy, and radiation therapy and may result in cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, dysrhythmias, and myocardial ischemia. The risk for developing cardiac toxicity varies based on ...
Kermani Asra A Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Tex, - - 2003
To evaluate the effect of thiazolidinediones on the development of cardiac failure and pulmonary edema during treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 men (aged 66 to 78 years) treated at our institution between August 1, 2001, and May 21, 2002, who had ...
Meyer M - - 2003
The complexity of the cardiac rhythm is demonstrated to exhibit self-affine multifractal variability. The dynamics of heartbeat interval time series was analyzed by application of the multifractal formalism based on the Cramèr theory of large deviations. The continuous multifractal large deviation spectrum uncovers the nonlinear fractal properties in the dynamics ...
Koken Petra J M - - 2003
Daily measures of maximum temperature, particulate matter less than or equal to 10 micro m in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), and gaseous pollution (ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide) were collected in Denver, Colorado, in July and August between 1993 and 1997. We then compared these exposures with concurrent ...
Brunelli Federico - - 2003
A 59-year-old man with signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure, occurring a few months after an infective episode, underwent cardiac investigations revealing severe biventricular dysfunction, persistent left superior vena cava with almost completely unroofed coronary sinus, and critical stenosis of the proximal right coronary artery. Surgical correction of the ...
Lolekha Rangsima - - 2003
The authors report an 11-year-old boy with septicemia and subacute infective endocarditis due to toxigenic-Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The patient had underlying congenital heart disease and incomplete immunization. He presented with fever, epistaxis and congestive heart failure. He received high-dose penicillin therapy and diphtheria antitoxin with clinical improvement. While he was receiving ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2003
This is the case of a patient who presented with congestive heart failure, which appeared to be on the basis of severe mitral regurgitation secondary to granulomatous infiltration of the papillary muscles. In addition, conduction system disease and generalized myocardial involvement were documented. The patient responded well to an aggressive ...
Heymes Christophe - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND: A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >