Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1111
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Morita H - - 2000
A 51-year-old woman with overt congestive heart failure with pleural and pericardial effusion was treated with furosemide and nifedipine, leading to improvement in her condition and a decrease in effusions. An echocardiography demonstrated mitral and aortic regurgitation with mitral valve prolapse, which caused the congestive heart failure. Since leukocytopenia and ...
Debrunner M - - 2000
The management of congestive heart failure remains an issue of great interest. Encouraging data emerged over the last 2 years supporting the use of multisite pacing in patients with severe congestive heart failure and intraventricular conduction delay. We present a case of acute biventricular pacing in a 81-year old man ...
Poduval R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Subacute mountain sickness is distinct syndrome of congestive cardiac failure seen in lowlanders during prolonged stay at extreme high altitude (> 5800 mtrs). OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical and investigative profile of subacute mountain sickness amongst Indian soldiers stationed at extreme altitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Symptomatic individuals who were ...
Leigh-Smith S - - 2000
Aorto caval fistula is one of the less well recognised complications of abdominal aortic aneurysm seen in accident and emergency departments. It presents in a number of different ways the commonest of which is high output congestive cardiac failure with warm peripheries. Initial diagnosis is based on the index of ...
Sica D A - - 2000
Vasopeptidase inhibition--that is, the dual inhibition of ACE and neutral endopeptidase-reduces blood pressure in a potent manner. Preliminary studies suggest that vasopeptidase inhibition can also effectively treat congestive heart failure. Additional corroborating studies to support the use of vasopeptidase inhibition in heart failure are now underway. (c)2000 by CHF, Inc.
Thomas B - - 2000
When medical therapy is unsuccessful in improving the functional class in patients with heart failure, surgical options must be considered. Although transplantation may be considered the gold standard, numerous factors limit the number of patients who can benefit from it. Therefore, other surgical methods have been devised as alternatives to ...
Grab D - - 2000
Aortico-left ventricular tunnel is a rare abnormal communication between the ascending aorta and the left ventricle. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical repair prevent congestive heart failure or consecutive valvular insufficiency. However, in utero diagnosis of this heart malformation has been rarely described and none of those children survived. We report ...
Pai V B - - 2000
Cytostatic antibiotics of the anthracycline class are the best known of the chemotherapeutic agents that cause cardiotoxicity. Alkylating agents such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, cisplatin, carmustine, busulfan, chlormethine and mitomycin have also been associated with cardiotoxicity. Other agents that may induce a cardiac event include paclitaxel, etoposide, teniposide, the vinca alkaloids, ...
Capes S E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: High blood glucose concentration may increase risk of death and poor outcome after acute myocardial infarction. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the risk of in-hospital mortality or congestive heart failure after myocardial infarction in patients with and without diabetes who had stress hyperglycaemia on admission. ...
Tolwani R J - - 2000
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Samiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic ...
Missouris C G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report on renal artery stenosis presenting as congestive heart failure. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: Nine hypertensive subjects (five male, four female) seen in the blood pressure unit, St George's Hospital, between 1991 and 1997 with clinical signs and symptoms of congestive cardiac failure but ...
Blansfield H N - - 2000
Osteoporosis may be a significant factor in unfavorable results following open cardiac surgery. This brief case report describes the fatal outcome of mitral valve replacement in an elderly woman with congestive heart failure complicated by severe osteoporosis. Profound collapse of the thoracic spine resulted in pulmonary insufficiency. The discussion includes ...
Bailey W B - - 2000
Among the multiple etiologies for congestive heart failure in patients with end-stage renal disease, the contribution of hemodialysis fistulas to the myocardial work load is often overlooked. We recently cared for a patient with high-output cardiac failure from an arteriovenous fistula and review the features and pathophysiology of this condition.
Dor V - - 2000
The Endoventricular Circular Patch Plasty technique, developed to reorganize the left ventricular cavity after post-ischemic modification, is described as it has been used since 1984. Experience of more than 900 cases demonstrates the efficiency of the technique in terms of left ventricular shape, left ventricular performances and long-term clinical results. ...
Schaffer S W - - 2000
The amino acid, taurine, is an important nutrient found in very high concentration in excitable tissue. Cellular depletion of taurine has been linked to developmental defects, retinal damage, immunodeficiency, impaired cellular growth and the development of a cardiomyopathy. These findings have encouraged the use of taurine in infant formula, nutritional ...
Solaro C - - 2000
We describe two Italian first cousins with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy associated with transthyretin variant consisting of the substitution of alanine for glycine at codon 47 (TTR Ala-47), from a family with a history of cardiac failure. The 40-year-old patient presented with autonomic dysfunction and the 44-year-old cousin with congestive heart ...
Fugh-Berman A - - 2000
Herbs and dietary supplements can have significant physiological effects. Garlic (Allium sativum) has shown beneficial lipid effects in a majority of trials; dried garlic preparations are superior to oil preparations. There is preliminary evidence that indicates that hawthorn (Crataegus species) may provide benefits in congestive heart failure. Coenzyme Q also ...
