Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1091
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Okeahialam B N - - 1997
This study has tried to use end diastolic diameter the index of chamber dilatation to discriminate between hypertensive heart failure and diluted cardiomyopathy as both conditions are known to overlap in cases of congestive cardiac failure. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value was 66.7%, 68% and 66.7% respectively. This ...
Hansen J F - - 1997
EFFECTS OF VERAPAMIL AND TRANDOLAPRIL: Progression of heart failure, sudden death and death from re-infarction are the major cause of the increased mortality in postinfarct patients with congestive heart failure. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as trandolapril can prevent the progression of heart failure and thus improve survival. The ...
Stein P K - - 1997
Among normal adults, indexes of heart rate variability are affected by age, gender, and race. These effects are not seen among patients with congestive heart failure with a recent acute exacerbation, in whom indexes of heart rate variability are remarkably uniform and appear to be determined primarily by their recent ...
Majumder S - - 1997
Effect of fenvalerate on cell architecture, tissue biochemical parameters and its residual concentration was studied in broiler chicks following dermal application at 0.1 and 1% in ethanol once daily for 31 days. It did neither produce loss of body weight nor clinical signs of toxicity. Kidney contained maximal residue followed ...
Muraskas J - - 1997
Myocardial infarction in a newborn infant in the absence of congenital heart disease and anomalous coronary artery anatomy is extremely rare. We report a case of a newborn with a structurally normal heart who presented shortly after birth with congestive heart failure and cardiovascular collapse suggestive of a hypoplastic left ...
Wang W Z - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Although calcium channel blockers have not been shown to be beneficial for the treatment of patients with heart failure, a recent clinical trial demonstrated a favorable effect of amlodipine on the survival of patients with heart failure resulting from nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. We investigated the effects of amlodipine on ...
Massidda B - - 1997
Anthracyclines are the most frequent cause of iatrogenic congestive heart failure ranging from acute reversible minor, irreversible reduction in the left ventricular ejection fraction and death despite preventive measures. Sensitive methods are needed to detect earliest preclinical cardiotoxicity along with the development of new protective agents. Thirty breast cancer patients ...
Jootar P - - 1997
Eight cases of ruptured interventricular septum associated with myocardial infarction were diagnosed at Siriraj Hospital between 1985-1995. Clinical congestive heart failure and holosystolic murmur were found in all. Diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiogram and right heart catheterization in all patients. Two patients died from congestive heart failure preoperatively and the ...
Walker J D - - 1997
Glomerular volume has been reported to be increased in patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease and cor pulmonale; however it has not been systematically studied in patients with congestive cardiac failure (CCF). Glomerular volume was therefore measured by point-counting serially sectioned glomerular profiles of 25 randomly selected glomeruli using the ...
Steinberg D H - - 1997
Diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle frequently occurs in people with left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. It is a common cause of congestive heart failure, especially in the elderly. The mechanism of diastolic dysfunction, its causes, diagnosis and treatment, are reviewed. These are important factors to a Medical ...
Sinatra S T - - 1997
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a critical adjuvant therapy for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), even when traditional medical therapy is successful. Adjunctive therapy with Q10 may allow for a reduction of other pharmacological therapies, improvement in quality of life, and a decrease in the incidence of cardiac complications in ...
Mielke G - - 1997
Antenatal stenosis or closure of the ductus arteriosus unrelated to either congenital heart defects or prostaglandin inhibitors is considered to be uncommon, but may result in congestive heart failure, hydrops fetalis, and perinatal death. We report a case of idiopathic ductal stenosis detected prenatally by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography in ...
McRorie E R - - 1997
A 73-yr-old woman with a 4 yr history of rheumatoid arthritis presented with the clinical features of congestive cardiac failure. She had a good early response to standard therapy although she subsequently developed recurrent biventricular failure. The preservation of good ventricular function on echocardiography in the face of clinical evidence ...
Iannini J P - - 1996
Congestive heart failure is a clinical syndrome which results from left ventricular pump dysfunction. Animal models of congestive heart failure have been developed to better understand the complex mechanisms which contribute to the clinical syndrome of heart failure. The species and lesions used to create chronic left ventricular dysfunction in ...
Acanfora D - - 1996
In the present paper we discuss two issues about relationships between congestive heart failure and the brain. First, major acute cerebrovascular events are very frequent among elderly people, but stroke does not appear to be frequently associated with congestive heart failure. Second, some cardiovascular conditions may determine progressive damage of ...
Williams P J - - 1996
Three methods of determining digoxin population pharmacokinetic parameters were compared for their abilities to predict 118 measured serum digoxin concentrations (SDCs) in 49 patients. NONMEM software (version IV) was used to generate a residual and a weighted residual for each measured-concentration-predicted-concentration pair. Prediction error analysis was done by a maximum ...
Bundgaard H - - 1996
The Na,K-ATPase is of major importance for active ion transport across the sarcolemma and thus for electrical as well as contractile function of the myocardium. Furthermore, it is receptor for digitalis glycosides. In human studies of the regulatory aspects of myocardial Na,K-ATPase concentration a major problem has been to obtain ...
