Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1117
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Catez Emmanuel - - 2009
A 60-year-old man without any history of cardiac disease was admitted for fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) with coma which revealed severe dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient improved with an adapted medical treatment and was finally discharged from the hospital. Congestive heart failure is a rare cause of FHF, but an important ...
Holubarsch Christian J F - - 2008
Crataegus preparations have been used for centuries especially in Europe. To date, no proper data on their efficacy and safety as an add-on-treatment are available. Therefore a large morbidity/mortality trial was performed. To investigate the efficacy and safety of an add-on treatment with Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with ...
Calabrò P - - 2009
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a member of interleukin (IL)-6 family, was originally isolated for its ability to induce a hypertrophic response in neonatal cardiac myocytes. This cytokine mediates a pleiotropic set of growth and differentiation activities through a unique receptor system, consisting of IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) and a common signal transducer, the ...
Athanasuleas Constantine L - - 2008
Function follows form and this maxim provides an understanding of the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure following myocardial infarction. The heart fails as it enlarges and becomes more spherical. Surgical methods to treat dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy have evolved and been applied to thousands of patients worldwide. Known as "surgical ventricular ...
Cavalcante João L - - 2008
Acute heart failure syndromes are a common cause of emergency department visits and hospitalization in North America and Europe. Although in-hospital mortality is relatively low, the postdischarge mortality and rehospitalization rates can be as high as 10-15 and 30%, respectively, within 60-90 days following discharge. It appears that the main ...
Hagenah Gerrit - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sleep breathing disorders in patients with congestive heart failure is relevantly high. According to historical studies Cheyne-Stokes respiration is an oscillatory ventilation during sleep in up to 40% of patients with congestive heart failure. During the last decade the medical treatment of congestive heart failure has ...
Radai Michal M - - 2008
Congestive heart failure is a widespread cardiac disease in western countries. At present, the main measure for monitoring the level of pulmonary edema in telemedicine systems is weight, which is not a reliable indicator. The authors propose a novel bioimpedance telemedical system to monitor these patients. The system measures the ...
Ducharme Nicole - - 2008
People are now living longer, largely because of a combination of falling rates of fertility and mortality, thus producing a greater proportion of older people in society. Thirty times more centenarians were alive in 2000 than in 1900, and the population growth in the elderly segment of society is expected ...
Nain S - - 2008
The present study examined the possible role of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of heart failure in broilers. Data were collected from three groups of birds at various risk of heart failure: Leghorn chickens (resistant to heart failure), slow-growing feed-restricted broilers (low risk of heart failure), fast-growing ad libitum ...
Morris Raymond G - - 2008
Therapeutic drug monitoring of digoxin is well established in the clinical management of cardiac patients treated with the drug. Recently, target concentrations have been revised in patients with congestive heart failure to 0.5 to 0.8 microg/L, challenging the sensitivity limits of most immunoassays. These widely used methods are often criticized, ...
Yoneyama Kihei - - 2008
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is frequently observed in patients with congestive heart failure. Recent studies have shown that SDB negatively affects the onset of congestive heart failure; however, no studies have addressed the relationship between the level of SDB and the onset time of acute dyspnea. We hypothesized that SDB affects ...
Markovic N S - - 2008
Isolated ventricular noncompaction is a rare congenital disorder characterized by the presence of numerous prominent trabeculations and deep intratrabecular recesses which communicate with the ventricular cavity. This disease has a very bad prognosis. Two cases of isolated ventricular noncompaction in patients with chronic renal failure have been described. The first ...
Tannen Richard L - - 2008
PURPOSE: Using data from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database (GPRD) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were replicated to determine whether identifiable study characteristics and/or analytic methods influence the validity of observational studies. METHODS: This study reports GPRD replications of 2 RCTs that investigated whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) improve ...
Mayer B - - 2008
Nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate; GTN) is the most prominent representative of the organic nitrates or nitrovasodilators, a class of compounds that have been used clinically since the late nineteenth century for the treatment of coronary artery disease (angina pectoris), congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction. Medline lists more than 15 000 ...
Lee Seung-Gon - - 2008
Canine heart worm disease is often life-threatening due to its various complications, including right side heart failure, caval syndrome and pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis. Several preventive medications and melarsomine have been developed and they are very effective to control heartworm infestation. However, in a case of severe infestation, melarsomine therapy often ...
Ahmad Khurram - - 2008
The salt-avid state that accounts for the clinical syndrome congestive heart failure (CHF) leads to an initial expansion of intra- and subsequent rise in extravascular volumes that can include the appearance of pleural effusion. Herein, we present a 54-year-old man with a dilated cardiomyopathy who was hospitalized because of his ...
Karagöz Tevfik - - 2008
We describe successful percutaneous closure of a prenatally diagnosed large coronary fistula originating from the right coronary sinus and draining into the right ventricle in a one-day-old neonate using an Amplatzer vascular plug. Early intervention may be a useful tool in such cases with large fistulas to avoid complications such ...
