Search Results
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Iversen Kasper - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Auscultation of the heart is a routine procedure. It is not known whether auscultatory skills can be improved by teaching or with the use of an advanced stethoscope. METHODS: This study was a randomized trial with a 2 x 2 factorial design. Seventy-two house officers were randomized to a ...
Tanoue Yoshihisa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) closure is one of the most representative cardiac operations, but there have been few assessments of right ventricular (RV) performance during the perioperative period. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using transesophageal echocardiography with automated border detection system, the RV pressure - area (P-A) loops were measured in ...
Milhous J Gerrit-Jan - - 2006
Herein is described the case of a 79-year-old woman who underwent elective aortic valve replacement. The procedure was complicated by a particulate embolism into the left anterior descending artery leading to a myocardial infarction, complicated by ventricular septal rupture. Subsequently, the patient was reoperated on and the septal defect closed ...
Pitkänen Olli M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) and double outlet right ventricle (DORV) with normally related great arteries and normal ventricular sizes are associated with a good long-term prognosis after biventricular (BV) repair. The outcome of cases with a borderline small left ventricle (bLV) is unclear. The purpose of the study was ...
Pinto Robin J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study reports our experience in the nonsurgical closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects in children and adolescents with the Amplatzer asymmetric ventricular septal defect occluder and the outcome of an 18-month follow up. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients (median age:10 years; median weight:32 kg) with perimembranous ventricular septal ...
Meier Bernhard B Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. - - 2006
Iatrogenic atrial septal defects are described in 2 patients. They occurred after implantation of Amplatzer occluders to close a patent foramen ovale. While device erosions to the extra-atrial space have been described, erosion induced atrial septal defects are a new medical entity. They may be fairly common in the situation ...
Divchev Dimitar - - 2007
We are presenting a case of floating left and right atrial formations on an atrial septal defect occluder system (23mm StarFLEX)-Occluder) initially supposed to be thrombotic appositions in a 57-year-old man. The closure was performed on the background of left hemispheric stroke and atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) with patent foramen ...
Shimamura Shunsuke - - 2006
To compare right atrium incision (RAI) and right ventricular outflow incisions (RVI) for surgical repair of membranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) facilitated by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Retrospective study. Dogs (n=10) with VSD. Medical records of dogs that had VSD repair were reviewed. Membranous VSD without any malformation and abnormality was ...
van den Bosch Annemien E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a quantitative evaluation by real-time 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (RT-3DE) of atrial septal defect (ASD) and atrial septum that is important for patient selection for transcatheter closure, and to assess the reliability of RT-3DE findings compared with operation. METHODS: Forty-five patients, who ...
Pavez A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work is to present our endoscopic neuroanatomical findings of a series of myelomeningocele and hydrocephalus patients, treated with endoscopic third ventricular cisternostomy (ETVC), in order to describe ventricular configuration abnormalities in this group of patients, in which this neurosurgical procedure has limited performance. METHOD: We ...
Butera Gianfranco - - 2006
Percutaneous closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an alternative to surgical closure. Complications include arrhythmias and in particular early postoperative complete atrioventricular (AV) block. We report the cases of two patients, aged 2.5 and 4 years, treated with an eccentric VSD occluder device whom developed complete AV ...
Berg C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the prenatal diagnosis of right isomerism and to assess possible diagnostic and prognostic markers. METHODS: Retrospective review of all cases of right isomerism identified between 1989 and 2003 in two tertiary referral centres in Germany. RESULTS: Among 21 foetuses, 16 had a correct prenatal ...
Stapleton Gary E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may delay closure of a coexisting atrial septal defect (ASD) due to volume loading and enlargement of the left atrium. The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of ASD size in patients with a PDA following transcatheter PDA occlusion. ...
Onbas Omer - - 2006
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare severe congenital heart defect defined as complete luminal and anatomic discontinuity between ascending and descending aorta. Although its association with various congenital heart defects has been reported, absence of left common carotid artery (CCA) in patients with IAA has not been reported previously. ...
Tatebe Shoh - - 2006
A 65-year-old woman with intermediate type atrioventricular septal defect had been undiagnosed until initial presentation with congestive heart failure. She underwent surgery when the ventricular septal defect was found to be restrictive. The atrioventricular valve was similar to the common atrioventricular valve, but was connected to the crest of the ...
Scheuerman Oded - - 2006
Advances in interventional cardiology have enabled the treatment of severe congenital heart defects without the need for surgery. The percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects and, more recently, ventricular septal defects is considered a safe procedure with fewer complications and less morbidity compared with surgery. We report on a 2-year-old ...
Acar Philippe - - 2007
We report our initial experience in two patients using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography to assess perimembranous ventricular septal defect and device morphology and their relation with contiguous cardiac structure. Defect size and rims as well as device position and profile were displayed from the three-dimensional "en face" views. We think that ...
Kaltman Jonathan R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Cross-sectional studies of intermediate-term survivors of infant cardiac surgery have revealed a high frequency of neurodevelopmental disabilities. Few data exist regarding neurodevelopmental outcome of infants undergoing surgical intervention for a ventricular septal defect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age ...
Shimizu M - - 2006
An 8-month-old entire Miniature Dachshund, weighing 4.2 kg, was presented for examination following delvelopment of a cough. Ventricular septal defect had been diagnosed tentatively in its infancy on the basis of a cardiac murmur detected by auscultation and echocardiography. Echocardiography using a B mode right parasternal long-axis view showed a ...
Suzuki Takaaki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction remains an early and late complication after repair of interrupted aortic arch and ventricular septal defect. We reviewed our experience with the selective management of the infundibular septum during primary repair to address left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. METHODS: From 1991 through 2001, all ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2006
The new concepts of cardiac anatomy and physiology, based on the observations made by Francisco Torrent-Guasp's discovery of the helical ventricular myocardial band, can be useful in the context of the surgical strategies currently used to manage patients with congenital heart defects. The potential impact of the Torrent-Guasp's Heart on ...
Buckberg Gerald D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the structure-function relationships of the right ventricle (RV) and septum and determine if the helical ventricular band model would define fiber orientation for maximal force response. Implications were made for right ventricular function. METHODS: The right ventricular free wall and biventricular septum were studied by inserting sonomicrometer ...
Saleh Saleh - - 2006
This paper describes the anatomic spiral arrangement of the cardiac interventricular septum that results in a twisting action that contributes to the forceful ejection of blood from both ventricles during systole. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction seen in various clinical settings is discussed with reference to the septum and its mechanism ...
Higuchi K - - 2006
This study was conducted to test a three-layered artificial neural network analysis of phonocardiogram recordings to diagnose, automatically and objectively, the condition of the heart in patients with heart murmurs. The data were recorded simultaneously in each of 49 patients with a heart murmur through eight microphones attached to the ...
Khalid Omar - - 2006
Echocardiography has revolutionized the management of pediatric and adult heart disease, especially in the diagnosis of congenital heart defects. Although the early methods of echocardiography (M-mode and Doppler imaging) were limited in their ability to define the defect in question, the advent of 2D, and now 3D, imaging have clearly ...
Post Martijn C - - 2006
The objective of this study was to find differences in outcome and complications using three different types of devices for percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure in adults. Percutaneous closure of a secundum-type ASD is increasingly performed in adult patients. All adult patients who underwent a percutaneous closure of a ...
Cheung Michael M H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Impaired ventricular function after cardiopulmonary bypass and surgical repair remains a commonly encountered clinical problem. We hypothesized that the well-described impairment of calcium cycling after cardiac surgery would significantly affect the ventricular myocardial force-frequency relationship, which can be measured noninvasively by using the tissue Doppler echocardiography-derived index of contractility ...
Zeng Zhiyu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The effects of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) with septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are not thoroughly compared. METHODS: Three articles comparing the effects of PTSMA and septal myectomy treatment for HOCM were identified from a search in Pubmed, and a meta analysis was ...
Sasidharan Baiju - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We report an unusual complication following closure of atrial septal defect through right limited posterior thoracotomy. METHODS: An eight-year-old girl underwent closure of atrial septal defect through right limited posterior thoracotomy. She developed cardiac herniation in the early post-operative period following a tension pneumothorax on the left side, while ...
Aizawa Kazunori - - 2006
The phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, sildenafil, has been reported to produce sustained pulmonary vasodilatation in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Recently, vardenafil, a more potent and selective PDE-5 inhibitor than sildenafil, has been approved for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. However, the long-term effects of oral vardenafil in patients with PH ...
Croti Ulisses Alexandre - - 2006
We describe the findings in a six-year-old girl who presented with signs of left atrioventricular valvar insufficiency. The echocardiogram showed a common atrioventricular junction, intact atrial and ventricular septal structures. At surgery, the left-sided atrioventricular valve was found to be tri-foliate, and corrected by valvoplasty. To the best of our ...
Chessa Massimo - - 2006
The objective of this study is to assess the impact of interventional cardiology procedures for the management of ACHD. The interventional approach to the management of CHD in the adult population is becoming increasingly recognized as the preferred treatment option for a wide number of congenital cardiac conditions. The files ...
Amin Zahid - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Robotic systems allow surgeons to perform minimally invasive cardiac surgery in adults. Experience in the pediatric population, however, is limited. Perventricular closure of muscular ventricular septal defects has been reported in humans but requires a median sternotomy. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of robotically ...
Peters B - - 2006
To avoid left ventricular failure after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects in elderly patients with restrictive left ventricular physiology, partial occlusion by fenestrated devices may be an option. If complete defect closure is not possible in these patients, significant reduction of left to right shunting usually results in clinical ...
