Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1420
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Albacker Turki B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardioplegic cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with myocardial injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high-dose insulin therapy has a myocardial protective effect by enhancing early metabolic recovery of the arrested heart during revascularization. METHODS: A total ...
Poulin Frédéric - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) may promote percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in patients traditionally referred for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and may save money. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to quantify the potential shift from CABG surgery to multivessel PCI in the DES era and ...
Chew Derek P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many high-risk patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes within the SYNERGY trial required coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for optimal revascularization. We explored the clinical outcomes among high-risk patients undergoing CABG and the impact of modern pharmacology. METHODS: We evaluated 180-day rates of death and myocardial infarction (MI) and ...
Taggart David P - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) against percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and particularly the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in situations where CABG has traditionally been considered the most effective therapy on clinical and economic grounds. RECENT FINDINGS: Current studies reconfirm that CABG ...
Ohno Takayuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We compared the 1-year outcome of coronary revascularization with sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for coronary artery disease involving the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in diabetic patients according to their retinal status: no diabetic retinopathy (NDR) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Between April 2004 ...
Versaci Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To minimize event rates in patients with elevated cardiovascular surgical risk, we investigated a new therapeutic strategy consisting of simultaneous hybrid revascularization by carotid artery stenting (CAS), immediately followed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The study included 37 patients with severe carotid and coronary artery disease and ...
Fukuoka Yoshimi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study are (1) to examine the frequency of cardiac symptoms in elderly people one year after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and/or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG); (2) to identify patient subgroups (cluster solutions) based on cardiac symptoms after cardiac events and (3) to determine if ...
Wu Qing-yu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial bridging (MB) is usually considered a benign condition but may result in myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction (MI), exercise-induced tachycardia, atrioventricular conduction block or even sudden cardiac death. This retrospective study summarizes our operative methods and outcomes for treatment of 31 cases of MB. METHODS: From January 1997 to ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2007
Differences in the clinical and angiographic factors associated with short- and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are less known. Accordingly, differences were examined in clinical and angiographic correlates of short- and long-term mortality after CABG in 8,229 patients undergoing initial CABG enrolled in the Duke ...
Onuma Y - - 2007
The aim of this article is to review the treatment of patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been challenging coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as the gold standard of care for patients with multi-vessel disease; however, the application of PCI to these patients has been ...
Rodriguez Filiberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous single-institution studies have documented a 0.6% to 2.4% incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with an associated 14% to 63% mortality rate. To better determine the incidence and impact of GI complications after CABG, national outcomes for CABG were examined from 1998 to ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with left ventricular dysfunction has been considered to be a challenging operation. We assessed the early angiographic and long-term clinical and functional outcomes of patients with poor left ventricular function who underwent isolated CABG. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 78 ...
Sachweh J S - - 2007
AIM: The procedure of coronary bypass grafting (CABG) with coronary endarterectomy (CE) is controversial. However, in the setting of severely calcified coronary arteries CE may enable complete revascularization. Complete revascularization, especially of the left anterior descending artery (LAD), is important for long-term outcome. In this study we assessed long-term LAD ...
Kim Catherine - - 2007
Gender differences exist in outcomes, particularly early mortality, for percutaneous interventions (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Better understanding of this issue may target areas for improvement for all patients undergoing revascularization. Therefore, we summarized the evidence on gender differences in PCI and CABG outcomes, particularly early mortality, ...
Penicka Martin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between the presence of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and clinical outcome in patients with moderate systolic heart failure undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. BACKGROUND: The presence of LV dyssynchrony is associated with poor prognosis in patients ...
Bair Tami L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting (PCI-S) are both safe and effective approaches for revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. However, conflicting information exists when comparing the efficacy of the two methods. In this study, we examined the outcomes of major adverse ...
Lazar Harold L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: TP10, a potent inhibitor of complement activation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of death and myocardial infarction (MI) in high-risk male patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, the effect of TP10 in females was undefined because of the limited number of females studied. ...
Filion Kristian B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative cardiac medical therapy among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has not been closely examined. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the medical literature examining the effects of perioperative cardiac medical therapy on clinical outcomes among patients undergoing CABG. ...
Sezai Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low-dose continuous human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) administration during cardiac surgery has been reported on previously. In the present study, the efficacy of the therapy during emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-four patients patients undergoing ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a well-accepted therapeutic approach in patients with symptomatic multivessel coronary artery disease and severely depressed left ventricular function. However, the potential impact of off-pump CABG in this group of patients remains unknown. In addition, there are only scarce data regarding long-term survival and ...
Bae Ki Sun - - 2007
Patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and coronary artery disease (CAD) represent a subset of patients with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The optimal revascularization strategy using either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes ...
Lins M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interventions in aorto-coronary venous bypass grafts (CABG) can cause acute procedural complications due to distal embolization of debris. In the FIRST (First European Investigation Regarding the Systematic use of the TriActiv device) multicenter trial the distal endovascular protection system TriActiv (Kensey Nash) was evaluated during intervention of CABG. METHODS: ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Operative mortality is comparatively higher for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve reoperations. Studies of reoperative risk have focussed on surgical techniques. We sought to determine the risk and predictors of poor outcome in current practice, and the influence of preoperative symptoms. METHOD: For every redo patient (n=289), ...
Gegouskov V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diffuse coronary artery disease, multiple consecutive stenoses and complex lesions are a common finding in coronary surgery. Coronary reconstructive surgery in terms of extended anastomoses with or without thromboendarterectomy is still controversially discussed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of patients who underwent coronary ...
Reis Helton J - - 2007
Cognitive decline occurs frequently after cardiac surgery and it may lead to patient morbidity. The purpose of this study is to focus on the static incidence of neuro-psychiatric impairment associated with altered inflammatory biomarkers in the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) that may provide an insight into the mechanisms of acute peri-operative ...
Mueller Jeffrey - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac CT angiography (CTA) is commonly performed after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) to assess graft patency, but the images also include parts of the lungs, abdomen, and mediastinum. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively assess the prevalence of unsuspected disease identified on cardiac CTA examinations ...
Alebouyeh Nouredin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal perforation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is often difficult to diagnose and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for this complication in the studied population to further improve prophylaxis and diagnosis in the region ...
Dar Mudassir Iqbal - - 2007
PURPOSE: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) is a rare and very high-risk procedure carrying high mortality. In this study we reviewed hospital outcomes and 1-year survivals in these high-risk patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 4-year period (May 2001 to April 2005), 412 ...
Thielmann Matthias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction has undergone great evolution since introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose was therefore to assess the outcome of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing surgical revascularization with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A total of 138 consecutive patients with ST-elevation myocardial ...
Mistiaen Wilhelm - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Over the past 20 years, both the typical age and co-morbidity of patients referred for aortic valve replacement (AVR) have increased. In order to assess the effect of these changes on hospital complications, an evaluation was conducted of patient characteristics within this time period. ...
Suh William M - - 2007
Decision to select unprotected left main (ULM) stenting versus coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) depends on a multiplicity of factors, one of the most critical of which is myocardial viability. Delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has emerged as a useful means of comprehensively evaluating viable myocardium in ...
Wagner Brandie D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A debate exists whether obesity is a risk factor for operative mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The contradictory findings in the literature may largely be attributable to the variety of methodological approaches used to model the association between body mass index (BMI) and post-CABG outcomes. This ...
Fattouch Khalil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory cascade has been hypothesized to be an important mechanism of post-ischaemic myocardial reperfusion injury and several studies demonstrated that C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) is effective in post-ischaemia myocardial protection. Therefore, we aimed to investigate prospectively in a randomised double-blind study the cardioprotective effects of C1-INH in ST ...
Jakobsen Carl-Johan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible cardioprotective effect of sevoflurane versus propofol anesthesia in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Ten thousand five hundred thirty-five consecutive single cardiac surgical procedures from 3 cardiac centers were reported to a common registry from 1999 to 2005. The registry ...
Sokos George G - - 2007
Increasing evidence suggests that tight glycemic control improves clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the risk for hypoglycemia with insulin often results in less aggressive glycemic control. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a naturally occurring peptide whose insulinotropic effects are predicated on the glucose concentration, minimizing the risk ...
Jalal Anjum - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare myocardial injury caused by 3 commonly used methods for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A prospective randomized study conducted at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study started in February 2003 and concluded in April 2004 after including 45 patients (15 patients ...
Youn Young-Nam - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the role of the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) in the prediction of early-term and mid-term mortality in patients undergoing isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). METHODS: From January 2002 to August 2006, 757 consecutive patients underwent isolated OPCAB. The patients' operative ...
Kamiya Masataka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thus far, the outcome and effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery on the quality of life of octogenarian patients has not been accurately assessed in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of the outcome of invasive coronary revascularization in 130 elderly ...
Leineweber Kirsten - - 2007
In vitro, the Arg389Gly-beta(1)-adrenoceptor (AR) polymorphism exhibits decreased receptor signaling. In vivo, dobutamine infusion evoked smaller heart rate and/or contractility increases in subjects carrying Gly389Gly-beta(1)AR vs subjects carrying Arg389Arg-beta(1)AR. The aim of this study was to find out whether the Arg389Gly-beta(1)AR polymorphism might also determine demand of catecholamine-induced inotropic support ...
Mihaljevic Tomislav - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to determine whether mitral valve (MV) annuloplasty benefits patients with moderate/severe (3+/4+) functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation is a strong predictor of poor outcomes in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy; whether correcting it at ...
Yeo Khung Keong - - 2007
The importance of differences in clinical characteristics between ethnic groups on operative mortality of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been clarified. Data reporting to the California CABG outcomes reporting program is mandated under state law in California. Data from 121 hospitals in 2003 were analyzed, including clinical characteristics ...
Cheng Cheng-I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although catheter-induced left main coronary artery (LMCA) dissection is a rare complication of coronary catheterization, it is a common cause of periprocedural mortality. Emergent coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is the mainstay for managing this acute complication. However, hemodynamic deterioration may progress while patients await emergent CABG; consequently, a ...
Peeceeyen C S - - 2007
Background Surgical angioplasty of left main coronary artery (LMCA) in critical left main stenosis has been described as an alternative to CABG to restore antegrade coronary perfusion. We review our experience with onlay saphenous vein patch augmentation for ostial and short segment proximal left main stenosis in selected patients. Methods ...
Barlis Peter - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for high-grade stenosis of the left main coronary artery with bare-metal stents has been limited by restenosis, and most patients are managed with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Recently, drug-eluting stents (DES) have reduced instent restenosis after PCI, but their role in the treatment of ...
Zielinska Marzenna - - 2007
AIMS: There is a group of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), who, according to results of emergency coronary angiography and regardless of performed or not performed primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), are qualified for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The authors have not found a publication that focuses ...
Kurlansky P A - - 2007
AIM: The feasibility of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) concomitant with aortic valve replacement (AVR) is well established. However, its impact on long-term patient-perceived quality of life (QoL) in the elderly remains undefined. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on 866 patients 65 years of age and over who underwent AVR ...
Kim Do-Kyun - - 2007
Urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has a higher mortality rate than elective CABG. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of urgent CABG. From July 1992 to May 2005, 104 patients underwent urgent CABG. All patients required an urgent surgical revascularization within 24 hr of ...
Pöling Jochen - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Microdialysis allows the in vivo biochemical analysis of interstitial fluids. Our aim was to reveal in vivo reliable data of the myocardium during open beating heart surgery. DESIGN: In ten patients undergoing routine beating coronary artery bypass grafting a microdialysis catheter was inserted into the left ventricle. Measurements were ...
Pusca Sorin V - - 2007
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of heart failure in Western countries. Selected patients who have low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and CAD clearly benefit from coronary revascularization with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). CABG results seem to be superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ...
Mizutani Shinichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear how cardioplegic arrest affects surgical results after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). This study compares early outcomes after on-pump beating-heart CABG and conventional CABG. METHODS: From 2002 to 2005, 114 patients underwent on-pump beating-heart CABG. Multivariate logistic regression revealed five characteristics according to which technique ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >