Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1116
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Le Guludec D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure is associated with decreased stimulated myocardial adenylate cyclase activity, increased Gi-binding protein, attenuated parasympathetic tone, and increased modulation of beta-adrenergic inotropic left ventricular stimulation by parasympathetic agonists. Despite these abnormalities, changes in the density or affinity of ventricular muscarinic receptors have not been demonstrated in patients. ...
Kim R - - 1997
The usefulness and cost of echocardiography was evaluated in 133 consecutive patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit. A useful echocardiogram was one that provided new information, which influenced diagnosis, prognosis, or treatment. The cost of a useful echocardiogram was defined as the unit cost ($476 the Medicare global fee) ...
Arsenian M A - - 1997
Carnitine and its derivative propionyl-L-carnitine are endogenous cofactors which enhance carbohydrate metabolism and reduce the intracellular buildup of toxic metabolites in ischemic conditions. The carnitines have been, and are being used in a spectrum of diseases including multiple cardiovascular conditions. These include angina, acute myocardial infarction, postmyocardial infarction, congestive heart ...
Natelson B H - - 1997
Cardiomyopathic hamsters (CMH) develop heart disease early in life which leads to congestive heart failure and death as these hamsters age. We have previously shown that living in constant light or other non-24-h light-dark (LD) cycles can increase longevity in these hamsters, and the current experiment examined potential mechanisms for ...
Poon C S - - 1997
The electrical properties of the mammalian heart undergo many complex transitions in normal and diseased states. It has been proposed that the normal heartbeat may display complex nonlinear dynamics, including deterministic chaos, and that such cardiac chaos may be a useful physiological marker for the diagnosis and management of certain ...
Furdon S A - - 1997
Signs of congestive heart failure can be subtle and vary in the time frame of presentation. As a result, this diagnosis is often missed in its early stages. This article reviews risk factors for myocardial dysfunction in the newborn period. Additionally, there is a comprehensive overview of cardiac physiology as ...
McDermott M M - - 1997
A critical review of published literature was performed to assess the impact of medication adherence on morbidity and mortality among patients with or at risk for coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Twenty-one original research articles that met our inclusion criteria and related medication adherence to morbidity and mortality ...
Missov E - - 1997
Cytokines are proteins with pleiotropic biological effects, but the pathophysiologic role of cytokine inhibitors in advanced cardiac disease remains unclear. We assessed the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and its soluble receptors I (sTNF-RI) and II (sTNF-RII), soluble interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (sIL-1 Ra), and interleukin-6 soluble receptor (IL-6 sR) ...
Rallidis L S - - 1997
Long-standing hypocalcaemia can be complicated by congestive heart failure. We report a 46-year-old woman with chronic severe hypocalcaemia due to untreated hypoparathyroidism. This patient developed severe heart dysfunction but when first presented was misdiagnosed as acute myocardial infarction based mainly on the biochemical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings. The near-normal cardiac ...
Padhye A A - - 1997
An immunocompetent 59-year-old man developed sinusitis over a 6- to 8-month period after cutting down a rotted maple tree (Acer sp.). A polypoid obstruction with a bloody drainage was evident in his right nasal cavity. A computed tomographic scan showed an opacification of the maxillary sinus. Surgery was performed to ...
Bakker S J - - 1997
Hyperlactataemia due to thiamine deficiency has so far only been reported in the setting of full-blown cardiovascular beriberi with congestive heart failure and systemic vasodilatation. Poor tissue oxygenation and impaired lactate clearance by the liver are generally accepted as underlying causes of the elevated lactate levels. We present an alcoholic ...
Herlitz J - - 1997
AIM: To describe the mortality rate and the place and mode of death during a 5-year follow-up of patients admitted to hospital with congestive heart failure following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: All the patients admitted to a single hospital following an AMI, regardless of age and whether or ...
Smoak I W - - 1997
This study examined effects of brief embryonic exposure to hypoglycemia on the developing mouse heart during organogenesis. Mouse embryos were exposed in whole-embryo culture to brief periods (2, 4, or 6 h) of hypoglycemia (20, 40, or 80 mg/dL glucose) at three developmental stages (10, 20, or 30 somites), and ...
Aaser E - - 1997
Previous studies have demonstrated that continuous infusion of furosemide results in increased diuresis and natriuresis compared with bolus administration of the drug in patients with severe heart failure. We reasoned that continuous infusion of furosemide caused less activation of neurohumoral mechanisms, since other studies have shown that bolus administration of ...
Califf R M - - 1997
This trial evaluated the effects of epoprostenol on patients with severe left ventricular failure. Patients with class IIIB/IV congestive heart failure and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction were eligible for enrollment if angiography documented severely compromised hemodynamics while the patient was receiving a regimen of digoxin, diuretics, and an angiotensin-converting ...
Henrion J - - 1997
Cardiac and circulatory failure are the main causes of hypoxic hepatitis. In a prospective study of 142 cases of hypoxic hepatitis collected during a 10-year period, we encountered two cases resulting from extreme arterial hypoxemia without congestive heart failure, cor pulmonale, or circulatory failure. Both patients were morbidly obese women ...
