Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1110
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Stöllberger C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular abnormal trabeculation (ILVAT) is defined as > 3 coarse trabeculations of the left ventricular wall, apically to the papillary muscles, in hearts without congenital malformations. HYPOTHESIS: The aims of the study were to assess by echocardiography the prevalence of ILVAT, to confirm the diagnosis by cardiac ...
D'Cruz I A - - 1999
M-mode echography of the coronary sinus in the apical 2-chamber view enabled us to measure coronary sinus caliber at specific phases of the cardiac cycle. Coronary sinus narrowing occurs consistently during atrial contraction, but is always absent in atrial fibrillation; in patients with congestive heart failure and systemic venous congestion, ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of congestive heart failure and the survival in patients with congestive heart failure in Rochester, Minn, in 1981 with that observed in 1991. METHODS: Population-based, descriptive epidemiological study with ecological and individual level comparisons over time. Olmsted County, Minnesota, where the Rochester Epidemiology Project provides ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the use and the impact of echocardiography in patients receiving an initial diagnosis of congestive heart failure in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 1991. BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association clinical practice guidelines recommend echocardiography in all patients with suspected congestive heart failure. No data are ...
Himmelmann A - - 1999
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hypertension is associated with the development of congestive heart failure by way of left ventricular hypertrophy, with left ventricular dilatation and through myocardial ischemia and left ventricular damage. Reports on the natural history of untreated hypertension indicate that at ...
Dambach D M - - 1999
A novel dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in 12 related Portuguese Water Dogs was identified by retrospective analysis of postmortem and biopsy case records. Male and female puppies born to clinically healthy parents typically died at 13 (+/- 7.3) weeks of age (range, 2-32 weeks) because of congestive heart failure. Puppies died ...
Oyoo G O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the underlying aetiology, precipitating factors and certain socio-demographic determinants in patients admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi in congestive heart failure. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study. SUBJECT: All patients aged thirteen years and above of either sex consecutively admitted with clinical diagnosis of congestive heart failure. SETTING: ...
Boyle B - - 1999
A diagnosis of Q fever endocarditis was made in 7 patients, 6 with predisposing factors and 3 with occupational risk factors. Prompt recognition of Coxiella burnettii endocarditis is required when clinical signs of endocarditis such as fever, anaemia, elevated liver transaminases, congestive cardiac failure are accompanied by negative blood cultures. ...
Fox P R - - 1999
Cardiovascular manifestations of feline hyperthyroidism were compared in two populations of cats diagnosed at The Animal Medical Center from 1992 to 1993 (n=202) and 1979 to 1982 (n = 131). The prevalence of sinus tachycardia and increased R-wave voltage in lead II were both lower in the 1993 population compared ...
Jensen K T - - 1999
The effect of a continuous infusion of human brain natriuretic peptide, 2 pmol.min-1.kg-1, during 60 min was studied in nine patients with congestive heart failure and in 10 healthy control subjects. Brain natriuretic peptide increased from 1.6 to 101 pmol/l in control subjects and from 25 to 173 pmol/l in ...
Schädlich P K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Data from the Acute Infarction Ramipril Efficacy (AIRE) study were used in a cost-effectiveness analysis to determine the incremental cost per life-year gained (LYG) when the ACE inhibitor ramipril was added to conventional treatment in patients with heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. In the AIRE trial, the addition ...
Scherrer-Crosbie M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Vesnarinone has yielded controversial results on morbidity in patients with congestive heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that vesnarinone may have a beneficial effect on cardiac remodeling and function. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <30% (17 treated with vesnarinone) underwent an echocardiography at baseline and ...
Smoger S H - - 1998
Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are well-known causes of orofacial angioedema, angioedema from these agents involving the bowel is not often considered. We report a case of simultaneous onset of small bowel and orofacial angioedema due to captopril. A 61-year-old black man with hypertension, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart ...
Wijbenga J A - - 1998
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and prognostic value of the heart rate variability index in patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with chronic congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm underwent clinical assessment, 24-h ambulatory electrocardiography and echocardiography. Patients were followed for 6 to 30 months. Cardiac death or ...
Waldenström A - - 1998
Ethanol has a definite acute negative inotropic effect (decreased contractility). Also, chronic overuse may lead to decreased contractile function of the heart. The symptoms of congestive heart failure in these patients do not differ from any other cause of congestive heart failure. But, on the other hand, the prognosis quo ...
Manolis A J - - 1998
Previous short-term studies demonstrated that treatment with clonidine produced significant hemodynamic improvement in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In this study we followed 12 CHF patients (10 M, 2 F age 63+/-11, 10 with ischemic cardiomyopathy and 2 with dilated cardiomyopathy) treated with 0.15 or 0.075 mg oral clonidine ...
Anderson R D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prognostic significance of a history of congestive heart failure above that provided by baseline ejection fraction in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. BACKGROUND: Left ventricular function is a known predictor of survival in patients with coronary artery disease, as is a history of congestive ...
