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Results 451 - 500 of 1090
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Poon C-S - - 1999
Cardiac chaos is an emerging paradigm in cardiology that may prove useful in the management of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In short, cardiac chaos refers to the minute-yet seemingly purposeful-fluctuations in the instantaneous heart rate or interbeat interval. Recent studies have demonstrated that cardiac chaos accounts for much ...
D'Agostino R S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken (1) to determine the prevalence of hospital readmission within 1 month of discharge after cardiac operations, (2) to categorize diagnoses responsible for readmission, and (3) to examine predischarge patient factors that influenced readmission. METHODS: Data at 1 month after discharge were obtained for 1665 (98.4%) ...
Bocchi E A - - 1999
It has been reported that growth hormone may benefit selected patients with congestive heart failure. A 63-year-old man with refractory congestive heart failure waiting for heart transplantation, depending on intravenous drugs (dobutamine) and presenting with progressive worsening of the clinical status and cachexia, despite standard treatment, received growth hormone replacement ...
McSwain M - - 1999
A retrospective review of the cases of congestive heart failure admitted to Holberton Hospital in Antigua in 1995 and 1996 was undertaken. Two hundred and ninety-three (293) patients were identified by International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) coding as having congestive cardiac failure in the period but only ...
Rishniw M - - 1999
Right atrioventricular valve insufficiency and bilateral congestive heart failure were identified in a carpet python (Morelia spilota variegata) with the aid of colour Doppler echocardiography, electrocardiography and radiography. The snake failed to respond to diuretic therapy and was euthanased. Based on this case, it appears that bilateral congestive failure is ...
See J S - - 1999
This study is to determine the incidence of visceral organ involvement in tuberous sclerosis (TS). We reviewed 30 cases of TS diagnosed between 1987 to 1997. There were 17 males and 13 females, ages ranged from one day old to 17 years old. Among the 30 cases, 25 patients had ...
Yamashita S - - 1999
In this report, we present a 42-year-old female patient who was transferred to our emergency department due to symptoms of congestive heart failure. She presented with severe anemia (hemoglobin was 1.3 g dl(-1), and hematocrit was 6.0%) due to continuous uterine hemorrhage and metabolic acidosis, otherwise she seemed to be ...
Paterna S - - 1999
Thirty patients aged 65-85 years, with refractory New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV congestive heart failure (CHF) were treated with an intravenous infusion of furosemide (250-2000 mg/d) and small-volume hypertonic saline solution (150 mL of 1.4-4.6% NaCl) twice a day for 6 to 12 days. A daily fluid oral ...
Meinardi M T - - 1999
The use of anthracyclines, a group of potent anti-cancer agents incorporated into the treatment of a wide variety of solid and haematological tumours, is limited by its cardiotoxicity that can result in congestive heart failure (CHF). The best method to detect cardiotoxicity at an early stage in order to prevent ...
Myers R B - - 1999
Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon disorder with various causes. Although most often idiopathic, it may also occur after cardiovascular surgery, radiation therapy, and tuberculosis, especially in developing countries. The encasement of the heart by a rigid, nonpliable pericardium results in characteristic pathophysiologic effects, including impaired diastolic filling of the ventricles, ...
Sakamoto H - - 1999
Loculation of a pleural effusion within an interlobar fissure as a result of congestive heart failure is a well-known entity. It has been termed "vanishing" or "phantom" tumor because its roentgenographic appearance simulates a pulmonary tumor and resolves with treatment of the congestive heart failure. The authors describe an 89-year-old ...
Hoffmeister A - - 1999
The aim of this study was to investigate an inflammatory response indicated by fibrinogen and plasma viscosity in relation to haemodynamic and clinical findings of patients with stable CHF due to coronary heart disease (CHD).
Anders H J - - 1999
Myocardial involvement in polymyositis is commonly suspected in noninvasive studies, but symptomatic cardiac disease is rare. We describe a 27-year-old woman with a 6 year history of severe polymyositis and persistent elevation of creatine phosphokinase-MB isoenzyme who suddenly developed congestive heart failure and bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome. Autopsy revealed severe myocardial fibrosis ...
After a brief overview of classical techniques used to explore cardiac rhythm variability, we show how the DFA method can help diagnose heart failure. Our clinical study reveals that the DFA c coefficient of the cardiac rhythm is an efficient predictor of the future health of patients suffering from Congestive ...
Goldman L E - - 1999
A woman with congestive heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction associated with hyperthyroidism is reported. Congestive heart failure resolved and left ventricular ejection fraction normalized within three weeks of treatment of her hyperthyroidism. The literature on previously reported cases of reversible systolic heart failure associated with hyperthyroidism is ...
Sethi R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Earlier studies have revealed sarcolemmal (SL) defects in congestive heart failure due to myocardial infarction; however, the mechanisms of SL changes in the failing heart are poorly understood. Since congestive heart failure is associated with various metabolic abnormalities including a deficiency of carnitine, we examined the effects of propionyl ...
Yasuda S - - 1999
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in patients with congestive heart failure. For vascular endothelium, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is one of the most potent and specific growth factors, which acts protectively against endothelial dysfunction. HGF production is downregulated by angiotensin II (Ang II) in vitro. We hypothesized that HGF production is ...
Kontny F - - 1999
AIMS: A novel sensitive method for analyses of soluble fibrin monomer antigen was used to assess the predictive value of fibrin monomer when estimating mortality after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fibrin monomer was measured in plasma samples from 293 patients enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of low ...
Aubert A E - - 1999
Cardiovascular variability in heart rate and blood pressure can be used to quantify the autonomic modulation of cardiovascular function. Although the first studies were only published 10 to 20 years ago, there is presently a vast amount of knowledge from numerous publications that allows a better insight into the neural ...
Baba A - - 1999
In order to determine if the Na+, K+-ATPase activity in erythrocyte membranes is altered in congestive heart failure, and to examine its clinical significance with respect to other clinical variables, erythrocyte Na+, K+-ATPase activity was measured in 51 patients with left ventricular ejection fractions <40% (coronary artery disease, n=26; dilated ...
Dean R - - 1999
Although cardiac effects of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I have been reported in experimental models of heart failure and in human dilated cardiomyopathy, the IGF system has not been comprehensively assessed in the failing heart. We therefore localized the IGF system in the left ventricle during congestive ...
Dalloz F - - 1999
Combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy have represented a major advance in the therapeutic management of cancer therapy. However, the combination of doxorubicin (DXR) and cardiac irradiation (IRR) could precipitate the unexpected expression of congestive heart failure. Oxidative lesions induced by IRR and DXR could represent one of the pathogenic factors of ...
Joshi P P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to identify systematically the precipitating factors causing decompensation of heart failure and subsequent hospitalisation. We specially assessed the role of patient non-compliance with therapy as an important precipitating factor for heart failure, since it has not been systematically studied previously in an Indian setting where ...
Stöllberger C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular abnormal trabeculation (ILVAT) is defined as > 3 coarse trabeculations of the left ventricular wall, apically to the papillary muscles, in hearts without congenital malformations. HYPOTHESIS: The aims of the study were to assess by echocardiography the prevalence of ILVAT, to confirm the diagnosis by cardiac ...
D'Cruz I A - - 1999
M-mode echography of the coronary sinus in the apical 2-chamber view enabled us to measure coronary sinus caliber at specific phases of the cardiac cycle. Coronary sinus narrowing occurs consistently during atrial contraction, but is always absent in atrial fibrillation; in patients with congestive heart failure and systemic venous congestion, ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of congestive heart failure and the survival in patients with congestive heart failure in Rochester, Minn, in 1981 with that observed in 1991. METHODS: Population-based, descriptive epidemiological study with ecological and individual level comparisons over time. Olmsted County, Minnesota, where the Rochester Epidemiology Project provides ...
Boyle B - - 1999
A diagnosis of Q fever endocarditis was made in 7 patients, 6 with predisposing factors and 3 with occupational risk factors. Prompt recognition of Coxiella burnettii endocarditis is required when clinical signs of endocarditis such as fever, anaemia, elevated liver transaminases, congestive cardiac failure are accompanied by negative blood cultures. ...
Senni M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the use and the impact of echocardiography in patients receiving an initial diagnosis of congestive heart failure in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 1991. BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association clinical practice guidelines recommend echocardiography in all patients with suspected congestive heart failure. No data are ...
Fox P R - - 1999
Cardiovascular manifestations of feline hyperthyroidism were compared in two populations of cats diagnosed at The Animal Medical Center from 1992 to 1993 (n=202) and 1979 to 1982 (n = 131). The prevalence of sinus tachycardia and increased R-wave voltage in lead II were both lower in the 1993 population compared ...
Himmelmann A - - 1999
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hypertension is associated with the development of congestive heart failure by way of left ventricular hypertrophy, with left ventricular dilatation and through myocardial ischemia and left ventricular damage. Reports on the natural history of untreated hypertension indicate that at ...
Dambach D M - - 1999
A novel dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in 12 related Portuguese Water Dogs was identified by retrospective analysis of postmortem and biopsy case records. Male and female puppies born to clinically healthy parents typically died at 13 (+/- 7.3) weeks of age (range, 2-32 weeks) because of congestive heart failure. Puppies died ...
Jensen K T - - 1999
The effect of a continuous infusion of human brain natriuretic peptide, 2 pmol.min-1.kg-1, during 60 min was studied in nine patients with congestive heart failure and in 10 healthy control subjects. Brain natriuretic peptide increased from 1.6 to 101 pmol/l in control subjects and from 25 to 173 pmol/l in ...
Oyoo G O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the underlying aetiology, precipitating factors and certain socio-demographic determinants in patients admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi in congestive heart failure. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study. SUBJECT: All patients aged thirteen years and above of either sex consecutively admitted with clinical diagnosis of congestive heart failure. SETTING: ...