Yang Deng-Ho - - 2008
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an uncommon disorder of unknown cause. The clinical symptoms of AOSD are a spiking fever, a typical rash, arthralgia or arthritis, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly. Pleuropulmonary and cardiac involvement are rare. We report a patient with a two-year history of AOSD with myocarditis ...
Murray Christina M - - 2008
The increasing prevalence of heart failure dictates that physicians effectively assess and treat congestion. The evaluation of volume status in the complex group of patients with heart failure is very challenging. Physical examination is at best challenging and not always helpful, confounded by body habitus and comorbidities. Weight monitoring has ...
Zadikoff Cindy C Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Center, Toronto Western Hospital, Department of Neurology, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2008
Pergolide is an ergot derived dopamine agonist that is widely used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Studies have found an association between pergolide and valvular heart abnormalities although there is still much to be learned about the clinical significance of the valvular changes, who is at risk, and whether ...
Telli M L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the pivotal phase III metastatic renal cell carcinoma trial, updated data indicates that 21% of sunitinib-treated patients experienced a decline in left ventricular ejection fraction to below normal. This cardiotoxicity was reported to be reversible and without clinical sequelae. We conducted a retrospective analysis of our institutional experience ...
Swaminathan S - - 2008
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a severe disabling disease that can follow gadolinium-based contrast exposure. In this study we analyzed the clinical and laboratory records of patients with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis who had a history of exposure to gadolinium-based contrast media and identified their cardiac and vascular events. At autopsy, we ...
Filippatos Theodosios D - - 2008
Retrospective studies show that statin use prevents congestive heart failure and decreases mortality in patients with congestive heart failure; however, only one prospective study is available. In the Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in Heart Failure study, rosuvastatin (10 mg/d) was compared with placebo in patients with advanced coronary heart disease-related ...
Firshman A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A description of the clinical signs and necropsy findings in 10 alpacas with thrombotic endocarditis. ANIMALS: Clinical cases admitted to 2 veterinary referral hospitals between May 1998 and December 2006. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed by searching hospital records to identify alpacas diagnosed with endocarditis. RESULTS: Common clinical ...
Cotter Gad - - 2008
Although fluid overload is one of the most prominent features of acute heart failure (AHF), its mechanism remains challenging, due to the lack of consistent data from prospective studies. Traditionally, fluid overload was thought to be mainly the result of either increased intake of fluid and salt or non-adherence with ...
Sengupta Partho P PP Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 13400 E Shea Blvd, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, - - 2008
Trastuzumab, a drug targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, improves survival rate in women with metastatic breast cancer. Symptomatic heart failure, a serious adverse effect of trastuzumab, occurs in 1% to 4% of patients treated with the antibody, whereas left ventricular ejection fraction declines substantially in 10% of patients. ...
Kawano Hiroaki - - 2008
The secretion of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) decreases with age, and the incidence of heart failure rises in the elderly population. We measured plasma DHEAS levels in 50 male patients (mean 66.7+/-9.1 years old) with congestive heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy before and after treatment. The study included 50 ...
Yu Doris S F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To perform a psychometric evaluation of the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale (MIDAS) in Chinese patients with coronary heart disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: Patients with angina (n=162), MI (n=124) or heart failure (n=95) were recruited from a regional university-affiliated hospital. The Chinese version of the MIDAS (C-MIDAS), the Hospital ...
Watanabe Hiroshi - - 2008
Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy is characterized by ventricular systolic dysfunction and congestive heart failure resulting from persistent or highly frequent tachyarrhythmias with uncontrolled heart rate. While reversible and often considered benign, few studies have examined the outcome of the disorder. The clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term outcomes of 12 consecutive patients with ...
Ewer Steven M - - 2008
Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets the human epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase HER2/ErbB2. This agent has shown a highly significant antitumour effect for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, and is now considered part of the standard regimens for the treatment of this disease in both the metastatic ...
Costanzo Maria Rosa - - 2008
Congestion causes the majority of hospitalizations for heart failure and contributes to heart failure progression and mortality. Intravenous loop diuretics reduce the signs and symptoms of congestion. Loop diuretics, however, may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to deleterious effects on neurohormonal activation, electrolyte balance, and cardiac and ...
Rashidi Farid - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is usually associated with increased neutrophil count. However, it has not clearly been defined whether neutrophilia can cause myocardial injury. In this study, we hypothesized that absolute neutrophilia can predict the occurrence of congestive heart failure (CHF) after AMI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried ...
Anumah Felicia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In acromegaly, specific structural and functional changes in the heart appear to contribute to the increased mortality in this disease. This disease is uncommon in Nigeria, West Africa and little has been published about it; also rare is clinically evident heart failure. We are therefore highlighting a late presentation ...
Kapur Vishal - - 2008
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a sensitive indicator of wider arterial insufficiency and an early correlate for the presence of ischemic heart disease. Among patients with coronary artery disease, prevalence reports of ED range from 42% to 75%. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved 3 phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors for ...
