Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1111
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Weaver T - - 1996
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is often the result of many non-fatal heart problems. Many patients who suffer from heart failure die as a result of cardiac dysrhythmias. This article discusses the normal heart, the changes from normal seen ...
Silver M M - - 1996
To learn whether fetal congestive heart failure causes a characteristic tissue iron storage pattern, we selected 15 neonatal autopsy cases of hydrops fetalis in which both the clinical and gross autopsy findings suggested intrauterine congestive heart failure. The latter appeared to be due to functional causes in 10 (3 nonhemolytic ...
Chen S - - 1996
Most patients suffering from coronary heart disease have string--like pulse due mainly to disorder of cardiac function, lowered arterial compliance and increased total peripheral resistance. The common type of pulse in hematopathy patients is rapid, thready, string--like and slippery, due mainly to increased compensatory pumping action of heart, shortening of ...
Rich M W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, clinical course, and prognosis of iatrogenic congestive heart failure in older patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study at a university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 401 patients 70 years of age or older hospitalized with congestive heart failure. The mean age ...
Akduman L - - 1996
PURPOSE: We treated a 69-year-old woman with bilateral uveal effusions associated with primary pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure, and vomiting. METHODS: The patient underwent ophthalmoscopic, echocardiographic, and fluorescein angiographic examinations. RESULTS: Increased venous pressure caused by congestive heart failure and vomiting was implicated as the cause of bilateral uveal effusions. ...
Eisenhofer G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Increased availability of norepinephrine (NE) for activation of cardiac adrenoceptors (increased cardiac adrenergic drive) and depletion of myocardial NE stores may contribute to the pathophysiology and progression of congestive heart failure. This study used a comprehensive neurochemical approach to examine the mechanisms responsible for these abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Moser M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This work was done to determine the role of hypertension treatment in the prevention of disease progression, left ventricular hypertrophy and congestive heart failure. BACKGROUND: Lowering of blood pressure in hypertensive patients has been reported to reduce morbidity and mortality from strokes and myocardial infarction. Data on primary prevention ...
McCarty M F - - 1996
Published clinical research, as well as various theoretical considerations, suggest that supplemental intakes of the 'metavitamins' taurine, coenzyme Q10, and L-carnitine, as well as of the minerals magnesium, potassium, and chromium, may be of therapeutic benefit in congestive heart failure. High intakes of fish oil may likewise be beneficial in ...
Takemura N - - 1996
Congestive heart failure resulted from bilateral atrioventricular insufficiency was diagnosed in two, small breed, intact male aged dogs. In both cases, the clinical signs were mainly associated with right heart failure, while those related to left heart failure were seldom observed. Radiographic and echocardiographic examinations revealed the dilatation of the ...
Bastianello S S - - 1996
The clinical signs and pathology in an outbreak of toxicity in feedlot cattle attributed to the ingestion of toxic levels of the ionophore antibiotic salinomycin over an extended period of 11 weeks are described. Thirty-nine out of 380 cattle developed signs consistent with cardiac failure and 8 of these died. ...
Rodgers A - - 1996
A survey was conducted among 259 New Zealand specialist anaesthetists to assess attitudes and practices with regard to epidural or subarachnoid anaesthesia (ESA). Ninety-four per cent replied and virtually all of the respondents indicated that they performed ESA at some time. ESA was used by most anaesthetists for most patients ...
Vasan R S - - 1996
The syndrome of congestive heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function is common in clinical practice. The signs and symptoms of the disorder are similar to those of congestive heart failure with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, underscoring a need for routine evaluation of left and right ventricular systolic function ...
Ferguson J E - - 1996
Enalapril is widely prescribed for hypertension and cardiac failure. Rashes are an uncommon side-effect, occurring in approximately 1.4% of patients, and in approximately 0.4% of patients the rash is sufficient to require discontinuation of enalapril. (Merck Sharp and Dohme, pers. comm.) We report a case of toxic pustuloderma related to ...