Hamilton M A - - 1996
Though thyroid hormone abnormalities have been identified in many cardiac conditions, the role of thyroid hormones in congestive heart failure has not been well defined. In a population of patients with advanced heart failure, a reduction in triiodothyronine (T3) with an increase in reverse T3 was identified in many patients, ...
Calkins M E - - 1996
Congestive heart failure (CHF) represents the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to meet tissue requirements for oxygen, resulting in a discrepancy between myocardial oxygen supply and demand. It can result from any clinical situation that alters myocardial performance, including end stage renal disease (ESRD). The purpose of ...
Luchner A - - 1996
Although angiotensin II (Ang II) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure, its temporal and regional changes during the development and progression of the disease are poorly defined. Our objective was to assess circulating, renal, cardiac, and vascular Ang II in a canine model of rapid ventricular ...
Blake P - - 1996
Cardiac function improvement seen with hemofiltration may be attributable to "cardiac depressant factor(s)" removal. The authors have attempted "factor" isolation. Initial 12 hr hemofiltrate was obtained from: 4 patients with acute congestive heart failure (cardiac index: 2.02 +/- 0.48) and acute renal failure (blood urea nitrogen [BUN] 97.7 +/- 32.7; ...
Malmberg K - - 1996
Diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction have a poor prognosis, which has been attributed to a higher incidence of congestive heart failure and fatal reinfarction. This study reports on the one-year morbidity and mortality in a randomized study with the aim of testing whether insulin-glucose infusion initiated as soon as ...
Lai L P - - 1996
Myocardial Na+,K(+)-ATPase is reduced in congestive heart failure. To study the regulation of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in congestive heart failure, we performed Western and Northern blot analyses of ventricular myocardium of dogs with pacing-induced congestive heart failure and chronic norepinephrine infusion, using isoform-specific antibodies and cDNA probes. Congestive heart failure and norepinephrine ...
Riley J A - - 1996
We report the case of a 60-year-old woman who presented with weakness and hypokalaemia due to excessive use of laxatives. When the laxatives were withdrawn, she developed severe congestive cardiac failure requiring treatment with a diuretic and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. There was no underlying cardiac abnormality, and these drugs were ...
Haywood L J - - 1996
Congestive heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as the population ages. This article reviews the progress made in treating the two major causes of heart failure--mechanical and myocardial. New approaches to relieving mitral stenosis and guidelines for the treatment of congestive heart failure are reviewed. Appropriate ...
Bhoopatkar H - - 1996
AIM: To determine the proportion of patients with congestive cardiac failure (CCF) who also have known diabetes. METHOD: A retrospective review was undertaken of the charts of a randomly selected 30% of patients with congestive cardiac failure without myocardial infarction, and all patients with congestive cardiac failure with myocardial infarction, ...
Køber L - - 1996
The aim of this study was to assess the importance of congestive heart failure and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction after an acute myocardial infarction (AIM) on long-term mortality in different age groups. A total of 7,001 consecutive enzyme-confirmed AMIs (6,676 patients) were screened for entry into the TRAndolapril Cardiac ...
Nouh M S - - 1996
Seven patients with cardiac amyloidosis were referred to King Khaled University Hospital. All patients in this study developed congestive heart failure. They had a long duration of illness and thickened ventricular wall with marked abnormalities in the left ventricular filling, and normal systolic function. Diastolic function is suggested as a ...
Reiter M J - - 1996
Experimental studies have demonstrated that changes in mechanical loading conditions have important, and potentially arrhythmogenic, electrophysiologic effects. These studies have, for the most part, involved the effects of acute dilatation in the structurally normal heart. The ionic basis of these changes remains incompletely understood. Although there is abundant evidence that ...
O'Mara N B - - 1996
The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have gained widespread application in the management of hypertension and congestive heart failure, and after myocardial infarction. They are generally considered safe drugs, but there are a number of reports of angioedema associated with their use. In general, angioedema occurs within hours to days after initiation ...
Weaver T - - 1996
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is often the result of many non-fatal heart problems. Many patients who suffer from heart failure die as a result of cardiac dysrhythmias. This article discusses the normal heart, the changes from normal seen ...
Silver M M - - 1996
To learn whether fetal congestive heart failure causes a characteristic tissue iron storage pattern, we selected 15 neonatal autopsy cases of hydrops fetalis in which both the clinical and gross autopsy findings suggested intrauterine congestive heart failure. The latter appeared to be due to functional causes in 10 (3 nonhemolytic ...
Chen S - - 1996
Most patients suffering from coronary heart disease have string--like pulse due mainly to disorder of cardiac function, lowered arterial compliance and increased total peripheral resistance. The common type of pulse in hematopathy patients is rapid, thready, string--like and slippery, due mainly to increased compensatory pumping action of heart, shortening of ...
Rich M W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, clinical course, and prognosis of iatrogenic congestive heart failure in older patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study at a university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 401 patients 70 years of age or older hospitalized with congestive heart failure. The mean age ...
Akduman L - - 1996
PURPOSE: We treated a 69-year-old woman with bilateral uveal effusions associated with primary pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure, and vomiting. METHODS: The patient underwent ophthalmoscopic, echocardiographic, and fluorescein angiographic examinations. RESULTS: Increased venous pressure caused by congestive heart failure and vomiting was implicated as the cause of bilateral uveal effusions. ...
Eisenhofer G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Increased availability of norepinephrine (NE) for activation of cardiac adrenoceptors (increased cardiac adrenergic drive) and depletion of myocardial NE stores may contribute to the pathophysiology and progression of congestive heart failure. This study used a comprehensive neurochemical approach to examine the mechanisms responsible for these abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Moser M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This work was done to determine the role of hypertension treatment in the prevention of disease progression, left ventricular hypertrophy and congestive heart failure. BACKGROUND: Lowering of blood pressure in hypertensive patients has been reported to reduce morbidity and mortality from strokes and myocardial infarction. Data on primary prevention ...
McCarty M F - - 1996
Published clinical research, as well as various theoretical considerations, suggest that supplemental intakes of the 'metavitamins' taurine, coenzyme Q10, and L-carnitine, as well as of the minerals magnesium, potassium, and chromium, may be of therapeutic benefit in congestive heart failure. High intakes of fish oil may likewise be beneficial in ...
Takemura N - - 1996
Congestive heart failure resulted from bilateral atrioventricular insufficiency was diagnosed in two, small breed, intact male aged dogs. In both cases, the clinical signs were mainly associated with right heart failure, while those related to left heart failure were seldom observed. Radiographic and echocardiographic examinations revealed the dilatation of the ...
Bastianello S S - - 1996
The clinical signs and pathology in an outbreak of toxicity in feedlot cattle attributed to the ingestion of toxic levels of the ionophore antibiotic salinomycin over an extended period of 11 weeks are described. Thirty-nine out of 380 cattle developed signs consistent with cardiac failure and 8 of these died. ...
Rodgers A - - 1996
A survey was conducted among 259 New Zealand specialist anaesthetists to assess attitudes and practices with regard to epidural or subarachnoid anaesthesia (ESA). Ninety-four per cent replied and virtually all of the respondents indicated that they performed ESA at some time. ESA was used by most anaesthetists for most patients ...
Vasan R S - - 1996
The syndrome of congestive heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function is common in clinical practice. The signs and symptoms of the disorder are similar to those of congestive heart failure with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, underscoring a need for routine evaluation of left and right ventricular systolic function ...
Ferguson J E - - 1996
Enalapril is widely prescribed for hypertension and cardiac failure. Rashes are an uncommon side-effect, occurring in approximately 1.4% of patients, and in approximately 0.4% of patients the rash is sufficient to require discontinuation of enalapril. (Merck Sharp and Dohme, pers. comm.) We report a case of toxic pustuloderma related to ...
Matsui A - - 1996
Hyperreninemia probably due to focal interstitial nephritis of the right kidney caused an acute onset of hypertension and cardiac dysfunction including valvular insufficiency in a 5-year-old boy. This congestive heart failure in association with valvular insufficiency and hypertension was dramatically improved following right nephrectomy. Abruptly activated renin-angiotensin II may lead ...
Calvert C A - - 1996
Exacerbation of heart rhythm disturbances or deterioration of left-ventricular function occurred in six Doberman pinschers with occult cardiomyopathy following anesthesia and surgery. These abnormalities improved over time in surviving dogs, supporting a causal relationship between anesthesia/surgery and exacerbation. Moderate myocardial failure and ventricular tachyarrhythmias of variable severity existed prior to ...
Valdés L - - 1996
To investigate the etiology of pleural effusions in our region, we undertook a prospective study of patients with this condition in our centers. During a 5-year period, we studied 642 pleural effusion patients aged 57.1 +/- 21.1 years, of whom 401 were men aged 56.5 +/- 21 years and 241 ...
Harris W O WO Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, - - 1996
Coronary artery fistulas are infrequently encountered vascular communications that are either congenital or due to cardiac trauma. Most patients with these anomalies are asymptomatic, but late complications can occur and include congestive heart failure, myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and endocarditis. Therefore, many investigators have recommended surgical repair, even for asymptomatic patients. ...
Asanoi H - - 1995
Acute hemodynamic effects of intravenous infusion of dopexamine were evaluated by a placebo-controlled withdrawal study in patients with acute congestive heart failure. Twenty patients were enrolled at 10 centers in Japan. All patients had a pulmonary capillary or diastolic pressure of 15 mmHg or greater and a cardiac index of ...
Granberry M C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To report a patient with exacerbation of congestive heart failure after administration of polyethylene glycol-electrolyte lavage solution (PEG-ELS). METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed, using the terms congestive heart failure (CHF), gastric lavage, colonoscopy, irrigation, and gastroparesis, of English-language articles published from January 1980 through January 1995, as well ...
Volpe M - - 1995
One of the main goals of modern management and care of heart failure is to prevent the disease to progress toward congestion and death. The achievement of such an objective may, in fact, guarantee a sufficient quality of life and reduce the exposure of patients to the most common life-threatening ...
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