Kocic I - - 1998
Toborinone is an inotropic agent with a moderate coronary vasodilatory action, but lacking direct chronotropic action, under development by Otsuka. A marketing application has been filed in Japan [269634], and it has entered phase III trials in the US for the treatment of cardiac failure [170668]. The effects of toborinone ...
Jasmin G - - 1998
This study deals with the potential therapeutic effect of orotic acid (OA) and Mg Orotate (MgO) on myocardial degeneration and the development of congestive heart failure in cardiomyopathic (CM) hamsters of the UM-X7.1 line. Two major age groups (group I, < 30 days and group II, > 180 days old) ...
Cooper C J - - 1998
Increased pulmonary resistance may reduce survival and treatment options in patients with congestive heart failure. Nitric oxide (NO) is a determinant of normal pulmonary resistance vessel tone. We tested the hypothesis that loss of NO function contributes to increased pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) in congestive heart failure. Pulmonary arterial ...
Besarab A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease, anemia develops as a result of erythropoietin deficiency, and recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) is prescribed to correct the anemia partially. We examined the risks and benefits of normalizing the hematocrit in patients with cardiac disease who were undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We studied 1233 ...
Lecarpentier Y - - 1998
Crossbridge (CB) properties were investigated in isolated diaphragm of rabbits during congestive heart failure (CHF, n=9) induced by chronic volume and pressure overload. This model induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Controls (C) were prepared (n=14). Compared to C, peak tension in CHF fell by 57% in twitch and by ...
Kamiya Y - - 1998
We encountered a case of a pregnant woman with adrenal causes of Cushing's syndrome who exhibited congestive heart failure as an initial symptom. Since the patient was also a diabetic, we treated her with high levels of diuretics and insulin. Echocardiography revealed a remarkable thickening of the left ventricle without ...
Girgis I - - 1998
In patients with congestive heart failure, abnormal heart rate variability is a predictor of total mortality and sudden cardiac death. Drugs that improve heart rate variability may have a potential role for improving the survival among these patients. The effects of clonidine were studied in 24 patients with congestive heart ...
Nakao K - - 1998
Coarctation of the aorta is rare. We present a case of atypical coarctation due to aortitis syndrome with congestive heart failure refractory to conventional medical treatment. Although indications for surgical treatment are not well established and, in general, treatment of choice is an aorto-aortic bypass, we selected axillo-iliac bypass with ...
Santos E - - 1998
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare, late complication of lumbar disc surgery. It is often not suspected and the symptoms are diagnosed as heart failure or deep venous thrombosis. We report a case in which the patient developed leg swelling and high-output congestive heart failure due to a left ilioiliac ...
Aronow W S - - 1998
Sixty patients, mean age 82 +/- 8 years, with congestive heart failure, prior myocardial infarction, normal left ventricular ejection fraction, and > or = 30 ventricular premature complexes per hour detected by 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms, and who were treated with diuretics, were randomized to treatment with benazepril 20 to 40 ...
LeMaire S A - - 1998
We present a case in which a needle broke off during intravenous injection and embolized to the right heart. After cardiac perforation, the needle entered the pericardial space and ultimately caused chronic constrictive pericarditis, which presented as congestive heart failure. Pericardectomy and removal of the foreign body via a median ...
Bordenave K - - 1998
To characterize the factors affecting the decision to withdraw from dialysis, the authors compared patients withdrawing from dialysis (n=62) with patients dying from all other causes (n=242) over 21 years (1976-1996) in a single dialysis unit. Compared with those who died from other causes, patients who withdrew were older (67+/-11 ...
Selinger L - - 1998
We describe an exceptional case of a patient who suffered a penetrating heart injury from a gunshot wound in 1945 leading to a left ventricular-right atrial fistula. Despite the resulting left-to-right shunt the patient remained relatively asymptomatic for 50 years before the onset of congestive heart failure necessitated an operation.
Wijnberg I D - - 1998
A 18-year-old Dutch Warmblood mare was referred for colic. Upon arrival, lethargy, blindness, head pressing, ataxia, and circling were the main clinical signs. On rectal examination a hard mass and oedema around the cranial mesenteric artery were palpated. Plasma liver enzyme activities and the ammonia level were elevated. Atrial fibrillation ...
McCarthy J F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Partial left ventriculectomy (PLV), pioneered by Batista, has been proposed as an alternative treatment strategy in patients with refractory congestive heart failure. In order to analyze the midterm outcome of PLV and mitral valve (MV) repair and stratify patients according to risk, we prospectively studied 57 consecutive patients who ...
Marwick T H - - 1998
The success of fibrinolytic and other therapies has reduced the mortality of myocardial infarction. However, many survivors develop congestive heart failure. Medical treatment of this disorder has limited efficacy, and cardiac transplantation has limited availability. Contrary to previous teaching about ischaemic injury, roughly 40% of segments involved in myocardial infarction ...
Singh R B - - 1998
Coenzyme Q10 or ubiquinone normally present in many plant and animal cells is an antioxidant. Coenzyme Q10 deficiency has been observed in patients with congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, mitral valve prolapse and after coronary revascularization. Coenzyme Q10 is involved in the synthesis of ATP ...
