Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2019
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Sun Tong-Wen - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the ST changes in the aVR lead on 12-lead ECG can be used to identify infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction. METHODS: The ECG features were studied in 90 patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction where IRA was confirmed by coronary angiography. ...
Nikus Kjell C - - 2007
Survival from sudden total occlusion of the left main coronary artery is rare. The majority of these patients suffer major myocardial necrosis accompanied by cardiogenic shock. Case reports and small series of acute left main occlusion present descriptions of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during the acute phase. Severe ischemia may be ...
Dragu Robert - - 2007
The treatment of patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEAMI) and renal failure (RF) represents one of the most challenging problems with which the cardiologists are faced. It has been well established that patients suffering of acute coronary syndromes with concomitant renal failure have a worse outcome as compared ...
Lim Hyun Kyoon - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Magnetocardiography (MCG) has been proposed as a noninvasive diagnostic tool to risk-stratify patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia. The purpose of this study is to find the MCG parameters that are sensitive enough to detect the non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. METHODS: MCG data were ...
Lisi Matteo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an acute cardiac syndrome characterized by transient LV regional wall motion abnormalities (with peculiar apical ballooning appearance), chest pain or dyspnea, ST-segment elevation and minor elevations of cardiac enzyme levels CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old woman was admitted to the Emergency Department because of sudden onset chest ...
Hermida Jean-Sylvain - - 2007
Brugada syndrome (BS) is associated with sudden cardiac death in patients with a structurally normal heart. The ECG pattern of BS has also been described in patients with myocardial abnormalities. Cardiac hypersensitivity and myopericarditis have been reported during long-term treatment with mesalazine. We report the case of a man, treated ...
Wagner Annette Doris - - 2007
A 41 -year old female patient was admitted with acute onset of dyspnea and chest pain. Previous history revealed asthma, chronic sinusitis and eosinophilic proctitis. Electrocardiogram showed anterior ST-segment elevations and inferior ST-segment depression. Immediate heart catheterization revealed a distally occluded left anterior descending coronary artery, the occlusion being reversible ...
Sakuragi Satoru - - 2007
A 59-year-old woman was admitted for consciousness disturbance. She had a history of endocranial operation for astrocytoma. Her electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation indicative of acute myocardial infarction. Emergency coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries, whereas left ventriculography showed extensive severe hypokinesis in the anteroseptal and apical segments. Electroencephalography showed slow ...
Bergstra A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES.: We sought to study the incidence and clinical correlates of elevated filling pressures in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, without physical signs of heart failure and treated with primary coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND.: Haemodynamic data, as measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter, are not routinely obtained in STEMI patients. At admission, ...
van Gorselen E O F - - 2007
The clinical presentation of posterior myocardial infarction is not always easy, not even for the cardiologist. In this article a 70-year-old woman who presented with chest pain is described. The electrocardiogram at presentation showed marked ST-segment depression in leads V(1) to V(5) and slight ST-segment depression in leads I and ...
Shimizu Wataru - - 2007
Brugada syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by coved type ST-segment elevation in the right precordial electrocardiographic leads (V(1-3)) and an episode of ventricular fibrillation in the absence of structural heart disease. Although a number of clinical and experimental reports have elucidated the electrocardiographic, electrophysiologic, cellular, and molecular aspects, several ...
Rasoul S - - 2007
Circumflex (CX) artery-related myocardial infarction (MI) is less well represented in trials on ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), most often due to the absence of significant ST-segment elevation, and therefore the outcome of these patients is less well known. We aimed to compare the outcome of patients with CX versus ...
Hopenfeld Bruce - - 2007
At least some clinical data suggests that, regardless of which major coronary artery is narrowed, the early ST segment body surface pattern is characterized by a minimum near precordial lead V5 and a broad area of left precordial negative potentials. Some clinical data also suggests that late ST segment potentials ...
Mincholé Ana A Comm Techn Group, Aragon Institute of Eng Research, University of Zaragoza, Spain. - - 2007
ST segment changes provide a sensitive marker in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in Holter recordings. However not only the mechanisms of ischemia result in ST segment deviation but also heart rate related events. The very similar signature of ST modifications in ischemia and heart rate related events have driven ...
Haghi Dariusch - - 2007
To assess cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC), 17 consecutive patients (15 women) with TTC who underwent left heart catheterization and gadolinium-enhanced CMR were evaluated. All patients had an abnormal electrocardiogram consisting of ST-segment elevation (n=8) and/or ST-segment depression (n=4) and/or T-wave inversion (n=14). One patient presented ...
Chinushi Masaomi - - 2006
A 17-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of common paroxysmal atrial flutter. His electrocardiogram at rest showed subtle ST-segment elevation in leads II, III, and aV(F). Intravenous pilsicainide caused further ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads, new ST-segment depression in leads V2-V6, two distinct forms of premature ...
Miyachi Kiyomitsu - - 2007
In this report, we present a 63-year-old woman who had limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis and subsequently developed typical primary biliary cirrhosis after an acute myocardial infarction. The patient initially developed Raynaud's phenomenon, and 4 years later visited the clinic in 1994 complaining of abdominal distress, xerostomia, and xerophthalmia. A diagnosis ...
Fischell Tim A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate feasibility of using real-time, high-fidelity, intracardiac electrogram monitoring from a permanently implantable ischemia detection system (IIDS), with long-range telemetry capability to detect ST-segment shifts associated with acute or subacute coronary occlusion in a porcine model. BACKGROUND: Early identification of coronary occlusion ...
Nakano Ritsuko - - 2006
Laryngopharyngoesophagectomy and reconstruction by using stomach roll with retrocardiac anastomosis were performed in a 60-year-old man with hypopharyngeal cancer. Postoperative electrocardiogram showed marked ST-segment elevation in leads I and aVL and depression in leads II, III, aVF, and V1-6. However, the patient did not present with abnormal findings on physical ...
Williamson Kelly - - 2006
Lead aVR, 1 of 12 electrocardiographic leads, is frequently ignored in clinical medicine. In fact, many clinicians refer to the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) as the 11-lead ECG, noting the commonly held belief that lead aVR rarely offers clinically useful information. In this report, we discuss the findings in lead aVR, ...
Frazier Susan K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia may be considered both a consequence of weaning from ventilation and a potential cause of weaning failure. A limited number of investigations have evaluated myocardial ischemia during mechanical ventilation and weaning and its effect on weaning success. The purpose of this pilot investigation was to determine the ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
A 76-year-old female with atrial fibrillation and prior cerebral infarction had chest discomfort during rehabilitation for left hemiparesis, and visited the nearby hospital. Her ECG, which was obtained 10 min after the onset, showed marked ST-segment elevation in leads I, II, III, aV(F) and V(2-6), and she was referred to ...
Weston Patrick - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Analysis of ST-segment elevation for assessment of patients with suspected acute coronary occlusion is in widespread use for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. In this study, changes in the QRS complex also were analyzed to determine if these changes that are seldom used clinically can provide additional prognostic information. An ...
Loeb Henry S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and significance of new ST-segment elevation during the early postoperative period after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients without enzymatic or electrocardiogram evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Pre- and early postoperative electrocardiograms were reviewed in 506 patients undergoing CABG in whom MI ...
Bybee Kevin A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The presentation and electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome (TLVABS) can be similar to that of anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We tested the hypothesis that the ECG on presentation could reliably differentiate these syndromes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 2002 and July ...
Tricoci Pierluigi - - 2006
The Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines (CRUSADE) initiative is a prospective, rapid-cycle quality-improvement initiative that focuses on improving both the diagnostic evaluation of patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS; ...
Karatzis Emmanouil N - - 2006
Coronary endothelial vasodilator dysfunction is associated with increased cardiac events; the close relation between coronary vasomotor dysfunction and brachial artery vasoreactivity has been previously described. This study assessed the prognostic value of noninvasively assessed brachial artery vasoreactivity in survivors of acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. We examined 98 men ...
Goldhaber-Fiebert Sara - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis must be recognized and treated promptly to avoid significant morbidity and mortality. In this clinical setting, electrocardiographic changes can be multifactorial. OBJECTIVE: To discuss vasospasm as a cause of myocardial ischemia and its possible triggering by anaphylaxis itself or by the administration of epinephrine. METHODS: We describe a ...
Tan J W C - - 2006
The early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction is crucial for the institution of appropriate reperfusion therapy. We describe a 56-year-old man who developed sudden onset of severe chest tightness. Inferior, posterior and right ventricular ST elevation myocardial infarction was diagnosed on electrocardiography (ECG). The ECG interpretation, differential diagnosis and management ...
Martinez-Rumayor Abelardo - - 2006
As the non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS) include unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and the non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), acute diagnosis and risk stratification can often prove challenging. This review will cover guidelines and strategies for risk assessment, contemporary approaches to acute patient management as well as ...
Neill Johanne - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate, in patients with chest pain, the diagnostic value of ST elevation (STE) in lead aVR during stress testing prior to (99m) Tc-sestamibi scanning correlating ischaemic territory with angiographic findings. METHODS: Consecutive patients attending for (99m) Tc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) completed a treadmill protocol. Peak exercise ECGs ...
Celik Turgay - - 2006
The coronary slow flow phenomenon is an angiographic curiosity characterized by delayed distal vessel opacification provided that the presence of significant epicardial coronary disease is excluded. Slow flow phenomenon in epicardial coronary arteries is not infrequent finding during routine coronary angiography. However, the clinical features of patients with slow flow ...
Lagerqvist Bo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The FRISC-II invasive trial compared an early invasive with a non-invasive strategy in terms of death and myocardial infarction in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. We present 5-year follow-up results, overall and in subgroups based on recommended risk stratification criteria. METHODS: In the FRISC-II trial, 2457 patients with non-ST-elevation acute ...
Morita Hiroshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Brugada syndrome is characterized by ST-segment elevation on the ECG, especially in the right precordial leads sensitive to the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that right ventricular electrophysiologic heterogeneity caused arrhythmogenicity in the Brugada syndrome. METHODS: Action ...
Zairis Michael N - - 2007
We evaluated whether high circulating levels of serum amyloid A (SAA), fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6) or leukocytes count (LC), can provide any additional predictive value over that provided by hs C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) for the incidence of 5-year cardiovascular mortality, in 458 and 476 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction ...
Johanson Per - - 2006
Early and serially updated predictions of final infarct-size and clinical outcome--before, during and after reperfusion treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction might allow a more individualized treatment: High-risk patients with a predicted major loss of viable myocardium can be identified immediately or during therapy, at a stage when treatment may still ...
Westerhout Cynthia M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop 30-day and 1-year risk stratification models for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients that incorporate quantitative ST-segment depression and novel biomarkers. BACKGROUND: Several novel biomarkers have changed the risk profile of ACS; thus, the reassessment of traditional indicators such as ...
Verheugt Freek W A - - 2006
Reperfusion therapy for ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes aims at early and complete recanalization of the infarct-related artery to salvage myocardium and improve both early and late clinical outcomes. Prehospital diagnosis of ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome can be made by electrocardiography with or without transtelephonic transmission, and subsequent fibrinolytic therapy can ...
Beg Mujahid - - 2006
Prognosis varies widely in patients with acute coronary syndromes because of the heterogeneous nature of this condition. Successful outcome depends upon early risk stratification and an early decision regarding the approach of management of these patients. We studied 120 patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction, who were subsequently divided into ...
Matana Ante - - 2006
This is a case of a female patient with collecting duct carcinoma of the right kidney and myocardial metastasis. On electrocardiogram the myocardial metastasis presented with a prolonged and progressive ST elevation and a gradual decrease of the R wave amplitude in leads V3-V6. Echocardiography and autopsy findings confirmed the ...
Tricoci Pierluigi - - 2006
We evaluated temporal trends in the use of early (<48 hours) catheterization in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes with respect to baseline risk features since publication of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, which include a class IA recommendation for an early invasive strategy for high-risk ...
de Chantal Marilyn - - 2006
ST-segment depression is commonly seen in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Most authors have attributed it to transient reductions in coronary blood flow due to nonocclusive thrombus formation on a disrupted atherosclerotic plaque and dynamic focal vasospasm at the site of coronary artery stenosis. However, ST-segment depression was never reproduced ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Optimal epicardial recanalization does not guarantee optimal myocardial perfusion. The aim of the current study was to evaluate angiographic and electrocardiographic markers of reperfusion in the prediction of infarct size in patients with STEMI undergoing successful primary angioplasty. METHODS: Our population is represented by 270 STEMI patients with ST ...
Strunk Brian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries (MINCA) is a well-documented syndrome often associated with global left ventricular wall motion abnormalities (LVWMAs). Recent literature has emphasized the occurrence of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy associated with MINCA. What has not been reported is the incidence of MINCA in the general population and the ...
Atar Shaul - - 2006
The ECG is an essential part of the initial evaluation of patients who have chest pain, especially in the immediate decision-making process in patients who have ST-elevation myocardial infarction. This article reviews and summarizes the current information that can be obtained from the admission ECG in patients who have ST-elevation ...
Yan Andrew T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether quantitative ST-segment assessment can improve risk stratification of unselected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients using the validated Global Registry of Acute Cardiac Events (GRACE) risk model. METHODS: In the prospective, multicenter, Canadian ACS Registry, the admission electrocardiogram was evaluated centrally at a blinded core laboratory. ...
Collinson J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) without ST elevation are a frequent cause of hospital admission, myocardial infarction and death. AIM: To explore the role of the ECG in stratifying ACS patients. DESIGN: Prospective, centrally-coordinated multicentre registry involving 56 centres throughout the UK. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted with ACS without ST ...
Amir Offer - - 2006
We examined peripheral endothelial function, as measured by brachial artery reactivity, in 49 stable patients with a first episode of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction to examine the relation between extent of coronary disease and peripheral vascular reactivity. Brachial artery reactivity was assessed by ultrasound and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is involved in several pathological cardiovascular processes. However, whether it plays a role in the no-reflow phenomenon occurring in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. METHODS: We studies 60 consecutive patients (59.5+/-12 years, 82% males) with a first ST-segment elevation ...
Madias John E - - 2006
There is a discordance between ECG and imaging modalities in the diagnosis of ventricular aneurysm (VA) consequent to an old myocardial infarction. A hypothesis is being proposed that this discordance, which results in electrocardiograms (ECGs) not showing ST-segment elevations (+ST) in patients with proven by imaging modalities to have VA ...
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