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Results 401 - 450 of 1441
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Knaut Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the rate of restoration to sinus rhythm in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (pAF) undergoing endocardial microwave ablation during isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or isolated mitral valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 42 patients who underwent isolated CABG (age, 70.1 +/- ...
Varnous Shaida - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has long been recognised as a main cause of a postoperative complex systemic inflammatory response after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We determined the kinetics of peripheral blood release of the novel inflammatory biomarkers secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of ...
Mukamel Dana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine explanations of differences in utilization rates of a newly reintroduced technique - off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) - between racial minorities and Whites. METHOD: The study was based on 15,313 CABG patients in the New York State Cardiac Surgery Reporting System covering all cardiac surgeons providing ...
Sciangula Alfonso - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of death predictive performances of the OP-RISK, EuroSCORE, and Italian coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Outcome studies' functions when applied to a southern Italian cardiac surgery center (Sant'Anna hospital in Catanzaro [SAHCZ]), which contributed data to the Italian CABG ...
Thielmann Matthias - - 2007
In the present study, patients with severely compromized left ventricular function underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Although improvement of global myocardial contractile function has been shown before, we sought to evaluate whether a functional contractile improvement may be determinable on a myocardial ...
Fellahi Jean-Luc - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to compare postoperative cardiac troponin I (cTnI) release and the thresholds of cTnI that predict adverse outcome after elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), after valve surgery, and after combined cardiac surgery. Six hundred and seventy-five adult patients undergoing conventional cardiac surgery with ...
Orhan Gokcen - - 2007
In this study, we attempted to determine the role of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the myocardial and systemic inflammatory responses. Twenty patients who underwent elective CABG were enrolled in this study. Ten patients underwent on-pump CABG, and 10 patients underwent off-pump CABG. There were no differences between ...
Wtorek Jerzy J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology Electronics, Gdansk, Poland. - - 2007
Originally, tissue stabilizer has been developed by Medtronic, Inc. It is used to prevent a certain part of myocardium from moving. For example, such an approach is utilized during Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Moreover, medical procedures during such operations involve blood arrest, thus, potentially may involve ischemia of myocardium. ...
Kaya Kaan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Acute renal failure remains a common and serious complication of cardiac surgery. In this randomized trial, we aimed to assess whether sodium nitroprusside (SNP) infusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) could prevent renal dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. METHODS: Between October 2004 and May 2006, 240 consecutive ...
Ropacki Susan A - - 2007
Neuropsychological impairment is common, yet variable, after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Similar variability has been observed in other CNS-related diseases. Empirical findings in Alzheimer's disease and HIV, among other areas, suggest cognitive reserve (CR) may mediate the cognitive impact of these diseases. The present study examined whether CR mediates ...
Hedman Anders - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a major contributor to atherosclerotic vascular disease. Inflammatory parameters such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) have been shown to be strong predictors of cardiovascular events. The association between preoperative inflammatory parameters and early graft occlusion as well as cardiovascular events after coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Vavlukis M - - 2006
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of our study was to identify markers that can predict early morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) for myocardial revascularization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 749 patients (pts) were enrolled in the study at mean age ...
Larstorp Anne Cecilie K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess if myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) at rest can be of value in elucidating myocardial perfusion, ischaemia and perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) associated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized study of patients undergoing elective CABG. Forty-eight patients in the control group ...
Oxlad Melissa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the psychological risk factors for cardiac-related readmission within 6 months of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Consecutive patients awaiting elective CABG (N=119; 100 males and 19 females), with a mean age of 63.3 years, completed a battery of psychosocial ...
Just Sören S - - 2007
Surgical treatment of a Jehovah's Witnesses continues to be a great challenge in cardiac surgery. Different strategies are used to minimize the risk for early mortality, prolonged intensive care unit stay and hospitalization, resulting from anemia. Minimized closed circuit extracorporeal circulations have been shown to reduce adverse effects of conventional ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Estimation of an individual patient's risk for postoperative dialysis can support informed clinical decision making and patient counseling. METHODS AND RESULTS: To develop a simple bedside risk algorithm for estimating patients' probability for dialysis after cardiac surgery, we evaluated data of 449,524 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ...
Buszman Paweł - - 2007
The REvascularization in Ischemic HEart Failure Trial (REHEAT) is a nonrandomized, case-controlled, prospective study assessing the hypothesis that surgical and percutaneous revascularizations in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy are associated with comparable improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and functional status 12 months after myocardial revascularization. The study population consisted ...
Légaré Jean-Francois - - 2006
The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has allowed the establishment of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with ischemic heart disease. However, the concern that CPB may be responsible for CABG-related morbidity has been raised, and it has been suggested that CABG itself ...
Coskun K O - - 2006
Kawasaki disease (KD), also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is an acute, self-limiting, small-vessel vasculitis with an unknown cause that affects children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. It is the most common cause of acquired coronary artery disease in childhood. Acute myocardial infarction and coronary artery ...
DiSesa Verdi J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prior research using administrative data associated certificate-of-need (CON) regulation for open heart surgery with higher hospital coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) volume and lower CABG operative mortality rates in elderly patients. It is unclear whether these findings apply in a general population and after controlling for detailed clinical characteristics ...
Gurfinkel Enrique P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association between invasive and non-invasive management and hospital and 6-month outcomes in patients with a prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) who experienced an acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Data were analysed from patients with a prior CABG who developed an acute coronary syndrome and were enrolled ...
Myśliwska Jolanta - - 2007
We were seeking for a mutual link between the -174G>C IL6 promoter polymorphism, history of the past acute respiratory infections and the long-term post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) incidence. Two hundred thirty seven post-CABG patients have been followed up for a median period of 36 ...
Aarsaether Erling - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Beta-glucan pretreatment has been shown to attenuate inflammatory response and to protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal studies. The aims of the present study were to examine the safety of pretreatment with beta-1,3/1,6-glucan in patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and to investigate whether beta-1,3/1,6-glucan pretreatment could ...
Berg Kirsti - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate oxidative stress and myocardial injury at different stages of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Twenty patients underwent CABG with use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and with intermittent sampling of plasma and urine. Main markers were: 8-iso-PGF2alpha (oxidative stress); troponin T (myocardial injury); and 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2alpha and hsCRP ...
Carey Joseph S - - 2006
Mandatory public reporting of cardiac surgery outcomes in California was instituted in 2003. To study the impact of the program, the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures performed after January 1, 2003 were compared with previous years using the Patient Discharge Database ...
Takai Hideaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical results of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 14 days of the infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: From April 2000 to January 2005 among 841 patients who underwent OPCAB, 43 consecutive patients ...
Morrison D - - 2006
The decision to offer patients with myocardial ischemia a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been largely determined by extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) and left ventricular function, since the early 1970's. Based upon subset analyses, and long-term follow-up, of three moderate-sized trials of stable patients and two ...
White M C - - 2006
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) has been used 'off licence' to successfully treat bleeding and reduce transfusion requirements in complex cardiac surgery. However; concerns over thrombogenic side-effects have limited but not excluded its use in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). We present two cases of CABG (one 'on ...
Açil Tayfun - - 2006
This study determined whether prolonged QRS duration (QRSd; > or =120 ms) is an independent predictor of low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in patients with low left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Abnormal LV systolic function places patients at greater risk for ...
Kugelmass Aaron D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) have been classified as a high-risk subset of patients who experience non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Recent studies suggest that an early invasive strategy is beneficial in moderate- and high-risk patients with non-ST elevation ACS. We hypothesized that an ...
Iskesen Ihsan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Trimetazidine is an anti-ischemic agent that is used to treat angina and it has cardioprotective effects without inducing any significant hemodynamic changes. It inhibits the long-chain mitochondrial 3-ketoacyl coenzyme A thiolase enzyme in the myocyte and can improve cardiac mitochondrial metabolism, as well as scavenge free radicals. The aim ...
Gao Guangqiang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has long been the "gold standard" for treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease, current percutaneous interventional technologies are challenging that claim. We sought to determine long-term survival after isolated CABG to establish a baseline for comparison with interventional patients. METHODS: From 1968 ...
Hernandez Adrian F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) is an operation that demonstrates promise to improve outcomes for patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Current use and operative outcomes of SVR have come from centers of expertise, and operative risks of SVR in community practice are unknown. We sought to characterize the performance of ...