Kawano M - - 1998
We report two long-term hemodialysis patients who developed severe congestive heart failure attributable to cardiac heavy amyloid deposition. Both patients became hypotensive during dialysis sessions, gradually making it difficult to continue hemodialysis, and they died of congestive heart failure. At autopsy, left ventricle walls in each case contained diffuse extensive ...
Nuñez S - - 1998
PURPOSE: Although thermodilution cardiac output (COtd) is the accepted method for monitoring patients with heart failure in the intensive care unit, it is particularly inaccurate in low-flow states and in the presence of tricuspid regurgitation; in addition, it does not adequately reflect the interaction between oxygen delivery and tissue oxygen ...
Jones T K - - 1998
A newborn infant whose mother ingested an herbal medication, blue cohosh, to promote uterine contractions presented with acute myocardial infarction associated with profound congestive heart failure and shock. The infant remained critically ill for several weeks, although he eventually recovered. Other causes of myocardial infarction were carefully excluded. Blue cohosh, ...
Hamilton M A - - 1998
Most patients with advanced congestive heart failure have altered thyroid hormone metabolism. A low triiodothyronine level is associated with impaired hemodynamics and is an independent predictor of poor survival. This study sought to evaluate safety and hemodynamic effects of short-term intravenous administration of triiodothyronine in patients with advanced heart failure. ...
Yamaguchi A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) helps to predict postoperative left ventricular function in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the ability of preoperative variables to predict death and the development of postoperative congestive heart failure in 41 patients with a preoperative ejection fraction of less ...
Naidoo D P DP Department of Medicine, University of Natal, - - 1998
To determine the acute haemodynamic response of a single dose co-administration of ibopamine plus prazosin in patients with congestive heart failure. A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised crossover study followed by a 2-week, open safety evaluation. Wentworth Hospital, Durban. 12 patients with congestive heart failure who were in functional class (NYHA) II-III. ...
Ruffolo R R RR - - 1998
Many pathophysiological processes are activated in patients with congestive heart failure, and several of these have been implicated in the progression of the disease. The most important processes to be activated in heart failure are the neurohormonal systems, which include the reninangiotensin system, the sympathetic nervous system and the endothelin ...
Schunkert H - - 1998
The manifestation of congestive heart failure occurs secondary to a great variety of cardiac or systemic disorders that share a temporal or permanent loss of cardiac function. In order to enhance our knowledge about the genetics of heart failure it is mandatory to analyse the aetiologic factors of these underlying ...
Hansen J F - - 1998
CLINICAL TRIALS WITH VERAPAMIL AND TRANDOLAPRIL: In the Danish Verapamil Infarction Trial II, verapamil improved survival in patients without heart failure but had no effect in patients with heart failure who were receiving diuretic treatment. In the Acute Infarction Ramipril Efficacy study ramipril improved survival in patients receiving diuretic treatment ...
Haque R - - 1998
Compelling evidence now exists that pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) are newly identified endogenous regulators of myocardial contractility. The mechanism(s) responsible for the inotropic and chronotropic effects of these novel mediators can be explained on the basis of recently established principles of myocardial excitation contraction coupling (E-C). A novel ...
Noguchi K - - 1998
Comparative hemodynamic effects of nicorandil (NCR), nitroglycerin (NTG) and cromakalim (CRM) were examined in a canine model of acute congestive heart failure (CHF). CHF was produced by injections of saponin into coronary arteries of anesthetized dogs followed by volume loading and continuous i.v. infusion of methoxamine. After the treatment, aortic ...
Dunn J T - - 1998
Review of available literature and experience supports a recommended daily iodine intake of 150 microg for adults, 200 microg during pregnancy, 50 microg for the first year of life, 90 microg for ages 1 to 6, and 120 microg for ages 7 to 12. The amount of iodine added to ...
Hansson L - - 1998
Arterial hypertension used to be the most common cause of congestive left ventricular failure. With the availability and common use of antihypertensive treatment the incidence and prevalence of hypertension-induced left ventricular failure has gradually declined. Today congestive heart failure due to underlying coronary heart disease is by far more common ...
Ito T - - 1998
We encountered an infant with congestive heart failure due to idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. The patient showed marked thickening of the left ventricular wall and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, both of which, shortly after prednisolone therapy, markedly improved together with improvement of the congestive heart failure and hypereosinophilia. Observation of pulmonary ...
Segal A J - - 1998
Urography is regarded as one of the best screening tests for evaluation of urinary tract disease and is commonly used in the search for a cause of hematuria or the presence of upper tract urothelial masses. It is also used in the evaluation of patients with trauma, known or suspected ...
Earl G L - - 1998
A daily nitrate-free interval (NFI) lasting 4-7 hours was instituted in four patients with severe congestive heart failure secondary to myocardial ischemia who were awaiting orthotopic heart transplantation. The duration of intravenous nitroglycerin therapy ranged from 14-55 days, and the maximum dosage was 50-400 microg/minute. Anginal events occurred more frequently ...
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