Tappia Paramjit S - - 2008
Cardiac hypertrophy, congestive heart failure, diabetic cardiomyopathy and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury are associated with a disturbance in cardiac sarcolemmal membrane phospholipid homeostasis. The contribution of the different phospholipases and their related signaling mechanisms to altered function of the diseased myocardium is not completely understood. Resolution of this issue is essential ...
Munir Shahzeb M - - 2008
Congestive heart failure has long been one of the most serious medical conditions in the United States; in fact, in the United States alone, heart failure accounts for 6.5 million days of hospitalization each year. One important goal of heart-failure therapy is to inhibit the progression of congestive heart failure ...
Kaludercic Nina N Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2008
Metalloproteinases (MMPs, also called matrixins) are extracellular proteolytic enzymes involved in the degradation of both matrix and nonmatrix proteins. Currently, 25 MMPs have been identified in humans, and the overexpression of one or more MMPs has been implicated in several pathologies, spanning from cancer to rheumathoid arthritis to cardiovascular disease. ...
Chu Tammy F TF Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2007
Sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, which is approved by both US and European Commission regulatory agencies for clinical use, extends survival of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumours, but concerns have arisen about its cardiac safety. We therefore assessed the cardiovascular risk associated with sunitinib in patients ...
Lipscombe Lorraine L - - 2007
CONTEXT: Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), used to treat type 2 diabetes, are associated with an excess risk of congestive heart failure and possibly acute myocardial infarction. However, the association between TZD use and cardiovascular events has not been adequately evaluated on a population level. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between TZD therapy ...
Aessopos Athanassios - - 2008
Cardiac disease remains the major cause of death in thalassaemia major. This review deals with the mechanisms involved in heart failure development, the peculiar clinical presentation of congestive heart failure and provides guidelines for diagnosis and management of the acute phase of cardiac failure. It emphasizes the need for intensive ...
Shuang Wu - - 2008
We present the case of a patient with end-stage congestive heart failure (NYHA class IV) secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy despite maximally medical therapy, who needed to have a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery but whose risk was considered too high due to his deteriorating cardiac function. Cardiac sympathetic blockade ...
Kunishige Megumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial remodeling is a crucial step for progression of heart failure (HF). Free radical generation by the failing myocardium has been proposed as linked to myocardial remodeling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the urinary excretion of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha), a reliable marker for oxidant stress in ...
Ellestad Myrvin H - - 2007
The recognition that uric acid plays a significant role in cardiac function has been slow to be appreciated. About 50 years ago it was recognized that gout and high uric acid levels were often a marker for coronary heart disease, Since then the literature has contained several hundred studies which ...
Karam Oliver - - 2009
Vein of Galen Aneurismal Malformation (VGAM), a rare congenital anomaly, can lead to congestive heart failure (CHF) and persistent pulmonary hypertension (PHT). Inotropic drugs, diuretics, mechanical ventilation or inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) are the main therapeutic strategies but often do not suffice to control the severe diastolic overload, thus other ...
Gavrila Dan - - 2007
Here we report on the case of a 71 year old man who presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of right heart failure and was diagnosed with and successfully treated for constrictive pericarditis. Radiographic, hemodynamic, and intra-operative pathological findings typical of constrictive pericarditis are presented. The potential for right ventricular ...
St Cyr J A - - 2009
Ischemia is a major etiological factor in the development and progression of congestive heart failure. Current pharmaceutical treatments do not address the underlying metabolic problem within the heart. Adenosine triphosphate levels, critical for the preservation of cellular integrity, intracellular enzymatic reactions, and function, are depleted with myocardial ischemia, and in ...
Jabbar Danish A - - 2007
Congestive heart failure is the most common cause of death in patients with thalassemia, as chronic accumulation of iron due to regular blood transfusions leads to biventricular systolic dysfunction and death at a very young age. The quantity of iron deposited in the heart is a key determinant of outcome. ...
Daiber A - - 2008
Organic nitrates still represent a group of very effective anti-ischemic drugs used for the treatment of patients with stable angina, acute myocardial infarction and chronic congestive heart failure. Long-term therapy with organic nitrates, however, results in a rapid development of nitrate tolerance blunting their hemodynamic and antiischemic efficacy. Recent studies ...
Inrig Jula K - - 2007
Estimating equations for calculating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) occasionally identify patients with elevated eGFR, yet the prognostic significance remains to be determined. This study sought to define the association of an elevated eGFR on the risk for death and cardiovascular outcomes among subjects with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Data from 8941 ...
Poppe T T - - 2007
Arteriosclerosis of the coronary artery has been described as a 'fact of life' for Pacific and Atlantic salmonids due to the high prevalence in spawning fish. The lesions are believed to be the result of overstretching of the highly distensible bulbus arteriosus whereby the endothelium of the main coronary vessel ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >