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Mallamaci Francesca - - 2010
This study sought to investigate clinical and echocardiographic correlates of the lung comets score. Early detection of pulmonary congestion is a fundamental goal for the prevention of congestive heart failure in high-risk patients. We undertook an inclusive survey by a validated ultrasound (US) technique in a hemodialysis center to estimate ...
Baird Drew - - 2010
Congestive heart failure (CHF) and obesity are common medical conditions that have many complications and an increasing incidence in the United States. Presented here is a case of a disfiguring skin condition that visually highlights the dermatologic consequences of poorly controlled CHF and obesity. This condition will probably become more ...
- - 2010
Recent studies show more discharge planning is needed for coronary and congestive heart failure patients. There is often a lag between when new evidence leads to guidelines outlining an optimal treatment and the implementation of that treatment. Clinicians should give patients an ACE inhibitor to start.
Mukherjee Debraj - - 2010
Through an analysis of 2 databases, we describe outcomes among 11 958 neonates with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac procedures, with 194 developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Neonates with congestive heart failure or those undergoing systemic to pulmonary artery shunting were more likely to develop NEC, but these patients had inpatient ...
Lord P - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to examine the changes in vertebral heart scale, and left atrial and ventricular dimensions before and at onset of congestive heart failure in cavalier King Charles spaniels with mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Records and radiographs from 24 cavalier King Charles spaniels with mitral regurgitation ...
Lubitz Steven A SA Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, 149 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure are morbid conditions that have common risk factors and frequently coexist. Each condition predisposes to the other, and the concomitant presence of the two identifies individuals at increased risk for mortality. Recent data have emerged that help elucidate the complex genetic and nongenetic pathophysiological ...
Gheorghiade Mihai - - 2010
Patients with acute heart failure (AHF) require urgent in-hospital treatment for relief of symptoms. The main reason for hospitalization is congestion, rather than low cardiac output. Although congestion is associated with a poor prognosis, many patients are discharged with persistent signs and symptoms of congestion and/or a high left ventricular ...
Allegra John R - - 2010
PURPOSE: A previous study showed that pulmonary edema patients presenting between noon and 4 pm have the highest rates of myocardial infarction and death. We hypothesized that the highest intubation rates would also occur at these times. BASIC PROCEDURES: We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients seen by ...
Testani Jeffrey M - - 2010
Recent reports have demonstrated the adverse effects of venous congestion on renal function (RF) and challenged the assumption that worsening RF is driven by decreased cardiac output (CO). We hypothesized that diuresis in patients with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, despite decreased CO, would lead to a decrease in venous congestion ...
van de Glind G J - - 2010
Cardiac zygomycosis can be a critical condition with sudden onset of severe congestive heart failure followed by severe hemodynamic deterioration. We report a fatal course of disseminated fungal infection with a massive intra-atrial thrombosis caused by a zygomycete, in a five year old boy treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. In ...
Anakwue R C - - 2010
Thyroid hormone has profound effects on a number of metabolic processes in virtually all tissues but the cardiovascular manifestations are prominent usually creating a hyperdynamic circulatory state. Thyrotoxicosis is not a common cause of congestive heart failure among black communities. To determine the hospital prevalence, clinical characteristics and echocardiographic findings ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2010
A 4-year-old boy with primary cardiac Ewing's sarcoma presenting with congestive cardiac failure is reported for its rarity. Its surgical importance is highlighted.
Saner F H - - 2009
Congestive heart failure as a cause of acute liver failure is rarely documented with only a few cases. - Although the pathophysiology is poorly understood, there is rising evidence, that low cardiac output with consecutive reduction in hepatic blood flow is a main causing factor, rather than hypotension. In the ...
Pr?chnicka Agnieszka - - 2009
This report describes the use of continuous peritoneal dialysis (PD) as an alternative to hemodialysis (HD) in a patient with type 2 cardiorenal syndrome in the course of congestive heart failure resistant to standard pharmacological treatment. A 39-year-old man presented with a 24-year history of progressive heart failure. Ineligibility for ...
Odabasi Zeki - - 2010
We report two patients with severe cardiac manifestations at the time of the initial presentation of polymyositis. Both cases are unusual in that they presented with predominant cardiac disturbances, associated with muscle weakness. One patient had a typical clinical syndrome of congestive heart failure, and the second mimicked an acute ...
Potter C A - - 2009
A neonate with congestive heart failure at birth due to a nearly holohemispheric pial arteriovenous malformation is described. This occurred despite a normal second trimester prenatal sonogram. Successful treatment of heart failure was achieved by embolization alone. This case demonstrates that hemodynamically significant lesions may arise later or enlarge more ...
Tomar Munesh - - 2009
Hypocalcemia is a curable cause of myocardial dysfunction and clinical congestive cardiac failure, with only stray reports available in literature. We describe 15 infants presenting with severe left ventricular dysfunction, who were found to have hypocalcemia with or without hypomagnesemia. Vitamin D deficiency was identified as the main cause of ...
Doshi Darshan - - 2009
Congestive heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Congestive heart failure is marked by atrial and ventricular enlargements and reduced cardiac contractility and an association with an increased incidence of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Dysfunctional ion channel function is one of the major ...
Hofmann Sigrun R - - 2009
Congenital arteriovenous malformations are rare causes of congestive cardiac failure in neonates. The most common sites are in the head and liver, but other sites include the thorax, the abdomen and the limbs. The onset of failure is usually not in the immediate neonatal period, but later on in life, ...
Salzberg Sacha P - - 2009
Nesiritide, a recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide used for the intravenous treatment of acute decompensated congestive heart failure. Concerns have been raised about the long-term use of nesiritide, but data is scarce regarding its use in acute congestive heart failure and during cardiac surgery. We conducted a retrospective data review to ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2010
Recently, we have experienced cerebrovascular embolic events in 2 consecutive patients in our outpatient clinic. Accordingly, we want to share our comments with literature on these 2 patients. Both patients had newly diagnosed left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, sinus rhythm, and cerebrovascular event within the first week after initiation of heart ...
Botha Phil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The reversibility of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance in heart failure bears an important relation to outcome after cardiac transplantation. The phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) and PDE5 inhibitors both increase levels of cyclic nucleotides in the vascular smooth muscle, causing vasodilatation. PDE3 inhibitors also have direct inotropic effects. We contrasted the ...
Elshaer Fayez - - 2009
Data from 519 patients older than 65 years with congestive heart failure (CHF) were analyzed after 5 years of clinical follow-up. Two groups were included in the analysis: 321 patients with ejection fractions > or =50% (group with diastolic heart failure) and 198 patients with reduced ejection fraction <50% (group ...
Thorsgard Marit - - 2009
Relief of congestive symptoms is a primary goal in treating heart failure. Ultrafiltration is a tool that can be used to safely remove sodium and water from whole blood at a controlled rate. Ultrafiltration decreases symptoms, relieves congestion, and improves hemodynamics, neurohormonal balance, and exercise capacity. This article describes the ...
Rapacciuolo Antonio - - 2009
A 70-year-old man was admitted because of a 6-month history of progressive dyspnoea on exertion. The medical history showed that he suffered from patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) that was closed at 35 years of age by surgical ligation. Subsequently, up to year 1992, no evidence of residual left-to-right shunt was ...
Catez Emmanuel - - 2009
A 60-year-old man without any history of cardiac disease was admitted for fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) with coma which revealed severe dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient improved with an adapted medical treatment and was finally discharged from the hospital. Congestive heart failure is a rare cause of FHF, but an important ...
Holubarsch Christian J F - - 2008
Crataegus preparations have been used for centuries especially in Europe. To date, no proper data on their efficacy and safety as an add-on-treatment are available. Therefore a large morbidity/mortality trial was performed. To investigate the efficacy and safety of an add-on treatment with Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with ...
Calabrò P - - 2009
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a member of interleukin (IL)-6 family, was originally isolated for its ability to induce a hypertrophic response in neonatal cardiac myocytes. This cytokine mediates a pleiotropic set of growth and differentiation activities through a unique receptor system, consisting of IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) and a common signal transducer, the ...
Athanasuleas Constantine L - - 2008
Function follows form and this maxim provides an understanding of the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure following myocardial infarction. The heart fails as it enlarges and becomes more spherical. Surgical methods to treat dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy have evolved and been applied to thousands of patients worldwide. Known as "surgical ventricular ...
Cavalcante João L - - 2008
Acute heart failure syndromes are a common cause of emergency department visits and hospitalization in North America and Europe. Although in-hospital mortality is relatively low, the postdischarge mortality and rehospitalization rates can be as high as 10-15 and 30%, respectively, within 60-90 days following discharge. It appears that the main ...
Hagenah Gerrit - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sleep breathing disorders in patients with congestive heart failure is relevantly high. According to historical studies Cheyne-Stokes respiration is an oscillatory ventilation during sleep in up to 40% of patients with congestive heart failure. During the last decade the medical treatment of congestive heart failure has ...
Radai Michal M - - 2008
Congestive heart failure is a widespread cardiac disease in western countries. At present, the main measure for monitoring the level of pulmonary edema in telemedicine systems is weight, which is not a reliable indicator. The authors propose a novel bioimpedance telemedical system to monitor these patients. The system measures the ...
Ducharme Nicole - - 2008
People are now living longer, largely because of a combination of falling rates of fertility and mortality, thus producing a greater proportion of older people in society. Thirty times more centenarians were alive in 2000 than in 1900, and the population growth in the elderly segment of society is expected ...
Nain S - - 2008
The present study examined the possible role of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of heart failure in broilers. Data were collected from three groups of birds at various risk of heart failure: Leghorn chickens (resistant to heart failure), slow-growing feed-restricted broilers (low risk of heart failure), fast-growing ad libitum ...
Morris Raymond G - - 2008
Therapeutic drug monitoring of digoxin is well established in the clinical management of cardiac patients treated with the drug. Recently, target concentrations have been revised in patients with congestive heart failure to 0.5 to 0.8 microg/L, challenging the sensitivity limits of most immunoassays. These widely used methods are often criticized, ...
Yoneyama Kihei - - 2008
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is frequently observed in patients with congestive heart failure. Recent studies have shown that SDB negatively affects the onset of congestive heart failure; however, no studies have addressed the relationship between the level of SDB and the onset time of acute dyspnea. We hypothesized that SDB affects ...
Markovic N S - - 2008
Isolated ventricular noncompaction is a rare congenital disorder characterized by the presence of numerous prominent trabeculations and deep intratrabecular recesses which communicate with the ventricular cavity. This disease has a very bad prognosis. Two cases of isolated ventricular noncompaction in patients with chronic renal failure have been described. The first ...
Tannen Richard L - - 2008
PURPOSE: Using data from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database (GPRD) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were replicated to determine whether identifiable study characteristics and/or analytic methods influence the validity of observational studies. METHODS: This study reports GPRD replications of 2 RCTs that investigated whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) improve ...
Mayer B - - 2008
Nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate; GTN) is the most prominent representative of the organic nitrates or nitrovasodilators, a class of compounds that have been used clinically since the late nineteenth century for the treatment of coronary artery disease (angina pectoris), congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction. Medline lists more than 15 000 ...
Lee Seung-Gon - - 2008
Canine heart worm disease is often life-threatening due to its various complications, including right side heart failure, caval syndrome and pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis. Several preventive medications and melarsomine have been developed and they are very effective to control heartworm infestation. However, in a case of severe infestation, melarsomine therapy often ...
Ahmad Khurram - - 2008
The salt-avid state that accounts for the clinical syndrome congestive heart failure (CHF) leads to an initial expansion of intra- and subsequent rise in extravascular volumes that can include the appearance of pleural effusion. Herein, we present a 54-year-old man with a dilated cardiomyopathy who was hospitalized because of his ...
Karagöz Tevfik - - 2008
We describe successful percutaneous closure of a prenatally diagnosed large coronary fistula originating from the right coronary sinus and draining into the right ventricle in a one-day-old neonate using an Amplatzer vascular plug. Early intervention may be a useful tool in such cases with large fistulas to avoid complications such ...
Yang Deng-Ho - - 2008
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an uncommon disorder of unknown cause. The clinical symptoms of AOSD are a spiking fever, a typical rash, arthralgia or arthritis, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly. Pleuropulmonary and cardiac involvement are rare. We report a patient with a two-year history of AOSD with myocarditis ...
Murray Christina M - - 2008
The increasing prevalence of heart failure dictates that physicians effectively assess and treat congestion. The evaluation of volume status in the complex group of patients with heart failure is very challenging. Physical examination is at best challenging and not always helpful, confounded by body habitus and comorbidities. Weight monitoring has ...
Zadikoff Cindy - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pergolide is an ergot derived dopamine agonist that is widely used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Studies have found an association between pergolide and valvular heart abnormalities although there is still much to be learned about the clinical significance of the valvular changes, who is at risk, and ...
Telli M L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the pivotal phase III metastatic renal cell carcinoma trial, updated data indicates that 21% of sunitinib-treated patients experienced a decline in left ventricular ejection fraction to below normal. This cardiotoxicity was reported to be reversible and without clinical sequelae. We conducted a retrospective analysis of our institutional experience ...
Swaminathan S - - 2008
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a severe disabling disease that can follow gadolinium-based contrast exposure. In this study we analyzed the clinical and laboratory records of patients with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis who had a history of exposure to gadolinium-based contrast media and identified their cardiac and vascular events. At autopsy, we ...
Filippatos Theodosios D - - 2008
Retrospective studies show that statin use prevents congestive heart failure and decreases mortality in patients with congestive heart failure; however, only one prospective study is available. In the Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in Heart Failure study, rosuvastatin (10 mg/d) was compared with placebo in patients with advanced coronary heart disease-related ...
Firshman A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A description of the clinical signs and necropsy findings in 10 alpacas with thrombotic endocarditis. ANIMALS: Clinical cases admitted to 2 veterinary referral hospitals between May 1998 and December 2006. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed by searching hospital records to identify alpacas diagnosed with endocarditis. RESULTS: Common clinical ...
Cotter Gad - - 2008
Although fluid overload is one of the most prominent features of acute heart failure (AHF), its mechanism remains challenging, due to the lack of consistent data from prospective studies. Traditionally, fluid overload was thought to be mainly the result of either increased intake of fluid and salt or non-adherence with ...
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