O'Connor C M - - 1997
Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of congestive heart failure, which often begins after acute myocardial infarction. To better delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients in whom congestive heart failure develops after acute myocardial infarction in the thrombolytic era, we prospectively evaluated patients enrolled in six ...
Vasan R S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular dilatation is a well-recognized precursor of ventricular dysfunction and congestive heart failure after myocardial infarction. The effect of left ventricular dilatation on the risk of heart failure in people initially free of myocardial infarction is not known. METHODS: We examined the relation of the left ventricular end-diastolic ...
Hattori Y - - 1997
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce mortality and morbidity in patients with congestive heart failure. These effects may be mediated, at least in part, by suppression of lethal ventricular tachycardia (VT). The aims of this study were to examine whether the ACE inhibitor cilazapril reduces ventricular arrhythmia in patients with congestive ...
Moser M - - 1997
Diuretics, either as monotherapy or in combination with other drugs in the management of hypertension, have retarded the development of left ventricular hypertrophy and congestive heart failure in many patients. Diuretics also remain one of the most effective therapies in the treatment of congestive heart failure, when given with an ...
Orr J P - - 1997
Lesions of heart failure, specifically cardiac dilation or hypertrophy along with a nodular liver (chronic passive congestion) and ascites, have been found in 4-5% of aborted bovine fetuses. In this study, a group of 22 such fetuses was compared with groups of aborted fetuses without lesions of heart failure and ...
Larsson M H - - 1997
Endocardial fibroelastosis is an uncommon congenital heart disease in dogs that may be manifested by signs of left-sided congestive heart failure. A three-month-old, male, Fila Brasileiro dog developed signs of generalised heart failure. Physical examination revealed normal temperature, ascites, and pale and cyanotic mucous membranes. The pup died just after ...
Messerli F H - - 1997
In contrast to short-acting dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, heart-rate lowering calcium antagonists have been shown to be beneficial in some patients for prevention of reinfarction. The study of Hansen et al in this present issue shows that the addition of verapamil to trandolapril reduces event rates by >60% in patients after ...
Rady M Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical characteristics and outcome of preoperative hypoalbuminemia in adult cardiovascular surgery. STUDY: Inception cohort. SETTING: Adult cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU). PATIENTS: Admissions to CVICU between January 1 and December 31, 1993. INTERVENTION: Preoperative hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin < or = 3.5 g/dL) was classified by the ...
Archer T P - - 1997
Fistulas between the aorta and left atrium, invariably a complication of aortic valvular endocarditis, are rare and infrequently diagnosed premortem. We describe a patient who presented with this entity and review the reports of five other patients for whom a diagnosis was made premortem. A number of causative organisms have ...
Okeahialam B N - - 1997
This study has tried to use end diastolic diameter the index of chamber dilatation to discriminate between hypertensive heart failure and diluted cardiomyopathy as both conditions are known to overlap in cases of congestive cardiac failure. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value was 66.7%, 68% and 66.7% respectively. This ...
Hansen J F - - 1997
EFFECTS OF VERAPAMIL AND TRANDOLAPRIL: Progression of heart failure, sudden death and death from re-infarction are the major cause of the increased mortality in postinfarct patients with congestive heart failure. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as trandolapril can prevent the progression of heart failure and thus improve survival. The ...
Stein P K - - 1997
Among normal adults, indexes of heart rate variability are affected by age, gender, and race. These effects are not seen among patients with congestive heart failure with a recent acute exacerbation, in whom indexes of heart rate variability are remarkably uniform and appear to be determined primarily by their recent ...
Majumder S - - 1997
Effect of fenvalerate on cell architecture, tissue biochemical parameters and its residual concentration was studied in broiler chicks following dermal application at 0.1 and 1% in ethanol once daily for 31 days. It did neither produce loss of body weight nor clinical signs of toxicity. Kidney contained maximal residue followed ...
Muraskas J - - 1997
Myocardial infarction in a newborn infant in the absence of congenital heart disease and anomalous coronary artery anatomy is extremely rare. We report a case of a newborn with a structurally normal heart who presented shortly after birth with congestive heart failure and cardiovascular collapse suggestive of a hypoplastic left ...
Wang W Z - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Although calcium channel blockers have not been shown to be beneficial for the treatment of patients with heart failure, a recent clinical trial demonstrated a favorable effect of amlodipine on the survival of patients with heart failure resulting from nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. We investigated the effects of amlodipine on ...
Massidda B - - 1997
Anthracyclines are the most frequent cause of iatrogenic congestive heart failure ranging from acute reversible minor, irreversible reduction in the left ventricular ejection fraction and death despite preventive measures. Sensitive methods are needed to detect earliest preclinical cardiotoxicity along with the development of new protective agents. Thirty breast cancer patients ...
Jootar P - - 1997
Eight cases of ruptured interventricular septum associated with myocardial infarction were diagnosed at Siriraj Hospital between 1985-1995. Clinical congestive heart failure and holosystolic murmur were found in all. Diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiogram and right heart catheterization in all patients. Two patients died from congestive heart failure preoperatively and the ...