Schädlich P K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Data from the Acute Infarction Ramipril Efficacy (AIRE) study were used in a cost-effectiveness analysis to determine the incremental cost per life-year gained (LYG) when the ACE inhibitor ramipril was added to conventional treatment in patients with heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. In the AIRE trial, the addition ...
Smoger S H - - 1998
Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are well-known causes of orofacial angioedema, angioedema from these agents involving the bowel is not often considered. We report a case of simultaneous onset of small bowel and orofacial angioedema due to captopril. A 61-year-old black man with hypertension, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart ...
Scherrer-Crosbie M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Vesnarinone has yielded controversial results on morbidity in patients with congestive heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that vesnarinone may have a beneficial effect on cardiac remodeling and function. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <30% (17 treated with vesnarinone) underwent an echocardiography at baseline and ...
Wijbenga J A - - 1998
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and prognostic value of the heart rate variability index in patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with chronic congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm underwent clinical assessment, 24-h ambulatory electrocardiography and echocardiography. Patients were followed for 6 to 30 months. Cardiac death or ...
Manolis A J - - 1998
Previous short-term studies demonstrated that treatment with clonidine produced significant hemodynamic improvement in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In this study we followed 12 CHF patients (10 M, 2 F age 63+/-11, 10 with ischemic cardiomyopathy and 2 with dilated cardiomyopathy) treated with 0.15 or 0.075 mg oral clonidine ...
Anderson R D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prognostic significance of a history of congestive heart failure above that provided by baseline ejection fraction in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. BACKGROUND: Left ventricular function is a known predictor of survival in patients with coronary artery disease, as is a history of congestive ...
Waldenström A - - 1998
Ethanol has a definite acute negative inotropic effect (decreased contractility). Also, chronic overuse may lead to decreased contractile function of the heart. The symptoms of congestive heart failure in these patients do not differ from any other cause of congestive heart failure. But, on the other hand, the prognosis quo ...
Kocic I - - 1998
Toborinone is an inotropic agent with a moderate coronary vasodilatory action, but lacking direct chronotropic action, under development by Otsuka. A marketing application has been filed in Japan [269634], and it has entered phase III trials in the US for the treatment of cardiac failure [170668]. The effects of toborinone ...
Cooper C J - - 1998
Increased pulmonary resistance may reduce survival and treatment options in patients with congestive heart failure. Nitric oxide (NO) is a determinant of normal pulmonary resistance vessel tone. We tested the hypothesis that loss of NO function contributes to increased pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) in congestive heart failure. Pulmonary arterial ...
Jasmin G - - 1998
This study deals with the potential therapeutic effect of orotic acid (OA) and Mg Orotate (MgO) on myocardial degeneration and the development of congestive heart failure in cardiomyopathic (CM) hamsters of the UM-X7.1 line. Two major age groups (group I, < 30 days and group II, > 180 days old) ...
Besarab A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease, anemia develops as a result of erythropoietin deficiency, and recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin) is prescribed to correct the anemia partially. We examined the risks and benefits of normalizing the hematocrit in patients with cardiac disease who were undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We studied 1233 ...
Lecarpentier Y - - 1998
Crossbridge (CB) properties were investigated in isolated diaphragm of rabbits during congestive heart failure (CHF, n=9) induced by chronic volume and pressure overload. This model induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Controls (C) were prepared (n=14). Compared to C, peak tension in CHF fell by 57% in twitch and by ...
Girgis I - - 1998
In patients with congestive heart failure, abnormal heart rate variability is a predictor of total mortality and sudden cardiac death. Drugs that improve heart rate variability may have a potential role for improving the survival among these patients. The effects of clonidine were studied in 24 patients with congestive heart ...
Kamiya Y - - 1998
We encountered a case of a pregnant woman with adrenal causes of Cushing's syndrome who exhibited congestive heart failure as an initial symptom. Since the patient was also a diabetic, we treated her with high levels of diuretics and insulin. Echocardiography revealed a remarkable thickening of the left ventricle without ...
Santos E - - 1998
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare, late complication of lumbar disc surgery. It is often not suspected and the symptoms are diagnosed as heart failure or deep venous thrombosis. We report a case in which the patient developed leg swelling and high-output congestive heart failure due to a left ilioiliac ...
Nakao K - - 1998
Coarctation of the aorta is rare. We present a case of atypical coarctation due to aortitis syndrome with congestive heart failure refractory to conventional medical treatment. Although indications for surgical treatment are not well established and, in general, treatment of choice is an aorto-aortic bypass, we selected axillo-iliac bypass with ...
Aronow W S - - 1998
Sixty patients, mean age 82 +/- 8 years, with congestive heart failure, prior myocardial infarction, normal left ventricular ejection fraction, and > or = 30 ventricular premature complexes per hour detected by 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms, and who were treated with diuretics, were randomized to treatment with benazepril 20 to 40 ...
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