Bijl M - - 2000
Many patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) develop cardiac manifestations during the course of their disease. Pericarditis is most commonly seen, with a reported prevalence of 60%. Myocardial involvement is present in only a minority of patients. In recent years, due to better noninvasive diagnostic techniques, valvular abnormalities can be ...
O'Keefe J H JH - - 2000
Beta-blocker therapy has been reported to improve survival and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the setting of congestive heart failure (CHF). The magnitude and predictors of improved LVEF are unclear. A total of 295 patients were enrolled in the study. Inclusion criteria were LVEF <35% at baseline and symptomatic ...
Bavdekar S B - - 1999
Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are major public health problems in developing countries. A prospective study carried out in a large general hospital showed that carditis was the predominant feature in first attack and also the recurrence of RF but that recurrence was associated with more severe ...
Afzal A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Limited data exist regarding racial differences in heart failure. The objective of this prospective study was to document racial differences in the baseline demographics and patterns of health care utilization and outcomes in patients with heart failure. METHODS: The data on 163 consecutive patients (113 black, 50 ...
Poon C-S - - 1999
Cardiac chaos is an emerging paradigm in cardiology that may prove useful in the management of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In short, cardiac chaos refers to the minute-yet seemingly purposeful-fluctuations in the instantaneous heart rate or interbeat interval. Recent studies have demonstrated that cardiac chaos accounts for much ...
D'Agostino R S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken (1) to determine the prevalence of hospital readmission within 1 month of discharge after cardiac operations, (2) to categorize diagnoses responsible for readmission, and (3) to examine predischarge patient factors that influenced readmission. METHODS: Data at 1 month after discharge were obtained for 1665 (98.4%) ...
Bocchi E A - - 1999
It has been reported that growth hormone may benefit selected patients with congestive heart failure. A 63-year-old man with refractory congestive heart failure waiting for heart transplantation, depending on intravenous drugs (dobutamine) and presenting with progressive worsening of the clinical status and cachexia, despite standard treatment, received growth hormone replacement ...
McSwain M - - 1999
A retrospective review of the cases of congestive heart failure admitted to Holberton Hospital in Antigua in 1995 and 1996 was undertaken. Two hundred and ninety-three (293) patients were identified by International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) coding as having congestive cardiac failure in the period but only ...
Rishniw M - - 1999
Right atrioventricular valve insufficiency and bilateral congestive heart failure were identified in a carpet python (Morelia spilota variegata) with the aid of colour Doppler echocardiography, electrocardiography and radiography. The snake failed to respond to diuretic therapy and was euthanased. Based on this case, it appears that bilateral congestive failure is ...
See J S - - 1999
This study is to determine the incidence of visceral organ involvement in tuberous sclerosis (TS). We reviewed 30 cases of TS diagnosed between 1987 to 1997. There were 17 males and 13 females, ages ranged from one day old to 17 years old. Among the 30 cases, 25 patients had ...
Yamashita S - - 1999
In this report, we present a 42-year-old female patient who was transferred to our emergency department due to symptoms of congestive heart failure. She presented with severe anemia (hemoglobin was 1.3 g dl(-1), and hematocrit was 6.0%) due to continuous uterine hemorrhage and metabolic acidosis, otherwise she seemed to be ...
Paterna S - - 1999
Thirty patients aged 65-85 years, with refractory New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV congestive heart failure (CHF) were treated with an intravenous infusion of furosemide (250-2000 mg/d) and small-volume hypertonic saline solution (150 mL of 1.4-4.6% NaCl) twice a day for 6 to 12 days. A daily fluid oral ...
Meinardi M T - - 1999
The use of anthracyclines, a group of potent anti-cancer agents incorporated into the treatment of a wide variety of solid and haematological tumours, is limited by its cardiotoxicity that can result in congestive heart failure (CHF). The best method to detect cardiotoxicity at an early stage in order to prevent ...
Myers R B - - 1999
Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon disorder with various causes. Although most often idiopathic, it may also occur after cardiovascular surgery, radiation therapy, and tuberculosis, especially in developing countries. The encasement of the heart by a rigid, nonpliable pericardium results in characteristic pathophysiologic effects, including impaired diastolic filling of the ventricles, ...
Sakamoto H - - 1999
Loculation of a pleural effusion within an interlobar fissure as a result of congestive heart failure is a well-known entity. It has been termed "vanishing" or "phantom" tumor because its roentgenographic appearance simulates a pulmonary tumor and resolves with treatment of the congestive heart failure. The authors describe an 89-year-old ...
Hoffmeister A - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate an inflammatory response indicated by fibrinogen and plasma viscosity in relation to haemodynamic and clinical findings of patients with stable CHF due to coronary heart disease (CHD).
