Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1419
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Wu Fei-Yi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) remains a challenge for patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of CABG in patients with LV dysfunction. METHODS: Medical records of 1,847 patients who underwent primary, isolated CABG at ...
Weir Ian - - 2006
The near exponential rise in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and the consequent decline in referral of patients for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has lead to a crisis in cardiac surgery. Is CABG, one of the most successful and widely applied surgical ...
Tritapepe L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The calcium sensitizer levosimendan protects against myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion injury in animal models. METHODS: The present pilot study investigated whether a short infusion before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) would protect the myocardium and improve postoperative haemodynamics. Twenty-four patients with stable angina undergoing elective CABG surgery were randomized ...
Liddicoat John R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce the incidence of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention and have been predicted to decrease the number of patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of DES on the number and characteristics of patients referred ...
Bonacchi M - - 2006
AIM: In patients with unstable angina (UA) undergoing nonelective myocardial revascularization we compare the outcomes of skeletonized bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) vs left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) vs SVGs only. METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2003, 758 patients: 612 (80.7%) males, mean age ...
Sasahashi Nozomu - - 2006
Delayed saphenous vein graft (SVG) rupture following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is an unusual but potentially fatal complication. Herein we report a case of SVG rupture 18 years after CABG. A 75-year-old man had undergone a CABG with SVG in 1987 at another institution. In 2004 the patient developed ...
Arora Rohit - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardioprotective strategies implemented to prevent ischemic events in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease have decreased morbidity and prolonged survival. In this review, we have used evidence-based medicine and number-needed-to-treat (NNT) analyses to determine which interventions are most beneficial in minimizing ischemic events and prolonging survival following ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequate timing of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In our institution, emergency CABG has been avoided when possible for ACS patients favoring stabilization with medical therapies, including intra-aortic balloon pumping or percutaneous coronary intervention. ...
Srivastava Sudhir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Internal thoracic arteries (ITA) have been shown to offer longer graft patency. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) through small lateral thoracotomy has been reported. The present study deals with feasibility of using bilateral ITAs (BITA) in CABG through small lateral thoracotomy facilitated by the da Vinci robotic ...
Wasir Harpreet - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although quality assessment of coronary artery patients can be done by 30 days risk-adjusted operative mortality, it is still insufficient to study the outcome after primary coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In our study, we attempted to determine the factors, which can help predict operative mortality before and ...
Karhunen Janne P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Sudden hemodynamic collapse after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a complication with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore factors possibly predictive of this major complication. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, department of cardiothoracic surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Between 1988 and 1999, ...
Osaka Motoo - - 2006
We measured the hydroxyl radical (.OH) generation in fourteen patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), of whom seven patients underwent on-pump CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and seven patients underwent off-pump CABG without CPB. To detect .OH generation, we measured the urinary excretion of .OH products of creatinine (Cr), ...
Tugtekin S M - - 2006
Redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared to primary operation. Myocardial protection is one of the key issues in redo on pump CABG and is still a matter of debate. Off pump redo CABG seems to be an attractive alternative as native ...
Bradshaw Pamela J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term survivors of coronary artery bypass surgery is an important outcome that has been little studied at the population level. METHODS: A postal survey was conducted in 1999 to 2000 in patients 6 to 20 years after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery ...
Kosuge Keiichiro - - 2006
To investigate risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), we analyzed the clinical parameters of patients with a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in a case-control study. Eighty-eight patients (75 males and 13 females) who underwent CABG surgery between 2001 and 2002 were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls ...
Cavalca Viviana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response and by an increased production of reactive oxygen species, whereas off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is thought to be accompanied by less oxidative stress. Urinary isoprostane iPF2alpha-III is a new marker reflecting oxidative stress; ...
Kjaergard Henrik K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the incidence and analyse and outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) within the first year after randomisation of 1,572 patients with acute myocardial infarctions with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) to either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or fibrinolysis. DESIGN: The study includes 131 patients: 108 male and 23 ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) due to left main coronary (LMT) disease remain unclear. This study aimed to assess prognoses for patients undergoing emergency CABG for ACS due to LMT disease. METHODS: One hundred and four patients undergoing emergency CABG for ...
Murphy Glenn S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Experimental studies have shown that opioids protect the myocardium from ischemic injury and that opioid cardioprotection is enhanced by the coadministration of volatile anesthetics. Previous data suggest that morphine produces a more potent cardioprotective effect than fentanyl. The present study investigated the effect of the choice of intraoperative opioid ...
Bhindi R - - 2006
A 60-year-old man experienced catastrophic haemodynamic decompensation 3 days following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Aspiration thrombectomy to remove a left main coronary artery saddle embolus resulted in immediate haemodynamic improvement with no requirement for angioplasty or repeat bypass grafting. Coronary thromboembolism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Nilsson Johan - - 2006
AIMS: To compare 19 risk score algorithms with regard to their validity to predict 30-day and 1-year mortality after cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Risk factors for patients undergoing heart surgery between 1996 and 2001 at a single centre were prospectively collected. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were used to ...
Lee Michael S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the clinical outcomes of consecutive, selected patients treated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. BACKGROUND: Although recent data suggest that PCI with DES provides better clinical outcomes compared ...
Kon Zachary N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It is believed that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) leads to hypercoagulability, but efforts to document such a state have been unrevealing. We hypothesized that OPCAB increases the risk of developing a regional hypercoagulable state. METHODS: Blood was obtained from the aorta and coronary sinus (CS) after CABG ...
Darwazah Ahmad K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Left ventricular dysfunction is an important predictor of in-hospital mortality. Surgical risk among these patients remains high. The present study is conducted to evaluate the difference in early morbidity and mortality among patients with compromised left ventricular function (LVF) after myocardial revascularization using either off-pump or on-pump ...
Vavlukis M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors that influence graft disease and native coronary arteries progression disease and prognostic implication of this process. BACKGROUND: Unsolved problem in CABG patients is progression of the disease in bypass grafts and native coronary arteries. METHODS: Data from 102 patients with CABG, who underwent re-coronarography, were analyzed: ...
Shih Joseph Juey-Ming - - 2006
Acute cholecystitis following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), although rare, is a potentially life-threatening consequence of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)procedures. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB), performed without sternotomy and without CPB, is perhaps the least traumatic type of CABG procedure.Nevertheless, we present 2 cases of acute cholecystitis following ...
Dogan Omer Faruk - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Currently, internal thoracic arteries (ITA) and radial arteries (RA) are the first choice of conduits for coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). Because the perioperative vasospasm continues to be a major problem, a number of pharmacologic agents such as papaverine, calcium receptor blockers, nitroglycerine, and phenoxybenzamine have been suggested as ...
Seccareccia Fulvia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: During the last decade, a worldwide growing interest in evaluating performance of health services through 'outcome studies' took place. This study started in early 2002 and represents the first National Health System (NHS) experience to evaluate adjusted performance indicators at national level. The aim of this study was to ...
Kassab Ghassan S - - 2006
Since its inception in the 1960s, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) evolved as one of the most common, best documented, and most effective of all major surgical treatments for ischemic heart disease. Despite its widespread use, however, the outcome is not always completely satisfactory. The objective of this review is ...
Hermann-Arnhof K M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether osteoprotegerin (OPG), an important regulator in the genesis of arteriosclerosis and bone formation, is able to identify patients at risk for perioperative myocardial infarction measured as cardiac troponin I (cTNI) and signs of myocardial ischemia in the electrocardiogram after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Observational ...
Rasmussen B S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lung function is often impaired after cardiac surgery performed under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Normothermic CPB has become more common, but it remains unknown whether it reduces post-operative lung function compared with hypothermic CPB. The aim of this study was to investigate oxygenation within the first 120 h after systemic ...
Yavuz Bunyamin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Imbalance in autonomic nervous system and impaired myocardial repolarization has been shown to increase the risk for arrhythmias in patients with coronary artery disease. This study evaluated the effects of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on heart rate variability and QT interval dynamicity in subjects with coronary artery disease ...
Girelli Domenico - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The independent prognostic impact, as well as the possible causal role, of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in coronary artery disease (CAD) is controversial. No previous study specifically has addressed the relationship between HHcy and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ...
Newall N - - 2006
The relationship between cardiac enzyme (CE) release following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and medium term outcome is unclear. We sought to determine the relationship between post-operative CE release and one-year survival following isolated CABG. Over three years 3,024 consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG. Patient characteristics were prospectively recorded in ...
Hawkes Anna Louise - - 2006
This review article summarizes the major studies that have investigated the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The article includes a review of the literature in the areas of: history of CABG; indications for CABG; and measurement of quality of life following CABG, including prolongation of life, physical ...
Haydar Ali A AA Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2006
Clopidogrel, in addition to aspirin, has become a common treatment of acute coronary syndrome and for stent thrombosis prevention, when given before percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. However, some patients turn out to have surgical coronary artery disease and are sent for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) where the irreversible effect ...
Wong Poo-Sing - - 2006
The endothelium of patients with coronary artery disease shows increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) using cardiopulmonary bypass. This, together with serotonin, may lead to coronary microvessel spasm, which potentially, can contribute to myocardial ischemia and injury after surgery. We performed a randomized, double-blind, ...
Chernov Vladimir I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function, as measured by serial neuropsychological testing, and cerebral perfusion, as measured by brain SPECT scanning in patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD) following off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Besides, the relationship between cerebral blood flow, cognitive ...
Heringlake M - - 2005
AIM: This study was designed to analyse the relationship between myocardial lactate--determined by microdialysis--and hemodynamics during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled for this prospective, observational study. Microdialysis measurements were performed in the apical region of the ...
Nollert Georg - - 2005
PURPOSE: Inflammation and coagulation disturbances are common consequences of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Recently, miniaturized closed CPB circuits without cardiotomy suction and venous reservoir have been proposed to reduce complication rates. We compared outcomes with conventional (CCPB) and miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass (MCPB) after coronary artery bypass operations (CABG) with respect to ...
Kiliçkan L - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) in patients with poor ventricular function undergoing conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) during the intraoperative and the postoperative period. METHODS: Eighty patients (n = 80) undergoing elective CABG surgery with cardiopulmobary bypass ...
Almeda Francis Q - - 2005
Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the major cardiovascular health issue in contemporary clinical practice. Treatment options for multivessel CAD include medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Here, the authors review the most recent data that compare intracoronary stenting to CABG in multivessel disease. They ...
Horvath Keith A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For sole therapy transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR), unstable angina has been demonstrated to be a significant independent predictor of operative mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate the preoperative risk profile of patients undergoing TMR plus coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and to determine the impact ...
Brener Sorin J - - 2006
AIMS: The optimal revascularization strategy in patients with symptomatic multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated all patients with previous CABG undergoing isolated, non-emergency multivessel revascularization between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2000. The analysis concentrated on ...
Yang Eric H - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the changes in incidence, clinical characteristics, and indications for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 1979 to 2003. BACKGROUND: Emergency CABG after PCI is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data ...
Wu Shiao-Chi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An inverse relationship between surgeon volume or hospital volume and mortality has been reported in Western countries, but seldom in Asia. METHODS AND RESULTS: The data of 4,724 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in Taiwan between 1(st) January 2000 and 31(st) ...
Sabik Joseph F JF - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hospital mortality for reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is approaching that of primary CABG. This raises two questions: (1) has experience neutralized the risk of reoperation attributable to its greater difficulty, or (2) has experience neutralized the risk attributable to the higher-risk profile of reoperative patients?. METHODS: From ...
Legutko Jacek - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Reliable assessment of clinical significance of borderline angiographic lesions found within the left main coronary artery (LM) is often impossible. Measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) is commonly used to verify borderline stenoses of the coronary arteries. However, the usefulness of FFR measurements has been validated only for arteries ...
Suemaru Shunji - - 2005
It is often hard to select a treatment strategy for equivocal left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. We investigated the usefulness of coronary pressure (CP) measurement for determining the treatment strategy in intermediate LMCA disease. We measured CP in 15 consecutive patients with equivocal LMCA disease (age 67.6 +/- 7.5 ...
Ahmad Usman - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk profile associated with surgical revascularization for mixed left main and left main equivalent diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients who underwent CABG from January 1997 and December 2002 were studied. 210 patients were included of which 30.5% (64) had left ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >