Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1117
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Lago Rodrigo M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The overall clinical benefit of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) as a treatment for hyperglycaemia can be difficult to assess because of the risk of congestive heart failure due to TZD-related fluid retention. Since prediabetic and diabetic patients are at high cardiovascular risk, the outcome and natural history of such risks need ...
Hall Daniel J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) in dogs most often is associated with neoplasia or idiopathic pericarditis, and frequently causes cardiac tamponade. Studies of PE in the cat are limited. HYPOTHESIS: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the most common cause of PE in the cat. ANIMALS: All cats diagnosed with PE on ...
Portas Timothy J - - 2007
Envenomation by a spotted black snake (Pseudechis guttatus), following multiple bites on the buccal mucosa of a captive maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), caused the animal's collapse, hemolysis, rhabdomyolysis, local tissue necrosis, hepatic and renal failure, and subsequent death. The wolf died despite intensive supportive care including antivenom administration, fluid support, ...
Familoni O B OB Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, - - 2007
Advanced heart failure (AHF) accounts for about 25% of all cases of heart failure in Nigeria and is associated with a high mortality rate. To undertake a clinical study of the pattern and outcome of AHF in our hospitalised patients and to determine the parameters associated with mortality and survival ...
Sato Yuichi - - 2008
Cardiac sarcoidosis may cause various cardiac symptoms including congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, conduction disturbances and sudden death, depending upon the extent and sites of cardiac involvement. We describe a patient presenting with ventricular tachycardia and congestive heart failure. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple delayed-enhanced areas in the left and right ...
Meding John B - - 2007
During 2002 and 2003, 1438 patients underwent a complete medical history and physical by the same hospital-based prescreening program before elective total joint arthroplasty to determine the benefits of this preoperative examination. Sixty percent of patients were female. Mean age was 67.5 years. New diagnoses established as a result of ...
Jucker Beat M - - 2007
Previously, it was shown that selective deletion of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) in the heart resulted in a cardiac lipotoxicity, hypertrophy, and heart failure. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of chronic and selective pharmacological activation of PPARdelta in a model of congestive ...
Spoor Martinus T - - 2007
Heart transplantation has evolved to become the gold standard treatment for patients who have symptoms of severe congestive heart failure associated with end-stage heart disease. From an epidemiologic perspective, this treatment is "trivial" because less than 2800 patients in the United States are offered transplantation because of limitations of age, ...
Gupta R P - - 2007
We report a patient who presented with congestive heart failure (ejection fraction 24.4%) and who had previous history of convulsions. Our investigations found him to be a case of primary hypoparathyroidism. He showed a dramatic response with the addition of calcium infusion therapy with almost full recovery of left ventricular ...
Sevimli Serdar - - 2007
Heart failure is one of the leading death reasons in the world. Left atrial appendage (LAA) is of great importance in maintaining cardiac function. We examined the effect of carvedilol therapy on left atrial appendage functions in patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure. Twenty patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure ...
Barbato Emanuele - - 2007
Beta2-adrenergic receptor Thr164Ile (threonine (Thr) is replaced by an isoleucine (Ile) at codon 164) polymorphism was postulated to contribute to lower exercise tolerance and poor prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure. However, heart failure is associated with several abnormalities of beta receptor signalling, and underlying mechanisms are not clear. ...
Tobias Joseph D - - 2007
Cardiovascular dysfunction in patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) may be related to secondary issues such as volume overload, hypertension or electrolyte disturbances including hyperkalemia. Additionally, primary myocardial involvement has been increasingly recognized as a potential comorbid feature of HUS. We report a 9-month-old child with HUS who developed clinical signs ...
Inoue Yasunori - - 2007
Pericarditis is a common complication in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, however, that causing congestive heart failure (CHF) is a rare initial manifestation of SLE. We treated a patient whose initial manifestation of SLE was pericardial effusion causing CHF, which improved following prednisolone therapy that led to a dramatic decrease ...
Torres Mercedes - - 2007
Dyspnea is among the most frequent complaints in the elderly. The prevalence of comorbid medical conditions and the physiologic changes of aging present significant challenges in determining the cause. The initial approach to the elderly dyspneic patient mandates consideration of a broad range of diagnoses. Failure to diagnose life-threatening medical ...
Wong Graham C - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Predicting which patients with congestive heart failure will decompensate is often difficult, and it is often difficult to distinguish congestive heart failure from other causes of acute dyspnea. This review will focus on some of the newer tools used to diagnose acute congestive heart failure in addition ...
Hwang Myung-Woo - - 2007
Congestive heart failure developed in a 42-year-old man who had very mild acromegalic features. Echocardiography showed a marked dilatation of the left ventricle and decreased systolic function. Laboratory examinations revealed the elevated levels of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 and pituitary microadenoma was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging. Although ...
Lam Yat-Yin - - 2008
We report a middle-age man presented with shortness of breath. Echocardiography revealed globally hypokinetic LV with poor function. Coronary angiograms showed no obstructive coronary artery lesions but multiple coronary fistulae to pulmonary artery without significant left to right shunt. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated normal myocardial perfusion and absence of ...