Anders H J - - 1999
Myocardial involvement in polymyositis is commonly suspected in noninvasive studies, but symptomatic cardiac disease is rare. We describe a 27-year-old woman with a 6 year history of severe polymyositis and persistent elevation of creatine phosphokinase-MB isoenzyme who suddenly developed congestive heart failure and bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome. Autopsy revealed severe myocardial fibrosis ...
After a brief overview of classical techniques used to explore cardiac rhythm variability, we show how the DFA method can help diagnose heart failure. Our clinical study reveals that the DFA c coefficient of the cardiac rhythm is an efficient predictor of the future health of patients suffering from Congestive ...
Goldman L E - - 1999
A woman with congestive heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction associated with hyperthyroidism is reported. Congestive heart failure resolved and left ventricular ejection fraction normalized within three weeks of treatment of her hyperthyroidism. The literature on previously reported cases of reversible systolic heart failure associated with hyperthyroidism is ...
Sethi R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Earlier studies have revealed sarcolemmal (SL) defects in congestive heart failure due to myocardial infarction; however, the mechanisms of SL changes in the failing heart are poorly understood. Since congestive heart failure is associated with various metabolic abnormalities including a deficiency of carnitine, we examined the effects of propionyl ...
Yasuda S - - 1999
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in patients with congestive heart failure. For vascular endothelium, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is one of the most potent and specific growth factors, which acts protectively against endothelial dysfunction. HGF production is downregulated by angiotensin II (Ang II) in vitro. We hypothesized that HGF production is ...
Kontny F - - 1999
AIMS: A novel sensitive method for analyses of soluble fibrin monomer antigen was used to assess the predictive value of fibrin monomer when estimating mortality after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fibrin monomer was measured in plasma samples from 293 patients enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of low ...
Aubert A E - - 1999
Cardiovascular variability in heart rate and blood pressure can be used to quantify the autonomic modulation of cardiovascular function. Although the first studies were only published 10 to 20 years ago, there is presently a vast amount of knowledge from numerous publications that allows a better insight into the neural ...
Baba A - - 1999
In order to determine if the Na+, K+-ATPase activity in erythrocyte membranes is altered in congestive heart failure, and to examine its clinical significance with respect to other clinical variables, erythrocyte Na+, K+-ATPase activity was measured in 51 patients with left ventricular ejection fractions <40% (coronary artery disease, n=26; dilated ...
Dean R - - 1999
Although cardiac effects of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I have been reported in experimental models of heart failure and in human dilated cardiomyopathy, the IGF system has not been comprehensively assessed in the failing heart. We therefore localized the IGF system in the left ventricle during congestive ...
Dalloz F - - 1999
Combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy have represented a major advance in the therapeutic management of cancer therapy. However, the combination of doxorubicin (DXR) and cardiac irradiation (IRR) could precipitate the unexpected expression of congestive heart failure. Oxidative lesions induced by IRR and DXR could represent one of the pathogenic factors of ...
Joshi P P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to identify systematically the precipitating factors causing decompensation of heart failure and subsequent hospitalisation. We specially assessed the role of patient non-compliance with therapy as an important precipitating factor for heart failure, since it has not been systematically studied previously in an Indian setting where ...
Stöllberger C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular abnormal trabeculation (ILVAT) is defined as > 3 coarse trabeculations of the left ventricular wall, apically to the papillary muscles, in hearts without congenital malformations. HYPOTHESIS: The aims of the study were to assess by echocardiography the prevalence of ILVAT, to confirm the diagnosis by cardiac ...
D'Cruz I A - - 1999
M-mode echography of the coronary sinus in the apical 2-chamber view enabled us to measure coronary sinus caliber at specific phases of the cardiac cycle. Coronary sinus narrowing occurs consistently during atrial contraction, but is always absent in atrial fibrillation; in patients with congestive heart failure and systemic venous congestion, ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of congestive heart failure and the survival in patients with congestive heart failure in Rochester, Minn, in 1981 with that observed in 1991. METHODS: Population-based, descriptive epidemiological study with ecological and individual level comparisons over time. Olmsted County, Minnesota, where the Rochester Epidemiology Project provides ...
Boyle B - - 1999
A diagnosis of Q fever endocarditis was made in 7 patients, 6 with predisposing factors and 3 with occupational risk factors. Prompt recognition of Coxiella burnettii endocarditis is required when clinical signs of endocarditis such as fever, anaemia, elevated liver transaminases, congestive cardiac failure are accompanied by negative blood cultures. ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the use and the impact of echocardiography in patients receiving an initial diagnosis of congestive heart failure in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 1991. BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association clinical practice guidelines recommend echocardiography in all patients with suspected congestive heart failure. No data are ...
Fox P R - - 1999
Cardiovascular manifestations of feline hyperthyroidism were compared in two populations of cats diagnosed at The Animal Medical Center from 1992 to 1993 (n=202) and 1979 to 1982 (n = 131). The prevalence of sinus tachycardia and increased R-wave voltage in lead II were both lower in the 1993 population compared ...
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