Walker J D - - 1997
Glomerular volume has been reported to be increased in patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease and cor pulmonale; however it has not been systematically studied in patients with congestive cardiac failure (CCF). Glomerular volume was therefore measured by point-counting serially sectioned glomerular profiles of 25 randomly selected glomeruli using the ...
Steinberg D H - - 1997
Diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle frequently occurs in people with left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. It is a common cause of congestive heart failure, especially in the elderly. The mechanism of diastolic dysfunction, its causes, diagnosis and treatment, are reviewed. These are important factors to a Medical ...
Sinatra S T - - 1997
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a critical adjuvant therapy for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), even when traditional medical therapy is successful. Adjunctive therapy with Q10 may allow for a reduction of other pharmacological therapies, improvement in quality of life, and a decrease in the incidence of cardiac complications in ...
Mielke G - - 1997
Antenatal stenosis or closure of the ductus arteriosus unrelated to either congenital heart defects or prostaglandin inhibitors is considered to be uncommon, but may result in congestive heart failure, hydrops fetalis, and perinatal death. We report a case of idiopathic ductal stenosis detected prenatally by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography in ...
McRorie E R - - 1997
A 73-yr-old woman with a 4 yr history of rheumatoid arthritis presented with the clinical features of congestive cardiac failure. She had a good early response to standard therapy although she subsequently developed recurrent biventricular failure. The preservation of good ventricular function on echocardiography in the face of clinical evidence ...
Iannini J P - - 1996
Congestive heart failure is a clinical syndrome which results from left ventricular pump dysfunction. Animal models of congestive heart failure have been developed to better understand the complex mechanisms which contribute to the clinical syndrome of heart failure. The species and lesions used to create chronic left ventricular dysfunction in ...
Acanfora D - - 1996
In the present paper we discuss two issues about relationships between congestive heart failure and the brain. First, major acute cerebrovascular events are very frequent among elderly people, but stroke does not appear to be frequently associated with congestive heart failure. Second, some cardiovascular conditions may determine progressive damage of ...
Williams P J - - 1996
Three methods of determining digoxin population pharmacokinetic parameters were compared for their abilities to predict 118 measured serum digoxin concentrations (SDCs) in 49 patients. NONMEM software (version IV) was used to generate a residual and a weighted residual for each measured-concentration-predicted-concentration pair. Prediction error analysis was done by a maximum ...
Bundgaard H - - 1996
The Na,K-ATPase is of major importance for active ion transport across the sarcolemma and thus for electrical as well as contractile function of the myocardium. Furthermore, it is receptor for digitalis glycosides. In human studies of the regulatory aspects of myocardial Na,K-ATPase concentration a major problem has been to obtain ...
Hamilton M A - - 1996
Though thyroid hormone abnormalities have been identified in many cardiac conditions, the role of thyroid hormones in congestive heart failure has not been well defined. In a population of patients with advanced heart failure, a reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) with an increase in reverse T3 was identified in many patients, ...
Calkins M E - - 1996
Congestive heart failure (CHF) represents the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to meet tissue requirements for oxygen, resulting in a discrepancy between myocardial oxygen supply and demand. It can result from any clinical situation that alters myocardial performance, including end stage renal disease (ESRD). The purpose of ...
Luchner A - - 1996
Although angiotensin II (Ang II) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure, its temporal and regional changes during the development and progression of the disease are poorly defined. Our objective was to assess circulating, renal, cardiac, and vascular Ang II in a canine model of rapid ventricular ...
Blake P - - 1996
Cardiac function improvement seen with hemofiltration may be attributable to "cardiac depressant factor(s)" removal. The authors have attempted "factor" isolation. Initial 12 hr hemofiltrate was obtained from: 4 patients with acute congestive heart failure (cardiac index: 2.02 +/- 0.48) and acute renal failure (blood urea nitrogen [BUN] 97.7 +/- 32.7; ...
Malmberg K - - 1996
Diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction have a poor prognosis, which has been attributed to a higher incidence of congestive heart failure and fatal reinfarction. This study reports on the one-year morbidity and mortality in a randomized study with the aim of testing whether insulin-glucose infusion initiated as soon as ...
Lai L P - - 1996
Myocardial Na+,K(+)-ATPase is reduced in congestive heart failure. To study the regulation of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in congestive heart failure, we performed Western and Northern blot analyses of ventricular myocardium of dogs with pacing-induced congestive heart failure and chronic norepinephrine infusion, using isoform-specific antibodies and cDNA probes. Congestive heart failure and norepinephrine ...
Riley J A - - 1996
We report the case of a 60-year-old woman who presented with weakness and hypokalaemia due to excessive use of laxatives. When the laxatives were withdrawn, she developed severe congestive cardiac failure requiring treatment with a diuretic and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. There was no underlying cardiac abnormality, and these drugs were ...
Haywood L J - - 1996
Congestive heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as the population ages. This article reviews the progress made in treating the two major causes of heart failure--mechanical and myocardial. New approaches to relieving mitral stenosis and guidelines for the treatment of congestive heart failure are reviewed. Appropriate ...
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