Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1449
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Bulat Cristijan - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare two different surgical approaches to patients with coexistent significant carotid and coronary artery obstruction. Patients were treated with combined operation of carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting (CEA/CABG). The first group of patients underwent the CABG procedure with the cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Berry Colin C British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2008
Morbidity following CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) is difficult to predict and leads to increased healthcare costs. We hypothesized that pre-operative CMR (cardiac magnetic resonance) findings would predict resource utilization in elective CABG. Over a 12-month period, patients requiring elective CABG were invited to undergo CMR 1 day prior to ...
Toutouzas Konstantinos - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of lesions located in the proximal segment of the left anterior descending artery (pLAD), either with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention, in patients with diabetes mellitus has been associated with an unfavourable outcome. The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term ...
Roberts-Thomson Kurt C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize the conduction properties of the posterior left atrium (PLA) in patients with different forms of structural heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: The PLA plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: This study included 34 patients having elective ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is effective in relieving angina and improving survival and quality of life in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease; however, recurrent angina, myocardial infarction, neurological injury, and death can occur in the perioperative and postoperative period. MC-1 (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate) is a novel agent ...
Farkouh Michael E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prior randomized trials suggested that revascularization of diabetic patients by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) produced results superior to balloon angioplasty. The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs) calls into question the relevance of past studies to the current era. The FREEDOM Trial is designed to determine whether CABG or ...
Hubacek Jaroslav - - 2008
The best therapeutic strategy for patients with double-vessel coronary artery disease and proximal left anterior descending artery involvement (2VD + pLAD) is not clear. To compare the survival experience of a cohort of cardiac catheterization patients with 2VD + pLAD based on chosen therapeutic strategy (medical management versus percutaneous coronary ...
Nakamura Masanori - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atheromatous aorta and carotid artery disease are known predictors for stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The clinical significance of intracranial cerebral artery disease is not known. This study was designed to determine whether a therapeutic strategy based on perioperative detection of intracranial and extracranial occlusive cerebrovascular disease ...
Subramaniam Kathirvel - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of statins on morbidity and mortality in patients after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care teaching hospital. MEASUREMENTS: Data from 2497 adult patients who underwent isolated CABG between January 2002 and June 2004 were studied. Patient characteristics and ...
Raivio Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The generation of thrombin and its procoagulant activity are upregulated during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Thrombophilia associates with increased basal thrombin generation and might therefore propagate thrombin generation during CPB. The objective of this study was to test whether preoperative thrombophilic variables associate with increased generation of thrombin or its ...
Hannan Edward L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have compared the outcomes of two competing interventions for multivessel coronary artery disease: coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and coronary stenting. However, little information has become available since the introduction of drug-eluting stents. METHODS: We identified patients with multivessel disease who received drug-eluting stents or underwent CABG in ...
Colli Andrea - - 2008
AIMS: A variety of antithrombotic regimens have been described for the early postoperative period after bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (AVR). This study reviews antithrombotic practice for patients undergoing bioprosthetic AVR with or without coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) amongst the centers participating in the ACTION (Anticoagulation Treatment Influence on Postoperative ...
Hussain Imran - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Due to advancement of non-surgical methods of coronary revascularization the patients referred for surgery have extensive and complex coronary anatomy. Patients with diffuse atheromatous coronary artery disease required coronary artery reconstruction or coronary endarterectomy (CE). Coronary endarterectomy on beating heart needs skill and better surgical technique. Coronary endarterectomy along ...
Isbir Selim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury and inflammation in cardiac surgical patients involves complex humoral and cellular interactions. We investigated the effect of genetic polymorphism of manganase superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) a natural antioxidant, on cytokine release and manganesuperoxide dismutase in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). PATIENTS AND ...
Ferrari Enrico - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina, onset of cardiac decompensation and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, can have a poor outcome. The on-pump beating ...
Marasco Silvana F - - 2008
The correct management of ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains contentious. Although it is generally agreed that severe MR in patients presenting for CABG should be corrected and that mild MR can be left alone, there is no consensus as to the ...
Sobolev Boris G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Currently there are no direct estimates of mortality reduction afforded by coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) that take into account the deaths among patients for whom coronary revascularization was indicated but who did not undergo the treatment. The objective of this analysis was to compare survival after the treatment decision ...
Nair R Unnikrishnan - - 2008
In 2001, we described a new surgical technique of surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) in severe heart failure by papillary muscle re-alignment and volume reduction. This procedure has been offered in our institution to patients with severely impaired left ventricular function. Here we examine our mid-term results and also compare them ...
Ho Paul C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Is there a role for multivessel drug-eluting stenting alone in the treatment of patients with concomitant significant ischemic mitral regurgitation and coronary artery disease? METHODS: In 2003, a single medical center in Honolulu, Hawaii, performed a total of 6 cases of coronary revascularization in patients with concomitant significant ischemic ...
Szerafin Tamas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The secretion of heat shock protein (HSP) 27, HSP60, HSP70, HSP90alpha, 20S proteasome, and their correlations to proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 is unknown in patients undergoing on-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation. METHODS: Forty patients were included in this explorative study (on- versus off-pump CABG, each n ...
Yang Jeong Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs) has demonstrated superiority over the bare metal stent in reducing the incidence of restenosis. We investigated the clinical outcomes of DESs versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in a series of patients with multivessel disease. METHODS: Patients with multivessel disease who underwent percutaneous ...
Zahoor Mahrukh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on one hand allows controlled haemodynamics with superior graft quality while on the other hand carries inherent risks of CPB which has renewed interest in Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). Haemodynamic instability and intraoperative dysrythmias are major procedural complications of ...
Suzuki Tomoaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many reports have addressed the technical feasibility and early clinical results of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). It is uncertain, however, whether OPCABG provides midterm results equivalent to those of conventional CABG. METHODS: At Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital from January 2002 to May 2007, 477 consecutive ...
Emkanjoo Zahra - - 2008
The risk of developing conduction disturbances after coronary bypass grafting (CABG) or valvular surgery has been well established in previous studies, leading to permanent pacemaker implantation in about 2% to 3% of patients, and in 10% of patients undergoing repeat cardiac surgery. We sought to determine the incidence, features and ...
Lee Sak - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In the present study 15 years of experience with surgical coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction were retrospectively analyzed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between August 1990 and May 2005, a total of 120 patients with severe LV dysfunction (LV ejection fraction (EF)<or=30%) caused by ...
Anthony Anita - - 2007
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery continues to be an effective and well-used intervention for coronary artery disease. Older patients and those with sicker hearts will become the norm. In spite of increased risk for patients undergoing CABG, overall mortality rates have decreased. Nursing contributions to these improved outcomes cannot ...
Poulin Frédéric - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) may promote percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in patients traditionally referred for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and may save money. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to quantify the potential shift from CABG surgery to multivessel PCI in the DES era and ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical septal motion (PSM) is the systolic movement of the interventricular septum toward the right ventricle despite normal thickening. The PSM is a frequent echocardiographic finding after cardiac surgery. Although it is universally recognized, there has been no large-scale study to correlate PSM with the type of surgical procedure. ...
Albacker Turki B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardioplegic cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with myocardial injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high-dose insulin therapy has a myocardial protective effect by enhancing early metabolic recovery of the arrested heart during revascularization. METHODS: A total ...
Chew Derek P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many high-risk patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes within the SYNERGY trial required coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for optimal revascularization. We explored the clinical outcomes among high-risk patients undergoing CABG and the impact of modern pharmacology. METHODS: We evaluated 180-day rates of death and myocardial infarction (MI) and ...
Ohno Takayuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We compared the 1-year outcome of coronary revascularization with sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for coronary artery disease involving the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in diabetic patients according to their retinal status: no diabetic retinopathy (NDR) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Between April 2004 ...
Versaci Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To minimize event rates in patients with elevated cardiovascular surgical risk, we investigated a new therapeutic strategy consisting of simultaneous hybrid revascularization by carotid artery stenting (CAS), immediately followed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The study included 37 patients with severe carotid and coronary artery disease and ...
Taggart David P - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) against percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and particularly the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in situations where CABG has traditionally been considered the most effective therapy on clinical and economic grounds. RECENT FINDINGS: Current studies reconfirm that CABG ...
Fukuoka Yoshimi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study are (1) to examine the frequency of cardiac symptoms in elderly people one year after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and/or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG); (2) to identify patient subgroups (cluster solutions) based on cardiac symptoms after cardiac events and (3) to determine if ...
Wu Qing-yu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial bridging (MB) is usually considered a benign condition but may result in myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction (MI), exercise-induced tachycardia, atrioventricular conduction block or even sudden cardiac death. This retrospective study summarizes our operative methods and outcomes for treatment of 31 cases of MB. METHODS: From January 1997 to ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2007
Differences in the clinical and angiographic factors associated with short- and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are less known. Accordingly, differences were examined in clinical and angiographic correlates of short- and long-term mortality after CABG in 8,229 patients undergoing initial CABG enrolled in the Duke ...
Rodriguez Filiberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous single-institution studies have documented a 0.6% to 2.4% incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with an associated 14% to 63% mortality rate. To better determine the incidence and impact of GI complications after CABG, national outcomes for CABG were examined from 1998 to ...
Sachweh J S - - 2007
AIM: The procedure of coronary bypass grafting (CABG) with coronary endarterectomy (CE) is controversial. However, in the setting of severely calcified coronary arteries CE may enable complete revascularization. Complete revascularization, especially of the left anterior descending artery (LAD), is important for long-term outcome. In this study we assessed long-term LAD ...
Onuma Y - - 2007
The aim of this article is to review the treatment of patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been challenging coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as the gold standard of care for patients with multi-vessel disease; however, the application of PCI to these patients has been ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with left ventricular dysfunction has been considered to be a challenging operation. We assessed the early angiographic and long-term clinical and functional outcomes of patients with poor left ventricular function who underwent isolated CABG. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 78 ...
Kim Catherine - - 2007
Gender differences exist in outcomes, particularly early mortality, for percutaneous interventions (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Better understanding of this issue may target areas for improvement for all patients undergoing revascularization. Therefore, we summarized the evidence on gender differences in PCI and CABG outcomes, particularly early mortality, ...
Penicka Martin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between the presence of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and clinical outcome in patients with moderate systolic heart failure undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. BACKGROUND: The presence of LV dyssynchrony is associated with poor prognosis in patients ...
Lazar Harold L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: TP10, a potent inhibitor of complement activation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of death and myocardial infarction (MI) in high-risk male patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, the effect of TP10 in females was undefined because of the limited number of females studied. ...
Bair Tami L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting (PCI-S) are both safe and effective approaches for revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. However, conflicting information exists when comparing the efficacy of the two methods. In this study, we examined the outcomes of major adverse ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a well-accepted therapeutic approach in patients with symptomatic multivessel coronary artery disease and severely depressed left ventricular function. However, the potential impact of off-pump CABG in this group of patients remains unknown. In addition, there are only scarce data regarding long-term survival and ...
Filion Kristian B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative cardiac medical therapy among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has not been closely examined. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the medical literature examining the effects of perioperative cardiac medical therapy on clinical outcomes among patients undergoing CABG. ...
Bae Ki Sun - - 2007
Patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and coronary artery disease (CAD) represent a subset of patients with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The optimal revascularization strategy using either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes ...
Sezai Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low-dose continuous human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) administration during cardiac surgery has been reported on previously. In the present study, the efficacy of the therapy during emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-four patients patients undergoing ...
Lins M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interventions in aorto-coronary venous bypass grafts (CABG) can cause acute procedural complications due to distal embolization of debris. In the FIRST (First European Investigation Regarding the Systematic use of the TriActiv device) multicenter trial the distal endovascular protection system TriActiv (Kensey Nash) was evaluated during intervention of CABG. METHODS: ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Operative mortality is comparatively higher for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve reoperations. Studies of reoperative risk have focussed on surgical techniques. We sought to determine the risk and predictors of poor outcome in current practice, and the influence of preoperative symptoms. METHOD: For every redo patient (n=289), ...
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