Ward Herbert B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Among patients in need of coronary revascularization before an elective vascular operation, the value of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in preventing perioperative myocardial infarctions is uncertain. We hypothesized that more complete revascularization would improve outcomes after vascular surgery. METHODS: In this Veterans Affairs ...
Li Jennifer S - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for cardiac surgery or lung transplantation initiates a systemic inflammatory response characterized by increased vascular permeability, generalized edema, abnormal lung function and oxygenation and impaired ventricular function. This post-CPB syndrome significantly contributes to postoperative morbidity and mortality. Activation of complement during CPB is a key component that ...
Narayan P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Surgery of the ascending aorta with or without arch is being performed in an increasingly elderly population with risks of coexisting coronary artery disease. AIM: To define specific groups requiring coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and to analyse the influence of concomitant CABG on outcome. DESIGN: Over a 10-year ...
Wellenius Gregory A GA Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Unit, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Deaconess 306, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2007
Saphenous vein grafts are common among patients with a history of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an established cardiovascular risk factor, but its role in graft disease has not been evaluated. The Post-CABG Trial randomized 1351 patients who had undergone CABG surgery 1-11 years ...
Rizzello V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Repeat coronary artery bypass grafting (redo-CABG) in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy is associated with high perioperative risk and worse long-term outcome compared with patients undergoing their first CABG. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether patients with viable myocardium undergoing redo-CABG have a better outcome. METHODS: 18 patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy underwent ...
Fukunishi Masanori - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is classified into 2 types: high-risk (ie, 3-vessel disease, left main trunk lesions, or ostial lesions of the left anterior descending (LAD)) and low-risk (1- or 2-vessel disease other than ostial lesions of the LAD). Generally, the former is treated with coronary artery bypass ...
Cromheecke Stefanie - - 2006
In coronary surgery patients the use of a volatile anesthetic regimen with sevoflurane was associated with a better recovery of myocardial function and less postoperative release of troponin I. In the present study we investigated whether these cardioprotective properties were also apparent in the cardiac surgical setting of aortic valve ...
Bonacchi Massimo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) compare the release of S-100 beta and NSE in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus on-pump surgery; (2) investigate whether the S-100 beta and NSE serum concentrations correlate with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2002 and ...
Akgul Ahmet - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although cathecholamines are well-established agents of myocardial support during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), there has been little experience with a new inotropic agent, levosimendan. Our aim was to present our experience with levosimendan usage in patients manifesting failure-to-wean from CPB after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) when conventional ...
Merlani Paolo G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Determination of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) is used in coagulation management after heart surgery. Results from the central laboratory take long to be obtained. We sought to shorten the time to obtain coagulation results and the desired coagulation state and to reduce blood loss and transfusions using point ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2006
In the case of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACSs), the acute use of certain antiplatelet agents is complicated by concerns about perioperative bleeding risks in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during the index hospitalization. As a result, clinicians often withhold potentially useful agents, such as clopidogrel, before ...
Jönsson Anders - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyse early and late mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with and without left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis during the 30-year period 1970-1999. METHODS: A total of 1888 of 10,647 patients (18%) who underwent a first isolated CABG at the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, ...
Akila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can now be performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. The former entails global ischemia followed by reperfusion after declamping, whereas the latter does not. In view of growing evidence that reperfusion is associated with oxidative stress, we studied the extent of oxidative stress and ...
Kachhy Radha G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Symmetry Bypass Connector (St. Jude Medical) was developed to rapidly anastomose saphenous vein grafts to the aorta during coronary bypass surgery (CABG) without cross-clamping. Previous uncontrolled studies of this device observed vein graft closures at six months, possibly attributable to neointimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess the ...
Sabik Joseph F JF - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reintervention after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is common. We sought to determine its occurrence and identify patient characteristics and operative techniques that influence the need or bias for reintervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1971 to 1998, 48,758 patients underwent primary isolated CABG, and 1000 patients per year were ...
Monteiro Pedro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Performance of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) during an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is mainly used in high-risk patients. Although potentially life-saving, patients undergoing early CABG are traditionally associated with a worse outcome than those not requiring CABG. Is this really true in an unselected ACS population? The aim ...
Kang Duk-Hyun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: For patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR), it is not clear whether adjunctive mitral valve (MV) repair at the time of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is beneficial. We sought to test the hypothesis that MV repair with CABG is superior to CABG alone in improving MR without ...
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