Verny C - - 2007
The elderly diabetic is a potential congestive heart failure patient. Cardiac involvement is multifactorial, particularly ischemic conditions because of the accumulation at that age of vascular risk factors and therefore the frequency of coronary damages. The elderly diabetic very often has high blood pressure, with the risk of developing a ...
Kazmi Asif S - - 2007
A 71-year-old man presented with acute pulmonary edema related to new onset of severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction, 30%). His symptoms did not improve with emergency therapy with diuretics and dobutamine. He was noted to be severely hypocalcemic (5.5 mg/dL) and subsequently showed dramatic improvement in symptoms and ejection ...
Charniot J C - - 2007
This study aimed at evaluating OS in an amyotrophic quadricipital syndrome with cardiac impairment in a family of 80 members with a mutation in lamin A/C gene. Twelve patients had cardiac involvement (5 cardiac and skeletal muscles impairment). OS was evaluated in blood samples (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), carbonylated proteins ...
Boyle Andrew - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Total body sodium and volume overload are the hallmarks of the congested state in the heart failure patient and result in a variety of deleterious pathophysiologic outcomes including ventricular chamber dilation, passive congestion of both encapsulated and nonencapsulated vital organs and myocardial edema and ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Trimble Mark A - - 2007
Captopril was the first oral angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor available and, as such, has been extensively studied and in clinical use for many years. Several studies have defined captopril's efficacy in the treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF) as well as determined its safety profile. The most common adverse hematologic ...
Mera Vicente - - 2007
Diarrhoea is a common health problem among travellers worldwide. We focus attention on the recognition of the postinfectious complications of traveller's diarrhoea. An English traveller, aged 43, attended a hospital in Benidorm (Spain) complaining of chest pain. A week previously, fever and severe diarrhoea were present. The electrocardiogram and cardiac ...
Kitamura Aki - - 2007
The intracardiac growth and extension of liposarcoma was observed in a 60-year-old woman. The epicardial tumor was identified to originate from the anterior wall of the right ventricle. She initially showed symptoms associated with cardiac tamponade. A surgical operation was performed but it resulted in incomplete resection due to massive ...
Tappia Paramjit S - - 2007
The phospholipases associated with the cardiac sarcolemmal (SL) membrane hydrolyze specific membrane phospholipids to generate important lipid signaling molecules, which are known to influence normal cardiac function. However, impairment of the phospholipases and their related signaling events may be contributory factors in altering cardiac function of the diseased myocardium. The ...
AlKawi Ammar - - 2007
We describe a woman with congestive heart failure who presented with acute cardiac decompensation followed by ischemic stroke. The management of the patient posed unique challenges for thrombolytic treatment (due to existing coagulopathy) and subsequent optimization of hemodynamic status. Issues related to rethrombosis and use of platelet glycoprotein IIB/IIIA inhibitors ...
Arques Stephane - - 2007
Congestive heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function has emerged as a growing epidemic medical syndrome in developed countries, which is characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of this condition is essential for optimizing the therapeutic management. The diagnosis of congestive heart failure is ...
Chiu Kuan-Ming - - 2007
Human heart beats in an extremely inhomogeneous and non-stationary manner. Recent study has demonstrated that it belongs to a class of signals called multifractal. Loss of multifractality was also uncovered in patients with congestive heart failure. We investigated whether carvedilol could restore the multifractal properties in a group of patients ...
Sokos George G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is present in the setting of congestive heart failure. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a naturally occurring incretin with both insulinotropic and insulinomimetic properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the safety and efficacy of a 5-week infusion of GLP-1 (2.5 pmol/kg/min) added to standard therapy in 12 patients ...
Macin Stella M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The implications of increased levels of cardiac troponin T in congestive heart failure with preserved systolic function have been poorly evaluated. We hypothesized that its presence might be related to disease severity and prognosis in this setting. METHODS: Clinical, echocardiographic, 6-min walking test and laboratory data were prospectively obtained ...
Gheorghiade Mihai - - 2006
Patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) typically present with signs and symptoms of systemic and pulmonary congestion at admission. However, elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressures (hemodynamic congestion) may be present days or weeks before systemic and pulmonary congestion develop, resulting in hospital admission. This "hemodynamic congestion," with or ...
Yeragani Vikram K - - 2007
In patients with ischemic heart disease, dobutamine provoked-stress increases beat-to-beat QRS amplitude variability, which may be due to an electrical instability of the myocardium. Our results in this pilot study showed that patients with congestive heart failure had significantly higher beat-to-beat QRS amplitude variability compared to controls in resting supine ...
Singh Ajay K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anemia, a common complication of chronic kidney disease, usually develops as a consequence of erythropoietin deficiency. Recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin alfa) is indicated for the correction of anemia associated with this condition. However, the optimal level of hemoglobin correction is not defined. METHODS: In this open-label trial, we studied ...
Hundley W Gregory - - 2007
flow-mediated arterial dilation (FMAD), an indicator of endothelial function, is reduced in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF). Many elderly patients with heart failure exhibit a normal left ventricular ejection fraction (HFNEF). It is unknown whether FMAD is severely reduced in the elderly with HFNEF. ...
Fleseriu Maria - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful use of octreotide in the management of prolonged hypoglycemia attributable to therapeutic doses of sulfonylureas. METHODS: We present a case series of 6 patients with sulfonylurea-induced hypoglycemia, along with pertinent serial laboratory data and review of the course of management. RESULTS: Most of our 6 ...
Yamada Satsuki - - 2006
Ventricular load can precipitate development of the heart failure syndrome, yet the molecular components that control the cardiac adaptive response to imposed demand remain partly understood. Compromised ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel function renders the heart vulnerable to stress, implicating this metabolic sensor in the homeostatic response that would normally prevent ...
Fox Ervin H - - 2006
A previously healthy 29-year-old patient presented with new onset congestive heart failure. Based on findings on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at an outside center, the patient was diagnosed as having a dilated cardiomyopathy with structural abnormalities in the ventricular septum and left ventricular (LV) apex ...
de Groote Pascal - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that the adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 (AMPD1) C34T polymorphism may be associated with survival in cardiac populations with a protective effect of the T allele. However, these studies included limited number of patients with few cardiovascular events. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed the impact of the ...
Fabio Giovanna - - 2007
Juvenile hemochromatosis (JH) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of iron metabolism, genetically heterogeneous. In JH, symptomatic organ involvement occurs as early as the second decade of life. Heart failure and/or arrhythmias are the most frequent causes of death. Phlebotomy is the safest, most effective, and most economic therapeutic approach ...
Sánchez-Torres Reinaldo J - - 2006
Cardiovascular disease has been well documented in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection, especially after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. At present, HIV infection is one of the leading causes of acquired cardiovascular disease including heart failure. Some of the changes observed in these patients include left ventricular ...
Patel Nishant D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) is an established therapy for congestive heart failure due to ischemic cardiomyopathy. Pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) has been considered a contraindication for SVR owing to a presumed increase in operative risk. However, outcomes in these patients and the impact of SVR on PHTN have not been ...
Albert Nancy M - - 2006
Transthoracic and whole-body bioimpedance monitoring has been commercially available for years; however, attention to its use as a diagnostic and event-monitoring modality has not been routinely applied in patients with heart failure (HF). In 2005, intrathoracic bioimpedance monitoring via an implantable cardioverter defibrillator brought new awareness of bioimpedance technology. In ...
Warman S M - - 2006
Congestive heart failure is a common presentation in small animal practice. Cardiac tumours are an unusual cause of congestive heart failure and, when they occur, usually cause clinical signs associated with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. This case report outlines the clinical and histological findings in two dogs presented with ...
Outomuro Delia - - 2007
Adriamycin is a potent and broad-spectrum antineoplastic agent that plays a major role in cancer chemotherapy. Unfortunately, its use has been hampered by conventional toxicities and cardiotoxicity manifested by congestive cardiomyopathy. Adriamycin is particularly toxic to heart tissue and constitutes a major cause of morbidity and mortality due to its ...
Wray Jonathan D - - 2007
Cardiomyopathy associated with abnormal trabecular bands of tissue traversing one or both ventricles is reported rarely in cats. The case of a 9-year-old cat which presented in congestive heart failure is reported. Multiple cardiac abnormalities were found, including a large trabecular tissue bridge which bisected the left ventricle. Other findings ...
Greer James J M - - 2006
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors increase endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity by multiple mechanisms. We previously reported that genetic overexpression of eNOS improves survival and cardiac function in congestive heart failure (CHF). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that low-dose treatment with an 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase ...
Ahmed Ali - - 2006
We performed a retrospective follow-up study of 1926 women with heart failure who participated in the Digitalis Investigation Group trial. Adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for covariates that were significant independent predictors of all-cause mortality were age in years (1.02; 1.01-1.03; P<0.001), NYHA class IH-IV (1.56; 1.31-1.87), diabetes ...
Takamiya Masataka - - 2006
An autopsy case of carbamazepine overdose with focal myocarditis is reported. The decedent was a 33-year-old female with a history of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, who reportedly took 5-day dose of prescribed medications at around midnight. Although she stayed home following the direction of the physician, she was pronounced dead ...
Thuraisingham R A - - 2006
Heart rate variability is concerned with the analysis of the fluctuations in the interval between heart beats known as RR intervals. The long time RR time series obtained suffer from non-stationarity and the presence of ectopic beats, which prevents extraction of useful statistical information. The paper describes a wavelet-based technique ...
Goldstein Daniel J - - 2006
Despite tremendous advances in the medical management of congestive heart failure the gold standard for the treatment of end stage congestive heart failure remains cardiac transplantation. The acknowledged critical limitation of sufficient suitable organ donors has resulted in the refinement and development of novel surgical alternatives for the treatment of ...
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