Robinson Joshua D C - - 2006
This study examined the incidence of cardiac conduction abnormalities and ventricular arrhythmias after the transcatheter closure of muscular ventricular septal defects (MVSDs) using the Amplatzer device occluder. From the records of 27 patients who underwent 33 consecutive MVSD device closures, a low incidence of permanent and transient cardiac conduction disturbances ...
Firstenberg Michael S - - 2006
Congenital hypoplasia of the pericardium is a rare clinical condition that is typically encountered as an incidental finding during routine thoracic imaging or cardiothoracic surgery. Chest pain symptoms, when they occur, are often initially attributed to coronary ischemic syndromes, but herniation of cardiac structures through the pericardial defect, ischemia from ...
Chohan Ursula - - 2006
This review contains material sourced from Med-Line and Pub-Med, search year 2002-2004. Material selected was pertaining to common cardiac ailments in pregnancy. Congenital cardiac problems i.e. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), Eisenmengers syndrome, valvular heart disease, i.e. mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, aortic stensois ...
Koduganti Sarat C - - 2006
A patient who underwent open-heart surgery for closure of secundum atrial septal defect and later developed rheumatic mitral stenosis has been subjected to balloon valvuloplasty by puncturing the interatrial septum in the standard fashion. This report discusses the pros and cons of the procedure.
Brizard Christian - - 2006
Interpretation of the anatomy of the defect and the pathophysiology has guided the surgical technique and indications for infundibular ventricular septal defect VSD. Infundibular ventricular septal defects are located in the infundibular septum, between the two commissures of the right coronary cusp. The defect is associated with an anomaly of ...
Ott David A - - 2006
Aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva (ASVs) are rare. They can be congenital or acquired through infection, trauma, or degenerative diseases. They frequently co-occur with ventricular septal defects, aortic valve dysfunction, or other cardiac abnormalities. Although unruptured ASVs are usually asymptomatic, ruptured ASVs often cause symptoms similar to those of ...
Alessandrini Francesco - - 2006
The present article describes the case of a man operated upon for emergency closure of an acute postinfarction defect in the posterior septum. We used a novel technique. The rupture was approached by disconnection of the right ventricular posterior free wall with the exposure of the right side of the ...
van den Bosch Annemien E - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility, accuracy, and clinical applicability of real-time (RT) transthoracic 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (3DE) in the determination of the position, size, and shape of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). In all, 34 patients (age: 2 months-46 years), who were scheduled for surgical closure ...
Heying Ruth - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with the activation of inflammatory mediators that possess prothrombotic activity and could cause postoperative haemostatic disorders. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cardiac surgery on prothrombotic activity in children undergoing cardiac surgery for complex cardiac defects. METHODS: Eighteen ...
Badylak Stephen F - - 2006
Regenerative medicine approaches for the treatment of damaged or missing myocardial tissue include cell-based therapies, scaffold-based therapies, and/or the use of specific growth factors and cytokines. The present study evaluated the ability of extracellular matrix (ECM) derived from porcine urinary bladder to serve as an inductive scaffold for myocardial repair. ...
Pate Gordon E - - 2006
Percutaneous transcatheter closure techniques are now routinely applied in the management of atrial and ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, and other pathological cardiac and vascular communications. Recently, these same techniques have been applied to paravalvular defects. Reports are few; success variable and techniques vary widely. We review the current ...
Kadono Jun - - 2006
A 78-year-old woman with indocyanine green (ICG) excretory defect underwent left hepatectomy for cystadenocarcinoma. The retention rate of ICG at 15 min (ICGR(15)) was high, at 79.3%, despite all other liver function tests showing normal values. Conversely, 99mTc-DTPA-galactosyl-human-serum-albumin (GSA) liver scintigraphy showed a reduced accumulation of GSA in the left ...
Aitsiselmi Amina - - 2006
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of congenital or acquired cardiac ventricular septal defects has emerged as a valid alternative to surgical closure in selected cases. It avoids the considerable morbidity and mortality related to open heart surgical procedures. The choice of the device is determined by the particular VSD morphology and thanks ...
Tweddell James S - - 2006
As the velocity of a fluid increases a low-pressure zone is created, this is the Venturi effect and it explains the pathogenesis of aortic valve prolapse (AVP) and aortic insufficiency (AI) that is observed in a subset of patients with a ventricular septal defect (VSD). The VSDs complicated by AI ...
Srivastava Deepak - - 2006
Developmental heart disorders are the most common of all human birth defects and occur in nearly one percent of the population. Survivors of congenital heart malformations are an increasing population, and it is becoming clear that genetic mutations that cause developmental anomalies may result in cardiac dysfunction later in life. ...
Ranucci Marco - - 2006
The use of pulmonary artery catheters (PACs) during cardiac surgery varies considerably depending on local policy, ranging from use in 5-10% of the patient population to routine application. However, as in other clinical fields, recent years have witnessed a progressive decline in PAC use. One of the reasons for this ...
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