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Sun Xiumei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative vasoplegic syndrome (PVS) is a potentially lethal condition with increased mortality and other postoperative morbidities. Many previous studies have examined the outcomes associated with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, little is known about the incidence of PVS after off-pump CABG. METHODS: From November 21, 2005 to ...
Wee Christina C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether obesity accelerates atherogenic progression or adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for developing coronary heart disease. Whether obesity accelerates disease progression after CABG is unclear. METHODS: We examined how body mass index (BMI) related to ...
Davoodi Saeed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Survival benefit with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients with left ventricular dysfunction is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the early results of CABG that predict 30-day mortality and prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS) after isolated CABG and ...
Mujanović Emir - - 2008
This study investigated outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), who needed conversion to CPB. Between September, 1998 and September, 2003, 1000 CABG procedures were performed in a Cardiovascular Clinic, University Clinical Centre Tuzla. Multivessel CABG were selected arbitrarily for CABG without CPB (OPCAB) ...
Mack Michael J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have compared coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, results of these trials in select patients may not accurately reflect current clinical practice using drug-eluting stents (DES) and off-pump CABG. We undertook a prospective registry of coronary revascularization by CABG on-pump and off-pump, ...
Darwazah A K - - 2008
AIM: Left ventricular function is an independent predictor of operative mortality. The outcome of myocardial revascularization is greatly affected by the severity of impairment of cardiac function. The present study was undertaken to find the early and midterm mortality and morbidity among patients with different degrees of myocardial function undergoing ...
Myredal Anna - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular arrhythmias are uncommon after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but the incidence and mortality are high in certain subsets of patients during the early recovery after surgery. Elevated temporal lability of myocardial repolarization has been associated with sudden cardiac death. The aim of the current study was to ...
Barandon Laurent - - 2008
Left ventricle dysfunction and comorbidities are responsible for a large number of complications after CABG. OPCAB could be an interesting alternative for very high-risk patients. Patients were included if EuroSCORE >9, or with at least two of the following criteria, severe LV dysfunction, recent myocardial infarction (MI), terminal renal failure, ...
Van der Heyden J - - 2008
In the absence of randomized trials, the optimal management of patients who present with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease remains an enduring controversy, with much of the debate revolving around whether staged or synchronous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) will reduce peri-operative morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Although encouraging results ...
Khoynezhad Ali - - 2008
The pharmacology characteristics of dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCB) make them an attractive antihypertensive medication for use in the perioperative setting of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. They lack the negative inotropic, negative chronotropic, and negative bathmotropic effects of phenylalkylamine and benzothiazepine CCB that limit the use in patients ...
Viaro Fernanda - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There were strong evidences that nitric oxide has capital importance in the progressive vasodilatation associated with varied circulatory shock forms, including systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), in patients undergoing cardiac surgeries for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). If CPB procedures, per se, are the inciting stimulus for inflammation, plasma ...
Totaro Pasquale - - 2008
Since its introduction into clinical practice, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) has become the most popular cardiac surgery procedure and, despite the challenge of cardiology interventional revascularization, an average of 1000 procedures per 1 million inhabitants are performed in Western countries annually. In the last decade, due to significant improvements ...
Triggiani M - - 2008
Patients with end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy (IHD) and left ventricular (LV) dilatation are increasingly treated by means of surgical ventricular restoration (SVR). In some patients, SVR can delay heart transplantation (HTX). We retrospectively analyzed our experience, trying to ascertain whether HTX after a failed SVR (fSVR) carried a greater mortality risk. ...
Rastan Ardawan Julian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the current patient population regarding extent and pattern of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a routine cardiac catheterization practice with special focus on de-novo three-vessel coronary artery and/or left main disease (3-VD/LM) during enrolment in the SYNTAX study (synergy between PCI with Taxus drug-eluting stent and cardiac ...
Timaran Carlos H - - 2008
The management of concurrent carotid and coronary artery disease is controversial. Although single-center observational studies have revealed acceptable outcomes of combined carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), community-based outcomes have been substantially inferior. Recently, carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been introduced for the management of high-risk patients ...
Lorentzen Anne-Grethe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It has been argued that venous oxygen saturation from a central venous catheter (ScvO(2)) could be an inexpensive alternative to mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)). The aim was to evaluate whether ScvO(2) measurements could replace SvO(2) readings after cardiac surgery and to analyze factors influencing any differences found. DESIGN: ...
O'Connor Gerald T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the concordance between the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) 2004 Guideline Update for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and actual clinical practice. BACKGROUND: There is substantial geographic variability in the population-based rates of coronary artery ...
Brilakis Emmanouil S - - 2008
We examined the effects of intensive statin therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) participating in the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE-IT TIMI 22) and the Aggrastat to Zocor (A to Z) trials. Of ...
Patel Jagruti A - - 2008
Monoclonal antibodies are antibodies that are identical because they were produced by one type of immune cell, all clones of a single parent cell. This has become an important tool in biochemistry, molecular biology and medicine. The role of complement system in inflammation has been well established. Inflammation is a ...
Eckardt R - - 2008
Rising age, repeated percutaneous coronary revascularizations, and co-morbidity such as overweight, diabetes, and hypertension, characterize a change over the last 20-30 years in coronary patients referred to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This patient group represents a great part of today's large and increasing patient population with heart failure, and ...
Harjai Kishore J - - 2008
A recent observational study of coronary artery graft (CABG) versus drug-eluting stents (DES) performed in the state of New York reported that CABG was superior to DES for multivessel disease. Our comment provides rational criticism of this study, reviews the data that support a role for DES in the management ...
Hochholzer Willibald - - 2008
New European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology guidelines classify patients with acute coronary syndrome and increased cardiac troponins as non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who would have been classified as unstable angina pectoris (UAP) using the older World Health Organization (WHO) definition. The optimal revascularization strategy in these patients ...
Tejada Julio G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients undergoing percutaneous interventions (PI) have experienced previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). However, the impact of PI on outcomes in such patients is currently unclear. We evaluated the immediate and 1-year clinical outcomes of post-CABG patients who underwent PI in a tertiary center. ...
Shah Sanjiv J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this post hoc analysis from the TNT (Treating to New Targets) trial is to determine whether patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery achieved clinical benefit from intensive low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering. BACKGROUND: The development and progression of atherosclerosis is accelerated in coronary venous ...
Al-Khatib Sana M - - 2008
We conducted this study to examine the effect of the ICD on the outcomes of patients with prior coronary revascularization enrolled in the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT) and to assess the association of time from coronary revascularization to enrollment with death and sudden cardiac death (SCD). ...
Alamanni Francesco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Complete myocardial revascularization is the standard for coronary artery bypass grafting. It has been shown, however, that off-pump coronary bypass surgery (OPCAB) may reduce completeness of revascularization without affecting perioperative myocardial infarction rates. We evaluated the influence of OPCAB on major postoperative events in a large consecutive cohort of ...
Bajraktari Gani - - 2008
AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction may be associated with compromised stroke volume, which may be caused by asynchrony, reflected on the prolongation of isovolumic time (t-IVT). To assess the prognostic role of Doppler echocardiographic measurements in predicting cardiac events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS: The ...
Neuhäuser C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: S-(+)-ketamine anaesthesia carries potential benefits for the cardiovascularly compromised patient. However, the use of S-(+)-ketamine in ischaemic coronary artery disease is controversial. In a prospective, randomized, clinical trial, we have investigated whether an S-(+)-ketamine-based anaesthetic protocol leads to increased cardiac troponin T levels (cTnT) after coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Marasco Silvana F - - 2008
The popularity of off-pump (beating heart) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was initially stimulated by numerous theoretical benefits including lower incidence of stroke and neurocognitive dysfunction. With a postoperative stroke rate of less than 1% for elective CABG, it has been very difficult to demonstrate any significant differences in this ...
Pegg Tammy J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Off-pump CABG (OPCABG) results in better preservation of left ventricular function in the perioperative period than conventional on-pump CABG (ONCABG); however, evidence is conflicting as to the effect of OPCABG and ONCABG on right ventricular (RV) function, possibly because of the complexity involved in measuring this. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Park Duk-Woo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have compared the treatment effects of percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the long-term outcomes beyond 1 year among patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES) or CABG have not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Massoudy Parwis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious and frequent complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was identified as a major AKI risk factor after CABG. Our aim was to assess the impact of the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) compared to the on-pump coronary artery ...
Konstance Richard P - - 2008
Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce subsequent revascularization procedures. Although randomized trials have compared DES to brachytherapy and balloon angioplasty (PTCA) for in-stent restenosis, few long-term comparisons have been made to bare metal stents (BMS) or bypass surgery (CABG), particularly following second procedures. We sought to assess the association between revascularization modality ...
Carrier M - - 2008
AIM: Aortic cross-clamp time remains a significant marker of mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate (MC-1), blocking purinergic receptors and intracellular influx of calcium, was shown to decrease the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction in the prospective, randomized, double-blinded MC-1 to Eliminate Necrosis and Damage ...
Kamdar Apur R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Redo cardiothoracic surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared with primary operations. Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) delineates the course of previous coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) and proximity of mediastinal structures to the chest wall. We sought to determine if high-risk preoperative MDCTA findings were associated ...
Ivanov Joan - - 2008
To evaluate survival and readmissions to hospital for cardiac events or coronary revascularization (REVASC) in patients having off-pump (OPCAB) versus conventional on-pump (CCAB) coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Of 11,368 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG between 1996 and 2002, 514 had OPCAB surgery. Using propensity scores, 503 CCAB patients ...
Alexiou K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The mortality risk associated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after acute myocardial infarction remains controversial. The objective of the present study was therefore to analyze the outcome and predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients (pts) referred to CABG with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January ...
Taggart David P - - 2008
For coronary artery disease with unprotected left main stem (LMS) stenosis, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is traditionally regarded as the "standard of care" because of its well-documented and durable survival advantage. There is now an increasing trend to use drug-eluting stents for LMS stenosis rather than CABG despite very ...
Peovska Irena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Myocardial viability is an important parameter, predictive of improvement in left ventricular function after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). We wanted to define the relationship between the extent of hibernated myocardium and improvement in ejection fraction function and quality of life after CABG. METHODS: Sixty-five consecutive patients with ischaemic ...
Bulat Cristijan - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare two different surgical approaches to patients with coexistent significant carotid and coronary artery obstruction. Patients were treated with combined operation of carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting (CEA/CABG). The first group of patients underwent the CABG procedure with the cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Toutouzas Konstantinos - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of lesions located in the proximal segment of the left anterior descending artery (pLAD), either with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention, in patients with diabetes mellitus has been associated with an unfavourable outcome. The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term ...
Berry Colin C British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2008
Morbidity following CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) is difficult to predict and leads to increased healthcare costs. We hypothesized that pre-operative CMR (cardiac magnetic resonance) findings would predict resource utilization in elective CABG. Over a 12-month period, patients requiring elective CABG were invited to undergo CMR 1 day prior to ...
Roberts-Thomson Kurt C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize the conduction properties of the posterior left atrium (PLA) in patients with different forms of structural heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: The PLA plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: This study included 34 patients having elective ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is effective in relieving angina and improving survival and quality of life in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease; however, recurrent angina, myocardial infarction, neurological injury, and death can occur in the perioperative and postoperative period. MC-1 (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate) is a novel agent ...
Farkouh Michael E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prior randomized trials suggested that revascularization of diabetic patients by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) produced results superior to balloon angioplasty. The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs) calls into question the relevance of past studies to the current era. The FREEDOM Trial is designed to determine whether CABG or ...
Nakamura Masanori - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atheromatous aorta and carotid artery disease are known predictors for stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The clinical significance of intracranial cerebral artery disease is not known. This study was designed to determine whether a therapeutic strategy based on perioperative detection of intracranial and extracranial occlusive cerebrovascular disease ...
Subramaniam Kathirvel - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of statins on morbidity and mortality in patients after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care teaching hospital. MEASUREMENTS: Data from 2497 adult patients who underwent isolated CABG between January 2002 and June 2004 were studied. Patient characteristics and ...
Raivio Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The generation of thrombin and its procoagulant activity are upregulated during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Thrombophilia associates with increased basal thrombin generation and might therefore propagate thrombin generation during CPB. The objective of this study was to test whether preoperative thrombophilic variables associate with increased generation of thrombin or its ...
Hubacek Jaroslav - - 2008
The best therapeutic strategy for patients with double-vessel coronary artery disease and proximal left anterior descending artery involvement (2VD + pLAD) is not clear. To compare the survival experience of a cohort of cardiac catheterization patients with 2VD + pLAD based on chosen therapeutic strategy (medical management versus percutaneous coronary ...
Hannan Edward L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have compared the outcomes of two competing interventions for multivessel coronary artery disease: coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and coronary stenting. However, little information has become available since the introduction of drug-eluting stents. METHODS: We identified patients with multivessel disease who received drug-eluting stents or underwent CABG in ...
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