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Potter Brian - - 2010
The present article describes the case of a 70-year-old woman who developed a classic type takotsubo cardiomyopathy after receiving cosmetic sclerotherapy for varicose veins of the legs with sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STS) injections. The patient was in her usual state of health before the injections, and described no apprehension leading ...
Nikoli? Heitzler Vjeran - - 2010
The Republic of Croatia, with a gross domestic product per capita of US$11,554 in 2008, is an economically less-developed Western country. The goal of the present investigation was to prove that a well-organized primary percutaneous coronary intervention network in an economically less-developed country equalizes the prospects of all patients with ...
Hall?n Jonas - - 2010
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytics, electrocardiogram-derived measures of ST-segment recovery guide therapy decisions and predict infarct size. The comprehension of these relationships in patients undergoing mechanical reperfusion is limited. We studied 144 patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We aimed to define the association ...
Jensen Christoph J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and prognostic importance of the cardiac MRI finding of right ventricular involvement in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients (41 men, nine women; mean age, 58 +/- 11 years) with first-ST-segment elevation ...
Andersen Mads P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Analysis of ST deviations from the 12-lead electrocardiogram allows for estimation of a spatial ST injury vector. The goal of the present study was to compare the location and extent of transmural myocardial ischemia evaluated by myocardial perfusion imaging with the direction and magnitude of the ST injury vector. ...
Agarwal Mayank - - 2010
Recently, it has been reported that acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) frequently develops at the site of severe stenosis. This impression was derived from the observation of stenosis severity after aspiration of the thrombus leading to the event. In the past, STEMI was considered as a thrombotic event on ...
Eek Christian - - 2010
Patients with acute coronary occlusion may lack typical signs of myocardial infarction in the electrocardiogram. We tested the ability of different echocardiographic modalities to identify coronary occlusion by quantifying myocardial dysfunction in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). One hundred and fifty patients were examined by echocardiography immediately prior ...
Verouden Niels J W - - 2010
Data on the ability of serum biomarkers to predict microvascular obstruction by ST-segment recovery after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is largely absent. Therefore, we determined the association between 5 serum biomarkers, obtained before emergency coronary angiography, and immediate ST-segment recovery in patients who had undergone primary PCI for ST-segment ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2010
ST segment resolution (STR) predicts epicardial and microvascular reperfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) or thrombolysis for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Immediate restoration of epicardial coronary flow, with improved microvascular perfusion, is much more likely with PPCI. However, the predictive value of immediate STR compared to 90 minutes after PPCI ...
Yunoki Kei - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction are related to impaired myocardial microcirculation after reperfusion. Moreover, elevated myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Plasma MPO levels were measured in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (n = 160) who had undergone percutaneous coronary stenting ...
Schepis Tiziano - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and diagnostic value of first-pass myocardial perfusion defects (PD) visualised by contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in patients admitted for a first acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or unstable angina (UA) and scheduled for percutaneous coronary ...
Faganeli J - - 2010
In ambulatory ECG records, besides transient ischaemic ST segment deviation episodes, there are also transient non-ischaemic heart-rate related ST segment deviation episodes present, which appear only due to a change in heart rate and thus complicate automatic detection of true ischaemic episodes. The goal of this work was to automatically ...
Chua Su-Kiat - - 2010
Left circumflex (LC)-related acute myocardial infarction (AMI) presenting without ST-T changes has been underdiagnosed in the emergency department. There is little information on its clinical features and significance. The aims of the study were to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of LC-related AMI without ST-T changes. Ninety-six patients were ...
George Jon C - - 2010
Practice guidelines reflect a consensus of expert opinion for patient care after a thorough review of clinical trials relevant to a given patient population. However, in keeping pace with the influx of new data, these recommendations need to be revised periodically to remain current. The American College of Cardiology (ACC) ...
Weir Robin A P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a powerful prognostic marker after acute myocardial infarction and is dependent on infarct magnitude. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (ceCMR) represents the current criterion standard means of LVEF and infarct size measurement. Infarct size and LVEF can be estimated from the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) ...
Biswas Shankar K - - 2010
The evolution of the oxidative metabolism of (11)C acetate parallels the recovery of left ventricular(LV) contraction following acute myocardial infarction(AMI). This study was designed to unravel, for the first time, the impact of the global washout rate(WR) of (123)I-beta-methyl-p-iodophenylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) on the recovery of LV function followingAMI, as evidenced ...
Bhatt Deepak L - - 2010
Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) and unstable angina represent the majority of acute coronary syndromes. Recent studies have helped clarify treatment strategies. Drug-eluting stents have reduced the problem of restenosis, but questions remain about the length of time patients need dual antiplatelet therapy.
Ottander Per - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess the prognostic value of recurrent ischemic episodes during the first 24 hours in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with thrombolysis and to explore those episodes as a part of a low-risk prognostic feature. DESIGN: Two hundred twenty patients with STEMI ...