Matsui A - - 1996
Hyperreninemia probably due to focal interstitial nephritis of the right kidney caused an acute onset of hypertension and cardiac dysfunction including valvular insufficiency in a 5-year-old boy. This congestive heart failure in association with valvular insufficiency and hypertension was dramatically improved following right nephrectomy. Abruptly activated renin-angiotensin II may lead ...
Calvert C A - - 1996
Exacerbation of heart rhythm disturbances or deterioration of left-ventricular function occurred in six Doberman pinschers with occult cardiomyopathy following anesthesia and surgery. These abnormalities improved over time in surviving dogs, supporting a causal relationship between anesthesia/surgery and exacerbation. Moderate myocardial failure and ventricular tachyarrhythmias of variable severity existed prior to ...
Valdés L - - 1996
To investigate the etiology of pleural effusions in our region, we undertook a prospective study of patients with this condition in our centers. During a 5-year period, we studied 642 pleural effusion patients aged 57.1 +/- 21.1 years, of whom 401 were men aged 56.5 +/- 21 years and 241 ...
Harris W O WO Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, - - 1996
Coronary artery fistulas are infrequently encountered vascular communications that are either congenital or due to cardiac trauma. Most patients with these anomalies are asymptomatic, but late complications can occur and include congestive heart failure, myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and endocarditis. Therefore, many investigators have recommended surgical repair, even for asymptomatic patients. ...
Asanoi H - - 1995
Acute hemodynamic effects of intravenous infusion of dopexamine were evaluated by a placebo-controlled withdrawal study in patients with acute congestive heart failure. Twenty patients were enrolled at 10 centers in Japan. All patients had a pulmonary capillary or diastolic pressure of 15 mmHg or greater and a cardiac index of ...
Granberry M C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To report a patient with exacerbation of congestive heart failure after administration of polyethylene glycol-electrolyte lavage solution (PEG-ELS). METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed, using the terms congestive heart failure (CHF), gastric lavage, colonoscopy, irrigation, and gastroparesis, of English-language articles published from January 1980 through January 1995, as well ...
Volpe M - - 1995
One of the main goals of modern management and care of heart failure is to prevent the disease to progress toward congestion and death. The achievement of such an objective may, in fact, guarantee a sufficient quality of life and reduce the exposure of patients to the most common life-threatening ...
Doughty R - - 1995
AIMS: Congestive heart failure is believed to be a major public health problem in most Western countries; however, little is known about the extent of morbidity and mortality from congestive heart failure in New Zealand. This paper reports data on hospital admissions and mortality due to congestive heart failure in ...
Wakasugi S - - 1995
We used MIBG to evaluate cardiac adrenergic neuron integrity and function in congestive heart failure. METHODS: Rats were treated with adriamycin (2 mg/kg, s.c.) once a week for 7, 8 and 9 wk. In analyzing cardiac adrenergic neuron function, we assessed alterations of uptake-1, exocytotic release and nonexocytotic metabolic release ...
Krishnaswami Venkataraman - - 1995
One hundred and fifty-two patients with congestive heart failure above 65 years of age were treated at The Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh in the calendar year 1992, forming 38% of the total number of inpatients with this condition for that year. Hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and valvular diseases were the ...
Thakur R K - - 1995
Latissimus dorsi cardiomyoplasty is a promising surgical therapy in some patients with congestive heart failure. Although the mortality in heart failure patients is attributable primarily to heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias, the mechanism of death after cardiomyoplasty is not well characterized. We describe the clinical course of a patient undergoing ...
Greenberg HE - - 1995
Sleep-disordered breathing has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, despite several plausible mechanisms whereby obstructive sleep apnoea might be associated with left ventricular dysfunction and congestive heart failure, only limited data exist linking those disorders. These studies are reviewed along with possible mechanisms leading to left ventricular ...
Aronow W S - - 1995
This article discusses the effects of thyroid hormone on the heart, cardiovascular symptoms and signs in elderly patients with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, and the diagnosis and therapy of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in elderly patients. Cardiovascular symptoms of hyperthyroidism include palpitations, angina, pectoris, and dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, or paroxysmal nocturnal ...
Bharani A - - 1995
Twelve patients with refractory chronic congestive heart failure (Class IV NYHA), related to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (10 patients); previous myocardial infarction (one patient) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (one patient), received Terminalia Arjuna, an Indian medicinal plant, as bark extract (500 mg 8-hourly) or matching placebo for 2 weeks each, separated by ...
Politi A - - 1995
Haemochromatotic cardiomyopathy is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with beta thalassaemia major. Once congestive heart failure develops most patients die in a few months. Congestive heart failure was reversed and echocardiographic findings were restored to normal in a 24 year old woman with beta thalassaemia who ...
Paul S - - 1995
In the past, hypertensive heart disease was the principal cause of congestive heart failure, but currently ischemic heart disease is the major etiologic factor. In the last 20 years, the role of myocardial infarction (MI) and the subsequent alteration in ventricular architecture of the infarcted and noninfarcted myocardium have become ...
Cokkinos D V - - 1995
No prospective, randomized trials exist in which placebo, antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy in patients with congestive heart failure have been compared. Most studies have looked retrospectively at the impact of these treatments on systemic embolism and the ensuing morbidity and mortality, and none of the large trails of heart failure ...
Davis J O - - 1995
The extra-adrenal sodium-retaining factor was first described in Circulation Research in 1964. This factor increases the responsiveness of the renal tubules to aldosterone in heart failure, and marked sodium retention occurs with resultant edema or ascites. Evidence for the extra-adrenal sodium-retaining factor is presented in two models of experimental heart ...
Weng M C - - 1995
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic agent which has been used to treat many solid tumors including cancers of the breast, ovary, cervix, bladder, prostate gland and gastrointestinal tract. Side effects related to the drug include bone marrow suppression, stomatitis, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. However another less frequent but lethal event ...
Valle B K - - 1995
CAVH can be effective in severe hypervolemic states, which are generally major hemodynamic abnormalities associated with refractory congestive heart failure, and not infrequently may have a poor renal response to diuretics and vasodilators. Reduced vascular volume with CAVH is accompanied by lower preload and afterload and thus decreased heart size. ...
Ma A - - 1995
The content of lymphocytic and erythrocytic K+, Na+, Ca++, Mg++ changed in patients with congestive heart failure, related to clinical treatment and prognosis. The longer the course of disease, the more significant the changes, with no relation to the etiology of heart disease. The changes were partially improved after treatment ...
Kishimoto C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to test the therapeutic efficacy of naloxone, an opiate receptor antagonist, upon murine coxsackievirus B3 myocarditis with the analysis of neurohumoral kinetics. METHODS: Two week old C3H/He mice were inoculated with 10(3) plaque forming units of coxsackie B3 virus. Naloxone, 1 mg.kg-1.d-1, was given intraperitoneally daily ...
Piluiko V V - - 1995
We have been studying feasible surgical alternatives for treating congestive heart failure, including the use of cardiomyoplasty. In this operation, skeletal muscles are conditioned, through electrical stimulation, to provide active tension on diseased myocardium, which improves left ventricular performance and ultimately increases cardiac output. We performed cardiomyoplasty in a 37-year-old ...
Terasaki T - - 1995
Three-dimensional magnetic resonance venography (3D MRV) of the prostate and the pelvic cavity was demonstrated in 8 normal subjects and 12 patients with prostatodynia. In all normal subjects and patients, 3D MRV images were successfully obtained. The deep dorsal vein of the penis sends major branches into the anterior and ...
Brunvand L - - 1995
We describe a child, 3.5 months old, with severe vitamin D deficiency, profound hypocalcaemia, hyperphosphataemia, dilated left ventricle, severely reduced myocardial contractility and congestive heart failure. She also had depressed thyroid function with subnormal thyroxine and non-detectable serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels. The child promptly responded to calcium infusions, conventional anticongestive ...
Siveski-Iliskovic N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of adriamycin (ADR), a potent antitumor antibiotic, is limited by the development of life-threatening cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Subcellular changes leading to heart failure are suggested to be mediated by a drug-induced increase in free radicals and lipid peroxidation. In an earlier study, concurrent treatment with ...
Oldroyd K G - - 1995
BACKGROUND: In a canine model of congestive heart failure beta endorphin concentrations were high and opioid receptor antagonists exerted beneficial haemodynamic effects. In humans previous studies have suggested that opioid peptides may modify the perception of breathlessness and fatigue in heart failure. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of beta endorphin were measured ...
Chen H F - - 1994
We report a case of perimortem cesarean section performed on a multigravida with congestive heart failure. This patient had a past history of repeated episodes of acute myocarditis and this time, congestive heart failure attacked her at the 36th week of gestation. The maternal condition deteriorated rapidly with frequent attacks ...
de Meijer P H - - 1994
The indications for digitalis glycosides in the treatment of congestive heart failure with sinusrhythm have been disputed since early in this century. In the last decade several well designed studies have been published that have established the effectiveness of digitalis in this condition. However, new groups of drugs have been ...
Foley R N - - 1994
Clinical and echocardiographic manifestations of cardiac disease are frequently present in patients starting end-stage renal disease therapy. Congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, systolic dysfunction, concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, and left ventricular dilatation are significant, adverse prognostic indicators, independent of age, diabetes mellitus, and smoking. Risk factors related to the ...
Freeman L M - - 1994
Weight loss is a frequent sequela in patients with congestive heart failure and is commonly referred to as cardiac cachexia. This weight loss is unlike that seen in simple starvation because it preferentially involves the depletion of lean body mass. In addition, the presence of cardiac cachexia can have profound ...
Legrand V - - 1994
Severe congestive heart failure developed in an acromegalic patient, and was successfully treated with octreotide followed by trans-sphenoidal surgery. Clinical, hormonal echocardiographic and haemodynamic findings as well as histological heart examination before and after treatment revealed that over-production of growth hormone may induce the myocardial cell degeneration responsible for mechanical ...
Ichikawa K - - 1994
A sixty-three-year-old man presented himself with atrial flutter and congestive heart failure. Cardiac catheterization revealed that left ventricular diverticulum was located on the anterobasal wall with narrow connection to the left ventricular cavity. Coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. The patient had been asymptomatic until adult life with no other ...
Starling M R - - 1994
Flosequinan (manoplax) is a new vasodilating agent for the treatment of congestive heart failure. Although it may have several mechanisms of action, whether it has effects on left ventricular inotropic or luisotropic events in hemodynamically relevant low doses when added to standard therapy for congestive heart failure is unknown. Ten ...
Emanuelsson H - - 1994
Congestive heart failure is one of the major symptoms accompanying acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The study aimed to describe the occurrence, characteristics and prognosis of congestive heart failure in AMI and to compare post-MI patients with and without congestive heart failure. The methods used included baseline characteristics, initial symptoms, electrocardiogram ...
Wait M A - - 1994
Clinically apparent penetrating cardiac wounds require emergent surgical therapy without the theoretical benefit of preoperative evaluation apart from the physical examination. Residual intracardiac injuries discovered following the successful resuscitation and repair of immediate life-threatening cardiac wounds should be sought in survivors of chest trauma who demonstrate new regurgitant murmurs or ...
Miller M M - - 1994
Congestive heart failure affects over 2.3 million Americans; approximately 400,000 new cases are diagnosed yearly in this country. Congestive heart failure is a complex disorder with a poor long-term prognosis. The major causes of congestive heart failure are ischemia, infarction, and idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Patients often present with dyspnea and a ...
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