Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1449
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Akila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can now be performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. The former entails global ischemia followed by reperfusion after declamping, whereas the latter does not. In view of growing evidence that reperfusion is associated with oxidative stress, we studied the extent of oxidative stress and ...
Jönsson Anders - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyse early and late mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with and without left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis during the 30-year period 1970-1999. METHODS: A total of 1888 of 10,647 patients (18%) who underwent a first isolated CABG at the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, ...
Monteiro Pedro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Performance of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) during an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is mainly used in high-risk patients. Although potentially life-saving, patients undergoing early CABG are traditionally associated with a worse outcome than those not requiring CABG. Is this really true in an unselected ACS population? The aim ...
Kang Duk-Hyun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: For patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR), it is not clear whether adjunctive mitral valve (MV) repair at the time of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is beneficial. We sought to test the hypothesis that MV repair with CABG is superior to CABG alone in improving MR without ...
Hillis Graham S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are few data regarding medium-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, particularly in the modern era, and even less assessing preoperative factors that might identify patients at highest risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred seventy-nine consecutive patients with ...
Boodhwani Munir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive deficits (POCDs) are a source of morbidity and occur frequently even in low-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Predictors of neurocognitive deficits can identify potentially modifiable risk factors as well as high-risk patients in whom alternate revascularization strategies may be considered. METHODS AND RESULTS: 448 patients undergoing coronary ...
Kachhy Radha G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Symmetry Bypass Connector (St. Jude Medical) was developed to rapidly anastomose saphenous vein grafts to the aorta during coronary bypass surgery (CABG) without cross-clamping. Previous uncontrolled studies of this device observed vein graft closures at six months, possibly attributable to neointimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess the ...
Rastan Ardawan Julian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to compare the outcome of beating heart versus conventional coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) strategies in acute coronary syndromes for emergency indications. METHODS AND RESULTS: 638 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving emergency CABG surgery via midline sternotomy from January 2000 to ...
Sabik Joseph F JF - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reintervention after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is common. We sought to determine its occurrence and identify patient characteristics and operative techniques that influence the need or bias for reintervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1971 to 1998, 48,758 patients underwent primary isolated CABG, and 1000 patients per year were ...
Surgenor Stephen D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hemodilutional anemia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with increased mortality during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The impact of intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion to treat anemia during surgery is less understood. We examined the relationship between anemia during CPB, RBC transfusion, and risk of low-output ...
Hendrikx Marc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have shown that intracoronary infusion of bone marrow cells (BMCs) improves functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction. However, whether this treatment is effective in heart failure as a consequence of remodeling after organized infarcts remains unclear. In this randomized trial, we assessed the hypothesis that direct intramyocardial ...
Raivio P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) result in significant thrombin generation and activation of fibrinolysis. Thrombin contributes to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal studies, but the role of thrombin in myocardial damage after CABG is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We measured thrombin generation and fibrin turnover during reperfusion after ...
Gasz B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In addition to the well-investigated proinflammatory cytokine expression, there is an ever increasing interest in the field of anti-inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Evidence suggests that myocardium serves as an important source of cytokines during reperfusion and application of CPB. The effect of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) ...
Karthik S - - 2006
Over the last two decades, many studies have shown better long-term patency rates and survival in patients under-going coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). World-wide, LIMA is accepted as the 'gold standard' for surgical revascularisation and its usage ...
Cicekcioglu Ferit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To determine whether 500,000 KIU aprotinin is effective to reduce blood loss in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to evaluate the effects of this regimen on hematologic parameters. METHODS: Forty-four patients scheduled for primary CABG were randomly assigned to the aprotinin (n = 24) or control group (n ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize patterns of clopidogrel use before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and examine the drug's impact on risks for postoperative transfusions among patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS). BACKGROUND: Adherence in community practice to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for clopidogrel ...
Symons J A - - 2006
Previous studies have investigated the role of volatile anaesthetic agents in myocardial protection during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and some have identified beneficial effects. However, these studies have been too small to identify a significant effect on myocardial infarction (MI) or mortality. We undertook a systematic overview and ...
Heidecker Jay - - 2006
Pleural effusions are common after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and can be categorized by time intervals: perioperative (within the first week), early (within 1 month), late (2-12 months), or persistent (after 6 months). The perioperative effusions are usually attributable to diaphragm dysfunction or internal mammary artery harvesting and ...
Peric Vladan M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although the fact that chest pain has a negative influence on the quality of life is well known, it is not completely clear whether the preoperative severity of angina can be a predictor of the quality of life change after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We studied 243 ...
Osswald B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Over the last years, there has been a clear trend that an increasing number of patients are admitted for CABG with advanced disease, complex pathomorphological alterations and impaired left ventricular function. The necessity of performing extensive reconstructive coronary surgery rather than coronary bypass grafting, in its original sense, is ...
Debing Erik - - 2006
We compared early outcome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients (n = 857 with 1,011 CEA interventions) with and without chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). Two groups were compared: a group with normal renal function (n = 909) and a group with CRI (creatinine >/=1.5 mg/dL and clearance of </=30 mL/min, ...
Thielmann Matthias - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative graft failure following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) results in acute myocardial ischemia/infarction (PMI), which may necessitate an acute secondary revascularization procedure to salvage myocardium, in order to preserve ventricular function and improve patient outcome. Whether acute percutaneous coronary (re)intervention (PCI), emergency reoperation, or conservative intensive care treatment ...
Kangasniemi Olli-Pekka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with the presence and severity of atherosclerosis, and with increased risk of coronary events as well as of cardiac events after coronary percutaneous intervention. METHODS: We have investigated whether preoperative CRP had an impact on the long-term outcome of 843 patients ...
Xiong Glen L - - 2006
Depression is increasingly recognized as an independent prognostic risk factor in patients with coronary artery disease and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for depression in patients with cardiac disease is becoming more prevalent. We examined the long-term outcomes of patients on SSRIs ...
Palmerini Tullio - - 2006
Although great interest exists in the relative efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis, data comparing the 2 strategies are scant. Furthermore, no comparison has ever been performed between CABG and drug-eluting stents in this ...
Reeves Barnaby C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Many studies have described reduced morbidity in hospital and equivalent midterm outcomes with off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery compared to conventional CABG (CABG-CPB). However, OPCAB is sometimes converted acutely to CABG-CPB. We describe the risk of acute conversion and compare patients' outcomes for acutely converted OPCAB with unconverted ...
Wu Fei-Yi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) remains a challenge for patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of CABG in patients with LV dysfunction. METHODS: Medical records of 1,847 patients who underwent primary, isolated CABG at ...
Weir Ian - - 2006
The near exponential rise in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and the consequent decline in referral of patients for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has lead to a crisis in cardiac surgery. Is CABG, one of the most successful and widely applied surgical ...
Shapira Oz M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is increasing. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcomes of patients with severe LVD undergoing CABG. METHODS: Outcomes of 115 consecutive patients with severe LVD (left ventricular ejection ...
Stieh Jürgen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the impact of specific intensive care procedures on preoperative hemodynamics, incidence of preoperative organ dysfunction, and in-hospital mortality among neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with pulmonary overcirculation and to assess the influence of the change in preoperative management on early postoperative outcome. ...
Tritapepe L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The calcium sensitizer levosimendan protects against myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion injury in animal models. METHODS: The present pilot study investigated whether a short infusion before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) would protect the myocardium and improve postoperative haemodynamics. Twenty-four patients with stable angina undergoing elective CABG surgery were randomized ...
Liddicoat John R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce the incidence of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention and have been predicted to decrease the number of patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of DES on the number and characteristics of patients referred ...
Bonacchi M - - 2006
AIM: In patients with unstable angina (UA) undergoing nonelective myocardial revascularization we compare the outcomes of skeletonized bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) vs left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) vs SVGs only. METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2003, 758 patients: 612 (80.7%) males, mean age ...
Sasahashi Nozomu - - 2006
Delayed saphenous vein graft (SVG) rupture following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is an unusual but potentially fatal complication. Herein we report a case of SVG rupture 18 years after CABG. A 75-year-old man had undergone a CABG with SVG in 1987 at another institution. In 2004 the patient developed ...
Srivastava Sudhir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Internal thoracic arteries (ITA) have been shown to offer longer graft patency. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) through small lateral thoracotomy has been reported. The present study deals with feasibility of using bilateral ITAs (BITA) in CABG through small lateral thoracotomy facilitated by the da Vinci robotic ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequate timing of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In our institution, emergency CABG has been avoided when possible for ACS patients favoring stabilization with medical therapies, including intra-aortic balloon pumping or percutaneous coronary intervention. ...
Wasir Harpreet - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although quality assessment of coronary artery patients can be done by 30 days risk-adjusted operative mortality, it is still insufficient to study the outcome after primary coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In our study, we attempted to determine the factors, which can help predict operative mortality before and ...
Arora Rohit - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardioprotective strategies implemented to prevent ischemic events in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease have decreased morbidity and prolonged survival. In this review, we have used evidence-based medicine and number-needed-to-treat (NNT) analyses to determine which interventions are most beneficial in minimizing ischemic events and prolonging survival following ...
Karhunen Janne P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Sudden hemodynamic collapse after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a complication with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore factors possibly predictive of this major complication. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, department of cardiothoracic surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Between 1988 and 1999, ...
Bradshaw Pamela J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term survivors of coronary artery bypass surgery is an important outcome that has been little studied at the population level. METHODS: A postal survey was conducted in 1999 to 2000 in patients 6 to 20 years after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery ...
Cavalca Viviana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response and by an increased production of reactive oxygen species, whereas off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is thought to be accompanied by less oxidative stress. Urinary isoprostane iPF2alpha-III is a new marker reflecting oxidative stress; ...
Kjaergard Henrik K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the incidence and analyse and outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) within the first year after randomisation of 1,572 patients with acute myocardial infarctions with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) to either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or fibrinolysis. DESIGN: The study includes 131 patients: 108 male and 23 ...
Tugtekin S M - - 2006
Redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared to primary operation. Myocardial protection is one of the key issues in redo on pump CABG and is still a matter of debate. Off pump redo CABG seems to be an attractive alternative as native ...
Kosuge Keiichiro - - 2006
To investigate risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD), we analyzed the clinical parameters of patients with a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in a case-control study. Eighty-eight patients (75 males and 13 females) who underwent CABG surgery between 2001 and 2002 were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls ...
Osaka Motoo - - 2006
We measured the hydroxyl radical (.OH) generation in fourteen patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), of whom seven patients underwent on-pump CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and seven patients underwent off-pump CABG without CPB. To detect .OH generation, we measured the urinary excretion of .OH products of creatinine (Cr), ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) due to left main coronary (LMT) disease remain unclear. This study aimed to assess prognoses for patients undergoing emergency CABG for ACS due to LMT disease. METHODS: One hundred and four patients undergoing emergency CABG for ...
Murphy Glenn S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Experimental studies have shown that opioids protect the myocardium from ischemic injury and that opioid cardioprotection is enhanced by the coadministration of volatile anesthetics. Previous data suggest that morphine produces a more potent cardioprotective effect than fentanyl. The present study investigated the effect of the choice of intraoperative opioid ...
Bhindi R - - 2006
A 60-year-old man experienced catastrophic haemodynamic decompensation 3 days following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Aspiration thrombectomy to remove a left main coronary artery saddle embolus resulted in immediate haemodynamic improvement with no requirement for angioplasty or repeat bypass grafting. Coronary thromboembolism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Nilsson Johan - - 2006
AIMS: To compare 19 risk score algorithms with regard to their validity to predict 30-day and 1-year mortality after cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Risk factors for patients undergoing heart surgery between 1996 and 2001 at a single centre were prospectively collected. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were used to ...
Lee Michael S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the clinical outcomes of consecutive, selected patients treated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. BACKGROUND: Although recent data suggest that PCI with DES provides better clinical outcomes compared ...
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