L?nborg Jacob - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning has been suggested to reduce myocardial damage during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. However, because clinical experience is limited, we examined the cardioprotective effects of postconditioning, using cardiac MRI in patients treated with PPCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred eighteen patients with ...
Palmerini Tullio - - 2010
Scant data are available on the relation between ST-segment elevation (STE) resolution and 30-day mortality in patients with STE acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention in contemporary, real world, clinical practice. Furthermore, whether the prognostic value of STE resolution is influenced by the patient clinical risk profile or ...
Lu Ya-feng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vasoactive factors have been reported to correlate with vulnerable plaque and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vasoactive factors and plaque morphology in patients suffering from non-ST-segment elevated ACS. METHODS: From April 2007 to April 2009, 124 consecutive patients suffering from non-ST-segment elevated ...
Lilli Alessio - - 2011
Stent thrombosis (ST) is a new, rare, cause of STEMI. Few data are available about incidence and clinical impact of shock complicating acute myocardial infarction due to ST (st-STEMI). From January 2004 to March 2007, 92 st-STEMI patients were observed: 14 (15.2%) of them presented with cardiogenic shock and were ...
Fox Caroline S - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and death. Our goal was to characterize the association between CKD severity and short-term outcomes and the use of in-hospital evidence-based therapies among patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI). The study sample was ...
Ringborn Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study tests the ability of high-frequency components of the depolarization phase (HF-QRS) vs conventional ST-elevation criteria to detect and quantify myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Twenty-one patients admitted for elective percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Quantification of the ischemia was made by myocardial scintigraphy. High-resolution electrocardiogram before and during percutaneous ...
Mercuri Mathew - - 2010
Early reperfusion of the myocardium is crucial in treating patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Emergency medical services (EMS) plays an important role in minimizing delays to reperfusion. This study demonstrates that a large proportion of patients presenting with STEMI do not use EMS. Thus, such patients ...
Arampatzis Spyridon - - 2010
Normal pregnancy corresponds to a procoagulant state. Acute myocardial infarction during pregnancy is rare, yet considering the low non-pregnant risk score of childbearing women it is still surprisingly frequent. We report a case of postpartum recurrent non-ST elevation myocardial infarction in a 40-year-old caucasian woman with essential thrombocythaemia in the ...
Koeth Oliver - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is usually characterized by transient left ventricular apical ballooning. Due to the clinical symptoms which include chest pain, electrocardiographic changes, and elevated myocardial markers, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is frequently mimicking ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the absence of a significant coronary artery disease. Otherwise an acute occlusion of the ...
Hsu Po-Chao - - 2010
Combined anterior and inferior ST elevation due to occlusion of wrapped left anterior descending artery (LAD) is well reported in the literature. However, there is rare literature mentioned about inferolateral ST elevation in this patient group. Herein, we report a case of acute proximal wrapped LAD occlusion with initial electrocardiographic ...
Lebreiro Ana - - 2010
Primary electrical syndromes are a group of rare inherited diseases that predispose to arrhythmias in the absence of structural abnormalities of the heart, and are associated with several ion channel mutations. Extrinsic factors, such as fever, may contribute to the development of electrical instability in these patients. We report the ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2010
Article Title: Study of Left Ventricular Rotation and Torsion in the Acute Phase of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography (Echocardiography 2010;27:44).
Kayrak Mehmet - - 2010
Lithium overdoses causing cardiotoxicity are uncommon and electrocardiographic changes suggesting myocardial ischemia are rare. However, some authors have specifically reported the occurrence of ischemic electrocardiography changes due to a lithium overdose. This paper describes a case where electrocardiography changes mimic inferior myocardial infarction during the course of chronic lithium treatment ...
Ziakas Antonios - - 2010
A rare electrocardiographic finding of hyperkalemia is ST segment elevation or the so called 'pseudoinfarction' pattern. It has been suggested that hyperkalemia causes the 'pseudoinfarction' pattern not only through its direct myocardial effects, but also through other mechanisms, such as anoxia, acidosis, and coronary artery spasm. A 33-year-old Caucasian woman ...
Gujja Karthik R - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or transient left ventricular apical ballooning or broken heart syndrome, is characterized by excessive sympathetic stimulation induced acute coronary vasospasm. A 46-year-old female presented with polyuria and polydypsia and was diagnosed with new-onset diabetes mellitus, treated with insulin and intravenous fluids. During the hospital stay, she complained of ...
Vaicekavicius Edvardas - - 2010
OBJECTIVES. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the postreperfusion mode of death using the distinctions in clinical characteristics of patients who died and survived after reperfusion therapy, treated due to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS. This consecutive study has involved 36 patients: 18 ...
Kostrubiec Maciej - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Plasma cardiac troponins (cTn) are frequently elevated in acute pulmonary embolism (APE). ST-segment abnormalities on electrocardiography are also commonly observed in APE patients. However, it has not been defined which ventricle is a potential source of cTn release. We assessed the potential relationship between electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia, ...
Thomas Deepak - - 2010
In 2007, the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology updated their guidelines for the management of patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Based on evidence from recent clinical studies, both 2007 guidelines recommend early risk stratification, administration of appropriate pharmacologic therapy, and selective ...
Abdel-Salam Zainab - - 2010
We sought to explore whether the simplified Selvester QRS scoring system could predict ST segment resolution in patients with first acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction who receive pharmacological reperfusion therapy. We enrolled 60 consecutive patients admitted to the critical care unit with the diagnosis of first acute ST segment ...
Aygul Nazif - - 2010
Acute obstruction of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is not frequently encountered. Electrocardiographic findings are important to early diagnosis in determining an acute obstruction of the LMCA, which requires immediate aggressive treatment, in this extremely unstable condition. However, there is no single typical electrocardiographic pattern representing acute occlusion of ...
Ozben Beste - - 2010
Brugada syndrome is a rare condition characterized by ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads. Fever can induce Brugada-like electrocardiographic (ECG) changes. We reported on a 26-year-old male patient with fever and ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads. Serial cardiac markers were normal and transthoracic echocardiography showed normal wall ...
Noike Hirofumi - - 2010
Emergency coronary angiography of a 53-year-old man with acute coronary syndrome revealed stenosis in right coronary artery. During angioplasty, the ECG change showed three kind of ST deviation, namely inferior ST elevation with precordial ST depression, inferior ST elevation with precordial ST elevation, and inferior ST depression with precordial ST ...
Brunetti Natale Daniele - - 2010
We report the case of a 41-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction showing first ST elevation in V1-V6-DI-aVL leads followed by a typical V2-V4 ST depression (concomitant occlusion of proximal diagonal branch with an incomplete left anterior descending occlusion) and DII-DIII-aVF ST elevation. At coronary angiography, a proximal left anterior ...
Limalanathan Shanmuganathan - - 2010
Rapid reperfusion of the infarct-related coronary artery is essential in the treatment of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Paradoxically, restoration of the blood flow to the ischemic area may result in further injury to the myocardium. This phenomenon is described as 'ischemia/reperfusion injury' and the pathophysiological mechanisms are not fully ...
Turnipseed Samuel D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital electrocardiograms (ECGs) have been recommended to facilitate early diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, prehospital ECGs can also be used to triage patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes, who comprise a majority of patients with ischemic events presenting by ambulance to overcrowded emergency departments. OBJECTIVE: ...
Charpentier Sandrine - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Heart fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP) and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) have recently been evaluated, but to the best of our knowledge, no study has reported an analysis of these two markers for the detection of early myocardial infarction and myocardial ischemia in a large cohort of consecutive patients presenting to ...
Brügger-Andersen Trygve - - 2010
The expression of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) was identified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in culprit atherothrombotic plaque specimens harvested from patients admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The atherothrombotic samples were collected from a consecutive cohort consisting of 20 individuals admitted with STEMI to Stavanger University Hospital, Norway, from ...
Sami Shehzad - - 2010
In this, the 1st part of a 2-part review, we discuss how plaque rupture is the most common underlying pathophysiologic cause of unstable angina and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and how early risk stratification is vital in the timely diagnosis and treatment of acute coronary syndrome. Part 2 of this review ...
Vermeulen Robert P - - 2010
Blood lactate measurements can be used as an indicator of hemodynamic impairment and relate to mortality in various forms of shock. Little is known at the moment concerning the clinical correlates of systemic lactate in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). To assess the relation of systemic arterial lactate ...
Patel Parag D - - 2010
A 91-year-old woman, presenting with flu-like symptoms, developed a brief episode of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in the emergency department. The arrhythmia resolved spontaneously, and a subsequent electrocardiogram revealed Q waves and ST-segment elevation in the anterior precordial leads, along with a prolonged QT interval. The presumed diagnosis was ST-segment-elevation myocardial ...
He Fan - - 2010
The mechanisms for the relationship between particulate air pollution and cardiac disease are not fully understood. Air pollution-induced myocardial ischemia is one of the potentially important mechanisms. We investigate the acute effects and the time course of fine particulate pollution (PM2.5) on myocardium ischemic injury as assessed by ST-segment height ...
Arini Pedro D PD Instituto Argentino de Matemática (IAM), CONICET, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2010
Based on some reported clinical data, we attempt to apply the allometric law for evaluating the probability of ventricular fibrillation when electrocardiographic ST-segment deviations are determined. The deviation is measured in millimeters at the standard calibration of 1mV = 10mm and the probability in percent. Using the equation VF(P) = ...
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