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Joshi Subodh B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A reduction in right ventricular function commonly occurs in the early postoperative period after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). We sought to determine the longer-term effect of CABG on right ventricular function. METHODS: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed before and approximately 3 months after surgery in 28 ...
El-Chami Mikhael F - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the association between new-onset atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (post-operative atrial fibrillation [POAF]) and long-term mortality in patients with no history of atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND: POAF predicts longer hospital stay and greater post-operative mortality. METHODS: A total of 16,169 consecutive patients with ...
Muta Hiromi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for stenotic lesions after Kawasaki disease. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaires were sent to pediatricians in Japan in hospitals with 100 or more beds. A total of 1637 questionnaires were sent, and 1347 (82%) were ...
Welsh Robert C - - 2010
We sought to compare outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without previous coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). Limited information exists regarding procedural success and clinical outcomes of STEMI patients with CABG undergoing primary PCI. The APEX-AMI (Assessment of Pexelizumab in ...
Elenbaas Ted W O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mediastinitis is a serious complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We studied the risk factors for the development of postoperative mediastinitis in a large group of patients who underwent isolated CABG at Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. METHODS: Data of all patients undergoing an isolated CABG between January ...
Reber Delawer - - 2010
The technique of miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass (M-CPB) for beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is relatively new and has potential advantages when compared to conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). M-CPB consists of less tubing length and requires less priming volume. The system is phosphorylcholine coated and results in minimal pump-related inflammatory ...
Lee Michael S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. The current American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines recommend CABG ...
John Jerry M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the need for prophylactic internal cardiac defibrillators among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathies should be deferred until at least 3 months after revascularization procedures to allow adequate time for recovery of ventricular function. METHODS: Among patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Ramakrishna Harish - - 2010
The hybrid operating room is the venue for transcatheter therapy with the convergence of 3 specialties: cardiac surgery, cardiovascular anesthesiology, and interventional cardiology. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is proof that cardiac specialists have embraced the endovascular revolution. Because pharmacologic conditioning and ischemic myocardial conditioning are safe and effective, they are ...
Nardi Paolo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) for postinfarction left ventricular anterior aneurysm improves left ventricular function. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether concomitant multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD) can affect long-term outcome. Thus, long-term results of SVR associated with multiple coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for MVCAD (group ...
Svedjeholm Rolf - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Adverse outcome after CABG is closely related to postoperative heart failure precipitated by ischemia and myocardial infarction. Restrictive use of inotropes is therefore desirable. Patients with preoperative left ventricular dysfunction are a high-risk group in this respect. To reduce myocardial oxygen expenditure we evolved a metabolic strategy for perioperative ...
Hong Deok Man - - 2010
We hypothesized that, even in patients taking aspirin, the variance of preoperative platelet response to collagen might be associated with myocardial injury during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between preoperative whole-blood aggregometry (WBA) by collagen and the postoperative myocardial injuries. For 44 patients who ...
Shimizu Tsuyoshi - - 2010
The optimal revascularization strategy for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease in the era of drug-eluting stents (DES) has become more controversial between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Since April 2004, 89 patients underwent CABG, including 82 (92.1%) off-pump procedures and 63 patients underwent ...
Jebeli Mohammad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myocardial dysfunction needing inotropic support is a typical complication after on-pump cardiac surgery. In this study, we evaluate the effect of milrinone on patients with ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: Seventy patients with impaired left ventricular function [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 35%] undergoing ...
Blendea Dan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The coronary sinus (CS) is often distorted in patients with advanced cardiomyopathy, making CS cannulation difficult. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of the underlying cardiac pathology on the variability of the CS anatomy, using rotational coronary venous angiography (RCVA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients ...
Danner Bernhard C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Emergent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) for acute myocardial infarction is associated with an increased operative risk. For estimation of mortality risk, the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) is appropriate up to a medium risk score (<6 points). To predict mortality risk more accurately in ...
Carrel Thierry - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndrome clearly recommend that clopidogrel should be started before diagnostic coronary angiography. If patients undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) early after clopidogrel loading or during continued exposure, it seems reasonable to expect an increase in bleeding complications. RECENT ...
Buszman Piotr P - - 2009
Surgical myocardial revascularization (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCA) is a Class I recommendation in the AHA/ACC guidelines, however it is associated with increased perioperative risk in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). The aim of this study was to compare early and late results ...
Poppe Theresa - - 2009
Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines recommend loading clopidogrel >or=6 hours before percutaneous coronary intervention. Other American College of Cardiology guidelines advise withholding clopidogrel for 5 days before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to avoid excessive bleeding. Previously published rules for predicting early CABG after coronary angiography (CA) ...
Garvin Sean - - 2010
Low levels of antithrombin (AT) have been independently associated with prolonged intensive care unit stay and an increased incidence of neurologic and thromboembolic events after cardiac surgery. We hypothesized that perioperative AT activity is independently associated with postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft ...
Krzych Lukasz J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on the quality of life (QoL) is one of the important measures of the efficacy of the procedure. This issue in young, professionally active male patients has not been extensively studied. AIM: To assess QoL before and after on-pump CABG, and ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2009
Acute cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest (CS/CA) before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) installation are life-threatening events in acute coronary syndromes. We evaluated whether continuous retrograde warm-blood perfusion(CRWBP) before aortic cross-clamping (ACC),with immediate CPB installation may improve hospital results in these dreadful events. Hospital outcome of 18 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In coronary artery disease, the implementation of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme favourably affects cardiovascular prognosis. However, it remains uncertain whether patients benefit to a similar extent from CR after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this study, we have assessed whether CR ...
Bjessmo Staffan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) run increased risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Long-term survival is similar in ACS patients and patients with stable angina pectoris. This study analyzed the cardiac rehospitalization rate up to 10 years after CABG for ACS ...
Biccard B M - - 2009
Prospective randomised trials of coronary revascularisation prior to noncardiac surgery have shown no survival benefit following noncardiac surgery. However, these studies have not differentiated the outcomes associated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary interventions. We performed a meta-analysis of the randomised controlled trials of pre-operative coronary revascularisation ...
Sastry Priya - - 2010
Left-ventricular function has been shown to be an important prognostic factor in estimating operative risk in cardiac surgery. As such, left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is included in the EuroSCORE. However, left-ventricular function is more comprehensively assessed by measures of both systolic and diastolic dysfunction. We hypothesised that end-diastolic dysfunction is ...
Yadav Hemang - - 2010
The right ventricle (RV) may be selectively impaired following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We tested this hypothesis in two study parts: a prospective cohort undergoing CABG, and a retrospective cross-sectional cohort of heart-failure patients with and without a history of CABG. In the prospective study, 20 patients undergoing ...
Cooper William A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Race has been shown to be an independent risk factor for operative mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study sought to determine the extent to which race is a risk factor for adverse events, long-term mortality, and whether off-pump surgery (OPCAB) modifies that risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Yan Qiao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of drug-eluting stents (DES) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients suffering from chronic stable angina with multivessel disease, involving significant proximal stenosis in the left anterior descending artery (LAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients suffering ...
Perrotta Sossio - - 2009
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients undergoing surgical repair of post-infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD), does concomitant revascularization improve prognosis?'. The scientific literature was reviewed by searching Medline, using Ovid interface, from 1950 to April 2009. ...
Yoda Masataka - - 2009
The purpose of this prospective study is to analyze the postoperative outcome after only left ventricular reconstruction (LVR) versus LVR combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or mitral valve (MV) procedure in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) as a result of an akinetic anterior ventricular wall. Nineteen patients underwent only LVR, ...
Capodanno Davide - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to investigate the utility of the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) score in aiding patient selection for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in a large contemporary registry of patients undergoing revascularization of left ...
Sato Manabu - - 2009
A fast-track recovery in cardiac surgery yields many benefits, and early tracheal extubation is important as the first step. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the status of early tracheal extubation after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to find key factors for successful early tracheal extubation. ...
Qiao Yan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with drug-eluting stent (DES) for the treatment of diabetic patients with multivessel disease are relatively scarce although controversies exist concerning the relative efficacy of CABG versus DES. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of drug-eluting stent (DES) ...
Hirose Hitoshi - - 2009
EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation) used for calculating the risk of the postoperative mortality rate for patients undergoing open-heart surgery may be able to predict postoperative complications as well. Consecutive cases of isolated on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n=1552) performed between 1991 and 2006 at our ...
Amin Amit P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High values of both preoperative and postoperative cardiac troponin I (cTnI) contribute to higher rates of short-term cardiac events following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The prognostic value of very early cTnI in this context is unclear. HYPOTHESIS: Measurement of cTnI ...
Zamir Ali Gohar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of Coronary Endarterectomy (CE) in patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery for diffuse Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), in terms of postoperative mortality and morbidity, relief from angina and survival at one year. STUDY DESIGN: A case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department ...
Aldea Gabriel S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study analyzed and quantified perceptions that evolving percutaneous coronary intervention technologies changed referral patterns of patients with coronary artery disease and adversely impacted volumes, risk profiles, and outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS: Washington State's prospective clinical registry was used to analyze volumes, ...
Ebrahimi Ramin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the impact of upstream clopidogrel in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) from the ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY) trial. BACKGROUND: Despite benefits of clopidogrel in patients with NSTE-ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, ...
Hashemzadeh K - - 2009
AIM: All types of cardiac surgery involve considerable injury to the myocardium. However, little is known about the prognostic value of cardiac troponin (cTnI), which is a cardiac-specific biologic marker. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the prognostic value of cTnI concentrations measured 20 hours after the ...
Wang Zhi Jian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a strong predictor of mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but the relative efficacy of the 2 revascularization strategies in this context remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 1,069 patients with CKD undergoing revascularization for multivessel coronary disease ...
Nardi Paolo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a well-accepted therapeutic strategy for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term results after CABG in patients with preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 0.35 or less. METHODS: Data from ...
Gunaydin Serdar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We examined intraoperative microembolic signals (GME), inflammatory response, hemolysis, perioperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)), myocardial protection and desorbed protein amount on oxygenator fibers in high-risk patients undergoing coronary revascularization (CABG) with minimized and conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Over a ten-month period, 40 Euroscore 6+ patients undergoing CABG ...
Nishiyama Kei - - 2010
Limited data are available on long-term mortality and morbidity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischemic heart disease. We examined how COPD affects long-term mortality and morbidity after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We analyzed 9877 consecutive patients who underwent their ...
Miceli Antonio - - 2009
The optimal use of prophylactic intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) to prevent postcardiotomy low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) is still debated and poorly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether prophylactic IABP reduces the rate of postcardiotomy LCOS and improves the early outcome in hemodynamically stable, high-risk patients ...
Berry Colin - - 2009
AIMS: The number of patients presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (MI) and prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is increasing. We compared the baseline characteristics, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients with and without prior CABG in the VALIANT trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 14 703 patients with ...
Augoustides John G T - - 2009
The recent advances in the multidisciplinary management of coronary artery disease (CAD) have been significant. The assessment of patients before percutaneous coronary intervention is likely to change significantly. National compliance with clinical guidelines in the preprocedural assessment of myocardial ischemia should be encouraged. Multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography continues to ...
Ahmed Waleed A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction referred for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) continues to increase. The aim of this study was to document the long-term survival in this group. METHODS: The 30-day mortality and long-term survival outcome of 162 patients with severely depressed left ...
Roy Probal - - 2009
Performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at centers without cardiothoracic surgery is a contentious issue. Although this practice allows greater access to care, there are safety concerns. The aim was to assess the requirement for emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after PCI and characterize patients at highest risk using ...
Mark Daniel B DB Outcomes Research Group, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2009
Surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR) is used in conjunction with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) to improve left ventricular function and clinical outcomes in selected patients with ischemic heart failure. The impact of SVR on quality of life (QOL) and medical costs is unknown. We compared CABG plus SVR with ...
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